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中醫藥大全 > 穴位 > 胸部腹部穴 > 膻中穴

膻中穴

2018-10-11 11:18 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

膻中穴位準確位置圖
膻中穴位準確位置圖

  膻中穴 :別名元兒穴,胸堂穴,上氣海穴,元見穴。出《靈樞.根結》。 取定穴位

  時,患者可采用正坐或仰臥的姿勢,該穴位于人體的胸部人體正中線上,兩乳頭之間連線的中點。屬任脈。足太陰、少陰,手太陽、少陽,任脈之會。心包之募穴,八會穴之氣會。布有第四肋間神經前皮支和乳房內動、靜脈的前穿支。主治咳嗽,哮喘,胸痛,呃逆,噎膈,少乳,及心絞痛,支氣管哮喘,乳腺炎等。沿皮刺0.3-0.5寸。艾炷灸5-7壯;或艾條灸10-20分鐘。
 

  膻中穴解剖

  在胸骨體上;有胸廓(乳房)內動、靜脈的前穿支;布有第四肋間神經前皮支的內側支。
 

  主治疾病

  咳嗽,氣喘,咯唾膿血,胸痹心痛,心悸,心煩,產婦少乳,噎嗝,膨脹。胸部疼痛、腹部疼痛、心悸、呼吸困難、咳嗽、過胖、過瘦、呃逆、乳腺炎、缺乳癥、喘咳病等。此穴位為人體任脈上的主要穴道之一。
 

  膻中穴位配伍

  配曲池合谷(瀉法)治急性乳腺炎;配內關、三陰交、巨闕、心平、足三里治冠心病急性心肌梗塞;配中脘、氣海治嘔吐反胃;配天突治哮喘;配乳根、合谷、三陰交、少澤、灸膻中治產后缺乳;配肺俞、豐隆、內關治咳嗽痰喘;配厥陰俞、內關治心悸、心煩、心痛。
 

  膻中穴刺灸法

  平刺0.3~0.5寸;可灸。
 

  膻中穴附注

657彩票网 北京pk10   XINBAOJINGZHIMUXUE,BAHUIXUEZHIQIHUI。

  膻中穴氣會,心包募。
 

  膻中穴穴義

  任脈之氣在此吸熱脹散。

  膻中穴名解

  (1)SHANZHONG

657彩票网 北京pk10   SHAN,YANGSAOQIHUOYANGFUNEIDEGAOZHIYE,CIZHIXUENEIQIXUEWEIXIREHOUDEREZAOZHIQI。ZHONG,YUWAIXIANGDUI,ZHIXUENEI。SHANZHONGMINGYIZHIRENMOZHIQIZAICIXIREZHANGSAN。BENXUEWUZHIWEIZHONGTINGXUECHUANLAIDETIANBUSHUISHIZHIQI,ZHIBENXUEHOUJINYIBUXIREZHANGSANERBIANHUAREZAOZHIQI,RUYANGROUDAIYOUXINSAOQIWEIYIBAN,GUMING。

  (2)YUANER

  YUAN,SHOUYE,QIYE。ER,QIZHIZIYE,SHUIYE。YUANERMINGYIZHIXUENEIDETIANBUZHIQIZHONGHANYOUYIDINGSHUISHI,FEIWEIGANZAOZHIQI。

  (3)XIONGTANG

  XIONGTANGMINGYIZHIBENXUEWEIYUXIONGBUYE,WUTAYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10   (4)SHANGQIHAI

  SHANGQIHAIXUE,CIYURENMOXIABUQIHAIXUEXIANGDUIERYAN,ZHIBENXUEWEIRENMODESHENGQIZHIHAI。

  (5)YUANJIAN

  YUAN,SHOUYE,QIYE。JIAN,MINGXIANYE。YUANJIANMINGYIZHIXUENEIDEXIREZHANGSANZHIQIXIANERYIJIAN。

  (6)QIHUI

  BENXUEWUZHIWEIXIONGTANGSHANGBUDEQITAIWUHUIJIERCHENG,GUWEIRENZHIQIHUI。

  (7)XINBAOMU

657彩票网 北京pk10   MU,MUJIYE。BENXUEWUZHIWEIXIONGBUZHIQIJUJIERCHENG,ZAIBENXUEXIREHOUWAIXINGYUXINBAOJINGSUOZAIDETIANBUCENGCI,WEIXINBAOJINGQIXUEDEZHONGYAOSHUSONGZHIDI,GUWEIXINBAOMUXUE。

  
        氣血特征

  QIXUEWUZHIWEITIANBUDEREZAOZHIQI。

  YUNXINGGUILV

  LIANGSHISHUIQIYOUTIANZHIXIABUHUIRUBENXUEBINGXIRESHANGXINGTIANZHISHANGBU。

  GONGNENGZUOYONG

  MUJIXINBAOJINGQIXUE。

  ZHIFA

  HANZEBUZHIJIUZHI,REZEXIEZHENCHUQI。

  SHANZHONGXUEJIANJIE

  WEIZHI:ZAITIQIANZHENGZHONGXIAN,LIANGRUTOULIANXIANZHIZHONGDIAN。

  JINGSHU:RENMO,SHIZUTAIYIN、SHAOYIN,SHOUTAIYANG、SHAOYANG;RENMOZHIHUI。QIHUISHANZHONGXINBAOMUXUE。BEIJIZHONGHOU,NEIQIMANSAN,XINHUANGYILUAN,SHENZHIBUQING。

  CAOZUO:FENROUFAHETUIFA,ROUYONGZHONGZHIDUANANROU,YUEROU50~100CI;

  TUIYONGSHUANGSHOUMUZHIFUZISHANZHONGXUEXIANGWAI

  ZHUZHI:XIONGMEN,KECHUAN、TUNI,XINJIDENG。

  CIJISHANZHONGXUEDEFANGFA

657彩票网 北京pk10   ROUFA:MUZHIHUOYOUSHOUZHANGDAYUJIBUXIANSHUNSHIZHENHOUNISHIZHENFANGXIANGGEANROU20CI,FANFU10CI。

  CAFA:MUZHIHUOSHOUZHANGDAYUJIBUYOUSHANGXIANGXIAANCAJIKE,CHIXU5-10FENZHONG。

  TUIFA:LIANGZHISHOUZHANGMIANZISHANZHONGXUEYANXIONGLEIXIANGLIANGCETUIMOZHICEYAOBU,20CIZUOYOU。

  WENJIUFA:YONGFUYANGGUANWENJIUJIKE,MEICI-5FENZHONGZUOYOU。SHIYONGYUYOUHANZHENGZHEHUOCHANHOUQUERUZHE。TONGGUOGUANTICICHANGHEHONGWAIXIANCIJIGAIXUEWEI,JUYOUKUANXIONGLIQI、HUOXUETONGLUO、QINGFEIZHICHUAN、SHUCHANGXINXIONGDENGGONGNENG。

  膻中穴的功效

  WUXIAXIAOSHUOZHONGCHANGYOUZHEYANGDEMIAOSHU:MOUGAOSHOUYIHUISHOUDIANLEDUISHOUDESHANZHONGXUE,QINGZHEDONGDANBUDE,ZHONGZHELIJIBIMING。SUIRANZHEZHISHIXIAOSHUOJIADEYIXIANG,DANSHANZHONGXUEDEQUESHIRENTIBAOJIANDEYAOXUE。 SHANZHONGXUEWEIYUXIONGBULIANGRUTOULIANXIANDEZHONGDIAN,PINGDISILEIJIANCHU。SHANZHONGJUYOUKUANXIONGLIQI、HUOXUETONGLUO、QINGFEIZHICHUAN、SHUCHANGXINXIONGDENGGONGNENG。《HUANGDINEIJING》RENWEI“QIHUISHANZHONG”,YEJIUSHISHUOSHANZHONGKEDIAOJIERENTIQUANSHENDEQIJI。CIWAI,SHANZHONGSHIRENMO、ZUTAIYINPIJING、ZUSHAOYINSHENJING、SHOUTAIYANGXIAOCHANGJING、SHOUSHAOYANGJINGSANJIAOJINGDEJIAOHUIXUE,YESHIZONGQIJUHUIZHICHU。TAYOUZUDANGXIEQI、XUANFAZHENGQIDEGONGXIAO。ERXIANDAIYANJIUFAXIAN,SHANZHONGXUEWEIYURENTIXIONGXIANDEBUWEI,KECANJIAJITIDEXIBAOMIANYIHUODONG。ERDIANANGAIXUEHOUKEYINGXIANGXINXUEGUANSHENJINGDEDIAOJIEZHONGSHU,CUJINQUANSHENXUEYEDEZHONGXINFENPEI,GAISHANGUANZHUANGXUELIULIANG,HUANKEYITIGAOXIONGFEIBUDEZHIWUSHENJINGGONGNENG。XIANDAIYIXUEYEZHENGSHI,CIJIGAIXUEKETONGGUODIAOJIESHENJINGGONGNENG,KUOZHANGGUANZHUANGXUEGUANJIXIAOHUADAONEIQIANGJING,ZAILINCHUANGSHANGKEYONGYUHUXIXITONGJIBING(RUKESOU、ZHIQIGUANYAN、XIONGMOYANDENG)、XIAOHUAXITONGJIBING(RUENI、OUTU、SHIDAOYANDENG)、XINXUEGUANXITONGJIBING(RUXINJIAOTONG、XINJI、XINJIQUEXUEQUEYANGDENG)YIJICHANHOUQUERUDENGBINGZHENGDEZHILIAO。 ERWOMENPINGSHICHANGANSHANZHONGXUEYEYOUHENHAODEBAOJIANZUOYONG。XINZANGBUSHISHI,KEYOUHUXIKUNNAN、XINTIAOJIAKUAI、TOUYUNMUXUANDENG,CISHIANANSHANZHONG,KEYITIGAOXINZANGGONGZUONENGLI,SHIZHENGZHUANGHUANJIE;GONGZUO、SHENGHUOYALIDA,NANMIANFANZAOSHENGMENQI,ANANSHANZHONGJIUKESHIQIJISHUNCHANG,FANNAOJIANQING;NVXINGPENGYOUANCIXUEBUJINNENGFANGZHIRUXIANYAN,HUANKEFENGXIONGMEIRONG;CHANFUJIUSHANZHONGZEKECUIRU。

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