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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > M > 馬勃

馬勃

2017-07-06 22:36 作者:網絡 閱讀:

《全國中草藥匯編》:馬勃

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MABO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Mǎ Bó

【BIEMING】HUIBAO、MAFENBAO

【來源】為灰包科脫皮馬勃屬植物脫皮馬勃Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich.、馬勃屬植物大馬勃Calvatia gigantea (Batach. ex Pers.) Lloyd.和紫色馬勃C. lilacina Lloyd.的近成熟子實體657彩票网 北京pk10。秋季子實體剛成熟時采集,去凈泥沙,曬干。

【原形態】1、脫皮馬勃 腐寄生真菌,子實體近球形或近長圓形,徑15~30厘米,幼時白色,成熟時漸變深,外包被薄,成熟時成塊狀剝落;內包被紙狀,淺煙色,成熟時完全破碎消失。內部孢體成緊密團塊,灰褐色,漸變淺;孢絲長,有分枝,多數結合成緊密團塊;孢子球形,直徑約5微米,褐色,有小刺。(若連小刺在內,直徑6~8微米)

SHENGYUSHANDIFUZHIZHIFENGFUZHICHU。FENBUYUHEBEI、NEIMENGGU、SHANXI、GANSU、XINJIANG、ANHUI、JIANGSU、HUBEI、HUNAN、GUIZHOUDENGSHENGQU。

2、大馬勃657彩票网 北京pk10(無柄馬勃) 腐生菌,子實體近球形至長圓形,直徑15~20厘米,幾無不育柄。包被薄,易消失,外包被白色,內包被黃色,內外包被間有褐色層。初生時內部含有多量水分,后水分滲出,逐漸干燥,外包被成塊開裂與內包被分離,內包被青褐色,紙狀,輕松而富彈力,受震動時就散出孢子。孢子球形,光滑或有時具細微小疣,淡青黃色,直徑3.5~5微米。孢絲長,與孢子同色,稍分枝,有稀少橫隔,粗2.5~6微米。

QIUJISHENGYULINDIHEZHULINJIAN。FENBUYULIAONING、HEBEI、SHANXI、NEIMENGGU、GANSU、XINJIANG、ANHUI、HUBEI、HUNAN、GUIZHOUDENGSHENGQU。

3、紫色馬勃(有柄馬勃)與上種主要區別點為子實體陀螺形,較小,直徑通常5~12厘米,上部扁圓形產孢子,下部不育,成一個長圓柱狀的柄,又稱有柄馬勃;孢子老熟后,上部全破失,只剩杯狀不育基部。孢子球形,直徑4~5.5微米,上有小刺;孢絲很長,分枝,有橫隔,互相交織,色淡,粗2~5微米。

SHENGYUKUANGYEDECAODISHANG。FENBUYUHEBEI、QINGHAI、XINJIANG、JIANGSU、ANHUI、FUJIAN、HUBEI、GUANGXI、GUANGDONGHAINANDAO、SICHUANDENGSHENGQU。

【化學成分】含磷酸鈉、馬勃素(gemmatein,C17H12O7657彩票网 北京pk10)、麥角甾醇、亮氨酸(leucine)、酪氨酸(tyrosine)等氨基酸及尿素、類脂質等。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】YOUJIXIEXINGZHIXUEZUOYONG,DUIKOUQIANGCHUXUEYOUMINGXIANDEZHIXUEZUOYONG,LIAOXIAOBUYAYUDIANFENHAIMIANHUOMINGJIAOHAIMIAN,QIQUEDIANSHIBUBEIZUZHIXISHOU,GUBUYIZUOZUZHINEILIUCUNZHIXUEHUOSIQIANGTIANSAIYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 MABODESHUIJINJIDUIAODUANGSHIXIAOYABAOXIANJUN、TIEXIUSEXIAOYABAOXIANJUNDENGPIFUZHENJUNJUNYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYIZHIZUOYONG。

【XINGWEI】XIN,PING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGRE,LIYAN,ZHIXUE。ZHUZHI:YANHOUYAN,BIANTAOTIYAN;WAIYONGZHIWAISHANGCHUXUE,ZHICHUANGCHUXUEDONGCHUANG。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】1~2QIAN;WAIYONGSHILIANG,FUHUANCHU。

【FUFANG】1、HUNHEZHI、GANGLOUQIECHUHOUCHUXUE:MABOHAIMIAN2~3PIANTIEYUCHUANGMIAN。

2、ZHICHANGZHANMODALIANGCHUXUE:JIANGMABOGUOZAIFANSHILINSHABUSHANGNARUZHICHANGZHANMOCHUXUECHU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3、WAISHANGCHUXUEWUTIAOJIANJIEZHAXUEGUANSHI,JIANGMABOFENFUSHANGKOUHOUBAOZHA。RUXUFENGHE,SHIQUMABO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BEIZHU】ZUOMABORUYAOSHANGYOUXIALIESHUZHONG:

(1)灰包科脫皮馬勃屬植物大口靜灰球657彩票网 北京pk10Bovistella sinensis Lloyd 子實體陀螺形至近球形。直徑6~12厘米,不育基部小。外包被淺青褐色至淺煙色,薄,粉狀,易脫落;內包被膜質,柔軟,淡綠灰色,具光澤,上部開裂成不規則的大口。孢體淺煙色,不育基部海綿狀,具彈性;孢子球形,褐色,光滑或具不明顯小疣,直徑3.7~4.8微米,具無色小柄,長3~10微米;孢絲與孢子同色,壁厚,多次分枝,主干粗7~10微米,小枝向頂端尖削。分布于吉林、河北、陜西、山西、甘肅、江蘇、廣東、貴州等省。

(2)長根靜灰球Bovistella tadicata(Mont.)Pat.子實體卵形或扁球形,開裂口較小,柄較長,約占全體三分之一,其余性狀與大口靜灰球相似,分布于吉林、甘肅、四川等省。

(3)硬皮馬勃科硬皮馬勃屬植物光硬皮馬勃Scleroderma cepa Pers.又名硬馬勃、小圓子馬勃。子實體近球形,直徑1.5~3.5厘米,無柄,由一團菌絲束固定于地上。包被干時頗薄,土黃色至淺青褐色,光滑,有時頂端具細致斑紋。孢子深褐色,成堆時暗灰色,球形,直徑8~11微米,具長約1微米的刺。生于林中地上。分布于河南、江蘇、浙江、湖北、湖南、四川、云南等省。

(4)粗硬皮馬勃657彩票网 北京pk10Scleroderma geaster Fr.子實體近圓形,梨形或塊狀。直徑約6厘米,底部漸縮成根形。包被堅硬,革質,厚可達1厘米,常開裂為數個裂片,裂片向外翻。孢體檸檬黃色或褐色。孢子深栗褐色,近圓形,直徑14~18微米,具不完整的網紋,有刺,刺長0.5~1微米。分部于湖北、湖南、四川等省。

(5)硬皮馬勃科豆包屬植物豆包菌Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.)Coker er Couch子實體呈不規則球形,直徑2.5~11厘米,下部突然縮小成柄狀基部。柄高1.5~5厘米,直徑1~3.5厘米,由一團青黃色的菌絲束固定于基物上。包被薄,光滑,易碎,初期米黃色,后變為淡銹色,最后變為青褐色,成熟時上部呈片裂脫。內部有無數小包,埋藏于黑色膠質物中,小包呈淺橙黃色,后變為褐色,呈不規則多角形,常扁,直徑1~4毫米,內含孢子,包壁暴露空氣中后始逐漸消失,使孢子散播。孢子球形,直徑8~10微米,有刺,成堆時咖啡色。生于曠野的沙礫地上。分布于江蘇、安徽、福建、浙江、江西、廣東、廣西、四川、云南等省。

(6)灰包科灰包屬植物多形灰包657彩票网 北京pk10Lycoperdon polymorphum Vitt.子實體近球形至梨形,直徑1.5~3.5厘米,土黃色,成熟后變為淺煙色;孢子淡青褐色,光滑,球形,直徑3.5~4.5微米,往往含1油滴;孢絲與孢子同色,分枝,粗2.5~4.5微米。生于地上。分布于河北、新疆、青海、江蘇、浙江、江西等省,在云南作馬勃用。

(7)灰包科栓皮馬勃屬植物栓皮馬勃Mycenastrum corium(Guers.)Desv.子實體近球形,常不規則,直徑5~15厘米,基部窄尖,有皺褶;外包被軟,白色,漸脫落,部分殘留有如鱗片;內包被栓質,約2毫米厚,上部不規則開裂,常呈星狀;孢體初期青黃色,后變為淺煙色;孢子黃褐色,球形,有網紋,直徑8.5~11.5微米;孢絲短,分枝,淡黃色,粗度與孢子直徑同,上有粗壯的刺。生于草原上。分布于內蒙、河北、新疆、青海等省。

此外,灰包科馬勃屬植物龜裂馬勃Calvatia caelata (Bull. ex DC.)Morg.和灰包菇科灰包菇屬植物灰包菇Secotium agaricoides (Czern.)Hollos等的子實體在內蒙古個別地區也作馬勃用。

【ZHAILU】《QUANGUOZHONGCAOYAOHUIBIAN》

馬勃

《中藥大辭典》:馬勃

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MABO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Mǎ Bó

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】MABI(《BIELU》),MAPIBO(TAOHONGJING),MABIMIAO(《SHUBENCAO》),HUIGU(《JINGYANLIANGLI》),MAPIBAO(《XIUZHENFANG》),NIUSHIGU(《GANGMU》),HUIBAOJUN((ZHONGYAOXINGXINGJINGYANJIANBIEFA》),YAOBAO(《HEBEIYAOCAI》),RENTOUJUN、NIUSHIJUN、DAQIJUN、HUIJUN(《NANNINGSHIYAOWUZHI》),JISHENJUN、DIYAN(《GUANGXIZHONGYAOZHI》)。

【CHUCHU】《BIELU》

【來源】為馬勃科植物脫皮馬勃、大頹馬勃、紫頹馬勃的干燥子實體657彩票网 北京pk10。7~9月,當子實體剛成熱時采收,拔起后,去凈泥沙,曬干。本品在霉雨季節生長很快,4~5日即成熟,應注意適時收采,過早過遲均影響質量。

【YUANXINGTAI】①TUOPIMABO

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZISHITIJINQIUXINGZHICHANGYUANXING,ZHIJING15~20LIMI。BAOBEIBO,YIXIAOSHI,WAIBAOBEICHENGKUAIDIYUNEIBAOBEITUOLI,NEIBAOBEIZHIZHUANG,QIANYANSE,CHENGSHUHOUQUANBUXIAOSHI,YILIUCHENGTUANDEBAOTISUIFENGGUNDONG。BAOTIJINMI。YOUDANXING,HUIHESE,JIANTUICHENGQIANYANSE,YOUBAOSIJIBAOZIZUCHENG;BAOSICHANG,FENZHI,XIANGHUJIAOZHI,QIANHESE,CU2~4.5WEIMI;BAOZIHESE,QIUXING,YOUXIAOCI。ZHIJING4.5~5WEIMI.

657彩票网 北京pk10 SHENGYUCAODISHANG。FENBUNEIMENGGU、HEBEI、SHANXI、GANSU、XINJIANG、JIANGSU、ANHUI、HUBEI、HUNAN、GUIZHOUDENGDI。

②DATUIMABO

JIESHITIQIUXINGHUOJINQIUXING,ZHIJING15~20LIMI,HUOGENGDA,BUYUNJIBUWUHUOHENXIAO;BAOBEIBAISE,HOUBIANQIANHUANGHUODANQINGHUANGSE,YOUMOZHUANGWAIBEIHEJIAOHOUDENEIBEISUOZUCHENG,CHUWEIJURONGMAO,JIANBIANGUANGHUA,ZHICUI,CHENGSHUHOUKAILIECHENGKUAIERTUOLUO,LUCHUQIANQINGHESEDEBAOTI;BAOZIFENZHUANG,QIUXING,GUANGHUAHUOYOUSHIJUXIWEIXIAOYOU,DANQINGHUANGSE,ZHIJING3.5~5WEIMI;BAOSICHANG,YUBAOZITONGSE,SHAOFENZHI,YOUXISHAOHENGGE,CU2.5~6WEIMI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 SHENGYUKUANGYECAODISHANG。FENBULIAONING、NEIMENGGU、HEBEI、SHANXI、GANSU、XINJIANG、QINGHAI、JIANGSUDENGDI。

③ZITUIMABO

ZISHITITUOLUOXING,ZHIJING5~12LIMI,BUYUNJIBUFADA;BAOBEIBO,LIANGCENG,SHANGBUCHANGLIECHENGXIAOKUAI,ZHUJIANTUOLUO,NEIBUZISE,DANGBAOZIJIBAOSISANSHIHOUYILIUDEBUYUNJIBUCHENGBEIZHUANG;BAOZIFENZHUANG,QIUXING,ZHIJING4~5.5WEIMI,SHANGYOUXIAOCI;BAOSIHENCHANG,FENZHI,YOUHENGGE,HUXIANGJIAOZHI,SEDAN,CU2~5WEIMI,

657彩票网 北京pk10 SHENGKUANGYECAODISHANG。FENBUHEBEI、XINJIANG、QINGHAI、SICHUAN、HUBEI、ANHUI、JIANGSU、GUANGXI、FUJIAN、HAINANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】①TUOPIMABODEZISHITICHENGBIANQIUXINGHUOLEIQIUXING,ZHIJING15~18LIMIHUOGENGDA。WAIPIHUIZONGSEZHIHUANGHESE,ZHIZHI,CHANGPOSUICHENGKUAIPIANZHUANG,HUOYIQUANBUTUOLUO。CHUQUWAIPIDEMABOCHENGHUANGZONGSEHUOZONGHESEMIANXUZHUANG。TIQINGPAO、ROURUAN,YOUDANXING,NEIZANGDALIANGBAOZI,QINGWEINIANDONGJIYOUFENCHENZHUANGBAOZIFEICHU。YONGSHOUNIANZHIYOUXINIROURUANGAN。QIWEIWEIRUO。YIGEDA、BAOMAN、SONGPAOYOUDANXINGZHEWEIJIA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CHANNEIMENGGU、HEBEI、GANSU、SHANXI、JIANGSU、HUBEIDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②DATUIMABODEZISHITIYIYABIANCHENGBUGUIZEDEKUAIZHUANG。WAIBAOBEIJIAOHOUYINGERCUI,HUANGZONGSE。NEIBAOBEIHUIHUANGSE,ZHIZHI,LIMIANWEIBAOTI,DANQINGHESE,XUZHUANG,QINGQINGNIANDONGJIYOUCHENZHUANGBAOZIFEICHU。QIWEIRUO,WEIWEIKUSE。

ZHUCHANYUQINGHAI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③ZITUIMABODEZISHITICHENGBIANYUANXINGHUOBEIXING,ZHIJING5~12LIMI。JIBUYOUXIAOBING,BAOBEIZIHESE,CUZHOU,YOUYUANXINGAOXIAN,BAOBEIBO,WAIFAN。SHANGBUBAOBEIYITUOLUO,LUCHUZISEXUZHUANGBAOTI。TIQINGPAOYOUDANXING,YONGSHOUNIANZHIYOUDALIANGBAOZIFEIYANG。QIWEIWEIRUO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZHUCHANJIANGSU、HUBEI、GUANGXIDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANMABOSU(emmatein)、MAIJIAOZAICHUNLINSUANBOJILIANGANSUAN、LAOANSUANDENGANJISUAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUYINGPI,QIECHENGFANGKUAI。

《GANGMU》:"FANYONG,YISHENGBUZHANGKAI,JIANGMABOYUSHANGMOCA,XIAYIPANCHENGQUMOYONG。"

【XINGWEI】XIN,PING。

①《BIELU》:"WEIXIN,PING,WUDU。"

②《YILINZUANYAO》:"XINXIAN,PING。"

【GUIJING】《GANGMU》:"FEIJING。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGFEILIYAN,JIEDU,ZHIXUE。ZHIHOUBIYANTONG,KESOUSHIYIN,TUXUE,NVXUE,WAISHANGCHUXUE。

①《BIELU》:"ZHUECHUANG、MAJIE。"

②TAOHONGJING:"FUZHUCHUANG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《BENCAOYANYI》:"QUMO,YIMIROUBAN,SHAOYISHUIDIAOXIA,ZHIHOUBIYANTONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④《GANGMU》:"QINGFEI,SANXUERE,JIEDU。""NENGQINGFEIREKESOU,HOUBI,NVXUE,SHIYINZHUBING。"

⑤《YUQIUYAOJIE》:"ZHIGUGENGTUXUE。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,0.5~1QIAN;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:YANMOSA、DIAOFU、HUOZUOCHUIYAO。

【ZHUYI】《YINPIANXINCAN》:"FENGHANLAOKESHIYINZHEJIYONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【FUFANG】①ZHIYANHOUZHONGTONG,YANWUBUDE:SHETUOPIYITIAO(SHAOLINGYANJIN),MABOYIFEN。SHANGYAOXIYANWEISAN,YIMIANGUOYIQIAN,HANYANJIN。(《SHENGHUIFANG》)

②ZHIJIHOUBI:MAPIBO、YANXIAOGEYILIANG。SHANGWEIMO,MEIYONGYIZIXU,CHUIRUHOUNEI,TUXIANXUECHU,YU。(《JINGYANLIANGFANG》)

③ZHIJIUSOU:MAPIBOBUYIDUOSHAO,XIMO,LIANMIWEIWAN,RUWUTONGZIDA,MEIFUERSHIWAN,TANGSONGXIA。(《PUJIFANG》MAPIBOWAN)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④ZHISHENGSHIBUCHU:MAPIBO、MAYAXIAODENGFEN,YANMO,SHATANGHEWANQIANZIDA,QINZHI。(《ZHAIYUANFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑤ZHITUXUE:MAPIBAO,WEIMO,SHATANGWANRUDANZIDA,MEIFUBANWAN,LENGSHUIXIA。(《XIUZHENFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥ZHIRENSHENTUNVBUZHI:MABOMO,NONGMIYINFUBANQIAN。(《SHENGHUIFANG》)

⑦ZHIDATOUTIANXING,CHUJUEZENGHANTIZHONG,CICHUANTOUMIANZHONGSHENG,KOUBUNENGKAI,SHANGCHUAN,YANHOUBULI,KOUKESHEZAO:HUANGQIN(JIUCHAO)、HUANGLIAN(JIUCHAO)GEWUQIAN,CHENPI(QUBAI)、SHENGGANCAO、YUANCAN、CHAIHU、JIEGENGGEERQIAN,LIANQIAO、BANLANGEN、MABO、SHUZHANZI、BOHEGEYIQIAN,JIANGCAN、SHENGMAGEQIFEN。WEIMO,TANGDIAO,SHISHIFUZHI。HUOMIBANWEIWAN,QINHUA。(LIGAO·PUJIXIAODUYIN)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑧ZHILIANCHUANGBULIAN:CONGYANTANGXIJING,SHIGAN,YIMAPIBOMOFUZHI。(《BAISHI》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑨ZHIYONGJU:MABOCAFEN,MICUDIAOFUJIXIAO;BINGRULIANQIAOSHAOXU,JIANFUYIKE。(《WAIKELIANGFANG》)

【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】TUOPIMABOWAIYONGZHIXUE

QIJIXINGYOU:㈠MABOFEN(MABOBAOZI):JIANGMABOBOQUDINGBUBAOBEI,WACHUNEIRONGWU,SHAICHUBAOZI,HUOZHIZHUIXINGPINGNEIYAODONG,SHIBAOYULUOXIA,SHOUJIBAOZI,GAOYAXIAODUJICHENG。㈡MABOJUNSIHAIMIAN(MABOXUDIAN):JIANGMABOCHUQUBAOBEI,QIECHENGBUTONGHOUBO、BUTONGDAXIAODEKUAIZHUANG,GAOYAXIAODU。㈢MABOBENGDAIJIMABOSHABU:YONG45%JIUJINGJIARUSHILIANGMABOFEN,SHIZHICHENGWEI4%MABOHUNXUANYE,SUIJIANGBENGDAIHUOSHABUJINRU,JINTOUHOUQUCHUJIQUYETI,GANREXIAODU。

①YONGYUWAIKESHOUSHUZHIXUE

GUANCHAQIANLIEXIANZHAICHUSHU25LI、GANPIPOLIECHUXUEGE2LI、SHENBUFENQIECHUSHU1LI、GANXIEQIECHU3LI,ZUSAIXINGHUANGDANSHOUSHUZHONGZHIXUE1LI,JUNDAZHIXUEXIAOGUO,WUBINGFAZHENGJIBULIANGFANYING。MABOJUNSIHAIMIANDEYONGFAJIBENYUQITADONGZHIWUZHIXUEHAIMIANXIANGTONG,SHIYONGQIANBUYONGSHUIJINPAO,ZHIJIETIEYUCHUANGMIAN,SHAOJIAYAPOJIKE。YINGYONGMABOFENSHIXIANYONGSHABUBAOHUZHOUWEIZANGQI,ZAICHUANGMIANSABUMABOFENHOU,SHAOJIAYAPOJIKE。MABOFENYONGLIANGJIAOSHAO,ZHANZHUXINGQIANG,SAYUSHIZHIZANGQICHUXUECHUANGMIANHENBOYICENG,BUYONGRENHEFUGAIWUJIKEZHIXUE。SHIZHIZANGQIBUFENQIECHUZHICHUXUECHUANGMIAN,HUOWAISHANGPOLIEZHICHUANGMIAN,YONGMABOZHIXUE,KEBIMIANDAKUAIFENGZHAZUZHIJIYOUCIERYINQIDEZUZHIHUAISI、JIFAGANRAN、ZAICHUXUEDENG。YONGYUQIANLIEXIANZHAICHUDEZHIXUE,YINMABOFENMOJIXIBUZHIZUSAINIAOLU;QIEYAPOQIANLIEXIANNANGBIYEJIAOJUNYUN;ROUYANXUENIAOXIAOSHISHIJIANZUICHANGWEI3TIAN,JIAOQITAFANGFA3~7TIANXUENIAOXIAOSHIYOUMINGXIANSUODUAN;YOUYINQIJUYOUYIJUNZUOYONG,KEFANGZHIGANRAN;YIWUFANYINGYEJIAOXIAO。YIBUFENMINIAODAOSHOUSHUCAIYONGMABOZHIXUEHOU,YOUFEIQILILAIZAIBANGGUANG、NIAODAONEILIUZHIDAONIAOGUANDENGDEKENENG。CHUBURENWEIMABODEZHIXUEYUANLISHUYUWULIJIXIEXINGZUOYONG。

②YONGYUKOUQIANGKEZHIXUE

657彩票网 北京pk10 BAYASHIYACAOWOCHUXUE,FANGZHIMABOXUDIANTIANYAJINENGZHIXUE;KOUQIANGZHANMOYINWAISHANGERCHENGFENSUIXINGSILIESUOZHICHUXUE、FENGHEKUNNANZHE,HUOYAYINSHENXUE、CHUANGSHANGMIANBAOLUZHE,YIMABOFENSABU,YONGSHABUYAPOYINENGZHIXUE。YOUYUMABOXUDIANBUNENGWANQUANBEIZUZHISUOXISHOU,GUBUNENGZUOZUZHINEIMAIZANGZHIXUEHUOSIQIANGTIANSAIZHIYONG。

③YONGYUBICHUXUE

QUMABOXUDIANFANGYUCHUXUEDIANSHANG,QINGQINGJIAYA。JU113LIGUANCHA,109LIJIEHUOLIANGXIAO。

④YONGYUWAISHANGCHUXUE

DUIYUQIESHANG、CUOSHANG、CISHANGDENGCHUXUE,KEYONGMABOFENSABUHUOMABOXUDIAN、MABOBENGDAI、MABOSHABUBAOZHA。JU467LIGUANCHA,YOUXIAOLVZHAN97.8%。

⑤QITA

MABOHUANKEYIZHICHENGWANJI、HANPIAN,ZHILIAOSHANGHUXIDAOGANRAN;HUOZHICHENGRUANGAOZHILIAODONGCHUANG。JIEZHONGDENG,JUNYOUYIDINGLIAOXIAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BEIZHU】CHUSHANGSHUPINZHONGWAI,SHANGYOUTONGKEZHIWUAIXUN(YOUMING:YOUBINGMABO)DEGANZAOZISHITI,YITONGDENGRUYAO。XINGSIMABOERXIAO,ZHIJINGTONGCHANGZHI2~4LIMI,SHANGBUBIANYUAN,XIAYOUDUANBING;PIJIAOYINGCUI,NEIBUBUCHENGHAIMIANZHUANG。

CHANSICHUAN、HUBEI、YUNNAN、JIANGXI、GUANGDONG、ZHEJIANG、HUNANDENGDI。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:馬勃

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MABO

【PINYIN】Mǎ Bó

【BIEMING】MABI、MAPIJUN、HUIGU、MAPIBAO、XIANGMOGU、WULONGJUN、NIUSHIGU、HUIBAOJUN、YAOBAO、RENTOUJUN、NIUSHIJUN、DAQIJUN、HUIJUN、JISHENJUN、DIYAN

【CHUCHU】CHUZI《MINGYIBIELU》

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIHUIBAOKEZHENJUNZISETUMABO、TUOPIMABO、DATUMABODENGDEZISHITI。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:1.ZISETUMABO Calvatia lilacina (Mont.et Berk.)Lloyd2.3.DATUMABO Calvatia gigantea(Batsch ex Pers.)Lloyd

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:XIA、QIULIANGJIZISHITICHENGSHUSHIJISHICAISHOU,CHUQUNISHA,GANZAO。

【YUANXINGTAI】1.ZISETUMABO ZISHITIJINBIANQIUXING,ZHIJING1.5-12cm,JIBUYISUO,YOUGENSHUYUJIZHIXIANGLIAN。WAIBIAODANZIJINSEZHIWUHESE,CHENGSHUHOUBIAOMIANYOUWANGZHUANGLIEWEN。NEIBUDEZAOBAOCENGCHUCHENGBAISE,HOUZHUANHUANGSEZHINONGZISE。JIBUWEIYINGYANGJUNSISUOJIAOZHI,HAIMIANZHI,RUBAISEJIANDAIDANZIHESE,BAOZIDANZISE,QIUXING,YIDUANJUDUANBING,BIJUCITU,DAXIAOWEI(5-5.5)μm×(6-6.5)μm。BAOSICHANGERDUOFENZHI,YOUGEMO,JUNSICU5-6μm。

2.BAOBEILIANGCENG,BOERYIYUXIAOSHI,WAIBAOBEICHENGSHUHOUYIYUNEIBAOBEIFENLI。WAIBAOBEICHURUBAISE,HOUZHUANHUIHESE、WUHUISE;NEIBAOBEIZHIZHI,QIANYANSE,CHENGSHUHOUYUWAIBAOBEIZHUJIANBOLUO,JINYUYITUANBAOTI,BAOTIHUIHESEZHIYANHESE。BAOZICHENGQIUXING,BIJUXIAOCITU,HESE,ZHIJING4.5-5.5μm。BAOSICHANG,FENZHI,XIANGHUJIAOZHI,JUNSIZHIJING2-4.5μm,QIANHESE。

3.DATUMABO ZISHITIJINYUANQIUXING,ZHIJING15-25cmBUYUNJIBUBUMINGXIAN。BAOBEIBAISE,JIANZHUANCHENGDANQINGHUANGSE,WAIBAOBEIMOZHI,ZAOQIWAIBIAOYOURONGMAOZHIDI,HOUTUOLUOERGUANGHUA;NEIBAOBEIJIAOHOU,YOUSHUSONGDEJUNXIANZUCHENG。CHENGSHUHOUBAOBEILIEKAI,CHENGCANPIANZHUANGBOLUO。ZAOBAOZUZHICHUBAISE,HOUQINGHESE。BAOZIQIUXING,BIGUANGHUA,DANQINGHUANGSE,ZHIJING3.8-4.7μm。BAOSICHANG,SHAOYOUFENZHIJIXISHAODEHENGGE,ZHIJING2.5-μm。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:1.ZISETUMABOXIA、QIUJIDUOSHENGYUCAODIKAIKUODI。

2.

3.DATUMABOWANXIAJISHENQIUSHENGKUANGYECAODIHUOSHANPOSHAZHITUCAOPOCAOZHONGCONGZHONG。

ZIYUANFENBU:1.ZISETUMABO FENBUYUJILIN、LIAONING、HEBEI、SHANXI、QINGHAI、XINJIANG、SHANDONG、JIANGSU、ANHUI、FUJIAN、HENAN、HUBEI、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、SICHUANDENGDI。

2.3.DATUMABOFEN FENBUYULIAONING、NEIMENGGU、SHANXI、NINGXIA、GANSU、QINGHAI、XINJIANG、SICHUAN、XIZANGDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】1.XINGZHUANGJIANBIE (1)ZISETUMABO WANZHENGZISHITICHENGBIANYUANXING,BUWANZHENGZISHITICHENGBEIXING,ZHIJING5-12cm,BUYUNJIBUFADA,JIBUYOUBING。BAOBEIBO,ZIHESE,CUZHOU,YOUYUANXINGAOXIAN,SHANGBUBAOBEITUOLUOHOU,LUCHUZISEBAOTI。QUANQINGPAO,YOUDANXING,YONGSHOUNIANHOUYOUDALIANGBAOZIFEIYANG。QIWEIWEIRUO。

(2)TUOPIMABO ZISHITICHENGBIANQIUXINGHUOLEIXING,ZHIJING15-18cmHUOGENGDA,WUBUYUNJIBU,BAOBEIHUIZONGSEHUOHEHUANGSE,ZHIZHI,FEIBO,DABUFENYITUOLUO,LIUXIASHAOBUFENBAOPI;BAOTIHUANGZONGHUOZONGHESE。TIQINGPAO,ROURUAN,YOUDANXING,CHENGMIANXUZHUANG,QINGQINGNIANDONGJIYOUBAOZIFEIYANG,SHOUNIANYOUXINIGAN。QIWEIWEIRUO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (3)DATUMABO ZISHITICHENGBIANQIUXING,HUOYABIANDEBUGUIZEKUAIZHUANGWUZHIJING15-20cmHUOGENGDA,BUYUNJIBUXIAOHUOWU,WAIBAOBEIHUIHUANGSE,ZHIZHI,CHANGTUOLUO,NEIBAOBEIHOUYINGERCUI,CHENGKUAILIEKAI,HUANGZONGSE;BAOTIDANQINGHESE,XUZHUANGERQING,SONGSAN,QINGQINGNIANDONGJIYOUBAOZIFEIYANG。QIWEICHOU,MEIWEIKUSE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.XIANWEIJIANBIE (1)ZISETUMABO BAOZIQIUXING,ZHIJING4.5-5.5μm,YOUXIAOCI;BAOSICHANG,FENZHIZHUANG,HUXIANGJIAOZHI,CU2-5μm。

(2)TUOPIMABO BAOZIHESE,QIUXING,YOUXIAOCI;BAOSICHANG,YOUFENZHI,HUXIANGJIAOZHI,QIANHESE,CU2-5μm。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (3)DATUMABO BAOZIDANQINGHUANGSE,QIUXING,GUANGHUAHUOYOUSHIJUXIXIAOYOU;BAOSICHANG,SHAOFENZHI,YOUXISHAOHENGGE,CU2.5-6μm。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】ZISETUMABOZISHITIMABOJUNSUAN(calvaticacid)。DATUMABOZISHITIHANα-DIANFENMEI(α-amylase)JIDUOZHONGQINGJISUAN(amino acid)。TOUZHUANGTUMABOZISHITIHANMABOJUNSUAN。WANGWENMABOZISHITIHANWANGWENMABOSUAN(lycoperdic acid),DANBAIZHI(protein)31.7%,HEISESU(melanin),LEIZHI(lipid),ZHIFANGSUAN(fatty acid),FANGXIANGSUAN(aromatic acid).LIXINGMABOZISHITIHANMABOJUNSUAN,MABOJUNSUANJIAZHI(methyl calva-tate),BENJIASUAN(benfzoicacid).

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.ZHIXUEZUOYONG TUOPIMABODUIKOUQIANGCHUXUEXINGJIHUANYOUMINGXIANDEZHIXUEXIAONENG,BUYAYUDIANFENHAIMIANHUOMINGJIAOHAIMIAN,DUIBICHUXUEYIYOUXIAO。YUANLIWEIMING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.KANGJUNZUOYONG TIWAISHIYAN,TUOPIMABOJIANJIDUIJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUN、LVNONGGANJUN、BIANXINGGANJUNJIFEIYANSHUANGQIUJUNYOUYIDINGDEYIZHIZUOYONG,DUISHAOSHUZHIBINGZHENJUNYEYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。JIANJIZHONGHANDALIANGSESU,JINGYONGHUOXINGTANTUOSEHOU,KANGJUNZUOYONGDAJIAN。AIXUNXINXIANZISHITIDEYAZHAZHI,GEIDONGWUZHUSHE,KEDUHAIMAOXIXUEGUAN,YINQINEIZANGCHUXUE。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUYINGPI,QIECHENGFANGKUAI。《GANGMU》:FANYONG,YISHENGBUZHANGKAI,JIANGMABOYUSHANGMOCA,XIAYIPANCHENGQUMOYONG。

【XINGWEI】XIN;XINGPING。

【GUIJING】FEIJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGFEILIYAN,JIEDUZHIXUE。。ZHUYANHOUZHONGTONG,KESOUSHIYIN,TUXUENVXUE,ZHUCHUANGBULIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:1.5-6g,HUORUWAN、SAN,WAIYONG:YANMOSA;HUODIAOFU、HUOZUOCHUIYAO。

【ZHUYI】《YINPIANXINCAN》:FENGHANLAOKESHIYINZHEJIYONG。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《BENCAOCONGXIN》:MEIJIANYONGHANLIANGYAOFUCHUANGZHE,SUIYUERREDUNEIGONG,BIANSHENGTABING,WEIHAIBUXIAO,WEIMABOXINPINGERSAN,SHENWEIWENTUO。ZHANGSHOUYI:MABO,《BIELU》SUIZHIZHIECHUANGMAJIE,GAIJINENGSANDU,YOUNENGZAOSHI,YILIAOSHICHUANG,GUDEQIYI,GUHONGJINGYIWEIFUZHUCHUANGSHENLIANG。JINRENYONGYIWEIJINCHUANGZHIXUEYIXIAO。KOUZONGSHIZHIHOUBIYANTENG,GAIJISANYURE,YIQINGFEIWEI,QUESHIHOUZHENGLIANGYAO。DONGYUANPUJIXIAODUYINYONGZHI,YISHICIYI。NEIFUWAIFU,JUNYOUJIEYAN,CHENGBUKEYIWEIJIANZHIPINERHUZHI。

2.《BIELU》:ZHUECHUANG、MAJIE。TAOHONGJING:FUZHUCHUANG。

3.《BENCAOYANYI》:MO,YIMIROUBAN,SHAOYISHUIDIAOXIA,ZHIHOUBIYANTONG。

4.《GANGMU》:QINGFEI,SANXUERE,JIEDU。NENGQINGFEIREKESOU,HOUBI,NVXUE,SHIYINZHUBING。

5.《YUQIUYAOJIE》:ZHIGUGENGTUXUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》


《中國藥典》:馬勃

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MABO

【PINYIN】Mǎ Bó

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】LASIOSPHAERA SEU CALVATIA

【來源】本品為灰包科真菌脫皮馬勃Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich.、大馬勃Calvatia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers。)Lloyd.或紫色馬勃Calvatia lilacina (Mont. etBerk.)Lloyd 的干燥子實體。夏、秋二季子實體成熟時及時采收,除去泥沙,干燥。

【性狀】脫皮馬勃:呈扁球形或類球形,無不孕基部,直徑15~20cm。包被灰棕色至黃褐色,紙質,常破碎呈塊片狀,或已全部脫落。孢體灰褐色或淺褐色,緊密,有彈性,用手撕之,內有灰褐色棉絮狀的絲狀物。觸之則孢子呈塵土樣飛揚,手捻有細膩感。臭似塵土,無味。

大馬勃:不孕基部小或無。殘留的包被由黃棕色的膜狀外包被和較厚的灰黃色的內包被所組成,光滑,質硬而脆,成塊脫落。孢體淺青褐色,手捻有潤滑感。

紫色馬勃657彩票网 北京pk10:呈陀螺形,或已壓扁呈扁圓形,直徑5~12cm,不孕基部發達。包被薄,兩層,紫褐色,粗皺,有圓形凹陷,外翻,上部常裂成小塊或已部分脫落。孢體紫色。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】(1)QUBENPINZHIHUOYANSHANG,QINGQINGDOUDONG,JIKEJIANWEIXIDEHUOXINGFEIYANG,XIMIEHOU,FASHENGDALIANGBAISENONGYAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)TUOPIMABO FENMOHUIHESE。BAOSICHANG,DANHESE,YOUFENZHI,XIANGHUJIAOZHI,ZHIJING2~4。5μm,BIHOU。BAOZIHESE,QIUXING,ZHIJING4。5~5μm,YOUXIAOCI,CHANG1。5~3μm。

DAMABO FENMODANQINGHESE。BAOSISHAOFENZHI,YOUXISHAOHENGGE,ZHIJING2。5~6μm。BAOZIDANQINGHUANGSE,GUANGHUAHUOYOUSHIJUWEIXIYOUDIAN,ZHIJING3。5~5μm。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZISEMABO FENMOHUIZISE。BAOSIFENZHI,YOUHENGGE,ZHIJING2~5μm,BIHOU。BAOZIZISE,ZHIJING4~5。5μm,YOUXIAOCI。

(3)QUBENPINSUIKUAI1g,JIAYICHUNYU0。1mol/LQINGYANGHUANARONGYEGE8mlJINSHI,DIWENHONGGAN,HUANHUANCHIZHUO,YU700℃SHIWANQUANHUIHUA,FANGLENG,CANZHAJIASHUI10mlSHIRONGJIE,LVGUO,LVYEXIANLINSUANYAN(FULUⅣ)DEJIANBIEFANYING。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUZAZHI,JIANCHENGXIAOKUAI。

【XINGWEI】XIN,PING。

【GUIJING】GUIFEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGFEILIYAN,ZHIXUE。YONGYUFENGREYUFEIYANTONG,KESOU,YINYA;WAIZHIBINV,CHUANGSHANGCHUXUE。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】1.5~6g。WAIYONGSHILIANG,FUHUANCHU。

【ZHUZANG】ZHIGANZAOCHU,FANGCHEN。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

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