657彩票网 北京pk10

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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > M > 馬錢子

馬錢子

2017-10-13 21:34 作者: 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:馬錢子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MAQIANZI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Mǎ Qián Zǐ

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】SEMEN STRYCHNI

【來源】本品為馬錢科植物馬錢Strychnos nuxvomica L. 的干燥成熟種子。冬季采收成熟果實,取出種子,曬干。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINCHENGNIUKOUZHUANGYUANBANXING,CHANGYIMIANLONGQI,YIMIANSHAOAOXIA,ZHIJING1.5~3cm,HOU0.3~0.6cm。BIAOMIANMIBEIHUIZONGHUOHUILVSEJUANZHUANGRONGMAO,ZIZHONGJIANXIANGSIZHOUCHENGFUSHEZHUANGPAILIE,YOUSIYANGGUANGZE。BIANYUANSHAOLONGQI,JIAOHOU,YOUTUQIDEZHUKONG,DIMIANZHONGXINYOUTUQIDEYUANDIANZHUANGZHONGQI。ZHIJIANYING,PINGXINGPOUMIANKEJIANDANHUANGSEBAISEPEIRU,JIAOZHIZHUANG,ZIXIEXINXING,XIEMO5~7TIAO。WUCHOU,WEIJIKU。

【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMOHUIHUANGSE。FEIXIANMAODANXIBAO,JIBUPENGDASISHIXIBAO,BIJIHOU,DUOSUIDUAN,MUHUA。PEIRUXIBAODUOJIAOXING,BIHOU,NEIHANZHIFANGYOUJIHUFENLI。

(2)QUBENPINGANZAOZHONGZIDEPEIRUBUFENZUOQIEPIAN,JIA1%FANSUANANDELIUSUANRONGYE1DI,PEIRUJIXIANZISE;LINGQUPEIRUQIEPIAN,JIAFAYANXIAOSUAN1DI,JIXIANCHENGHONGSE。

(3)QUBENPINFENMO0.5g,JIALVFANG-YICHUN(10:1)HUNHEYE5mlYUNONGANSHIYE0.5ml,MISAI,ZHENYAO5FENZHONG,FANGZHI2XIAOSHI,LVGUO,LVYEZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUSHIDENINGHEMAQIANZIJIANDUIZHAOPIN,JIALVFANGZHICHENGMEI1mlGEHAN2mgDEHUNHERONGYE,ZUOWEIDUIZHAOPINRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE10μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YIJIABEN-BINGTONG-YICHUN-NONGANSHIYE(4:5:0.6:0.4)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYIXIDIANHUABIJIASHIYE。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

【含量測定】照高效液相色譜法(附錄Ⅵ D)測定。

SEPUTIAOJIANYUXITONGSHIYONGXINGSHIYAN YONGGUIJIAOWEITIANCHONGJI;ZHENGYIWAN-ERLVJIAWAN-JIACHUN-NONGANSHIYE(42.5:42.5:5:0.35)WEILIUDONGXIANG;JIANCEBOCHANGWEI254nm。LILUNBANSHUANSHIDENINGFENGJISUANYINGBUDIYU2000。

657彩票网 北京pk10 DUIZHAOPINRONGYEDEZHIBEI JINGMICHENGQUSHIDENINGDUIZHAOPINSHILIANG,JIACUSUANYIZHIZHICHENGMEI1mlHAN0.4mgDERONGYE,JIDE。

GONGSHIPINRONGYEDEZHIBEI QUBENPINFENMO(GUOSANHAOSHAI)YUE0.5g,JINGMICHENGDING,ZHIJUSAIZHUIXINGPINGZHONG,JINGMIJIARULVFANG25mlYUNONGANSHIYE1ml,MISAI,QINGQINGZHENYAO,CHENGDINGZHONGLIANG,FANGZHI24XIAOSHI,ZAICHENGDINGZHONGLIANG,YONGLVFANGBUZUJIANSHIDEZHONGLIANG,CHONGFENZHENYAO,LVGUO,JINGMILIANGQULVYE10ml,ZHIFENYELOUDOUZHONG,YONGLIUSUANRONGYE(3→100)TIQU5CI,MEICI15ml,HEBINGLIUSUANYE,JIANONGANSHIYEDIAOJIEpHZHIZHI9~10,YONGLVFANGTIQU5CI,MEICI20ml,HEBINGLVFANGYE,ZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIACUSUANYIZHIRONGJIE,ZHUANYIZHI10mlLIANGPINGZHONG,BINGXISHIZHIKEDU,YAOYUN,JIDE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CEDINGFA FENBIEJINGMIXIQUDUIZHAOPINRONGYEYUGONGSHIPINRONGYEGE4μl,ZHURUYEXIANGSEPUYI,CEDING,JIDE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 BENPINANGANZAOPINJISUAN,HANSHIDENING(C21H22N2O2)YINGWEI1.20%~2.20%。

照高效液相色譜法 ( 附錄Ⅵ D) 測定。

SEPUTIAOJIANYUXITONGSHIYONGXINGSHIYAN YONGSHIBAWANJIGUIWANJIANHEGUIJIAOWEITIANCHONGJI;YIJING -10mmol/L GENGWANHUANGSUAN NAYU 20mmol/L LINSUANERQINGJIADENGLIANGHUNHERONGYE(YONG 10% LINSUANDIAOJIE pH ZHIWEI 2.8 )( 21 : 79 )WEILIUDONGXIANG;JIANCEBOCHANG 260nm 。LILUNBAN SHUANSHIDE NINGFENGJISUANYINGBUDIYU 5000 。

DUIZHAOPINRONGYEDEZHIBEI FENBIEJINGMICHENGQUSHIDENINGDUIZHAOPIN 6mg ,MAQIANZIJIANDUIZHAOPIN 5mg ,FENBIEZHI 10ml LIANGPINGZHONG,JIALVFANGSHILIANGSHIRONGJIEBINGXISHIZHIKEDU,YAOYUN。FENBIEJINGMILIANGQU 2ml , ZHITONGYI 10 ml LIANGPINGZHONG,YONGJIACHUNXISHIZHIKEDU,YAOYUN,JIDE(MEI 1ml ZHONGHANSHIDE NING 120 μ g 、MAQIANZIJIAN 100 μ g )。

657彩票网 北京pk10 GONGSHIPINRONGYE DEZHIBEI QUBENPINFENMO(GUOSANHAOSHAI)YUE 0.6g ,JINGMICHENGDING, ZHIJUSAI ZHUIXINGPINGZHONG,JIAQINGYANGHUANASHIYE 3ml ,HUNYUN,FANGZHI 30 FENZHONG,JINGMIJIALVFANG 20ml ,MISAI,CHENGDINGZHONGLIANG,ZHISHUIYUSHANGHUILIUTIQU 2 XIAOSHI,FANGLENG,YONGLVFANG BUZUJIANSHIDE ZHONGLIANG,YAOYUN,TONGGUOPUYOUSHAOLIANGWUSHUILIUSUANNADELVZHILVGUO,QIQUCHULVYE,JINGMI LIANGQUXULVYE 3ml ,ZHI 10ml LIANGPINGZHONG,YONGJIACHUNXISHIZHIKEDU,YAOYUN,YONGWEIKONGLVMO( 0.45 μ m )LVGUO, QUXULVYE ,JIDE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CEDINGFA FENBIEJINGMIXIQUDUIZHAOPINRONGYEYU GONGSHIPINRONGYE GE 10 μ l ,ZHURUYEXIANGSEPUYI,CEDING,JIDE。

BENPINANGANZAOPINJISUAN, HANSHIDE NING( C 21 H 22 N 2 O 2 )YINGBUDIYU 1.20% ,MAQIANZIJIAN( C 23 H 26 N 2 O 4 )YINGBUDIYU 0.90% 。

【炮制】生馬錢子 除去雜質。

制馬錢子657彩票网 北京pk10 取凈馬錢子,照燙法(附錄Ⅱ D)用砂燙至鼓起并顯棕褐色或深棕色。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU,WEN;YOUDADU。

【GUIJING】GUIGAN、PIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】TONGLUOZHITONG,SANJIEXIAOZHONG。YONGYUFENGSHIWANBI,MAMUTANHUAN,DIEPUSUNSHANG,YONGJUZHONGTONG;XIAOERMABIHOUYIZHENG,LEIFENGSHIXINGGUANJIETONG。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】0.3~0.6g,PAOZHIHOURUWANSANYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】BUYISHENGYONG、DUOFUJIUFU;YUNFUJINYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHIGANZAOCHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

馬錢子
馬錢子圖片

《中藥大辭典》:馬錢子

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MAQIANZI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Mǎ Qián Zǐ

【BIEMING】FANMUBIE、KUSHIBADOUER(《FEIHONGJI》),HUOSHIKEBADOU(《GANGMU》),KUSHI(《BENCAOYUANSHI》),MAQIAN,NIUYIN(《BENCAOQIUYUAN》),DAFANGBA(《ZHONGYAOCAISHOUCE》)。

【CHUCHU】《GANGMU》

【來源】為馬錢科植物馬錢成熟種子657彩票网 北京pk10。果實成熟時采摘,除去果肉,取出種子,曬干。

【YUANXINGTAI】MAQIAN(《GANGMU》)

QIAOMU,GAO10~13MI。SHUPIHUISE,JUPIKONG,ZHIGUANGHUA。XIEDUISHENG,XIEBINGCHANG4~6HAOMI;XIEPIANCAOZHI,GUANGLUANXINGHUOJINYUYUANXING,CHANG6~15LIMI,KUAN3~8.5LIMI,XIANDUANJIJIANHUOWEIAO,JIBUGUANGXIEXINGHUOYUANXING,QUANYUAN,LIANGMIANJUNGUANGHUAWUMAO,YOUGUANGZE,ZHUMO5TIAOHAN3TIAO,ZAIBEIMIANTUQI,LIANGCEZHEJIAODUAN,BUDAXIEDUAN,XIMOCHENGBUGUIZEDEWANGZHUANG,ZAIXIEDELIANGMIANJUNMINGXIAN;XIEYEYOUDUANJUANXU。JUSANHUAXUDINGSHENGZHIDUAN,CHANG3~5LIMI,ZHIJING2.5~5LIMI,BEIDUANROUMAO;ZONGBAOPIANJIXIAOBAOPIANJUNXIAO,SANJIAOXING,XIANDUANJIAN,BEIDUANROUMAO;HUABAISE,JIWUGENG,HUAELVSE,XIANDUAN5LIE,BEIDUANROUMAO;HUAGUANTONGZHUANG,CHANG10~12HAOMI,XIANDUAN5LIE,LIEPIANLUANXING,CHANGYUE2.5~4HAOMI,NEIMIANMISHENGDUANMAO;XIONGRUI5,HUAYAOHUANGSE,TUOYUANXING,WUHUASI;ZIFANGLUANXING,GUANGHUAWUMAO,HUAZHUXICHANG,ZHUTOUTOUZHUANG。JIANGGUOQIUXING,ZHIJING6~13LIMI,YOUSHILVSE,CHENGSHUSHICHENGSE,BIAOMIANGUANGHUA。ZHONGZI3~5LIHUOGENGDUO,YUANPANXING,ZHIJING1.5~2.5LIMI,BIAOMIANHUIHUANGSE,MIBEIYINSERONGMAO,BINGSHENGYUYIMIANDEZHONGYANG,LINGYIMIANLVEAORU,YOUSIGUANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGCHANGREDAI。FENBUYINDU、YUENAN、MIANDIAN、TAIGUO、SILILANKADENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】GANZAOCHENGSHUDEZHONGZICHENGBIANYUANXING,NIUKOUZHUANG,LVEWANQU,BIANYUANWEILONGQI,CHANGYIMIANSHAOAOXIA,LINGYIMIANSHAOTUQI,ZHIJING1~3LIMI.HOU3~6HAOMI,BIAOMIANHUIZONGSEHUOHUILVSE,MISHENGPUFUDEYINHUISEMAORONG,CHENGFUSHEZHUANGPAILIE,YOUSIGUANG,DIMIANZHONGYANGYOUYISHAOTUCHUDEYUANDIAN,BIANYUANYOUYIXIAOTUQI,ZAIYUANDIANYUXIAOTUQIZHIJIANYOUYITIAOLENGXIAN。ZHIJIANYING,NANPOSUI,POKAIHOUZHONGRENDANHUANGBAISE,SHAOTOUMING,JIAOZHIZHUANG。ZONGQIEMIANKEJIANXINXINGDEZIXIE。WUCHOU,WEIJIKU。DUXINGJULIE,KOUCHANGYITEBIEJINSHEN.YIGEDA、ROUHOU、ZHIJIANZHEWEIJIA。

ZHUCHANYINDU、YUENAN、MIANDIANDENGDI。

MAQIANZILILAIDUOWEIJINKOUYAO,XIANWOGUOYUNNANYOUMAQIANTENG,KEYIDAITIJINKOUMAQIANZI。SHENGYAOWAIXINGYUMAQIANZIXIANGSI,CHANGJING20~30HAOMI,DUANJING15~22HAOMI,ZHONGYANGHOU6~10HAOMI,MEIGEZHONG1.3~2.7KE;WAIMIANMIBEIZONGBAISEZHIZONGSE,GUANGLIANGDEJUANMAO,ZIZHONGYANGXIANGSIZHOUFUSHEZHUANGPUFUPAILIE;ZHONGQIZAIZHONGZIZHONGYANG,ZHUKONGZAIZHONGZIDEBIANYUAN。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANFANMU(strychnine)、MAQIANZIJIAN(brucine)、α-JIβ-KELUBO(α-, β-colubrine)、FANMUBIECIJIAN(vomicine)、MAQIANZIXINJIAN(novacine)、YIKAJING(icajine)、FANMUBIEDAI(loganin)DENG。

【PAOZHI】MAQIANZIFEN:QUSHAZI,ZHIGUONEICHAORE,JIARUJIANJINGDEMAQIANZI,CHAOZHICHENGSHENHUANGSEBINGGUQI,QUCHU,SHAIQUSHAZI,GUAQUMAO,YANFEN。YOUMAQIANZI:QUJIANJINGDEMAQIANZI,JIASHUIZHUFEI,QUCHU,ZAIYONGSHUIJINPAO,LAOCHU,GUAQUPIMAO,WEILIANG,QIECHENGBOPIAN。LINGQUMAYOUSHAOXU,ZHIGUONEISHAORE,JIARUMAQIANZIPIAN,CHAOZHIWEIHUANGSE,QUCHU,FANGLIANG。

《GANGMU》:"HUOYUNYIDOUFUZHIGUOYONGZHILIANG。"

【XINGWEI】KU,HAN,YOUDU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《GANGMU》:"KU,HAN,WUDU。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BENCAOYUANSHI》:"WEIKU,HAN,DADU。"

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SANXUERE,XIAOZHONG,ZHITONG。ZHIYANHOUBITONG,YONGJUZHONGDU,FENGBITENGTONG,GUZHE。BINGZHIMIANSHENJINGMABI,ZHONGZHENGJIWULI。TONGLUOZHITONG,SANJIEXIAOZHONG。YONGYUFENGSHIWANBI、MAMUTANHUAN、DIEPUSUNSHANG、YONGJUZHONGTONG。

①《GANGMU》:"ZHISHANGHANREBING,YANHOUBITONG,XIAOPIKUAI,BINGHANZHIYANZHI,HUOMOSHUIQINYAN。"

②《ZHONGYAOZHI》:"SANXUERE,XIAOZHONGDU。ZHIYONGJU,ECHUANG。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:RUWAN、SAN,1~2FEN(YIRILIANG)。WAIYONG:CUMOTU,YANMOCHUIHOUHUODIAOFU。

【ZHUYI】YUNFUJITIXUZHEJIFU。

《BENCAOJINGSHU》:"QIXUEXURUO、PIWEIBUSHIZHE,SHENWUYONGZHI。"

【FUFANG】①ZHIHOUBIZUOTONG:FANMUBIE,QINGMUXIANG、SHANDOUGENDENGFEN。WEIMOCHUI。(《YIFANGZHAIYAO》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②ZHICHANHOUFENGZHONG:FANMUBIERENYIGE,MUXIANGSANFEN。TONGMOSHUI,DIAOXIONGDANSANFEN,DANFANWUFEN,YIJIMAOSAOHUANCHU。(《TANGYAOJINGYANFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③ZHIYONGJUCHUQI,DIEPUNEISHANG,FENGBITENGTONG:FANMUBIE(RUSHAGUONEI,HUANGTUBANCHAOJIAOHUANGWEIDU,SHIJIUZHONGDAOMO,SHAIQUPIMAO,JIANJINGMO)、SHANZHIMA(QUKE,JIUCHAO)、RUXIANGMO(RUOXIEHONGCHUHAN)GEWUQIAN,CHUANSHANJIA(HUANGTUCHAOCUI)YILIANG。GONGYANMO。MEIFUYIQIAN,JIUXIA,BUKEDUOFU,FUHOUBIFENG,FOUZELINGRENFAZHANLIBUZHI,RURENXURUO,MEIFUWUFEN。(《JIUSHENGKUHAI》MAQIANSAN)

④ZHIZHONGERYAN:㈠FANMUBIEYIGE,YIJINGSHUIMOZHIDIERNEI。(《GUANGHUAYIXUEZAZHI》11:38,1933)㈡MAQIANZIWUQIAN,BEIHUANGQUMAOPI,RANHOUYONGHUMAYOUYILIANGJIANZHI,ZHIPIAOQIWEIDU,QUMAQIANZI,LIUYOUBEIYONG。ZHILIAOSHIXIANXIQUNONGGOU,RANHOULIRUYAOYOULIANGDI。YIRIERCI。(NEIMENGGU《ZHONGCAOYAOXINYILIAOFAZILIAOXUANBIAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑤ZHIJIAOQI,SHOUZUMABI,BANSHENBUSUI,XIAOBIANBUJINHUOZIYI:FANMUBIE(QUPI,MOXIFEN)LIUFEN,GANCAO(XIFEN)LIUFEN。LIANMIWEIWAN40LI,MEIRISANCI,MEICI1~2LI,SHIHOUWENSHUISONGFU,LIANFUQIRI,TINGQIRIZAIFU。(《XIANDAISHIYONGZHONGYAO》)

⑥ZHIGUZHE:MAQIANZI、ZHIKE。MEIJINSHENGMAQIANZIJIAGANCAOYILIANG,TONGZHIGANGNEIYONGLENGSHUIJINPAO,MEIRIHUANSHUIYICI,16TIANHOUJIANGMAQIANZIMAOGUAJING,QIEPIANSHAIGAN,YONGXISHACHAOCHENGHUANGSE,ZAIJINZAITONGBIANZHONG(DONGJI2~3ZHOU,XIAJI4~5TIAN),RANHOUYONGLIUSHUICHONGXIYITIANBAN,YINGANNIANXI。ZHIKE(SHENGSHUJIEKE),YONGTONGBIANJINPAO2~3TIAN,QUCHUYONGSHUIXIJING,YINGANNIANXI。JIANGMAQIANZIFENYUZHIKEFENAN1:2HUNHEJIKE,YEKEZHIWEIMIWAN。CHENGRENRIFUSANCI,MEICI2KE,JILIANGYIRI8KE。ERTONGZHUOJIAN。TONGSHIJINXINGDUANGUFUWEI,XIAOJIABANGUDING。YUNFU、GAOXUEYA、GAOSHAOJIJINGSHENBINGRENSHENYONG。FUYAOLIANGDASHI,CHUXIANJIROUCHOUCHU,HUANCHUTIAODONGGAN,TOUYUN,KEDALIANGYINSHUI(HUOGANCAOSHUI)JIEZHI。(《QUANZHANXUANBIAN·WAIKE》)

⑦ZHIREYATONGBUKEREN:FANMUBIEBANGE,JINGHUASHUIMOYIXIAOZHAN,HANSHU,REJITUQU,SHUIWANZETENGZHI。(《WOLINGBENCAO》)

⑧ZHIBANCHUANGRUMU:KUSHIBADOUERBANGE,QINGFEN、SHUIHUAYINZHUGEWUFEN,PIANNAO、SHEXIANG、KUFANSHAOXU。WEIMO,ZUOMUCHUIYOUER,YOUMUCHUIZUOER,RIERCI。(《FEIHONGJI》)

⑨ZHIKUANGQUANBING:MAQIANZIYILI,JIUMOCHENGFENMO,KAISHUITUNFU。(《GUIZHOUSHENGZHONGYIYANFANGMIFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】①ZHILIAOMIANSHENJINGMABI

657彩票网 北京pk10 JIANGMAQIANZISHIRUNHOU,QIECHENGBOPIAN,1.2QIANYUEKEQIE18~24PIAN,PAILIEYUXIANGPIGAOSHANG,TIEFUYUHUANCEMIANBU(XIANGZUOWAITIEYOU,XIANGYOUWAITIEZUO),YUE7~10TIANDIAOHUAN1ZHANG,ZHIHUIFUZHENGCHANGWEIZHI。YIBANQINGZHENGTIE2CIJIKE。ZHILIAO15000RENCI,YUE80%YOUXIAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②ZHILIAOZHONGZHENGJIWULIZHENG

JIANGMAQIANZIYONGSHUIPAO(DONGTIANWENSHUI,XIATIANLIANGSHUI)10~14TIAN,QUPI,FANGRUZHUFEIDEHUASHENGYOUNEI,WENHUOJIANYUE30YUFENZHONG,ZHIJIAOHUANGSE(YISHOUJIZHIJISUIWEIDU)SHIQUCHU,BANYUHUASHIFENNEIYIXIQUYOUZHI,YUEJING10~14XIAOSHISHAIQUHUASHIFEN,ZAIYIQINGSHUICHONGXI1CI.DAIGANHOUYANFENJIKEFUYONG。KAISHIMEIRI1.5FEN,FEN3CIFU,ZHUJIANZENGZHIMEIRI3.2FENHUO4FEN。SHIZHI3LI,2LIHUODEJIAOHAODEJINQILIAOXIAO,1LIWUXIAO。QIZHONG1LIXIANYONGXINSIDEMINGDENGZHILIAO,KAISHILIAOXIAOSHANGHAO,YIHOUJIANJIAN,GAIYONGMAQIANZIZHILIAO,JILIJIANHUIFU,WOLIZENGJIA,WUFUSHIGAN,NENGZILISHENGHUO。

③ZHILIAOJIEHEBING

CENGYONGMAQIANZIYAODANSHIZHIJINGLINBAJIEHE、JIEHEXINGFUMOYAN、MANXINGXIANWEIXINGKONGDONGXINGFEIJIEHEHEBINGXIONGMOYANGE1LI,JUNYOUYIDINGLIAOXIAO。FANGFA:QUMAQIANZI4QIANZASUI(DUIXINGCHENGDOUDAODEJINGLINBAJIEHEJIACHUANHUANGLIAN1LIANG),YONGKAISHUIJINPAO1XIAOSHI,ZAIFANGRUJIDAN7GE,WENHUOZHU1XIAOSHI,JIANGDANLAOCHU,YONGLENGSHUIJINPAOPIANKE,ZAIFANGHUIYUANYAOYEZHONGPAO1XIAOSHI,JICHENGMAQIANZIYAODAN,LAOCHUFANGLIANGCHUBEIYONG。MEITIANZAOCHENKONGFUFUYAODAN1GE,7TIANWEIYILIAOCHENG。JIANGE7TIAN,ZAIJIXUXIAYILIAOCHENG。YIBANYONG2~4GELIAOCHENG。ZHUDANHEPAODANDEGUOCHENGZHONGJINFANGJIANGDANNONGPO,PODANYINGQIQU,BUNENGFUYONG。1LIJINGLINBAJIEHEQUDEHENHAOXIAOGUO;1LIJIEHEXINGFUMOYANJINGYONGKANGLAOYAOWUZHILIAO4GEDUOYUEWUMINGXIANXIAOGUO,JIAYONGMAQIANZIYAODANJINGSANGELIAOCHENG,FUBUBAOKUAIXIAOSHI,DABIANZHENGCHANG,JINYUCHUZHENSHIGANQUJIYOUXIAFUYOUBUMINGXIANDESUOZHUANGWU,YOUXUFUYAODAN2GELIAOCHENGHOUQUANYUCHUYUAN;LING1LIMANXINGXIANWEIXINGKONGDONGXINGFEIJIEHEHEBINGXIONGMOYAN,XIONGQIANGJIYE,10TIANNEICHOUXIONGSHUI4CI,JINGJIAYONGYAODANERGELIAOCHENGHOU,XIONGSHUIQUANBUXISHOU。CIWAI,DUI3LIFEIMENLINBAJIEHE,SHIYONGYAODANHOUYEYOUMINGXIANXIAOGUO。DANDUIQITAYIXIEFEIJIEHEBINGREN,ZAIKANGLAOHUAXUEZHILIAODETONGSHIJIAYONGYANSUANSHIDENING,DOUWEIJIANXIAOGUO。

④ZHILIAOZIGONGJINGMILAN

QUMAQIANZIRENZHIXIANGYOUZHONGZHAHOULVQUYAOZHA,RANHOUJIARUSHILIANGFANSHILIN,DIAOZHICHENGRUANGAOBEIYONG.XIANYONGGUOMENGSUANJIASHUICHONGXIYINDAO,KAIJINGYINDAO、ZIGONGJINGKOUDEFENMIWU,JIANGDAIXIANDEMIANSAIZHANMAQIANZIYOUGAOFANGYUMILANCHU,XIANWEILIUZAIYINDAOWAI,JING6XIAOSHIHOUQUCHU.MEIRIHUOGERISHANGYAO1CI,6CIWEIYILIAOCHENG,WEIYUZHEKEJIXUER、SANGELIAOCHENG。GUANCHA34LI,13LIQUANYU,20LIYOUXIAO,1LIWUBIANHUA。

⑤ZHILIAOYONGZHONG

QUMAQIANZITOURUTONGGUONEI,JIAMAYOUZHAZHICHENGSHENHUANGSESHIQUCHU,GUAQUMAO,YANCHENGXIMO,YONGMIHUWEIWANHUOZHUANGJIAONANG(PINGJUN1LIMAQIANZIZHI4LI)。CHENGRENTIZHUANGZHE,MEITIAN3~4WAN,LINSHUIQIANYONGMITANG1CISONGFU。YUNFU、TIRUOHUO6SUIYIXIAERTONGJINFU。ZHILIAO1500YULI,JUNHUOMINGXIANXIAOGUO。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:馬錢子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MAQIANZI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Mǎ Qián Zǐ

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】FANMUBIE、KUSHIBADOUER、HUOSHIKEBADOU、KUSHI、MAQIAN、MAQIANZI、NIUYIN

【CHUCHU】1.CHUZI《BENCAOGANGMU》:FANMUBIE,MANSHENG,XIAKAIHUANGHUA,QI、BAYUEJIESHIRUKUOLOU,SHENGQINGSHUCHI,YIRUMUBIE,QIHEXIAOYUMUBIEERSEBAI。

2.《BENCAOYUANSHI》:FANMUBIE,MURUMUBIEZIDA,XINGYUANERBIAN,YOUBAIMAO,WEIKU。NIAOZHONGQIDU,ZEMAMUCHUJIERBI;GOUZHONGQIDU,ZEKUTONGDUANCHANGERBI。RUOWUFUZHI,LINGRENSIZHIJULUAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIMAQIANKEZHIWUMAQIAN、CHANGZIMAQIANDEZHONGZI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:1.Semen Strychi Nux-vomicae2.Semen Strychni Wallichianae

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:QIU、DONGJIGUOSHICHENGSHUSHIZHAIXIA,QUCHUZHONGZI,XIJINGFUZHUDEGUOROU,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】1.QIAOMU,GAO10-13m。SHUPIHUISE,JUPIKONG, ZHIGUANGHUA。DANXIEDUISHENG;XIEBINGCHANG5-12mm;XIEPIANGEZHI,GUANGLUANXINGHUOJINYUANXING,CHANG6-15cm,KUAN3-9cm,XIANDUANJIJIANHUOWEIAO,JIBUGUANGXIEXINGHUOYUANXING,QUANYUAN,GUANGHUA,WUMAO,ZHUMO3-5TIAO,BEIMIANTUQI,XIMOCHENGBUGUIZEWANGZHUANG;XIEYEYOUDUANJUANXU。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXUYESHENG,CHANG3-5cm,ZHIJING2.5-5cm,BEIDUANROUMAO;ZONGBAOPIANJIXIAOBAOPIANJUNXIAO,SANJIAOXING,XIANDUANJIAN,BEIDUANROUMAO;HUABAISE,JIWUGENG;HUAELVSE,XIANDUAN5LIE,MIBEIDUANROUMAO;HUAGUANTONGZHUANG,XIANDUAN5LIE,LIEPIANLUANXING,NEIMIANMISHENGDUANMAO;XIONGRUI5,ZHUSHENGYUHUAGUANGUANHOUBU,HUASIJIDUAN,HUAYAOHUANGSE,TUOYUANXING;CIRUICHANG9.5-12mm,HUAZHUYUANZHUXING,CHANGDA11mm,ZHUTOUTOUZHUANG;YUFANGLUANXING。JIANGGUOQIUXING,ZHIJING2-4cm,YOUSHILVSE,SHUSHICHENGSE,BIAOMIANGUANGHUA。ZHONGZI1-4KE,YUANPANXING,ZHIJING1-3cm,BIAOMIANHUIHUANGSE,MIBEIYINSERONGMAO。HUAQICHUN、XIAJI,GUOMING8YUEZHIYINIAN1YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.MUZHIDATENGBEN,CHANGDA20m。SHUPIHUIBAISE;XIAOZHIYUANZHUXING,CHANGBIANTAICHENGWEIDANSHENGHUOCHENGDUIDELUOXUANZHUANGQUGOU。XIEDUISHENG;XIEBINGCHANG5-7mm;XIEPIANGEZHI,TUOYUANXINGZHIDAOLUANXING,CHANG7-12cm,KUAN3-4.5cm,XIANDUANJIJIANHUODUANJIANJIAN,JIBUXIEXINGHUOJINYUANXING,QUANYUAN,LIANGMIANJUNGUANGHUAWUMAO;XIEMOWEILIJI3MO,BEIMIANLONGQI。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXUDINGSHENG,CHANGYUE4cm;ZONGHUAGENGHEXIAOHUAGENGBEIDUANROUMAO;HUAELVSE,XIANDUAN5LIE,LIEPIANLUANXING,WAIMIANBEIWEIMAO,BIANYUANYOUJIEMAO;HUAGUANTONGZHUANG,HUANGBAISE,CHANGYUE10mm,XIANDUAN5LIE,LIEPIANLUANXING,CHANGYUE4mm,NEIMIANJIBUBEIROUMAO;XIONGRUI5,ZHUSHENGYUHUAGUANTONGDEHOUBU,HUASIJIDUAN,HUAYAOWEILU;CIRUICHANGYUE8mm,HUAZHUXICHANG,ZHUTOUTOUZHUANG;ZIFANGXIALUANXING。JIANGGUOQIUXING,ZHIJING4-6cm,SHUSHIJUHONGSE。ZHONGZICHANGYUANXING,CHANG2-3cm,BIANPING,BEIQIANHUISEJUANMAO。HUAQI4-6YUE,GUOQI8YUEZHIYINIAN1YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:1.SHENGCHANGREDAI。

2.SHENGYUHAIBA600mYIXIADEJIAOYANREDEBANSHANPOAODI、SHANGUSHICHUHUOZAMULIN、SHUCONGZHONG。

ZIYUANFENBU:1.FUJIAN、TAIWAN、GUANGDONG、HAINAN、GUANGXI、YUNNANDENGDIYOUZAIPEI。

2.FENBUYUYUNNAN。

【ZAIPEI】SHENGWUXUETEXING CHANGZIMAQIANXIWENNUANSHIRUNQIHOU,BUNAIHAN、BUNAIHAN。YIXUANCHAONANSHANPO,TURANGWEISUANXINGZHIWEIJIANXING,ZHIDISHUSONG、FUHANFUZHIZHIDESHAZHIRANGSHANGHUOZHANRANGTUZAIZHONG。

ZAIPEIJISHU YONGZHONGZIFANZHIHUOYAJIEFANZHI。ZHONGZIFANZHI:ZAIGUOROURUANHUAHUOGUOPICHENGHONGSESHICAISHOU,QUCHUZHONGZIXIJINGYINGAN。QUPIHOU15dNEIBOZHONG,HUOPINGZHUANG2GEYUENEIBOZHONG。XIANZAISHACHUANGSHANGCUIYA,DAIYOUMIAOCHUTUZHANZIXIESHI,JIKEANXINGZHUJU20cm×20cmYIZAIYUMIAOCHUANGHUOYINGYANGDAIZHONG。DANGNIAN6~7YUE,MIAOGAO30~50cmSHIJIKEDINGZHI。YAJIEFANZHI:ZHIYONGYINDUMAQIANZUOZHENMU。DANGZHENMULIDIGAO20~30cmCHUJINGCUDA2cmYISHANG,JIKEZAIYUJISHUPIYIBOLISHIJINXINGDATIANYAJIE,HUOMIAOPUYAJIEHOU,YONGYAJIEMIAODINGZHI。DINGZHIYIXUANYINTIANHUOXIAOYUTIANJINXING,ANXINGZHUJU4m×4mWAXUE,XUEKUAN50cm,SHEN40cm。ZHIHOUJIAODINGGENSHUI,GAICAOBAOSHI。

TIANJIANGUANLI ZHUYIBAOHUJIEYA,JINGCHANGQINGCHUZHENMUSHANGDEMENGYA,BAOZHENGYAJIEMIAOSHENGCHANGJIANZHUANG。JIAQIANGCHUCAO、SONGTU,YUJIKAIGOUSHIRUYOUJIFEIHUOYAQING,HANJISHIRENFEN。YOULINGQIBAOCHISHIDANGYINBI,SHUGAODA1mYISHANGHOU,ZHUBUCHUQUYINBI,ZHILIUSHAOLIANGPANRAOSHU。YAOJINXINGZHENGXINGXIUJIAN,SHIDUOFENHUAJIEGUOZHI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE(1)MAQIANZI ZHONGZIBIANYUANXING,NIUKOUZHUANG,ZHIJING1-3cm,HOU3-6mm,BIANYUANWEILONGQI,CHANGYIMIANAOXIA,LINGYIMIANSHAOTUCHU。BIAOMIANHUIZONGSEHUOHUILVSE,MISHENGPUFUDEYINHUISEMAO,YOUSIZHUANGGUANGZE,YOUZHONGYANGXIANGSIZHOUSHECHU。BIANYUANYOUYITIAOLONGQIJIXIAN,BINGYOUYIXIAOXINGTUQIDEZHUKONG,DIMIANZHONGXINYOUYISHAOTUCHUDEYUANDIANZHUANGZHONGQI,ZHUKONGYUZHONGQIJIANYINYUEKEJIANYITIAOLONGQIXIAN。ZHIJIANYING,NANPOSUI。JINRUANHOUYANBIANYUANZONGXIANGPOUKAI,KEJIANDANHUANGSEJIAOZHIFEIHOUDEPEIRU,PEIRUZHONGYANGBUFENYOUKONGXI,JINZHUKONGCHUYOUXINXINGDEPEI,ZIXIE2MEI,FEIBO,CHANG5-6mm,YOU5TIAOZHANGZHUANGMO,PEIGENCHANGYUE4mm。QIWEI,WEIJIKU,JUDU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)CHANGZIMAQIANZI ZHONGZICHANGBIANYUANXING,BIANYUANJIAOBOLVEXIANGSHANGQIAOCHENGPANZHUANG,CHANG2-3cm,ZHIJING1.5-2.2cm,BIAOMIANMISHENGHUIHUANGSEHUODANZONGSEGUANGLIANGDEMAORONG,ZIZHONGYANGXIANGSIZHOUFUSHEZHUANGPUFUPAILIE。ZIXIELUANXINGERBO,XIEMO 3TIAO。QIWEI,WEIJIKU,JUDU。

YIGEDABAOMAN、ZHIJIANROUHOU、SEHUIHUANGYOUGUANGZEZHEJIA。

XIANWEIJIANBIE ZHONGZIHENGQIEMIAN(1)MAQIANZI ZHONGPIBIAOPIXIBAOXIANGYIFANGQINGXIE,YANCHANGCHENGDANXIBAOFEIXIANMAO,CHANG500-1000(-1700)μm,KUANYUE25μm,BIHOU,QIANGMUHUA,BIYUEYOU10TIAOZONGLEIXIAN,JIBUSHAOPENGPENGDA,YOUWENKONGJIKONGGOU,SISHIXIBAOYANG。BIAOPIXIAYOUSHULIEZONGSETUIFEIDEBOBIXIBAO。PEIRUXIBAODUOJIAOXING,BIHOU,BANXIANWEISUXING,YINYUEKEJIANBAOJIANLIANSI,YONGDIANYEFENGZANGJIAOMINGXIAN,XIBAONEIHANZHIFANGYOUJISHAOLIANGHUFENLI。(2)CHANGZIMAQIANZI BIAOPIFEIXIANMAOCHANG520-1040μm,KUANYUE20μm,PINGZHIHUODUOSHAONIUQU,BIJU9-10GEZONGLEI,CHANGZIRANFENLICHENGWUSEXICHANGTIAOZHUANG,XIANDUANJIANRUIHUODUNYUAN,JIBURENGHUXIANGLIANHE,MAORONGJIBUBUGUIZEZENGHOU,YOUWENKONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LIHUAJIANBIE (1)QUZHONGZIPEIRUHENGQIE,JIALIUFANSUANSHIYE(FANSUANAN1gRONGYUNONGLIUSUAN100mlZHONG)1DI,PEIRUNEICENGYINGXIANLANZISE(JIANCHAFANMU)。LINGQUYIQIEPIAN,JIANONGXIAOSUAN1DI,PEIRUWAICENGYINGXIANCHENGHONGSE(JIANCHAMAQIANZIJIAN)。

(2)QUZHONGZIFENMO0.8-1.5gJIAYICHUN20ml,LENGJIN2h,BINGSHIDANGZHENYAO,LVGUO。LVYEZHENGQURONGJI,JIA1mol/LYANSUAN3mlRONGJIE,YIZHIFENYELOUDOUZHONG,YONGQINGYANGHUAANDIAOJIEpHZHI9.0,YONGLVFANG3mlTIQU3CI,LVFANGRONGYESHAONONGSUOHOU,QU2-3ml,ZAIFENYELOUDOUZHONGJIA1mol/LYANSUAN1.5ml,ZHENYAOTIQU,FENCHUSUANYE,JIANONGYANSUANJIXINFENSHAOXU,YONGXIAOHUOJIAREZHIFEI,FANGLENGHOU,JIAYAXIAOSUANNARONGYE(1:20)1YONG,YINGLIJIXIANYINGHONGSE(JIANCHAFANMU)。

(3)BOCENGSEPU QUSHANGSHUZHIBEIYEZUOGONGSHIPIN,YIMAQIANZIJIAN、FANMUWEIDUIZHAOPIN,FENBIEDIANYANGYUGUIJIAOGBANSHANG,YIYISUANYIZHI-YIBINGCHUN-NONGANSHUI(6:3:1)ZHANKAI,YONGGAILIANGDIANHUABIJIASHIJIPENWU。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANGXIANXIANGTONGDESEBAN。PINZHIBIAOZHI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOYAODIAN》1995NIANBANGUIDING:BENPINANGANZAOPINJISUANHANFANMU(C21;H22N2O2)YINGWEI1.20%-2.20%。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】MAQIANZHONGZIHANDUOZHONGSHENGWUJIAN,KEFENWEISANZHONGLEIXING:①“ZHENG”XILIE(normal series )SHENGWUJIAN:FANMU(strychnine),MAQIANZIJIAN(brucine),YIFANMU(isostrychnine),YIMAQIANZIJIAN(isobrucine),FANMUN-YANGHUAWU(strychnine N-oxide),MAQIANZIJIANN-YANGHUAWU(brucine N-oxide),β-KELUBOLIN(β-colubrine),16-QIANJI-β-KELUBOLIN(16-hydroxy-β-colubrine),16-QIANJI-α-KELUBOLIN。②“WEI”XILIE(pseudo series )SHENGWUJIAN:WEIFANMU(pseudo-strychnine),WEIMAQIANZIJIAN(pseudobrucine)。③“N”-JIAJIWEI”XILIE(N-methylpseudo series)SHENGWUJIAN:N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIFANMU(icajine),FANMUBIECIJIAN(vomicine),N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIMAQIANZIJIAN(no-vacine)。ZHONGZISUOHANSHENGWUJIANYI“ZHENG”XILIEWEIZHU[1-3]。ZHONGZIJINGGAOWENJIARE(220~260℃,3min),JUDUCHENGFENFANMU、MAQIANZIJIANHANLIANGMINGXIANJIANGDI,ERYIFANMU、YIMAQIANZIJIAN、FANMUN-YANGHUAWUJIMAQIANZIJIANN-YANGHUAWUHANLIANGZENGGAO[3].GENPI、GENMUZHIBUHAN“ZHENG”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU,JINGPIHAN“WEI”JI“N-JIAJIWEI”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU,XIEZEHAN“N-JIAJIWEI”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU[1]。GUOPI、GUOROUJUNHANFANMU,MAQIANZIJIAN,4-QIANJIFANMU(4-hydroxystrychnine),FANMUN-YANGHUAWU,MAQIANZIJIANN-YANGHUAWU,WEIFANMU,WEIMAQIANZIJIAN,N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIFANMU,FANMUBIECIJIAN,N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIMAQIANZIJIAN,GUOROULINGHANβ-KELUBOLIN。GUOROUHUANHANHUANXIMIDANTIELEI(iridoid)HUAHEWU:MAQIANZIDAI(loganin),MAQIANZIDAISUAN(lo-ganic acid),QUYANGMAQIANZIDAI(deoxyloganin),MAQIANZITONGDAI(ketolo-ganin),KAILIANMAQIANZIDAI(secologanin)[4]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CHANGZIMAQIANZHONGZIHANDUOZHONGSHENGWUJIAN,KEFENWEISANZHONGLEIXING:①“ZHENG”XILIESHENGWUJIAN:4-QIANJI-3-JIAYANGJI-FANMU(4-hydroxy-3-methoxystrychnine),FANMU,MAQIANZIJIAN,4-QIANJIFANMU,FANMUN-YANGHUAWU,α-KELUBOLIN。②“WEI”XILIESHENGWUJIAN:WEIFANMU,WEIMAQIANZIJIAN。③“N-JIAJIWEI”XILIESHENGWUJIAN:N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIFANMU,FANMUBIECIJIAN,N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIMAQIANZIJIANJI4-QIANJI-3-JIAYANGJI-N-JIAJI-DUAN-WEIFANMU(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-N-methyl-sec-pseu-dostrychnine)[5,6]。ZHONGZISUOHANSHENGWUJIANYI“ZHENG”XILIEWEIZHU[5]。GENPI、GENMUZHIBUHAN“ZHENG”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU,JINGPIHAN“WEI”JI“N-JIAJIWEI”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU,XIEZEHAN“N-JIAJIWEI”XILIESHENGWUJIANWEIZHU[5]。CIWAI,XIEHUANHANYOUN-QINGJI-DUAN-WEIFANMU(N-cyano-sec-pseudostrychnine)JIN-QINGJI-DUAN-WEIMAQIANZIJIAN(N-cyano-sec-pseu-dobrucine)[7,8]。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.DUIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGDEZUOYONG BENPINSUOHANDEFANMUDUIZHENGGEZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGDOUYOUXINGFENZUOYONG,SHOUXIANXINGFENJISUIDEFANSHEJINENG,QICIXINGFENYANSUIDEHUXIZHONGSHUJIXUEGUANYUNDONGZHONGSHU,BINGNENGTIGAODANAOPIZHIDEGANJUEZHONGSHUJINENG。

1.1.DUIJISUIZUOYONG JISUIDUIFANMUYOUGAODUDEMINGANXING,GEIWAPIXIAZHUSHE0.02%XIAOSUANFANMURONGYE0.5ml,KEJIANFANSHEXINGFENTIGAO,QINGQINGCHUDONGPIFUBIAOMIAN,JIUNENGYINQIDONGWUZHENZHAN;GEIJIECHUDANAODEMAOJINGMOZHUSHE0.01%XIAOSUANFANMU0.2mg/kg,YIJIANFANSHEXINGZENGGAO。JILIANGZENGJIASHIKECHUXIANQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUE。ZHILIAOJILIANGDEFANMUSHISHENJINGCHONGDONGZAIJISUIZHONGCHUANDAORONGYI,BINGNENGTIGAOJISUIFANSHEXINGFENXING,YINCIKESUODUANJISUIFANSHESHIJIAN,ZENGGAOFANSHEQIANGDU,QIEBUPOHUAIJISUIZHONGSHUDEJIAOHUYIZHIGUOCHENG,DANZHONGDUJILIANGDEFANMUNENGPOHUAICIJIAOHUYIZHIGUOCHENG。CHUXIANQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUE。FANMUZAISHIGUANZHONG,NENGYIZHIDANJIANZHIMEIDUIYIXIANDANJIANDEFENJIE,YINCICENGYOURENRENWEICIJIWEIFANMUXINGFENZUOYONGCHANSHENGDEYUANLI。LINGYOUZILIAORENWEIXIYOUYUFANMUNENGYUTUCHUHOUYIZHIXINGJIEZHIGANANSUANJINGZHENGTUCHUHOUYIZHIBUWEI,YINCINENGXUANZEXINGZUDUANYUNDONGSHENJINGYUANHEZHONGJIANSHENJINGYUANDETUCHUHOUYIZHI,SHIYUNDONGSHENJINGYUANDUICHUANRUCIJIQIJIAODAFANYING。TONGSHIYENENGZUDUANJISUIZHONGRUNSHAOXIBAO(RenshawCell)DUIYUNDONGSHENJINGYUANDEYIZHIZUOYONG,ZHEYANGJIANRUOHUOXIAOCHULEDUIKANGJI(SHENJIYUQUJI)ZHIJIANDEJIAOHUYIZHI,YINCIDAJILIANGKEZHIQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 1.2.DUIYANSUIDEZUOYONG JUZILIAOJIZAI,GEIJIANDUMABIDEQUANJINGMOZHUSHE2mg/kgDEXIAOSUANFANMU,XUEYALIKESHENGGAO(10-20mmHg),BINGCHANGSHIJIANCHIXUZAIGAODUSHUIPING。DANRUPOHUAIDONGWUDEYANSUI,XUEYASUIJIXIAJIANG,ZENGDAFANMUJILIANG,XUEYAYEBUZAISHANGl,SHUOMINGFANMUNENGTIGAOXUEGUANYUNDONGZHONGSHUDEXINGFENXING,ZENGJINXUEYEXUNHUAN。FANMUHUANJUYOUXINGFENMIZOUSHENJINGZHONGSHUZUOYONG,KECHUXIANXINDONGXUHUAN。FANMUYINENGTIGAOHUXIZHONGSHUDEXINGFENXING,SHIHUXIJIASHENJIAKUAI,TEBIESHIZAISHANGSHUZHONGSHUBEIYIZHISHIZHEXIEZUOYONGGENGJIAMINGXIAN。CIWAI,TAHUANKEYIXINGFENKESOUZHONGSHU。

1.3.DUIDANAOPIZHIDEZUOYONG XIAOJILIANGDEFANMUNENGJIAQIANGPIZHIDEXINGFENGUOCHENG,CUSHICHUYUYIZHIZHUANGTAIDEBINGRENSUXING。HUANNENGTIGAOWEIJUE、CHUJUE、TINGJUEHESHIJUEDENGGANJUEQIGUANDEGONGNENG。ZHILIAOJILIANGDEFANMUDUIQUANHEHOUDESHIYANXINGSHENJINGGUANNENGZHENGCHENGXIANLIANGHAOZUOYONG,NENGCUSHIXINGFENHEYIZHIGUOCHENGZHIJIANDEZHENGCHANGGUANXIDEHUIFU。DAJILIANGDEFANMU(JIEJINZHONGDULIANG),ZAIDUANZANDETIGAOXINGFENGUOCHENGHOU,JIFASHENGCHAOXIANYIZHIXIANXIANG。

2.DUIRENTILINBAXIBAODEZUOYONG LINCHUANGSHANGYOUBAODAO,XIAOSUANFANMUZHILIAOMANXINGZAISHENGZHANGAIXINGPINXUEYOUXIAO。LIUDEXIANGDENGGUANCHALEMAQIANZIFENJIANYEBUTONGJILIANGDUITIWAIPEIYANGRENLINBAXIBAOYOUSIFENLIEZHISHUDEYINGXIANG,JIEGUOBIAOMING,DANGJIANYENONGDUWEI0.3-0.7mg/mlSHI,FENLIEZHISHUJIBENYIZHI,DANGNONGDUWEI0.2mg/mlSHI,FENLIEZHISHUJIBENYIZHI,DANGNONGDUWEI0.1mg/mlSHI,FENLIEZHISHUDA9.975%,JIJUSHANGl,CHAOGUODUIZHAOZU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.DUIXIAOHUAXITONGDEZUOYONG FANBENBIEJIANJUYOUQIANGLIEKUWEI,KECIJIWEIJUEGANSHOUQIFANSHEXINGZENGJIAWEIYEFENMI,CUJINXIAOHUAJINENGHESHIYU,BINGRENCHANGWEIGUANSHIYANZHENGMING,FANMUDUIRENTIWEICHANGPINGHUAJIWUXINGFENZUOYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.DUIHUXIXITONGDEYINGXIANG XINJIANGWEIWUERZIZHIQUFANGZHILAONIANMANXINGQIGUANYANYAOWUYAOLIXIEZUOZUBAODAO,YIERYANGHUALIUHUOANWUYINKEFASHIYANZHENGMING,MAQIANZIJIAN50mg/kgGUANWEIDUIXIAOSHUYOUMINGXIANDEZHENKEZUOYONG,QIZUOYONGQIANGDUCHAOGUOKEDAIYIN。XIAOSHUFENHONGPAIMIFAZHENGMING,MAQIANZIJIAN40mg/kgYOUMINGXIANDEQUTANZUOYONG,QIANGDUYULVHUAANWUXIANZHUCHABIE。PINGCHUANZUOYONGRUO。DANDONGWUSHIYANFAXIAN,DANGYONGYAOSHIJIANYANCHANG,YONGLIANGZENGJIASHI,NENGJIAQIANGJIATUKANGZUZHIANDEZUOYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5.KANGJUNZUOYONG:MAQIANZIDESHUIJIANJI(1:2)ZAISHIGUANNEIDUIXULANSHIHUANGXIANJUN,AODUANGSHIXIAOYABAOXIANJUNYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYIZHIZUOYONG。TIWAISHIYANBIAOMING,0.1%MAQIANZIJIANNENGWANQUANYIZHILIUGANSHIXUEGANJUN,FEIYANSHUANGQIUJUN,JIAXINGLIANQIUJUNHEKATAQIUJUNDESHENGCHANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 6.QITAZUOYONG SollmanTABAOGAOMAQIANZIJIANDUIGANJUESHENJINGMOSHAOYOUMABIZUOYONG,5-10%MAQIANZIJIANRONGYEKESHIKOUQIANGZHANMOMAZUI,MAQIANZIJIANHEFANMUJIDAJILIANGSHI,JUNKEZUDUANSHENJINGJIROUCHUANDAOCHENGXIANJIANDUYANGZUOYONG,CIZHONGZUOYONGZAIZHENGTIDONGWUSHANGBEIQUANSHENXINGJINGJUESUOYANGAI,ZHIZAILITISHENJINGJIROUBIAOBENSHANGCAINENGBIAOXIANCHULAI。

【DUXING】ZHONGDUZHECHUYOUJIAOJIJIJINGBUJICHOUJINGAN,YANXIAKUNNAN,QUANSHENBUAN、RANHOUSHENJIYUQUJITONGSHIJIDUSHOUSUOERCHUXIANQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUE。KEYONGYIMIZUOQINGDUMAZUIHUOYONGBABITUOLEIYAOWUJINGMOZHUSHEYIYIZHIJINGJUE,LINGYONGGAOMENGSUANJIAXIWEI。DUXING:DUIXIAOSHUPIXIAZHUSHEDEBANSHUZHISILIANG,SHIDENINGWEI0.47mg/kgJI0.85mg/kg,4-QIANJISHIDENINGWEI0.556mg/kg;MAQIANZIJIANGEIGOUJINGMOZHUSHEDEZHISILIANGWEI8mg/kg。

657彩票网 北京pk10 FANMU、MAQIANZIJIANHEMAQIANZIRENDUIXIAOSHUGUANWEIDEJIXINGBANSHUZHISILIANGFENBIEWEI3.27、233HE234.5mg/kg;XIAOSHUFUQIANGZHUSHEDEJIXINGBANSHUZHISILIANGFENBIEWEI1.53、69HE77.76mg/kg。MAQIANZIJIANGEIQUANJINGMOZHUSHEDEBANSHUZHISILIANGWEI8mg/kg。CHENGREN1CIFU5-10mgDEFANMUKEZHIZHONGDU,30mgKEZHISIWANG。CENGBAODAOYONGMAQIANZIZHILIAOBAIHOU,ZONGJILIANGDA50.54mgSHIYINQIZHONGDU;BINGYOUFUMAQIANZI7LIZHONGDUZHISIDEBINGLIBAOGAO。SIWANGYUANYINWEIQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUEFANFUFAZUOZAOCHENGSHUAIJIEJIZHIXISIWANG。1988NIANYOURENBIJIAOLEMAQIANZIJIBUTONGPAOZHIPINDEDUXING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PAOZHI】MAQIANZIFEN:QUSHAZI,ZHIGUONEICHAORE,JIARUJIANJINGDEMAQIANZI,CHAOZHICHENGSHENHUANGSEBINGGUQI,QUCHU,SHAIQUSHAZI,GUAQUMAO,YANFEN。YOUMAQIANZI:QUJIANJINGDEMAQIANZI,JIASHUIZHUFEI,QUCHU,ZAIYONGSHUIJINPAO,LAOCHU,GUAQUPIMAO,WEILIANG,QIECHENGBOPIAN。LINGQUMAYOUSHAOXU,ZHIGUONEISHAORE,JIARUMAQIANZIPIAN,CHAOZHIWEIHUANGSE,QUCHU,FANGLIANG。《GANGMU》:HUOYUNYIDOUFUZHIGUOYONGZHILIANG,

【XINGWEI】KU;XINGHAN;DADU

【GUIJING】GAN;PIJING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】TONGLUO;QIANGJIN;SANJIE;ZHITONG;XIAOZHONG;JIEDU。ZHUFENGSHIBITONG;JIFUMAMU;ZHITITANHUAN;DIEDASUNSHANG;GUZHEZHONGTONG;YONGJUCHUANGDU。HOUBI;YATONG;LIFENG;WANXIAN;EXINGZHONGLIU

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:PAOZHIHOURUWAN、SAN、,MEICI0.2-0.6g。DAJILIANG0.9g。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,YANMOSA,JINSHUI,CUMO、JIANYOUTUFUHUOAOGAOTANTIE。NEIFU,RUANQICHENGFENFANBIEJIAN(SHIDENING)JISUAN,YICILIANGKONGZHIZAI6mgWEIYI。NEIFUYIBANCONGXIAOJILIANGKAISHI,ZHUJIANJIALIANG,JIAZHIHUANDOUGANJUEJIROUYOUYIGUOXINGQINGWEIZHANDONGWEIQUJIAYOUXIAOLIANG,CIFANYINGYEBIAOMINGBUKEZAIJIALIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】YUNFUJITIXUZHEJIFU。《BENCAOJINGSHU》:QIXUEXURUO、PIWEIBUSHIZHE,SHENWUYONGZHI。DUXINGMAQIANZIHANYOUFANMU,CHENGRENYONG5-10mgJIKEFASHENGZHONGDUXIANXIANG,30mgKEZHISIWANG。CENGBAODAOYONGMAQIANZIZHILIAOBAIHOUZONGJILIANGDA50.54mgSHI,YINQIZHONGDU。YIYOUFUJIUZHUANHUISHENGDAN(ZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIMAQIANZIYUDILONG)ERZHIZHONGDUHUOMAQIANZI7LIZHONGDUZHISIDEBINGLI。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《GANGMU》:ZHISHANGHANREBING,YANHOUBITONG,XIAOPIKUAI,BINGHANZHIYANZHI,HUOMOSHUIQINYAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.《ZHONGYAOZHI》:SANXUERE,XIAOZHONGDU。ZHIYONGJU,ECHUANG。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》


《全國中草藥匯編》:馬錢子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】MAQIANZI

【PINYIN】Mǎ Qián Zǐ

【來源】為馬錢科馬錢屬植物長籽馬錢Strychnos wallichiana Steud. ex DC.[S. pierriana auct. non A. W. Will]及馬錢S. nux-vomica L.,以干燥成熟的種子入藥。

【原形態】1、長籽馬錢 木質大藤本。樹皮灰白色,小枝圓柱狀,光滑;卷須腋生,單生或成對,葉對生;葉柄長5~7里面;葉片革質,橢圓形,長7~12厘米,寬3~4.5厘米,先端短漸尖至急尖,基部楔形或近圓形,全緣,具三出脈,兩面光滑無毛。春、夏枝梢開白色管狀花;花萼5深裂;花冠管圓筒狀,上部5裂;雄蕊5,著生于花冠管喉部,花絲極短,花藥背著。漿果球形,熟時橘紅色,直徑4~6厘米。種子長圓形而扁,外面密被淺灰棕色絹毛。

SHENGYUREDAISHIHUIYANDIQUGOUGUZAMULINZHONG。WOGUOYUNNANSHENGYOUFENBU。

2、馬前(番木鱉)與上種甚接近,但本種為喬木,高10~13米。葉廣卵形或近于圓形,先端急尖或微凹,有主脈5條。種子圓盤形,呈規則的紐扣狀,表面密被銀白色絲光茸毛。

SHENGYUREDAI、YAREDAIDIQUDESHENSHANLAOLINNEI。YUNNANNANBUYOUSHAOLIANGZAIPEI。

【栽培】長籽馬錢 喜熱帶性氣候,怕霜凍,幼苗喜蔭蔽,成株喜陽光。適宜肥沃疏松的石灰質壤土或微酸性砂質壤土栽培。種子繁殖,放于凈砂內催芽(用盆或挖坑,坑底鋪3寸細砂,將種子擺好,上覆細砂1寸左右,置于露天,澆水保濕,溫度25℃左右,約15天發芽),發芽后取出,按行株距5×3寸播種,約2~3周出苗生葉。當苗高半尺左右,選陰雨天定值,行株距6×6尺。移栽要少傷根多帶土,以免影響成活。

ZAIHOU7NIANJIEGUO,CAIQUCHENGSHUGUOSHI,QUCHUZHONGZI,XIJINGSHAIGAN。

馬前 喜熱帶濕潤性氣候,怕霜凍。土壤以石灰質壤土或微酸性壤土生長較好。種子繁殖,海南6月播種,播種前,將種子浸水48小時,取出放在濕布袋內,保持濕潤,放置陰涼處,5天后,即開始萌芽,此時取出穴播,每穴1粒,覆土半寸左右,約10天左右即開始出苗生葉。培育1年后,當苗高2尺以上時可定值。生長期間有葉斑病。蟲害有蓖麻夜蛾等為害,食嫩葉,花期為害嚴重,可用六六六或滴滴涕防治。

ZAIHAINANZAIPEI8NIANKAIHUAJIEGUO,10NIANHOUJIEGUOLIANGJIAODUO,CAIGUOQIWEI11YUEZHICINIAN1YUE,GUOBIANCHENGHONGSE,JIANGGUOZHAIXIADUIFANGSHIGUOROUBIANRUANHOU,YONGSHUIXICHUZHONGZISHAIGAN。

【化學成分】馬前種子含總生物堿2~5%,主要為番木(士的寧,strychnine,C21H22O2N2)、馬錢子堿(brucine,C23H26O4N2)各1~1.4%,微量的番木鱉次堿(vomicine)、偽番木(pseudostrychnine C21H22O3N2)、偽馬錢子堿(pseudobrucine,C23H26O5N2)、奴伐新堿(novacine,C24H28O5N2為N-甲基-另-偽馬錢子堿,N-methyl-sec-pseudobrucine)、α-及β-可魯勃林(α,β-colubrine,C22H24O3N2)、土屈新堿(struxine,C21H30O4N2)等。此外,尚含番木鱉甙(loganin或loganoside,C17H26O2)、脂肪油約3%、蛋白質約11%及綠原酸(chlorogenic acid)等。

FANMUWEIMAQIANZIDEZUIZHUYAOCHENGFEN。YUEZHANZONGSHENGWUJIANDE45%,YOUQIANGLIEDEKUWEI,MAQIANZIJIANDEYAOXIAOZHIYOUFANMUDE1/40,YIYOUQIANGLIEDEKUWEI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 GUOCHANCHANGZIMAQIANDEZHONGZI、GUOPI、JINGJIXIEJUNHANYOUFANMU,ZONGSHENGWUJIANJIFANMUDEBAIFENHANLIANGWEI:

SHENGWUJIAN  ZHONGZI GUOPI  JING  XIE

ZONGSHENGWUJIAN 2.18 0.36 0.30  0.37

657彩票网 北京pk10 FANMU 1.33 0.15 0.14  0.12

CHANGZIMAQIANZHONGZIZHONGDEFANMUHANLIANGDA1.33%,FUHEZHONGGUOYAODIAN(1963NIANBAN)GUIDING(BUSHAOYU1.15%),KEZUOWEITIQUFANMUDEYUANLIAO。LINGJUBAODAO,FANMUJIMAQIANZIJIANSHANGCUNYUSHUPI、XIEJIMUBU,BINGGUANGFANCUNZAIYUMAQIANSHUDEZHIWUZHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】1、ZHUYAOZUOYONGYUJISUI,XINGFENQIFANSHEGONGNENG,SHISHENJINGCHONGDONGZAISHENJINGYUANJIANYIYUCHUANDAO,YIJUXINGFENDANAODEZUOYONG,YINQIGEZHONGGANJUEQIGUANGONGNENGDEMINGAN。NENGCUSHIYIZHIZHUANGTAIDEBINGRENSUXING,BINGDIAOJIEDANAOPIZHIDEXINGFENHEYIZHIGUOCHENG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2、FANMUKETIGAOHENGWENJI、PINGHUAJIJIXINJIDEZHANGLI。

3、NEIFUNENGCUJINXIAOHUAYEDEFENMI。

4、MAQIANZIZHILIAOMANXINGQIGUANYAN,GEIDONGWUGUANWEISHI,QIZHENKEZUOYONGXIANZHU;QIQUTANZUOYONGLEISILVHUAAN;DANGYONGYAOSHIJIANYANCHANG,YAOLIANGZENGJIA,ZENENGJIAQIANGJIATUKANGZUZHIANDEYINCHUAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5、GUOLIANGKEZHIQIANGZHIXINGJINGJUE,ZUIHOUYINHUXIMABIERSIWANG。BENPINDUIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGQINHELIQIANG,JIELINAN,LIANYONGZHILIAOLIANG,KEZHIJIXUZHONGDU。

6、YIJUN:BENPINDUISHIXUELIUGANGANJUNYOUYIZHIZUOYONG;DUICHANGJIANZHIBINGXINGPIFUZHENJUNYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。

【炮制】制馬錢子657彩票网 北京pk10 將砂子放鍋內炒熱,加入揀凈的馬錢子,炒至外面呈棕黃色并鼓起時取出,篩去砂子,去毛即可。

油馬錢子 將揀凈的馬錢子,煮沸后取出,再用清水浸泡,撈出,刮去皮毛,稍晾,切成薄片,用少許燒熱的麻油炒至微黃色,取出晾涼。

【XINGWEI】KU,HAN。YOUDADU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】TONGJINGLUO,XIAOJIEZHONG,ZHITENGTONG。ZHUZHI:MIANSHENJINGMABI,BANSHENBUSUI,SHOUZUWULI,XIAOERMABIHOUYIZHENG,LINBAJIEJIEHE,DIEDASUNSHANG,GUZHE;WAIYONGZHIPIFUAI,YONGJIEDINGCHUANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】1~3FEN。

【制劑】小兒麻痹丸657彩票网 北京pk10 1、提取:取淫羊藿加15倍量水浸半小時,煎煮1小時,過濾。殘渣加10倍量水煎煮兩次,每次半小時,過濾,合并3次濾液,濃縮至原藥量的1/3既得。2、粉碎:將馬錢子單獨粉碎,過篩(篩眼內徑0.15毫米)備用。按附方2之處方用量將其余12味藥混合粉碎,過篩(篩眼內徑同上)備用。3、制丸:①起母:取馬錢子粉少許用淫羊藿煎出葉作粘合劑,按制水丸法起母,母粒形成后,分取篩眼內徑1~1.5毫米之間的母粒既得。(每斤藥料需起母1兩)。②成型:將丸母置糖衣鍋內,用淫羊藿煎液作粘合劑,用混合藥粉加大成型,制成直徑4~5毫米的丸粒。取20粒干燥后稱重,應為4分3厘(誤差范圍±2厘)即可。4、干燥:自然干燥或低溫烘干。

【FUFANG】1、MIANSHENJINGMABI:MAQIANZISHIRUNHOU,QIECHENGBOPIAN(18~24PIANYUEZHONG1QIAN2FEN),PAILIEZAIJIAOBUSHANG,TIEZAIHUANCEMIANBU。YUE7~10TIANHUANYAO1CI,ZHIHUIFUZHENGCHANGWEIZHI。

2、XIAOERMABIHOUYIZHENG:(XIAOERMABIWAN),MAQIANZI(SHACHAO)、CHUANBEIXIAO、NIUXI、MUGUA、WUSHEROU、XUDUAN、WUGONG、YINYANGHUO(ZHI)、DANGGUI、ROUCONGRONG、JINMAOGOUJI、HAIPIAOSHAOGE1LIANG,TUSIZI(CHAO)1.5LIANG,JIANGCAN2LIANG。ZHICHENGSHUIFANWAN。MEIRI3CI,WENKAISHUISONGXIA。MEICIYONGLIANG1~4SUI10WAN,4~8SUI20WAN,8SUIYISHANGERTONG30WAN,CHENGREN40WAN。BENYAODUIZENGQIANGMABIJIQUNDEJILI,HUIFUGUANJIEHUODONGYOUYIDINGXIAOGUO,DANDUIJIXINGDEJIAOZHENGZUOYONGBUDA。

3、GUZHE:ZHIMAQIANZI1FEN,ZHIKE2FEN,GONGYANFEN。MEIFU2KE,MEIRI3CI。1RIJILIANG8KE。ERTONGSHENYONG。YIBANZHONGZHANG、TENGTONGZAI1ZHOUNEIXIAOTUI,GUJIAZAI10~15TIANKAISHIXINGCHENG。

4、PIFUAI:MAQIANZI8LIANG(SHUIJIANGUAQUPIMAO,QIEPIANSHAIGAN),WUGONG30TIAO,TIANHUAFEN、XIXINGE3QIAN,PUHUANG、BAIZHIGE1QIAN,ZICAO、CHUANSHANJIA、XIONGHUANGGE5FEN。QUMAYOU10LIANGJIARE,RUWUGONGYIXIABAWEIYAO,JIANZHIKUHEI,QUZHA,ZAIRUMAQIANZI,JIANZHIHUANGSE,BULINGJIAOHEI,GUOLVQUZHA,YUYOUCHENREJIARUBAITANG1~2LIANG(DONG1LIANG,XIA2LIANG)HEYUN,DAILENGJICHENG。YONGSHIXIANJIANGCHUANGMIANYONGGANCAOSHUIXIJING,SHIGAN,TUSHANGYAOGAOYUE1FENHOU,1RI2~3CI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BEIZHU】MAQIANZIDUXINGDA,NEIFUBIXUPAOZHI。RUFUGUOLIANGZHONGDU,CHUXIANJINGXIANGJIANGYING,TONGKONGSANDA,HUXIJICUYUKUNNAN,SHENZHICHOUCHU,JIAOGONGFANZHANG,JINGXIAODENGZHENGZHUANGCHUXIAN。

中毒的解救657彩票网 北京pk10:(1)立即給乙醚吸入作輕度麻醉,或用中、短時或超短時作用的巴比妥類藥物,如戊巴比妥鈉0.1~0.3克、環已巴比妥鈉0.2克或硫噴妥鈉0.2克作經脈注射,以制止驚厥。亦可用10%水合氯醛20毫升保留灌腸。禁用嗎啡,因其能引起驚厥。(2)吞服的毒物在數分鐘內未完全吸收時,可于麻醉情況下,用1:2000高錳酸鉀溶液洗胃。吞服過久或已發生驚厥者,不應洗胃。(3)置暗室,防止外冷刺激,減少誘發驚厥的因素。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《QUANGUOZHONGCAOYAOHUIBIAN》

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