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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > A > 矮腳苦蒿

矮腳苦蒿

2018-01-20 21:26 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中藥大辭典》:矮腳苦蒿

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】AIJIAOKUHAO

【PINYIN】ǎi Jiǎo Kǔ Hāo

【BIEMING】YUDANCAO、KUAI、JINGZHIJIAPENG(《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAOXUAN》),JINLONGDANCAO(《SICHUANZHONGCAOYAOTONGXUN》)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】《KUNMINGMINJIANCHANGYONGCAOYAO》

【來源】為菊科植物苦蒿全草。秋季采收。

【原形態】苦蒿: 一年生草本,高約60厘米,全體密被柔毛。直根長柱形,黃褐色,其上有纖細須根。莖直立,圓柱形,密被柔毛,上部多分枝。單葉互生,長圓形,長4~6厘米,寬2.5~3厘米,羽狀深裂,裂片寬3~4毫米,兩面密被柔毛。頭狀花序徑約6毫米,排成圓錐花序,花黃色,外圍的花雌性,絲狀,內面的花兩性,管狀,瘦果極小,有1列冠毛。花期夏季。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUHUANGDI、LUPANG。FENBUYUNNAN、SICHUAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】QUANCAOHANSHENGWUJIAN、ZAODAI、FENXINGWUZHI、SUANXINGWUZHIJIWEILIANGDEHUIFAYOUDENG。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】①QUTANZUOYONG

657彩票网 北京pk10 XIAOSHUKOUFUJIANJI、SHUIJINGAO、CHUNJINGAOJIFENLICHUDEZAODAICUPINJUNYOUMINGXIANQUTANZUOYONG(FENHONGFA)。MAZUITUFUSHUIJINGAOHOUDUIQIGUANXIANMAOYUNSONGZHANYESUDUYOUYIDINGDECUJINZUOYONG。ZAODAICUPINYEYOUTONGYANGZUOYONG,DANJIAOMAN、SHAORUO。

②PINGCHUANZUOYONG

TUNSHUYINGYONGJIANJIJICUTIWU(JIANJINONGSUOJIAYICHUNCHUQUCHENDIANZHE)YOUYIDINGDEPINGCHUANZUOYONG(ZUZHIANPENWUFA)。ZAILITITUNSHUQIGUANSHIYANZHONG,CUTIWU、SHUIJINGAOJICHUNJINGAOJUNNENGDUIKANGZUZHIANYINQIDEQIGUANPINGHUAJISHOUSUOZUOYONG,SHUIJINGAODEZUOYONGJIAOCHUNJINGAOQIANG。

CUTIWUDUIYIXIANDANJIANHUOLVHUABEIYINQIDELITITUCHANGJINGLUANYOUMINGXIANDEJIEJINGZUOYONG。SHUIJIANJIDUIXIAOSHUWUZHIKEZUOYONG(ANSHUIPENWUYINKEFA)。

③YIJUNZUOYONG

TIWAISHIYANJIANJIDUIHUXIDAOCHANGJIANZHIBINGJUNYOUXIEYIZHIZUOYONG。

【DUXING】XIAOSHUKOUFUJIANJI、SHUIJINGAOJICHUNJINGAOZHIDUXINGJUNHENXIAO。TUMEIRIGUANFUSHUIJINGAOHUOCHUNJINGAO3KE/GONGJINHUO5KE/GONGJIN,LIANXU30TIAN,DUIQIHUODONG、SHIYU、PAIXIE、TIZHONGJUNWUMINGXIANBIANHUA,CHUSIHOUJIEPOU,YIWEIFAXIANZHONGYAOBIANHUA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU.LIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】XIAOYAN,QINGRE,JIEDU。ZHIZHONGERYAN,FENGHUOYAN,FENGHUOYATONG,KOUQIANGYAN,YANHOUYAN。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,2~3QIAN;HUODAOZHI。WAIYONG:DAOZHIDIER、DIANYANHUOYANMOSA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【FUFANG】①ZHIZHONGERYAN:KUHAOXIANZHIXIEZHI,JIAQINGYUDANDIERNEI。(XINGWEIYIXIACHU《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAOXUAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②ZHIWAISHANGCHUXUE:AIJIAOKUHAOSANQIAN,WUZEIGUERQIAN,JIANXUEFEIERQIAN。GONGYANMOWAIYONG。(《KUNMINGMINJIANCHANGYONGCAOYAO》)

【臨床應用】治療慢性氣管炎:將金龍膽草除去老莖及根部,碾粉,水泛為丸,上滑石衣。每次1克,日服3次,飯后服。治療565例,近控109例(19.3%),顯效187例(33.1%),好轉207例(36.6%),無效62例(10.9%)。副作用:發生率占24.4%。表現為腹脹,惡心,嘔吐,腹瀉,口干,頭昏等。一般發生在服藥后1~2天內,程度輕微,可自行消失,不妨礙繼續服藥。此藥味極苦,應在飯后服。病人在服藥后普遍反應食欲增加,睡眠、精神均轉好,服后具有較明顯的消炎、祛痰、平喘及止咳作用。實驗證明金龍膽草煎液對甲型鏈球菌、肺炎雙球菌、溶血性鏈球菌、肺炎桿菌、白色葡萄球菌、金黃色葡萄球菌、卡他球菌等7種細菌均有抑菌作用。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》

 

《中華本草》:矮腳苦蒿

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】AIJIAOKUHAO

【PINYIN】ǎi Jiǎo Kǔ Hāo

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】Herb of Blin Conyza

【BIEMING】YUDANCAO、KUAI、JINGZHIJIAPENG、JINLONGDANCAO、JINHAOZHI、LIUJINU、XIKUHAO、MAOKUHAO、YOUHAO、LONGDANCAO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】CHUZI《KUNMINGMINJIANCHANGYONGCAOYAO》

【來源】藥材基源:為菊科植物熊膽草全草

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Conyza blinii Levl.[C. pinnatifida auct. Non Roxb.; C. dunniana Levl.]

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:QIUJICAISHOU,XIANYONGHUOQIEDUANSHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】XIONGDANCAO YINIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO40-60cm,QUANTIMIBEIBAICHANGROUMAOJIHESEDUANXIANMAO。GENYUANZHUXING,HUANGHESE,YOUXIANXIXUGEN。JINGZHILI,YOUFENZHI,JUXIGOULENG。DANXIEHUSHENG;XIABUXIEBINGCHANG,SHANGBUXIEJINWUBING;XIEPIANJUYUANXING,CHANG4-6cm,KUAN2.5-3cm,YUZHUANGSHENLIE,XIANDUANLIEPIANDA,DAOPIZHENXING,CELIEPIANSHUPIAN,SHUSHENG,TIAOXINGHUOPIZHENXING,YOUCUCHI。TOUZHUANGHUAXUZHIJINGYUE6mm,PAICHENGYUANZHUIZHUANG;ZONGBAOBANQIUXING;ZONGBAOPIAN2CENG,BIANYUANMOZHI,XIANDUANZISE,BEIMIANYOUCUMAO;HUABAOBANYUXING;ZONGBAOBANQIUXING;ZONGBAOPIAN2CENG,BIANYUANMOZHI,XIANDUANZISE,BEIMIANYOUCUMAO;HUAHUANGSE,WAIWEIDEHUACIXING,SIZHUANG,NEICENGDEHUALIANGXING,TONGZHUANG。SHOUGUOBIANPING,JIXIAO,JULENG,BEIMAO;GUANMAO1CENG,DANHONGSE,CHANGWEISHOUGUODE2-3BEI。HUAQIXIAJI。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYUSHANYECAOPO、LUPANGGANZAOCHU。

ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUGANSU、SICHUAN、GUIZHOUJIYUNNANDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE JINGYUANZHUXING,SHANGBUDUOFENZHI,CHANG30-150cm,ZHIJING2-6mm,BIAOMIANJUHUANGSEHUOHUANGLVSE,YOUZONGLENGCAO,QISHANGYOUZHONGDUODESECHANGROUMAO,CHANG3-4mm;ZHIJIAOJIANCUI,YIZHEDUAN。DANXIEHUSHENG,HUANGLVSE,LIANGMIANJUNYOUZHONGDUODEBAISECHANGROUMAO,ZHOUSUONIUQU,YIPOSUI,ZHANPINGHOU,XIABUXIEJUBING,SHANGBUXIEJIWUBING,XIEPIANYUZHUANGSHENLIEZHIQUANLIE,LIEPIANPIZHENXINGHUOXIANZHUANGPIZHENXING,QUANYUANHUOQIANLIE。TOUGUANHUAXUZHIJINGBUZU1cm,JIYUDINGDUANCHENGYUANZHUIZHUANG;HUAHUANGBAISE;CHENGSHUGUOSHIJIYITUOLUOFEIYANG,SHOUGUOQIANHUANGSE,BIANSE,CHANGYUE1mm,YOUGUANMAO1LIE,CHANG5-6mm。QIWEI,WEIJIKU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 XIANWEIJIANBIE XIEJIJINGBIAOPIDEBIAOMIANGUAN:YOUJIAODUODEXIANMAOHEFEIXIANMAO,XIANMAOTOUBU2-8GEXIBAO,BINGBU4-10GEXIBAO,PAILIECHENG1-2LIE,CHANG130-360μm,JIBUZHIJING30-70μm,SHANGBULVEXI,XIANTOUZHIJINGYUJIBULVEXIANGDENG,YOUDEKEJIANYOUDI:FEIXIANMAOYOU4-13GEXIXIANZUCHENG,JIBUZHIJINGYUE100μm,XIABUSHUGEXIBAOLVECHENGFANGXING、CHANGFANGXING,ZHONGBUHESHANGBUXIBAOJIANCHANGBIANXI,DINGDUANJIAN,DUOYIZHEDUAN,WANZHENGZHEKEDA4000μm,XIBAOXIANGJIECHULVEPENGDASIZHUJIEZHUANG,YOUDEXIBAOZHONGYOUZHIJING4-15μmDECAOSUANGAICUJING。JINGBIAOPIXIBAOCHENGCHANGFANGXING,LEIFANGXING,JUJIAOZHIWENLI;XIEBIAOPIXIBAOBOZHUANG,QIKONGBUDINGSHI,FUWEIXIBAO4-5GE。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】QUANCAOHANSHENGWUJIAN、ZAODAI、FENXINGWUZHI、SUANXINGWUZHIJIWEILIANGDEHUIFAYOUDENG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.QUTANZUOYONG:XIAOSHUKOUFUJIANJI、SHUIJINGAO、JIAOJINGAOJIFENLICHUDEZAODAICUPINJUNYOUMINGXIANQUTANZUOYONG(FENHONGFA)。MAZUITUFUSHUIJINGAOHOUDUIQIGUANXIANMAOYUNSONGZHANYESUDUYOUYIDINGDECUJINZUOYONG。ZAODAICUPINYEYOUTONGYANGZUOYONG,DANJIAOMAN、SHAORUO。2.PINGCHUANZUOYONG:TUNSHUYINGYONGJIANJIJICUTIWU(JIANJINONGSUOJIAYICHUNCHUQUCHENDIANZHE)YOUYIDINGDEPINGCHUANZUOYONG(ZUZHIANPENWUFA)。ZAILITITUNSHUQIGUANSHIYANZHONG,CUTIWU、SHUIJINGAOJICHUNJINGAOJUNNENGDUIKANGZUZHIANYINQIDEQIGUANPINGHUAJISHOUSUOZUOYONG,SHUIJINGAODEZUOYONGJIAOCHUNJINGAOQIANG。CUTIWUDUIYIFENDANJIANHUOLVHUABEIYINQIDELITITUCHANGJINGLUANYOUMINGXIANDEJIEJINGZUOYONG。SHUIJIANJIDUIXIAOSHUWUZHIKEZUOYONG(ANSHUIPENWUYINKEFA)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.YIJUNZUOYONG:TIWAISHIYANJIANJIDUIHUXIDAOCHANGJIANZHIBINGJUNYOUXIEYIZHIZUOYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【DUXING】XIAOSHUKOUFUJIANJI、SHUIJINGAOJICHUNJINGAOZHIDUXINGJUNHENXIAO。TUMEIRIGUANFUSHUIJINGAOHUOCHUNJINGAO3g/kgHUO5g/kg,LIANXU30TIAN,DUIQIHUODONG、SHIYU、PAIXIE、TIZHONGJUNWUMINGXIANBIANHUA,CHUSIHOUJIEPOU,YIWEIFAXIANZHONGYAOBIANHUA

【JIANBIE】LIHUAJIANBIE QUBENPINCUFEN2g,JIASHUI40ml,ZHISHUIYUZHONGJIN10min,LVGUO,LVYEGONGYIXIASHIYAN。

(1)QULVYE10ml,ZHISHUIYUSHANGZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIASHILIANGYICHUN,JIAOBAN,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIABINGCUSUAN0.5ml,DAIRONGJIEHOU,YIZHISHIGUANZHONG,JIACUGAN0.5ml,HUNYUN,YANGUANBIJIALIUSUAN1-2DI,JIXIANHONGSE,XUNJIBIANWEIZIHONGSE。(JIANCHASANZAZAODAI)(2QULVYE10ml,ZHIDAISAISHIGUANZHONG,ZHENYAO1min,CHANSHENGCHIXUXINGPAOMO,15minNEIBUXIAOSHI。)

【XINGWEI】WEIKU;XINGPING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU;XIEHUOZHIXUE。ZHUMANXINGQIGUANYAN;BIANTAOTIYAN;YANHOUYAN;KOUQIANGYAN;SHENYAN;HUANGDANXINGGANYAN;YANJIEJINGMOYAN;ZHONGERYAN;CHUANGYANG;YATONG;BINV;BIANXUE;BENGLOU;WAISHANGCHUXUE

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,6-9g;HUODAOZHI。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,LENGKAISHUIJINPAO,NEIFU。

【FUFANG】①ZHIZHONGERYAN: KUHAOXIANZHIXIEZHI,JIAQINGYUDANDIERNEI。(XINGWEIYIXIACHU《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAOXUAN》)②ZHIWAISHANGCHUXUE:AIJIAOKUHAOSANQIAN,WUZEIGUERQIAN,JIANXUEFEIERQIAN。GONGYANMOWAIYONG。 (《KUNMINGMINJIANCHANGYONGCAOYAO》)

【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】1.ZHILIAOMANXINGQIGUANYAN:JIANGJINLONGDANCAOCHUQULAOJINGJIGENBU,NIANFEN,SHUIFANWEIWAN,SHANGHUASHIYI。MEICI lg, RIFU3CI,FANHOUFU。ZHILIAO565LI,JINKONG109LI(19.3%),XIANXIAO187LI(33.1%),HAOZHUAN207LI(36.6%),WUXIAO62LI(10.9%)。

2.FUZUOYONG:FASHENGLVZHAN24.4%。BIAOXIANWEIFUZHANG,EXIN,OUTU,FUXIE,KOUGAN,TOUHUNDENG。YIBANFASHENGYEFUYAOHOU 1-2TIANNEI,CHENGDUQINGWEI,KEZIXINGXIAOSHI,BUFANGAIJIXUFUYAO。CIYAOWEIJIKU,YINGZAIFANHOUFU。BINGRENZAIFUYAOHOUPUBIANFANYINGSHIYUZENGJIA,SHUIMIAN、JINGSHENJUNZHUANHAO。

3. YIJUNZUOYONG:JIAOMINGXIANDEXIAOYAN、QUTAN、PINGCHUANJIZHIKEZUOYONG。SHIYANZHENGMINGJINLONGDANCAOJIANYEDUIJIAXINGLIANQIUJUN、FEIYANSHUANGQIUJUN、RONGXUEXINGLIANQIUJUN、FEIYANGANJUN、BAISEPUTAOQIUJUN、JINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUN、KATAQIUJUNDENG7ZHONGXIJUNJUNYOUYIJUNZUOYONG。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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