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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > N > 南沙參

南沙參

2017-06-13 09:38 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:南沙參

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】NANSHACAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Nán Shā Shēn

【YINGWENMING】RADIX ADENOPHORAE

【來源】本品為桔梗科植物輪葉沙參Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.)Fisch.或沙參Adenophora stricta Miq. 的干燥657彩票网 北京pk10。春、秋二季采挖,除去須根,洗后趁鮮刮去粗皮,洗凈,干燥。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINCHENGYUANZHUIXINGHUOYUANZHUXING,LVEWANQU,CHANG7~27cm,ZHIJING0.8~3cm。BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEHUODANZONGHUANGSE,AOXIANCHUCHANGYOUCANLIUCUPI,SHANGBUDUOYOUSHENXIANHENGWEN,CHENGDUANXUDEHUANZHUANG,XIABUYOUZONGWENJIZONGGOU。DINGDUANJU1HUO2GEGENJING。TIQING,ZHISONGPAO,YIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBUPINGTAN,HUANGBAISE,DUOLIEXI。WUCHOU,WEIWEIGAN。

【JIANBIE】QUBENPINCUFEN2g,JIASHUI20ml,ZHISHUIYUZHONGJIARE10FENZHONG,LVGUO。QULVYE 2ml,JIA 5%a-NAIFENYICHUNRONGYE2~3DI,YAOYUN,YANGUANBIHUANHUANJIARULIUSUAN0.5ml,LIANGYEJIEJIECHUJIXIANZIHONGSEHUAN。LINGQULVYE2ml ,JIAJIANXINGJIUSHISUANTONGSHIYE4~5DI,ZHISHUIYUZHONGJIARE5 FENZHONG,SHENGCHENGHONGZONGSECHENDIAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUGENJING,XIJING,RUNTOU,QIEHOUPIAN,GANZAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】GAN,WEIHAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIFEI、WEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】YANGYINQINGFEI,HUATAN,YIQI。YONGYUFEIREZAOKE,YINXULAOSOU,GANKETANNIAN,QIYINBUZU,FANREKOUGAN。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】9~15g。

【ZHUYI】BUYIYULILUTONGYONG。

【ZHUZANG】ZHITONGFENGGANZAOCHU,FANGZHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

南沙參飲片
中藥飲片南沙參圖片

《中藥大辭典》:南沙參

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】NANSHACAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Nán Shā Shēn

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】SHACAN、ZHIMU(《BENJING》),BAISHACAN(《FANZIJIRAN》),KUXIN、SHIMEI、HUXU、BAICAN、ZHIQU、WENHU(《WUPUBENCAO》),WENXI(《BIELU》),YANGPONAI(《GANGMU》),PAOCAN(《ZHONGYAOXINGXINGJINGYANJIANBIEFA》),MIANGANZHANG(《QINGHAIYAOCAI》),JIECAN(《YAOCAIZILIAOHUIBIAN》),PAOSHACAN(《SICHUANZHONGYAOZHI》),WENYACAN、BAOYACAN、TURENCAN(《HUNANYAOWUZHI》)。

【CHUCHU】《BENJINGFENGYUAN》

【來源】為桔梗科植物輪葉沙參、杏葉沙參或其他幾種同屬植物的。秋季采挖,除去莖葉及須根,洗凈泥土,刮去栓皮,曬干或烘干。

【YUANXINGTAI】①LUNXIESHACAN,YOUMING:LINGERCAO(《BIELU》),SIXIESHACAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 DUONIANSHENGCAOMU。GENCUZHUANG,HULUOBUXING,JUZHOUWEN。JINGZHILI,DANYI,GAO60~150LIMI。XIETONGCHANG4PIANLUNSHENG;WUBINGHUOYOUDUANBING;XIEPIANTUOYUANXINGHUOPIZHENXING,CHANG4~8LIMI,KUAN1.5~3LIMI,BIANYUANYOUJUCHI,SHANGMIANLVSE,XIAMIANDANLVSE,YOUMIROUMAO。YUANZHUIZHUANGHUAXUDAXING;YOUBUDENGCHANGDEHUAGENG;MEI1HUAGENGSHANGYOU1XIAOBAOPIAN;ECHI5,XIERZHI,LVSEWEIDAIHEISE;HUAGUANZHONGXING,LANZISE,XIAXIAOHUZHUANG,LIEPIAN5:XIONGRUI5,HUANGSE;ZIFANGXIAWEI,HUAZHUSHENCHUHUAGUANWAI,LANZISE,XIANDUANYUANXING,ZHUTOU9LIE;HUAPANWEIRAOZAIHUAZHUDEJILANG。SHUOGUO3SHI,LUANYUANXING。HUAQI7~8YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 DUOSHENGCHANGYUSHANYEDEYANGPOCAOCONGZHONG。FENBUDONGBEIHEHEBEI、SHANDONG、HENAN、ANHUI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、GUANGDONG、JIANGXIDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②XINGXIESHACAN(《JIUHUANGBENCAO》),YOUMING:TINGZHISHACAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 DUONIANSHENGCAOBEN。JINGDANYIHUOYOUFENZHI,GAO50~100LIMI,YOUMAO。XIEHUSHENG;XIEPIANLUANXING。CHANG2.5~5LIMI,KUAN1.5~2.5LIMI,BIANYUANYOUZHONGJUCHI,SHANGMIANLVSE,XIAMIANDANLVSE。YUANZHUIHUAXUSHAOFENZHI;HUAGENGHEBAOPIANSHANGJIEYOUMAO;ECHIPIZHENXING,YOUMAO;HUAGUANKUANZHONGXING,LANZISE,WAIMIANDAIYOUMAO;HUAZHULVELUCHUHUAGUANWAI,WEIYOUMAO;HUAPANCUDUAN,CHANGJIKUANJUNWEI1.5HAOMI。HUAQI9~10YUE。

DUOSHENGCHANGZAISHANYE。FENBUANHUI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、HUNAN、HUBEIDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 SHANGYOUDUOZHONGTONGSHUZHIWUYITONGDENGRUYAO:①KUOXIESHACANYOUMING:CHANGBAISHACAN。SHANGBUXIEYUHUAXUZHIJUNHUSHENG,XIABUXIECHANGJIALUNSHENG;XIEPIANLUANYUANXINGZHILUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,YOUMAOHUOWUMAO。HUAGUANKUOZHONGXING。FENBUJILIN、LIAONING、HEBEI、SHANDONG、ANHUI、SHANXI、SHANXIDENGDI。

②XIANCHISHACAN,JINGSHANGYOUCHANGMAO;XIEHUSHENG;LUANXINGZHIXIAPIZHENXING,YOUDUANMAO。HUAXUDAXING;EJIANYUANXING,EPIANXIANZHUANG。FENBUHUBEI、SICHUAN、YUNNAN、GUIZHOU、SHANXIFENDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③YUNNANSHACAN,JINGYOUDUANROUMAO。XIEHUSHENG,XIEPIANLUANZHUANGTUOYUANXING,LIANGMIANMISHENGDUANMAO,YOUYIBEIMIANMOSHANGZUIDUO。EPIANXIANZHUANGPIZHENXING,BIANYUANYOU2~3DUISHENLIEDECHI。FENBUYUNNANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④PAOSHACAN,JISHENGXIEYOUCHANGBING,YUANXING,JIBUXINXING;JINGSHENGXIEHUSHENG,KUANPIZHENXING,BIANYUANYOU2~7DUIQUEKEZHUANGJUCHI。EPIANPIZHENXING,BIANYUANYOU1DUISHENLIEDECHI。FENBUHEBEI、SICHUAN、SHANXI、GANSU、QINGHAI、NINGXIADENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑤CAOESHACAN,YOUMING:SHISHACAN。GENXICHANG,CHANGLIANGJINGBINGSHENG。XIEHUSHENGHUODUISHENG,XIEPIANPIZHENXINGHUOXIANXING,BIANYUANYOUSHUQIANJUCHI,FENBUHEBEI、SHANDONG、SHANXI、NEIMENGGU、SHANXI、GANSUDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥CHUANZANGSHACAN,JINGCHANGSHUZHUZIGENTOUBUCONGSHENG,BEIDUANROUMAO。XIEHUSHENG,XIEPIANCHANGTUOYUANXINGHUOPIZHENXING,BIANYUANYOUSHUDERUIJUCHI,LIANGMIANBEIBAISEDUANROUMAO。FENBUXIZANG、SICHUAN、GANSUDENGDI。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】ZHUCHANANHUI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、GUIZHOU、SICHUAN、YUNNANDENGDI。CIWAI,HUNAN、HUBEI、JIANGXI、FUJIAN、HENAN、QINGHAI、SHANXIDENGDIYICHAN。YIANHUI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANGSUOCHANZHILIANGWEIJIA;YIGUIZHOUCHANLIANGWEIDA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】GANZAODEGEN,CHENGCHANGFANGCHUIXINGHUOYUANZHUXING,SHANGCUXIAXI,YOUSHISHAOWANQUHUONIUQU,OUYOUFENQI。QUANCHANG5~25LIMI,SHANGBUZHIJING1~3LIMI。DINGDUANYOUGENJING(LUTOU)CHANG0.5~10LIMI,ZHIJING0.3~2LIMI,OUYOU2GEGENJINGBINGSHENG,SHANGYOUXIANZHUHENGWEN。DAIPIZHEBIAOMIANHUANGBAISEZHIZONGSE,YOUHENGWEN,SHANGBUYOUDUO,SHAOYOUDUANDUANXIGENHUOGENHEN;QUPIZHEBIAOMIANHUANGBAISE,YOUZONGZHOU。TIQINGZHISONG,YIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBAISE,BUPINGTAN,YOUDUOSHULIEXI。QIWEIRUO,WEIGANWEIKU。YIGENCUDA,BAOMAN、WUWAIPI、SEHUANGBAIZHEWEIJIA。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】LUNXIESHACANDEGENZHONGHANSANTIEZAODAIHEDIANFEN。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】①QUTANZUOYONG

657彩票网 北京pk10 LUNXIESHACANJIANYEDUIJIATUDEQUTANZUOYONGJIAOZIYUDENGWEICHA,DANKECHIXUZUOYONG4XIAOSHIYISHANG。1:40SHACANJINYEZAISHIGUANNEIWEIJIANRONGXUEXIANXIANG。

②QIANGXINZUOYONG

657彩票网 北京pk10 1%SHACANJINJIDUILITICHANCHUXINZANGYOUMINGXIANQIANGXINZUOYONG,7/9LITIXINDEZHENFUZENGDA(BIYUANLAIGAO50%YISHANG),ZUOYONGCHIXU5FENZHONG。

③KANGZHENJUNZUOYONG

657彩票网 北京pk10 SHACANSHUIJINJI(1:2)ZAISHIGUANNEIDUIAODUANGSHIXIAOYABAOXIANJUN、YANGMAOZHUANGXIAOYABAOXIANJUNDENGPIFUZHENJUNYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYIZHIZUOYONG。

【PAOZHI】JIANJINGZAZHI,QULU,YONGSHUIXIJING,LVERUN,QIEPIAN,SHAIJINGSHAIGAN。

【XINGWEI】GANWEIKU,LIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《BENJING》:"WEIKU,WEIHAN。"

②《GANGMU》:"GANDANERHAN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】RUFEI、GANJING。

①《DIANNANBENCAO》:"RUFEI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BENCAOMENGQUAN》:"ZUJUEYIN。"

③《BENCAOHUIYAN》:"RUSHOUTAIYINFEIJING,YOUGAN、PIERJINGQIFEN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】YANGYINQINGFEI,QUTANZHIKE。ZHIFEIREZAOKE,XULAOJIUKE,YINSHANGYANGANHOUTONG。

①《BENJING》:"ZHUXUEJIJINGQI,CHUHANRE,BUZHONGYIFEIQI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BIELU》:"LIAOWEIBIXINFUTONG,JIEREXIEQI,TOUTONG,PIJIANXIERE,ANWUZANG,BUZHONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《YAOXINGLUN》:"NENGQUPIJIFUFENG,SHANQIXIAZHUI,ZHICHANGYUMIAN,YANGGANQI,XUANWUZANGFENGQI。"

④《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:"BUXU,ZHIJINGFAN,YIXINFEI,BING(ZHI)YIQIEECHUANGJIEXIANJISHENYANG,PAINONGXIAOZHONGDU。"

⑤《GANGMU》:"QINGFEIHUO,ZHIJIUKEFEILOU。"

⑥《YUQIUYAOJIE》:"QINGFEIQI,SHENGSHENSHUI,DIXINXIONGFANRE,LIANGTOUMUYUZHENG,ZHILUOLIBANZHEN,BICHUANGHOUBI,YANGCHUANGRETONG,XIONGGEZAOKE,SOUBIANHONGSE,BANGGUANGLONGBI。"

⑦《YINPIANXINCAN》:"QINGFEIYANGYIN,ZHIXULAOKEQIANGTANXUE。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑧《ZHONGGUOYAOZHITUJIAN》:"JIANGDIXUEYA。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:AOTANG,3~5QIAN(XIANZHE1~3LIANG);HUORUWAN、SAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】FENGHANZUOSOUZHEJIFU。

①《BENCAOJINGJIZHU》:"EFANGJI,FANLILU。"

②《BENCAOJINGSHU》:"ZANGFUWUSHIRE,FEIXUHANKEZHIZUOXIEZHE,WUFU。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【FUFANG】①ZHIZAOSHANGFEIWEIYINFEN,HUOREHUOKEZHE:SHACANSANQIAN,YUZHUERQIAN,SHENGGANCAOYIQIAN,DONGSANGXIEYIQIANWUFEN,MAIDONGSANQIAN,SHENGBIANDOUYIQIANWUFEN,HUAFENYIQIANWUFEN,SHUIWUBEI,ZHUQUERBEI,RIZAIFU。JIUREJIUKEZHE,JIADIGUPISANQIAN。(《WENBINGTIAOBIAN》SHACANMAIDONGTANG)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②ZHIFEIREKESOU:SHACANBANLIANG,SHUIJIANFUZHI。(《WEISHENGYIJIANFANG》)

③ZHISHIXUEHOUMOWEISHOUZUJUELENGZHIZHENG:XINGXIESHACAN,NONGJIANPINPINERSHAOSHAOYINFU。(《CHENGDOUZHONGCAOYAO》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④ZHICHIBAIDAIXIA,JIEYINQIQINGNEISHANG,HUOXIAYUANXULENG:MIYINDIAOSHACANMOFU。(《ZHENGZHIYAOJUE》)

⑤ZHICHANHOUWURU:XINGXIESHACANGENSIQIAN。ZHUZHUROUSHI。(《HUNANYAOWUZHI》)

⑥ZHIXUHUOYATONG:XINGXIESHACANGENWUQIANZHIERLIANG。ZHUJIDANFU。(《HUNANYAOWUZHI》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GEJIALUNSHU】①ZHANGYUANSU:"FEIHANZHEYONGRENCAN,FEIREZHEYONGSHACANDAIZHI,QUQIWEIGANYE。"

②《GANGMU》:"RENCANGANKUWEN,QITIZHONGSHI,ZHUANBUPIWEIYUANQI,YINERYIFEIYUSHEN,GUNEISHANGYUANQIZHEYIZHI。SHACANGANDANERHAN,QITIQINGXU,ZHUANBUFEIQI,YINERYIPIYUSHEN,GUJINSHOUHUOKEZHEYIZHI。YIBUYANGERSHENGYIN,YIBUYINERZHIYANG,BUKEBUBIANZHIYE。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《BENCAOJINGBAIZHONGLU》:"FEIZHUQI,GUFEIJIAZHIYAO,QISHENGZHEWEIDUO。DANQISHENGZHIPINBIPIANYUZAO,ERNENGZIFEIZHE,YOUNIZHIERBUQINGXU。WEISHACANWEIFEIJIAQIFENZHONGLIXUEZHIYAO,SEBAITIQING,SHUTONGERBUZAO,RUNZEERBUZHI,XUEZUYUFEIZHE,FEICIBUNENGQINGYE。"

④《ZHONGQINGTANGSUIBI》;"SHACANQINGFEI,FEIQISUZEXIAXINGZISHUN,QIHUAXIANJIEYICHENGXUAN,GUQINGFEIYAOJIETONGXIAOSHUI。YUSHIWEIYOUFEIZHEYOUNI,WUFEIZHEWUNI,KEYIKANPOJIGUAN。"

⑤《BENCAOZHENGYI》:"SHACANZHIWEI,SUIBUSHENKU,ERHANXINGDUZHU。TIZHIQINGQING,QIWEIJUBO,JUYOUQINGYANGSHANGFUZHIXING,GUZHUANZHUSHANGJIAO,ERZOUFEIJIA。《BENJING》CHENGQIYIFEIQIZHE,QUQIXIERE,JISUOYIYIQIZHENGQI,BENFEIBUYIZHIZHENGYI,ERHOURENJINGWURENWEIBUFEIZHUANYAO,BUZHIFEIYOUYURE,QINGZHIGUYI,ERFEIQIBUZU,QINGZHIYIMIU。…SUIYUESHACANQINGQING,SHANGBUZHIRURUI、MAI、ZHIMUZHINIZHI,RANHANXINGPOSHENG,FEIWUREXIE,YIZUYIANQIANGSHENGJIERNIANGHANBIAN,MOUZHONGCHUNJINJINYONGYUFEIHANKESOU,YOUXIANQISHUERWEIMIER。LIBINHU《GANGMU》SHACANZHUFEIWEI,YIQUQIBUFEIYE。RUOSHENYANZHI,ZEFEIYONG、FEIWEIZHENGQINGJINSI,ERYISHIYIXU,DAXIANGFANBEI,YONGZHEYONGSAI,BENSHISHIRE,JIXUQINGXIE,BUXIANHANLIANG;WEIZHEWEIBAI,YISHIXUQIE,SUOYIFUCHI,QIRONGKUHAN!WEIFEIWEIYIHOU,GUDUOKEQIANGNONGTAN,XUHUOYOUCHI,ZESHACANQINGREERBUNI,YOUWEIXIANGYI。YOU:SHACANGUWUNANBEIZHIBIE,SHIWAN《FENGYUAN》。SHIYANSHACANYOUNANBEIERZHONG,BEIZHEZHIJIANXINGHAN,NANZHEZHIXULIWEI,ZHAOSHI《GANGMUSHIYI》YIN《YAOXINGKAO》WEINANSHACANXINGCU,SIDANGCANERYING,WEIKUXINGLIANG,QINGWEI,XIEHUOJIEDU,ZHISOUNINGFEI。YIANJINSHISIZHONGBEISHACANJIANSHIERSHOU,NANSHACANKONGSONGERFEI,JIEWEIGANWEIKU,QIWEIQINGQING,ERFUZHIYE,GUZHUANZHUSHANGJIAO,QINGFEIWEIZHIRE,YANGFEIWEIZHIYIN,XINGQINGGONGYONG,WUSHENQUBIE。"

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》

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