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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > J > 金蕎麥

金蕎麥

2017-06-20 00:15 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:金蕎麥

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】JINQIAOMAI

【PINYIN】Jīn Qiáo Mài

【YINGWENMING】RHIZOMA FAGOPYRI DIBOTRYIS

【來源】本品為蓼科植物金蕎麥Fagopyrum dibotrys(D.Don)Hara的干燥根莖。冬季采挖,除去莖及須根,洗凈,曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】BENPINCHENGBUGUIZETUANKUAIHUOYUANZHUZHUANG,CHANGYOULIUZHUANGFENZHI,DINGDUANYOUDEYOUJINGCANJI,CHANG3~15cm,ZHIJING1~4cm。BIAOMIANZONGHESE,YOUHENGXIANGHUANJIEJIZONGZHOUWEN,MIBUDIANZHUANGPIKONG,BINGYOUAOXIANDEYUANXINGGENHENJICANCUNXUGEN。ZHIJIANYING,BUYIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANDANHUANGBAISEHUODANZONGHONGSE,YOUFANGSHEZHUANGWENLI,ZHONGYANGSUIBUSEJIAOSHEN。QIWEI,WEIWEISE。

【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMODANZONGSE。DIANFENLISHENDUO,DANLILEIQIUXING、TUOYUANXINGHUOLUANYUANXING,ZHIJING5~48μm,QIDIANDIANZHUANG、XINGZHUANG、LIEFENGZHUANGHUOFEINIAOZHUANG,WEIYUZHONGYANGHUOPIANYUYIDUAN,DALIKEJIANCENGWEN;FULIYOU2~4FENLIZUCHENG;BANFULIKEJIAN。MUXIANWEICHENGSHU,ZHIJING10~38μm,WENKONGCHENGDANXIEWENKONGHUOSHIZIXINGWENKONG。CAOSUANGAICUJINGZHIJING10~62μm。MUBOBIXIBAOLEIFANGXING、TUOYUANXING,ZHIJING28~37μm,CHANGYUEZHI100μm,BIHOUYUE5μm,BAOQIANGKEJIANXISHUDEWENKONG。JUYUANWENKONGJIWANGWENDAOGUANZHIJING21~83μm。

(2)QUBENPINFENMO 1g,JIALVFANG10ml,JINZI30FENZHONG,SHISHIZHENYAO,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIALVFANG1mlSHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUJINQIAOMAIDUIZHAOYAOCAI 1g,TONGFAZHICHENGDUIZHAOYAOCAIRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE2~3μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAO GBOCENGBANSHANG,YILVFANG-JIACHUN(19:1)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYI10%LIUSUANYICHUNRONGYE,JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAISEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUZAZHI,XIJING,RUNTOU,QIEHOUPIAN,SHAIGAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】WEIXIN、SE,LIANG。

【GUIJING】GUIFEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU,PAINONGQUYU。YONGYUFEINONGYANG,MAZHENFEIYAN,BIANTAOTIZHOUWEINONGZHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】15~45g,YONGSHUIHUOHUANGJIUGESHUIMIBIDUNFU。

【ZHUZANG】ZHIGANZAOCHU,FANGMEI,FANGZHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

金蕎麥圖片/yeanja.com/tp/15220.html

《中藥大辭典》:金蕎麥

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】JINQIAOMAI

【PINYIN】Jīn Qiáo Mài

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】Rhizoma Fagopyri Cymosi

【BIEMING】YEQIAOMAI、QIAOMAISANQI、JINSUOYINKAI

【來源】為蓼科植物野蕎麥Fagopyrum cymosum (Trev.)Meisn.的根莖。夏、秋季采挖根莖,洗凈,曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO0.5~1.5m。GENJINGCUDA,CHENGJIEJIEZHUANG,HENGZOU,HONGZONGSE,JINGZHILI,YOULENGCAO,LVSEHUO HONGHESE。XIEHUSHENG,JIXINSHISANJIAOXING,CHANGKUANJIXIANGDENG,XIANDUANTUJIAN,JIBUXINZHUANGJIXING,BIANYUANBOZHUANG;TUOXIEQIAOJINTONGZHUANGXIEXING,MOZHI。HUAXIAO,JICHENGDINGSHENGHUOYESHENGDEJUSANHUAXU;HUABEIZIPIAN5,BAISE;XIONGRUI 8;ZIFANGSHANGWEI,HUAZHU3。SHOUGUOLUANXING,JU3LENG,HONGZONGSE。HUAQI7~9YUE,GUOQI10~11YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUSHANPO、KUANGYE、LUBIANJIXIGOUJIAOYINSHICHU。ZHUCHANJIANGSU、ZHEJIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】GENJINGBUGUIZETUANKUAIZHUANG。CHANGJULIUZHUANGFENZHI,CHANGDUANBUYI,ZHIJING1~4cm。BIAOMIANSHENHUIHESE,YOUHUANJIEJIZONGZHOUWEN,BINGMIMIANDIANZHUANGPIDAO。ZHIJIANYING,BUYIBIDUAN,DUANMIANDANHUANGBAISEZHIHUANGZONGSE,YOUFANGSHEZHUANGWENLI,ZHONGYANGYOUSUI。QIWEI。WEIWEISE。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANYEQIAOMAIDAI(shakuchirin)。CIDAI JIANSHUIJIEHOUSHENGCHENGDUIXIANGDOUSUAN、AWEISUANJIPUTAOTANG;LINGHANYOUSHUANGJUYUANSHICHEJUDAIYUAN(dimeric procyanidin),SHIZHUYAOYOUXIAOCHENGFEN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】XINGLIANG,WEISE、WEIXIN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU。QINGFEIPAITAN,PAINONGXIAOZHONG,QUFENGHUASHI。YONGYUFEINONGYANG、YANHOUZHONGTONG、LIJI、WUMINGZHONGDU、DIEDASUNSHANG、FENGSHIGUANJIETONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:金蕎麥

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】JINQIAOMAI

【PINYIN】Jīn Qiáo Mài

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】CHIDILI、CHIXUELI、JINSUOYINKAI、TIANQIAOMAIGEN、KAIJINSUO、ZEIGUTOU、TOUGUXIAO、KUQIAOTOU、TIESHIZI、YEQIAOZI、LANYANGTOU、QIAOMAISANQI、YEQIAOMAIGEN、KUYANGMAIGEN、QIAODANGGUI、TIEQUANTOU

【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEILIAOKEZHIWUJINQIAOMAIDEGENJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Fagopyrum dibotrys(D.Don)Hara[Fagopyrum cymosum(Trev.)Meisn.]

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:ZAIQIUJIDISHANGBUFENKUWEIHOUCAISHOU,XIANGEQUJINGXIE,JIANGGENBAOCHU,QUJINGNITU,XUANCHUZUOZHONGYONGGENJINGHOU,SHAIGANHUOYINGAN,HUO50℃NEIKANGGANYEKE。

【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGSUGENCAOBEN,GAO0.5-1.5m。ZHUGENCUDA,CHENGJIEJIEZHUANG,HENGZOU,HONGZONGSE。JINGZHILI,DUOFENZHI,JULENGCAO,DANLVWEIDAIHONGSE,QUANZHUWEIBEIBAISEROUMAO。DANXIEHUSHENG,JUBING,BINGSHANGYOUBAISEDUANROUMAO;XIEPIANWEIJIZHUANGSANJIAOXING,CHANGKUANYUEXIANGDENG,DANDINGBUXIECHANGDAYUKUAN,YIBANCHANG4-10cm,KUAN4-9cm,XIANDUANCHANGJIANJIANHUOWEIJIANZHUANG,JIBUXINZHUANGJIXING,DINGDUANXIEXIAZHAI,WUBINGBAOJING,QUANXIANCHENGWEIBOZHUANG,XIAMIANMOSHANGYOUBAISEXIROUMAO;TUOXIEQIAOBAOJING。QIUJIKAIBAISEXIAOHUA,WEIDINGSHENGHUOYESHENG、SHAOYOUFENZHIDEJUSANHUAXU;HUABEIPIAN5,XIONGRUI8,2LUN;CIRUI1,HUAZHU3。SHOUGUOCHENGLUANZHUANGSANLENGXING,HONGZONGSE。HUAQI7-8YUE,GUOQI10YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYULUBIAN、GOUPANGJIAOYINSHIDI。

ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUHUADONG、ZHONGNAN、XINANHESHANXI、GANSUDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZAIPEI】SHENGWUXUETEXING SHIYINGXINGJIAOQIANG,XIWENNUANQIHOU,SHIYISHENGCHANGDEWENDUWEI15~30℃,ZAI-10℃ZUOYOUDIQUZAIPEIKEYIANQUANYUEDONG。TURANGYIFEIWOSHUSONGDESHAZHIRANGSHANGSHENGCHANGJIAOHAO,ZHANTUJIPAISHUIBULIANGDEDIWADIBUYIZHONGZHI。ZAIPEIJISHU YONGZHONGZI、GENJINGHEQIANCHAFANZHI。ZHONGZIFANZHI:CHUNBOHUOQIUBOJUNKE,CHUNBO4YUE,QIUBO10YUE。GENJINGFANZHI:ZAICHUNJIJIANGGENJINGWACHU,XUANQUJIANKANGGENJINGQIECHENGXIAODUAN,YIGENJINGYOUNENBUFENJIGENJINGYABAOZUOFANZHICAILIAO。QIANCHAFANZHI:ZAIXIAJIJIANQUZUZHICHONGSHIDEZHITIAO,CHANG15~20cm,JUJIE2~3GE、CHATIAOSHEN2/3,XINGJU12cm×9cm。TIANJIANGUANLI ZAIMIAOQIYAOQINCHUZACAO,SONGTU2~3CI,ZHUIFEIKEZAIMIAOGAO50-60cmZUOYOUHUOKAIHUAQIANSHI1CIHUAFEI,MEI1hm2 225-300kg。YUJIZHUYIPAISHUI,GANHANSHIYINGSHIDANGJIAOSHUI。

BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI TAOYAZAIFASHENGQIPENYAOYE,DONGJIQINGYUAN,JIANGKUZHIHELUOXIESHENLIHUOSHAOHUI。BINGDUBINGKEXUANWUBINGZHULIUZHONG,ZHUYIFANGZHICHONGHAI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE GENJINGCHENGBUGUIZETUANKUAIZHUANG,CHANGJULIUZHUANGFENZHI,CHANGDUAN、DAXIAOBUYI,ZHIJING1-4cm。BIAOMIANZONGHESEZHIHUIHESE,YOUJINMIDEHUANJIEJIBUGUIZEDEZONGZHOUWEN,YIJIZHONGDUODEXUGENHUOXUGENHEN;DINGDUANYOUJINGDECANJI。ZHIJIANYING,BUYIZHEDUAN,QIEDUANMIANDANHUANGBAISEZHIHUANGZONGSE,YOUFANGSHEZHUANGWENLI,ZHONGYANGYOUSUI。QIWEI,WEIWEISE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 YIGEDA、ZHIJIANYINGZHEWEIJIA。

XIANWEIJIANBIE GENJINGHENGQIEMIAN:MUSHUANCENGWEI4-5LIEMUSHUANXIBAO,JUNHANZONGSEWU。PICENGJIAOZHAI,BOBIXIBAOHANCAOSUANGAICUJING。RENPIBUYOUSHAOSHUXIANWEISANZAI。MUZHIBUCHENGNEIWAILIANGCENG,XINGSINIANLUN;WAICENGJIAOKUAN,MUBOBIXIBAOBIJIAOBO,DAOGUANXINGDAERXISHAO,MUSHEXIANXIBAOXIACHANGFANGXING;NEICENGJIAOZHAI,MUBOBIXIBAOJIAOHOU,DAOGUANXINGXIAO,DANLIEJINGXIANGPAILIE。SUIBUXIBAOYUANXING,BIJIAOHOU。FENMOTEZHENG:DANHONGSE。①DIANFENLILEIYUANXING,ZHIJING4-30μm,QIDIANDIANZHUANG。②CAOSUANGAICUJINGZHIJING20-50μm.③JUYUANWENKONGDAOGUANDUOJIAN。

④RENPIXIANWEIJIAOWEISHAOJIAN。

LIHUAJIANBIE(1)QUBENPINCUFEN1g,JIAYICHUN50mlHUILIUTIQU2h,QUYICHUNTIQUYEl-2DI,ZHISHIGUANZHONG,JIAHUASESUSHIJI(ZHENGDINGCHUN60mlYU40%YANSUAN40mlHUNHE,ZAIJIARUFeSO4.7H2O 77mgRONGJIE2ml,ZAIFEISHUIYUSHANGJIARE5min,RONGYECHENGYINGHONGSE。(JIANCHAHUANYUANHUASEDAIYUANERJUWU)(2)DIANYONG:QUCHUNTIYEDIANZAIXINHUA1HAOLVZHITIAOSHANG(5cm×30cm),YONGPENGSUAN-PENGSHAHUANCHONGYE(pH8.8),DIANYA200V,DIANLIU0.3mA,DIANYONG7h,LIANGGAN,GUANCHAYINGGUANGHOU,PENDUIJIABENHUANGSUANSHIJI(20%YICHUNYE),100℃KAO5min,YUEZAILIYUANDIAN17cmCHUYOUHONGZONGSEBANDIAN。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】GENJINGHANSHUANGJUYUANSHICHEJUSU(dimeric Procyani-din)[1],HAIKEZAODAIYUAN(hecogenin),β-GUZAICHUN(β-sitosterol),ROUZHI(tannin)JIYIZHONGSHUIJIEHOUKEDEDUI-XIANGDOUSUAN(p-coumaric acid)、AWEISUAN(ferulic acid)HEPUTAOTANG(glucose)DEDAI。HUANHANYOUZUOXUANBIAOERCHAJING(epicatechin),3-MEISHIZIXIANBIAOERCHAJING(3-galloyl epicatechin),YUANSHICHEJUSU(procyanidin)B-2、B-4HEYUANSHICHEJUSUB-2DE3,3′-SHUANGMEISHIZISUANZHI(3,3′-digalloylprocyanidin)[2]。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.KANGAIZUOYONG JINQIAOMAIGENSHUIJIANJI20g(SHENGYAO)/(kg·d)HE13.3g(SHENGYAO)/(kg.d)GUANWEI,LIANXU10d,DUIXIAOSHULewisFEIAIHEGONGJINGAIU14JUNYOUXIANZHUDEYIZHIZUOYONG,CIXINGXIAOSHUDELIAOXIAOJIAOXIONGXINGXIAOSHUWEIHAO[1]。LIYONGXIAOSHUSHENNANGMOXIAYIZHIFA(SRCA),BIJIAOFEIAIZUZHIYIZHIQIANHOUTIJIGAIBIANYIYUCEHEPINGJIAJINQIAOMAITIQUWUJINEHECD1DEKANGAIZUOYONG。SRCAHOUDI1~5d,XIAOSHULIANXU5CIKOUFUJINEHUOCD1,JILIANGJUNWEIMEICI100mg/kg,SHIYANJIEGUOXIANSHIJINEHECD1DEYOUXIAOBIWEI4/ 0HE2/l0,FEILINAIDUIJINEZHILIAODEMINGANXINGGAOYUQITAZUZHILEIXINGDEFEIAI[2]。JINQIAOMAIGENSU(Fagopyrum Cymosum Rootin,FCR)SHICONGJINQIAOMAIGENZHONGTICHUDEYILEIZONGHEXINGDANNINGHUNHEWU,MEI1mlNONGDUWEI125μgSHI,DUIFEIXIANAI(GLC)、GONGJINGLINAIHeLa)、BIYANLINAI(KB)XIBAOSHENGCHANGDEYIZHILVFENBIEWEI84.5%、78.9 %、100%,SHIAIXIBAODEMO、RNA、DNADAIXIE、HEFENLIESHOUSUNSHANG[3]。HUANFAXIANFCRYOUXIANZHUYIZHIGLC、Hela、KBJIWEIXIANAIXIBAOSGC)RENAIXIBAOKELONGXINGCHENGDEZUOYONG,YIZHILVYUNONGDUCHENGZHENGBI,ZAIDINONGDU12.5μg/mlSHIYIZHILVFENBIEWEI:GLC89.7%、HeLa53.8%、SGC65.4%、KJIESHASHANGXIBAOFA、JILUOPEIYANGYIZHIFAJIDNAQIANTIWUZHICHANRUFAYANJIUJINQIAOMAIGENDUITIWAIPEIYANGDEDUOZHONGRENAIXIBAODEKANGAIZUOYONG。JIEGUO,CIYAOZAIlg/LSHIDUIDUOZHONGRENAIXIBAODESHASHANGLVJUNCHAOGUOYIGEDUISHUSHAMIE,NONGDUJIANGDIZHI0.125g/LDESHASHANGLVRENGJIEJINYIGEDUISHUSHAMIEDA74.3%-92.1%。JINQIAOMAIGENZHONGDETIQUWUJUYOUMINGXIANDEKANGAIZUOYONG,QINONGDUWEI0.1g/L、0.05g/LDUIDUOZHONGAIXIBAODEJILUOYIZHILVDA100%。NONGDUWEI0.0125g/LSHIYIZHILVDA75.1%~89.2%。ZAIYONG3H-TdRBIAOJIFAGUANCHAFAXIAN,JINQIAOMAIGENDEYOUXIAOHUAXUETIQUWUNENGMINGXIANYIZHIAIXIBAONEIDEHESUANDAIXIE,QIYIZHIZUOYONGYUTONGNONGDUDEYANGXINGDUIZHAOFUNIAOMIDINGJINSI[5,6]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.YIJUNZUOYONG JINQIAOMAIDUIJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUN、FEIYANLIANQIUJUN、DACHANGGANJUN、LVNONGGANJUNJUNYOUYIZHIZUOYONG,ZUIJIZUOYONGDAYUSHUIJI[7]。LINGYOUBAODAO,JINQIAOMAIJIQIGEFENLIBUFENWUTIWAIKANGJUNZUOYONG,YUGANRANQIANDEBUTONGSHIQIFUQIANGZHUSHEJINQIAOMAIJINGAO83mg/kg,DUIFUQIANGGANRANJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUNXIAOSHUYOUMINGXIANDEBAOHUZUOYONG,DANZAIGANRANTONGSHIHUOGANRANHOUYONGYAOZEWUBAOHUZUOYONG[8]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.QITAZUOYONG JINQIAOMAIJINGAO83mg/kgFUQIANGZHUSHE,NENGZENGQIANGXIAOSHUFUQIANGJUSHIXIBAODETUNSHIGONGNENG,DANJUSHIXIBAOZONGSHUWEIJIANZENGDUO。SANLIANJUNMIAOZHIREJIATUKOUFUJINQIAOMAIJINGAOYOUJIEREZUOYONG,GEIXIAOSHUKOUFUJINQIAOMAIJINGAOYOUQINGWEIDEZHENKEZUOYONG[8]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.DUXING JINQIAOMAITIQUWUJINEZUXIAOSHU100mg/kg,LIANXU5dKOUFUGEIYAOHOU,DONGWUTIZHONGJIPIZANGZHONGLIANGJIAODUIZHAOZUMINGXIANJIANQING,JILIANGRUJIADADAO500mg/kg,PIZHONGJIANQINGZEGENGMINGXIAN[2]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】QUBENPINFENMO1g,JIALVFANG10ml,JINZI30FENZHONG,SHISHIZHENYAO,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIALVFANGlmlSHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUJINQIAOMAIDUIZHAOYAOCAI1g,TONGFAZHICHENGDUIZHAOYAOCAIRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(YAODIANFULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE2-3μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YILVFANG-JIACHUN(19:1)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYI10%LIUSUANYICHUNRONGYE,JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAISEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUZAZHI,XIJING,RUNTOU,QIEHOUPIAN,SHAIGAN。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU;HUOXUEXIAOYONG;QUFENGCHUSHICHUANGDU;SHECHONGYAOSHANG。ZHUFEIYONG;FEIREKECHUAN;YANHOUZHONGTONG;LIJI;FENGSHIBIZHENG;DIEDASUNSHANG;YONGZHONGAI

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,15-30g;HUOYANMO。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,DAOZHIHUOMOZHITUFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】YONGYUFEINONGYANG,MAZHENFEIYAN,BIANTAOTIZHOUWEINONGZHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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