657彩票网 北京pk10

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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > N > 南鶴虱

南鶴虱

2017-09-12 22:10 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:南鶴虱

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】NANHESHI

【PINYIN】Nán Hè Shī

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】FRUCTUS CAROTAE

【來源】本品為傘形科植物野胡蘿卜Daucus carota L.的干燥成熟果實。秋季果實成熟時割取果枝,曬干,打下果實,除去雜質。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINWEISHUANGXUANGUO,CHENGTUOYUANXING,DUOLIEWEIFENGUO,FENGUOCHANG3~4mm,KUAN1.5~2.5mm。BIAOMIANDANLVZONGSEHUOZONGHUANGSE,DINGDUANYOUHUAZHUCANJI,JIBUDUNYUAN,BEIMIANLONGQI,JU4TIAOZHAICHIZHUANGCILENG,CHISHANGMISHENG1LIEHUANGBAISEGOUCI,CICHANGYUE1.5mm,CILENGJIANDEAOXIACHUYOUBUMINGXIANDEZHULENG,QISHANGSANSHENGDUANROUMAO,JIEHEMIANPINGTAN,YOU3TIAOMOWEN,SHANGJUROUMAO。ZHONGRENLEIBAISE,YOUYOUXING。TIQING。CUOSUISHIYOUTEYIXIANGQI,WEIWEIXIN、KU。

【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENGUOHENGQIEMIAN:WAIGUOPIXIBAO1LIE,ZHULENGCHUYOUFENHUACHENGDANXIBAODEFEIXIANMAO,MAOCHANG86~390μm。ZHONGGUOPIYOUDAXINGYOUGUAN,ZAICILENGJIBUGE1 GE,JIEHEMIAN2 GE,BIANCHANGYUANXING,ZHIJING50~120μm,NEIHANHUANGZONGSEYOUDI;ZHULENGNEICEYOUXIXIAOWEIGUANSHU。NEIGUOPIWEI1 LIEBIANPINGBOBIXIBAO。ZHONGPIXIBAOHANHONGZONGSEWUZHI。PEIRUFENGFU,BOBIXIBAODUOJIAOXING,BISHAOHOU,HANZHIFANGYOUJIHUFENLI,HUFENLIZHONGHANYOUXIXIAOCAOSUANGAICUJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)QUBENPINFENMO1g,JIAYIMI20ml,JINZIGUOYE,LVGUO,LVYEHUIGAN,CANZHAJIAYIMI1mlSHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUNANHESHIDUIZHAOYAOCAI1g,TONGFAZHICHENGDUIZHAOYAOCAIRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE1~2μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YIBEN-CUSUANYIZHI-JIASUAN(8:1:1)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(365nm)XIAJIANSHI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAISEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEYINGGUANGBANDIAN;ZAIPENYI5%XIANGCAOQUANLIUSUANRONGYE,JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI,GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAISEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU、XIN,PING;YOUXIAODU。

【GUIJING】GUIPI、WEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SHACHONGXIAOJI。YONGYUHUICHONG、RAOCHONG、JIANGCHONGBING,CHONGJIFUTONG,XIAOERGANJI。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】3~9g。

【ZHUZANG】ZHITONGFENGGANZAOCHU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

南鶴虱
南鶴虱的圖片

《中藥大辭典》:南鶴虱

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】NANHESHI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Nán Hè Shī

【BIEMING】SHIZICAO、YEHULUOBUZI

【來源】為傘形科植物野胡蘿卜Daucus carota L.的果實

【YUANXINGTAI】ERNIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO15~120cm,QUANZHUYOUCUYINGMAO。JISHENGXIECHANGYUANXING,2~3HUIYUZHUANGFENLIE,ZUIZHONGLIEPIANXIANXINGZHIPIZHENXING,CHANG2~14mm,KUAN0.4~2mm。FUSANXINGHUAXUDINGSHENG,ZONGHUAGENGCHANG10~60cm;ZONGBAOPIANDUOSHU,YUZHUANGFENLIJIE;SANFUDUOSHU;XIAOZONGBAOPIAN5~7,XIANXING;HUAGENG15~25;HUABAISE,ZAIXIAOSANXINGHUAXUZHONGXINDEHUACHENGZISE。SHUANGXUANGUOLUANYUANXING,LENGYOUXIACHI,CHISHANGMISHENGDUANGOUCI。HUAQI5~7YUE,GUOQI7~8YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUSHANYECAOCONGZHONG。ZHUCHANJIANGSU、HENAN、HUBEI、ZHEJIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SHACHONGXIAOJI。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:南鶴虱

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】NANHESHI

【PINYIN】Nán Hè Shī

【BIEMING】YEHULUOBUZI、QIEYIZI、HESHI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】《JIUHUANGBENCAO》ZAI:"YEHULUOBU,SHENGHUANGYEZHONG。MIAOXIESIJIAHULUOBU,JUXIXIAO,XIEJIANZANSHENGJINGCHA,SHAOTOUKAIXIAOBAIHUA,ZHONGHUAZANKAIRUSANGAIZHUANG,BISHECHUANGZIHUATOUYOUDA,JIEZIBISHECHUANGYIDA。QIGENBIJIAHULUOBUYOUXIXIAO。"SUOZHIJIWEIBENZHONG。

【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEISANXINGKEZHIWUYEHULUOBUDEGUOSHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Daucus carota L.

657彩票网 北京pk10 CAISHOUHECHUZANG:CHUNJIBOZHONGDEYUXIAJICAISHOU,QIUJIBOZHONGDEYUDONGJICAISHOU,CHUQUZAZHI,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】ERNIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO20-120cm。QUANZHUBEIBAISECUYINGMAO。GENXIYUANZHUIXING,ROUZHI,HUANGBAISE。JISHENGXIEBOMOZHI,CHANGYUANXING,ERZHISANHUIYUZHUANGQUANLIE,MOHUILIEPIANXIANXINGHUOPIZHENXING,CHANG2-15mm,KUAN0.5-4mm,XIANDUANJIAN,YOUXIAOJIANTOU,GUANGHUAHUOYOUCAOYINGMAO;XIEBINGCHANG3-12cm;JINGSHENGXIEJINWUBING,YOUXIEQIAO,MOHUILIEPIANXIAOERXICHANG。FUSANXINGHUAXUDINGSHENG,HUAXUGENGCHANG10-55cm,YOUCAOYINGMAO;ZONGBAOPIANDUOSHU,XIEZHUANG,YUZHUANGFENLIE,LIEPIANXIANXING,CHANG3-30mm;SANFUDUOSHU,JIEGUOSHIWAIYUANDESANFUXIANGNEIWANQU;XIAOZONGBAOPIAN5-7,XIANXING,BUFENLIEHUO2-3LIE,BIANYUANMOZHI,JUXIANMAO;HUATONGCHANGBAISE,YOUSHIDAIDANHONGSE。SHUANGXUANGUOCHANGLUANXING,CHANG3-4mm,KUAN2mm,JULENG,LENGSHANGYOUCHI,LENGSHANGYOUDUANGOUCIHUOBAISECIMAO。HUAQI5-7YUE,GUOQI6-8YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYUSHANPOLUPANG、KUANGYEHUOTIANJIAN。

ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUJIANGSU、ANHUI、ZHEJIANG、JIANGXI、HUBEI、SICHUAN、GUIZHOUDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZAIPEI】SHENGWUXUETEXING NANHESHIDUIQIHOU、TURANGYAOQIUBUYAN,SHANQU、BANSHANQUYIJIPINGYUANDIQUJUNKEZAIZHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZAIPEIJISHU YONGZHONGZIFANZHI。BOQIANXUJINZHONGCUIYA,CUNJIYU3-4YUE,QIUJIYU8YUECHUTIAOBO、FUQIANTU,BAOCHITURANGSHIRUN,5-8dCHUMIAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 TIANJIANGUANLI FAYAHOU,YIBANJIANMIAO2-3CI,TONGSHIJINXINGSONGTU、CHUCAOYUSHIFEI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE:SHUANGXUANGUOTUOYUANXING,DUOLIEWEIFENGUO,CHANG3-4mm,KUAN1.5-2.5mm。BIAOMIANZONGHUANGSEHUOHUIZONGSE,DINGDUANYOUCANLIUHUAZHUJI,JIBUDUNYUAN,BEIMIANYOU4TIAOZHAICHIZHUANGCILENG,CHISHANGMISHENG1LIEHENGXIANGHUANGBAISEGOUCI,CHANGKEDA1.5mm,CILENGJIANAOXIACHUYOUBUMINGXIANZHULENG,QISHANGSANSHENGDUANROUMAO,FENGUODEJIEHEMIANJIAOPINGTAN,YOU3TIAOANSEZONGWEN(YOUGUAN)JI3TIAOHUXINGMOWEN(WEIGUANSHU),MOYUANSHANGJUROUMAO。ZHONGRENLEIBAISE,YOUYOUXING。TIQING,CUOSUISHIYOUTEYIXIANGQI,WEIWEILAHOUKU。 YIZILICHONGSHI、ZHONGRENLEIBAISE、YOUYOUXINGZHEWEIJIA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 XIANWEIJIANBIE:FENGUOHENGQIEMIAN:WAIGUOPIWEI1LIEBIANPINGXIBAO;CILENGCHISHANGDAXINGGOUCICHANG300-980μm,JIBUZHIJING75-265μm,XIANDUANJUYIZHISHUGEHENGXIANGHUODAOGOUZHUANGWANQUDEDANXIBAOFEIXIANMAO;ZHULENGSHANGYOUDANXIBAOFEIXIANMAO,CHANG85-280μm,JIBUCHANGYOUSHUGEXIBAOXINGCHENGZHENZHUANGDIAN。ZHONGGUOPIWEISHULIEBOBIXIBAO;MEITIAOCILENGDEJIBUGEYOUYIDAXINGYOUGUAN,JIEHEMIANYOU2GEBIANCHANGYUANXINGYOUGUAN,NEIHANHUANGZONGSEWU;ZHULENGJINEICEGEYOUYIXIXIAOWEIGUANSHU,JIEHEMIANYOU2GEWEIGUANSHU,NEIGUOPIWEI1LIEXIACHANGDEBOBIXIBAO。ZHONGPI1LIEBOBIXIBAO,NEIHANHONGZONGSEWU;ZHONGJIWEIGUANSHUWEIYUJIEHEMIANZHONGYANG。NEIPEIRUXIBAODUOJIAOXING,BISHAOHOU,NEIHANZHIFANGYOUJIHUFENLI,HOUZHEHANXIXIAOCAOSUANGAICUJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】GUOSHIHANHUIFAYOUYUE2%,ZHONGHANXIXINMI(asarone),TIANMEIYAOXI(biasabolene),BADOUSUAN(tiglic acid),XIXINQUAN(asarylaldehvde);ZAIPEIWUGUOSHIHANHUIFAYOU0.6%-2.1%,ZHONGHANHULUOBUCICHUN(carotol)9%-63%,MANGNIUJICHUNYISUANZHI(geranyl acetate)0-48%,HUANYANGERQINGDINGXIANGXI(epoxydihydrocaryophyllin)2.5%-20%,DANYESHENGGUOSHIHUIFAYOUZEZHUYAOHANMANGNIUJICHUNYISUANZHIERBUHANHULUOBUCICHUN,DUIBUTONGDIQUDEGUOSHIJINXINGDEYANJIUBIAOMING,HUIFAYOUDEZUCHENGCHAYIHENDA,BUTONGYANGPINZHONGMANGNIUERCHUNYISUANZHIYUHULUOBUCICHUNERZHEDEHANLIANGBIANDONGYU0-80%ZHIJIAN,QITACHENGFENZEYOUFANGZHANGCHUN(linalool),NINGMENGXI(limonene),XIANGGANYOUXI(bergamotene),α-HEβ-PAIXI(α-,β-pinene),BAILIXIANGFEN(thymol),HULUOBUXI(daucene),LANXIANGZHISU(elemicin),α-JIANGHUANGXI(α-curcumene);GUOSHIZHONGHUANHANHUANGTONGLEI,TANG,JIANSHENGWUJIAN(KENENGSHIYIXIANDANJIAN),ANJISUAN,HULUOBUKUDAI(daucusin),ZAICHUNHEKUOZHANGGUANZHUANGDONGMOXUEGUANDECHENGFEN。 BUTONGCHANDIHUOPINZHONGDEZHONGZIHUIFAYOU,QIHANLIANGYUZUCHENGXIANGCHAHENDA,BEIGAOJIASUOCHANDEZHONGZIHANHUIFAYOUYUE2%,YIBANYANGPINZHONGHANMANGNIUERCHUNYISUANZHIYUE30%,l-XIANGGUIXI(l-sabinene)YUE20%,HANβ-PAIXIHEYIZHONGDUOQINGYULEIERHUANBEIBANTIE,YOUSHIMANGNIUERCHUNYISUANZHIDEHANLIANGKEDA50%,YIYOUBAOGAOCHENGZHONGYUHUIFAYOUHANLIANGJIAODI(0.66%-1.65%),HULUOBUCICHUNWEIYOUXIANGZHIZHUYIN,JUBAODAOYIDALICHANDEZHONGZIHUIFAYOUFUHANHULUOBUCICHUN、DANTIEYUJINGLEIWU,ERMANGNIUERCHUNJIQIYISUANZHIJINZHANSHAOLIANG,YOUBAODAOCHENGZHONGZIHUIFAYOUYONGQI-YESEPUFENXI,JIANDINGCHU23GECHENGFEN,BAOKUODANGSHIXINBAOGAODE9GECHENGFEN,JIZHANGXI(camphene),α-SONGYOUXI(α-terpinene),SONGYOUXI-4-CHUN(terpinen-4-ol),α-SONGYOUCHUN(α-terpineol),LONGNAOYISUANZHI(bornyl acetate),γ-GUINEIZHI(γ-decalactone),β-QINZIXI(β-selinene),α-GUYUNXI(α-agurjunene)HEXIANGDOUJING,LINGYOUWENXIANBAODAOHANHULUOBUCHUN(daucol)。ZHONGZIDEZHIFANGYOUHANLIANG24.9%,QIZHIFANGSUANZUCHENGZHONGYOUYANQINSUAN(petroselinic acid)51.24%,HUANYOUYOUSUAN(oleic acid),YAYOUSUAN(linoleic acid),YAMASUAN(linolenic acid),ROUDOUKOUSUAN(myristicacid)HEZONGLVSUAN(palmitic acid)。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.DUIXINXUEGUANXITONGDEZUOYONG:YEHULUOBUGUOSHIDECHUNTIQUWU,DUILITIMAOXINGUANZHUANGDONGMOYOUKUOZHANGZUOYONG。ZHONGZIZHONGDEDAIXINGCHENGFEN,DUIMAZUIQUANYOUDUANZANDEJIANGYAZUOYONG。

2.DUIPINGHUAJIDEZUOYONG:YEHULUOBUZHONGZICHUNTIQUWU,DUILITITUNSHUHEDASHUXIAOCHANG、DASHUZIGONG、MAOZHIQIGUANDENGPINGHUAJIJUNXIANSHISHUZHANGZUOYONG。ZHONGZIZHONGDEDAIXINGCHENGFENNENGSONGCHIDASHUHETUXIAOCHANGJIWEIYUNZIGONG,XIETIQUWUDUIYIYUNHUOWEIYUNMAOHETUNSHUZIGONGYOUSHOUSUOZUOYONG。

3.QITAZUOYONG:YEHULUOBUZHONGZIDEDAIXINGCHENGFENDUIMAZUIQUANHUXIYOUYIZHIZUOYONG;DUISHIDENINGJIWUSIDANYINQIWAJINGJUEYOUQINGDUBAOHUZUOYONG。

【JIANBIE】LIHUAJIANBIE BOCENGSEPU:QUBENPINCUFEN5g,ZHIHUIFAYOUCEDINGQIZHONGTIQUHUIFAYOU,JIAWUSHUILIUSUANNATUOSHUIHOU。HUIFAYOUYONGSHIYOUMIRONGJIEGONGDIANYANG,LINGYIXIXINMIWEIDUIZHAOPIN,ZAITONGYIGUIJIAOG-CMC-BOCENGBANSHANG,FENBIEDIANYANGPINYEHEDUIZHAOPINYE,YIJIWAN-YISUANYIZHI-BEN(7:2:1)ZHANKAI,LIANGGAN,ZAIZIWAIGUANGDENG(254nm)XIAGUANCHA,YONG5%XIANGLANQUAN-LIUSUANRONGYEXIANSE,YANGPINYUDUIZHAOPINZAIXIANGDUIYINGDEWEIZHICHUXIANZIHONGSEBANDIAN。

【PAOZHI】QUYUANYAOCAI,CHUQUZAZHIJICANCUNGUOBING,SHAIQUNIXIE。 YINPIANXINGZHUANG:CANJIAN"YAOCAIJIANBIE"XIANG。 ZHUGANZAORONGQINEI,ZHITONGFENGGANZAOCHU。

【XINGWEI】WEIKU;XIN;XINGPING;XIAODU

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIPI;WEI;DACHANGJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SHACHONG;XIAOJI;ZHIYANG。ZHUHUICHONG;XIAOCHONG;JIANGCHONG;GOUCHONGBING;CHONGJIFUTONG;XIAOERGANJI;YINYANG

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,6-9g;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,JIANSHUIXUNXI。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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