657彩票网 北京pk10

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苦木

2017-01-07 20:21 作者:網絡 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:苦木

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】KUMU

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Kǔ Mù

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】RAMULUS ET FOLIUM PICRASMAE

【BIEMING】KUPISHU、KUSHUPI、KUPIZI、KUDANMU、GANGOUMU、XIONGDANSHU、TUCHUZI

【來源】本品為苦木科植物苦木Picrasma quassioides (D. Don)Benn. 的干燥657彩票网 北京pk10。夏、秋二季采收,干燥。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINZHICHENGYUANZHUXING,CHANGDUANBUYI,ZHIJING0.5~2cm;BIAOMIANHUILVSEHUOZONGLVSE,YOUXIMIDEZONGWENJIDUOSHUDIANZHUANGPIKONG;ZHICUI,YIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBUPINGZHENG,DANHUANGSE,NENZHISEJIAOQIANQIESUIBUJIAODA。XIEWEIDANSHUYUZHUANGFUXIE,YITUOLUO;XIAOXIELUANZHUANGCHANGTUOYUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,JINWUBING,CHANG4~16cm,KUAN1.5~6cm;XIANDUANRUIJIAN,JIBUPIANXIEHUOSHAOYUAN,BIANYUANJUCHUNCHI;LIANGMIANTONGCHANGLVSE,YOUDEXIABIAOMIANDANZIHONGSE,YANZHONGMOYOUROUMAO。QIWEI,WEIJIKU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMOHUANGLVSE。XIEDESHANGBIAOPIXIBAODUOBIANXING;XIABIAOPIXIBAOQIKONGSHENDUO,QIKONGBUDINGSHI。XIEROUXIBAOZHONGHANZHONGDUOCAOSUANGAICUJING。XIANWEICHENGSHU,XICHANG,ZHOUWEIBOBIXIBAOHANCAOSUANGAICUJING,OUJIANFANGJING,XINGCHENGJINGXIANWEI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)QUBENPINFENMO1g,JIAJIACHUN10ml,LENGJINGUOYE,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIAJIACHUN1ml SHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUKUMUDUIZHAOYAOCAI1g,TONGFAZHICHENGDUIZHAOYAOCAIRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE10μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIYISUOJIAJIXIANWEISUNAWEINIANHEJIDEGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YILVFANG-JIACHUN(17:3)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYIGAILIANGDIANHUABIJIASHIYE。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAISEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUZAZHI,ZHIXIJING,RUNTOU,QIEPIAN,SHAIGAN;XIEPENLINQINGSHUI,SHAORUN,QIESI,SHAIGAN。

【XINGWEI】KU,HAN;YOUXIAODU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIFEI、DACHANGJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGRE,QUSHI,JIEDU。YONGYUFENGREGANMAO,YANHOUZHONGTONG,FUXIEXIALI,SHIZHEN,CHUANGJIE,DUSHEYAOSHANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】ZHI3~4.5g;XIE1~3g。WAIYONGSHILIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHIGANZAOCHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

 

《中藥大辭典》:苦木

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】KUMU

【PINYIN】Kǔ Mù

【YINGWENMING】Indian Quassiawood Twing and Leaf

【BIEMING】TUCHUZI、KUPISHU、KUDANMU、XIONGDANSHU

【來源】為苦木科植物苦木Picrasma quassioides (D.Don)Benn.的。全年可采,曬干。

【YUANXINGTAI】LUOXIEQIAOMU。SHUPIHUIHESE,PINGHUA,YOUHUISEPIKONGJIBANWEN,XIAOZHILVSEZHIHONGHESE。XIEHUSHENG,YUZHUANGFUXIE,XIAOXIE9~15,LUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGTUOYUANXING,CHANG4~10cm,KUAN2~4.5cm,XIANDUANRUIJIAN,BIANYUANJUBUZHENGQIDUNJUCHI,YANZHONGMOYOUROUMAO。SANFANGZHUANGZONGZHUANGHUAXUYESHENG,HUADANXINGYIZHU;EPIAN、HUABAN、XIONGRUIJIZIFANGXINPIMIAN4~5CHUSHU。HEGUODAOLUANXING,3~4GEBINGSHENG,LANZHIHONGSE,YOUSUE。HUAQI4~6YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUSHANPO、SHANGUJICUNBIANJIAOCHAOSHICHU。CHANYUHUANGHELIUYUYINANGEDI。

【XINGZHUANG】ZHIYUANZHUXING,ZHIJING0.5~2cm,BIAOMIANHUILVSEHUOZONGLVSE,YOUXIMIZONGWENJIDIANZHUANGPIKONG,ZHICUI;MUBUDUANKUAIKUAIPIANZHUANG,HUANGSE;XIEWEIDANSHUYUZHUANGFUXIE,XIAOXIELUANZHUANGCHANGTUOYUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING。QIWEI,WEIJIKU。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANKUMUNEIZHIA~N(nigakilactone A~N)、HUANGLIANSUC~G(picrasin C~G)、KUMUBANSUOQUANC~C,BINGHANKUMUTONG(nigakinone)、JIAJIKUMUTONG、Ⅰ-QIANJIAJI-β-KABOLIN(Ⅰ-hydroxymethyl-β-carboline)DENG。

【XINGWEI】XINGHAN,WEIKU。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】KANGJUNXIAOHUO,QUSHIJIEDU。YONGYUGANMAO、JIXINGBIANTAOTIYAN、CHANGYAN、SHIZHEN;DUSHEYAOSHANG。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:苦木

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】KUMU

【PINYIN】Kǔ Mù

【BIEMING】HUANGLIANBANSHU、SHANXIONGDAN、XIONGDANSHU、KUDANSHU、HUANGLIANSHU、KULIYA、JINKOUKU、HUANGTANMU、KUPISHU、CHOULAZI、KUSHU、YUDANSHU、QINGYUDAN、GOUDANMU、KUMUSHUANG、KUDANMU、GANGOUMU、KUDANZI、TUKULIAN、YEQIMU、CHENGGANSHU、JINTIAOZI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIKUMUKEZHIWUKUMUDEMUCAI。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Picrasnia quassioides(D.Don)Benn.[Rhus ailanthoides Bunge;Picrasma ailanthoides (Bunge) Planch.]

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:QUANNIANJUNKECAI,CHUQUJINGPI,XIJING,QIEPIAN,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】KUMU LUOXIEGUANMUHUOXIAOQIAOMU,GAO7-10m。SHUPIHUIHEISE,YOUZHIHUILVSE,WUMAO,JUMINGXIANDEHUANGSEPIKONG。QISHUYUZHUANGFUXIEHUSHENG,CHANGJISHENGYUZHIDUAN,CHANG20-30cm;XIAOXIE9-15,LUANZHUANGPIZHENXINGZHIKUOLUANXING,CHANG4-10cm,KUAN2-4cm,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUKUOXIEXING,LIANGCEBUDUICHENG,BIANYUANJUBUZHENGQIJUCHI,ERQIJUSANHUAXUYESHENG,ZONGHUAGENGCHANGDA12cm,MIBEIROUMAO;HUAZAXING,HUANGLVSE;EPIAN4-5,LUANXING,BEIMAO;HUABAN4-5,DAOLUANXING,BIEPIANCHANGYUE2BEI;XIONGRUI4-5,ZHUSHENGYU4-5LIEDEHUAPANJIBU;CIHUAJIAOXIONGHUAXIAO,ZIFANGLUANXING,4-5SHI,HUAZHU4-5,BICIXIANGYONGNIUZHUAN,JIBULIANHE。HEGUODAOLUANXING,ROUZHI,LANZHIHONGSE,3-4GEBINGSHENG,JIBUJUSUCUNHUAE。HUAQI4-5YUE,GUOQI8-9YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYUHAIBA2400mYIXIADESHIRUNERFEIWODESHANDI、LINYUAN、XIBIAN、LUPANGDENGCHU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUHUANGHEYINANGEDI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE JINGLEIYUANXING,CUDA30cm,HUOQIEPIANHOU1cm。BIAOMIANHUILVSEHUODANZONGSE,SANBUBUGUIZEHUIBAISEBANWEN。SHUXINCHUDEKUAIPIANCHENGSHENHUANGSE。HENGQIEPIANNIANLUNMINGXIAN,SHEXIANFANGSHEZHUANGPAILIE。ZHIJIANYING,ZHEDUANMIANXIANWEIZHUANG。QIWEI,WEIKU。

XIANWEIJIANBIE:JINGHENGQIEMIAN:WAIWEIMUSHUANXIBAO,SHUANNEICENGYOUXIANWEI,DANGEHUO2-20GECHENGSHUSANZAI,BOBIXIBAONEIYOUDANJINGJISHAOSHUCUJING,RENPIBUYOUXUDUOXIANWEISHUQIEXIANGPAILIECHENGCENGZHUANG,XIANWEIBIBO,RUOMUHUA,ZONGQIEMIANGUANCHANG140-240μm,ZHIJING12-20μm,LIANGDUANXIJIAN;SHEXIANNEIYOUDANJINGHUOCUJING,CUJINGZHIJING16-20μm。MUZHIBUYOUDAOGUAN、MUXIANWEIJIMUXIBAOZUCHENG,JUNMUHUA,DAOGUANNEICHANGHANHUANGZONGSENEIHANWU。MUSHEXIAN1-5LIEXIBAO,JUDANWENKONG。HANDIANFENLI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】1.JINGHANKUMUJIAN(kumujian)AJI1-YIYANGJIAXIANJI-KALIN(1-carboethoxy-carbo-line),KUMUJIANBJI1-JIAYANGJIAXIANJI-KALIN(1-carbomethoxy-carbo-line),KUMUJIANCJI1-JIAXIANJI-KALIN(1-formyl-carboline),KUMUJIANDJI4,5-ERJIAYANGJITIESHIMITONG(4,5-dimethoxy-canthin-6-one),KUMUJIANEJITIESHIMITONG(canthin-6-one),KUMUJIANFJI4-JIAYANGJITIESHIMITONG(4-methoxy-canthin-6-one),KUMUJIANGJI1-YIXIJI-4,8-ERJIAYANGJI-KALIN(1-vinyl-4, 8-dimethoxy-carboline),KUMUXIJIAN(picrasidine)C、D、E。SHUGANHANKUMUSU(quassin),YIKUMUSU(pi-crasmin),KUSHUSU(picrasin)A、B、C、D、E、F、G,KUMUBANSUOQUAN(nigakihemiacetal)A、B、C, KUMUNEIZHI(nigakilactone)A、B、C、D、E、F、G、H、I、J、K、L、M。NENZHIHAN(24Z)-27-QIANJI-3-YANGDAI-7,24-GANSUIERXI-21-QUAN[(24Z)-27-hydroxy-3-oxo-7,24-tirucalladien-21-al], (24Z)-27-QIANJI-7,24-GANSUIERXI-3-TONG[(24z)-27-hydroxy-7,24-tirucalldien-3-one],(24Z)-3 -YANGDAI-3 -GAO-27-QIANJI-7,24-GANSUIERXI-3-TONG[(24Z)-3 -oxo-3 -homo-27-hydroxy-7, 24-tirucalldien-3-one],(24Z)-27-QIANJI-3-YANGDAI-7,24-GANSUIERXI-21-SUANJIAZHI[methyl(24Z)-27-hydroxy-3-oxo-7,24-tirucalladien-21-oate],(24Z)-7,24-GANSUIERXI-3β 27-ERCHUN[(24Z)-7,24-tirucalladiene-3β27-diol],(24Z)-3β27-ERQIANJI-7,24-GANSUIERXI-21-QUAN[(24Z)-3β27-dihy-droxy-7,24-tirucalladien-21-al]。HAN1-YIXIJI-4, 9-ERJIAYANGJI-KALIN(1-vinyl-4, 9-dimethoxy-carboline),-KALINJI[3-(4,8-ERJIAYANGJI-KALINJI)-1-JIAYANGJIBINGJI]JIATONG[ -carbelin-1-yl-3-(4,8-dimethoxy-carbolin-1-yl)-1-methoxypropylketone],1-YIJI-4-JIAYANGJI-KALIN(1-ethyl-4-methoxy-carboline),5-JIAYANGJITIESHIMITONG(5-methoxy canthin-6-one),TIESHIMITONG(canthin-6-one),1-YIXIJI-4-JIAYANGJIKALIN,1-YIXIJI-4,8-ERJIAYANGJI-KALIN, 1-JIAXIANJI-KABALIN、1-QIANJIAJI-KALIN(1-hydroxymethyl-carboline),1-JIAYANGJIAXIANJI-KALIN,KUMUTONGJIAN(nigakinone),JIAJIKUMUTONGJIAN(methylnigakinone),3-JIAJITIESHIMI-5,6-ERTONG(3-meihyl-cantin-5,6-dione)。HANKUMUJIAN(kumujancine)HJI1-JIAXIANJI-4-JIAYANGJI-KALIN(1-formyl-4-methoxy-carboline),KUMUJIAN(kumujanvine)IJI3-KALINJIBINGSUANJIAZHI[methyl 3( -carbolin-1-yl)propionate],1-YIXIJI-4-JIAYANGJI-KALINHE3-JIAJITIESHIMI-2,6-ERTONG(3-methyl-can-thin-2,6-dione)。CIWAI,HUANHANYOUKUSHUSUDAI(picrasinoside)A、B。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.DUIXUELIUDEYINGXIANG:KUMUZHONGDETIESHIMITONGGEITUJINGZHU0.3mg/kg,NENGZENGJIATUCHANGHEWEIDEXUELIULV,ZENGJIALVGEWEI15%、10%。ERKUMUJIAND、5-QIANJI-4-JIAYANGJITIESHIMITONG(5-QIANJI-KUMUJIAN)FHEKUMUJIANBJINZENGJIATUCHANGDEXUELIULV。DUIKUMUZENGJIAXUELIUDEJIZHIDEYANJIUFAXIAN,KUMUZHONGDESHENGWUJIANDUIcAMPLINSUANERZHIMEIYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。CONGKUMUJIBUFENLIDAODE1-JIAYANGJITANJI-KALINDUINIUXINcAMPLINSUANERZHIMEIYOUYIZHIZUOYONG,QIIC50WEI3.6 × l0(-5 )mol/L。5-QIANJI-4-JIAYANGJITIESHIMITONGDEIC50WEI1.4 × l0(-5)mol/L, 4,5-ERJIAYANGJITIESHIMITONGDEIC50WEI10.4 × l0(-5)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.KANGAIZUOYONG:CONGKUMUZHONGFENLIDAODEKUSHUSUDAI-BZAITIWAIDUILINBAXIBAOXINGBAIXUEBINGP388XIBAOZHUDESHENGCHANGYOUYIZHIZUOYONG,DANQIZUOYONGQIANGDURUOYU5-FUNIAOMIDING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.QITAZUOYONG:KUMUZHONGDE -KALINZAITIWAIYOUKANGDANCHUNXINGPAOZHENBINGDUDEHUOXING。KUMUZHIXIEZHICHENGDEZHUSHEYE(2gSHENGYAO/ml)GEIXIAOBAISHU(0.2-0.5ml/ZHI)JIQUAN(8ml/ZHI)PIXIAZHUSHE,DUIYINHUANSHEDUZHONGDUDEXIAOBAISHUHEGOUYOUFEICHANGXIANZHUDEBAOHUZUOYONG,XIAOBAISHUBAOHULVWEI75.6%,GOUBAOHULVWEI100%。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】LIHUAJIANBIE QUBENPINCUFEN2g,JIAYICHUNTIQU,ZHENGQUYICHUNHOU,JIASHILIANGZHENGLIUSHUIRONGJIE,ZAIYILVFANGTIQU,ZHENGGAN,JIAZHENGLIUSHUI2mlRONGJIE。QU1mlRONGYEZHIZIWAIGUANGDENGXIAGUANCHA,XIANTIANLANSEYINGGUANG,DIJIAQINGYANGHUAANSHIYEHOU,XIANDANHUANGLVSEYINGGUANG。(JIANCHANEIZHI)(2)QUSHANGSHURONGYE1ml,JIAYIQIANWOSUANTIESHIYE2-3DI,RONGYECHENGZIHONGSE。(JIANCHANEIZHI)BOCENGSEPU QUBENPINFENMO1g,JIAJIACHUN10mlLENGJINGUOYE,LVGUO,LVYEBEIYONG。YIKUMUJIANB、C、D、FWEIDUIZHAOPINDIANYUGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YONGLVFANGWEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANJU18cm。YIGAILIANGDra-gendorff-Wagner(1:1)SHIJIWEIXIANSEJIXIANSE,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(365nm)XIAGUANCHA,YANGPINYUDUIZHAOPINZAIXIANGDUIYINGDEWEIZHICHUXIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEYINGGUANGBANDIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU;HAN;YOUXIAODU

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU;ZAOSHISHACHONG。ZHUSHANGHUXIDAOGANRAN;FEIYAN;JIXINGWEICHANGYAN;LIJI;DANDAOGANRAN;CHUANGJIE;JIEXIAN;SHIZHEN;SHUIHUOTANGSHANG;DUSHEYAOSHANG

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,6-15g,DAJILIANG30g;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,JIANSHUIXI;YANMOSAHUODIAOFU;HUOJINJIUCHA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】BENPINYOUYIDINGDUXING,NEIFUBUYIGUOLIANG。YUNFUSHENFU。

【FUFANG】BENPINYIWEIKUZHUCHENG,GUYOUKUMU、KUSHUZHIMING。"YUDAN"、"GOUDAN"、"KUDAN"DENGJIEYANQIKUZHISHENYE。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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