657彩票网 北京pk10

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茜草

2017-05-16 10:42 作者:網絡 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:茜草

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QIANCAO

【PINYIN】Qiàn Cǎo

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】RADIX RUBIAE

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】JUJUTENG、LALAYANG、HUOXUECAO、HONGQIANCAO、SILUNCHE、GUALADOU、HONGXIANCAO、XIAOXUETENG、XUEJIANCHOU

【來源】本品為茜草科植物茜草Rubia cordifolia L. 的干燥根莖。春、秋二季采挖,除去泥沙,干燥。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINGENJINGCHENGJIEJIEZHUANG,CONGSHENGCUXIBUDENGDEGEN。GENCHENGYUANZHUXING,LVEWANQU,CHANG10~25cm,ZHIJING0.2~1cm;BIAOMIANHONGZONGSEHUOANZONGSE,JUXIZONGZHOUWENJISHAOSHUXIGENHEN;PIBUTUOLUOCHUCHENGHUANGHONGSE。ZHICUI,YIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANPINGTANPIBUXIA,ZIHONGSE,MUBUKUANGUANG,QIANHUANGHONGSE,DAOGUANKONGDUOSHU。WUCHOU,WEIWEIKU,JIUJIAOCISHE。

【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINGENHENGQIEMIAN:MUSHUANXIBAO6~12LIE,HANZONGSEWU。PICENGBOBIXIBAOYOUDEHANHONGZONGSEKELI。RENPIBUXIBAOJIAOXIAO。XINGCHENGCENGBUSHENMINGXIAN。MUZHIBUZHANGENDEZHUYAOBUFEN,QUANBUMUHUA,SHEXIANBUMINGXIAN。BOBIXIBAOHANCAOSUANGAIZHENJINGSHU。

(2)QUBENPINFENMO0.2g,JIAYIMI5ml,ZHENYAOSHUFENZHONG,LVGUO。LVYEJIAQINGYANGHUANASHIYE1ml,ZHENYAO,JINGZHISHIFENCENG,SHUICENGXIANHONGSE;MICENGWUSE,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(365nm)XIAGUANCHA,XIANTIANLANSEYINGGUANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (3)QUBENPINFENMO0.5g,ZHIZHUIXINGPINGZHONG,JIAJIACHUN10ml,CHAOSHENGCHULI30FENZHONG,LVGUO,LVYENONGSUOZHIYUE1ml,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUQIANCAODUIZHAOYAOCAI0.5g,TONGFAZHICHENGDUIZHAOYAOCAIRONGYE。ZAIQUDAXIEQIANCAOSUDUIZHAOPIN,JIAJIACHUNZHICHENGMEI1mlHAN2.5mgDERONGYE,ZUOWEIDUIZHAOPINRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHUSANZHONGRONGYEGE5μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIYISUOJIAJIXIANWEISUNAWEINIANHEJIDEGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YISHIYOUMI(60~90℃)-BINGTONG(4:1)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(365nm)XIAJIANSHI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOYAOCAIHEDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEYINGGUANGBANDIAN。

【HANLIANGCEDING】ZHAOGAOXIAOYEXIANGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ D)CEDING。

SEPUTIAOJIANYUXITONGSHIYONGXINGSHIYAN YONGSHIBAWANJIGUIWANJIANHEGUIJIAOWEITIANCHONGJI;JIACHUN-SHUI-SIQINGFUNAN(310:90:3)WEILIUDONGXIANG;JIANCEBOCHANGWEI250nm。LILUNBANSHUANDAXIEQIANCAOSUFENGJISUANYINGBUDIYU4000。

657彩票网 北京pk10 DUIZHAOPINRONGYEDEZHIBEI JINGMICHENGQUDAXIEQIANCAOSUDUIZHAOPINSHILIANG,JIAJIACHUNZHICHENGMEI1mlHAN80μgDERONGYE,JIDE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 GONGSHIPINRONGYEDEZHIBEI QUBENPINFENMOYUE0.2g,JINGMICHENGDING,ZHIJUSAIZHUIXINGPINGZHONG,JINGMIJIAJIACHUN25ml,CHENGDINGZHONGLIANG,JINPAOGUOYE,CHAOSHENGCHULI30FENZHONG,FANGLENG,ZAICHENGDINGZHONGLIANG,YONGJIACHUNBUZUJIANSHIDEZHONGLIANG,YAOYUN,LVGUO,QUXULVYE,JIDE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CEDINGFA FENBIEJINGMIXIQUDUIZHAOPINRONGYEYUGONGSHIPINRONGYEGE5μl,ZHURUYEXIANGSEPUYI,CEDING,JIDE。

BENPINANGANZAOJISUAN,HANDAXIEQIANCAOSU(C17H15O4)BUDESHAOYU0.40%。

【炮制】茜草657彩票网 北京pk10:除去雜質,洗凈,潤透,切厚片或段,干燥。

茜草炭657彩票网 北京pk10:取茜草片或段,照炒炭法(附錄Ⅱ D)炒至表面焦黑色。

【XINGWEI】KU,HAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIGANJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】LIANGXUE,ZHIXUE,QUYU,TONGJING。YONGYUTUXUE,NVXUE,BENGLOU,WAISHANGCHUXUE,JINGBIYUZU,GUANJIEBITONG,DIEPUZHONGTONG。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】6~9g。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHIGANZAOCHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

茜草的圖片

《中藥大辭典》:茜草

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QIANCAO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Qiàn Cǎo

【BIEMING】SILUNCAO、LALAMAN、XIAOHUOXUE、GUOSHANTENG

【來源】為茜草科植物茜草Rubia cordifolia L.的根莖657彩票网 北京pk10。春、秋季采挖,除去泥沙,曬干。

【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGPANYUANCAOBEN。JINGSILENGXING,YOUDEYANLENGYOUDAOCI。XIE4PIANLUNSHENG,QIZHONG1DUIJIAODAERJUCHANGBING,LUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,CHANG2.5~6cmHUOGENGCHANG,KUAN1~3cmHUOGENGKUAN;XIEYUANHEBEIMOYOUYUANXIAODAOCI。JUSANHUAXUDINGSHENGHUOYESHENG;HUAXIAO,ECHIBUMINGXIAN,HUAGUANLVSEHUOBAISE,5LIE,YOUYUANMAO。GUOROUZHI,XIAOXING,SHUSHIZIHEISE。HUAGUOQI9~10YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUSHANPOYANSHIPANGHUOGOUBIANCAOCONGZHONG。ZHUCHANANWEI、HEBEI、SHANXI、HENAN、SHANDONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】GENJINGCHENGBUGUIZEJIEJIEZHUANG,SHANGCEYOUJINGJI,XIACECONGSHENGCUXIBUDENGDEGEN。GENCHENGYUANZHUZIXING,BOZHUANGWANQU,CHANGGONG10~25cm,ZHIJING0.2~1cm,BIAOMIANHONGZONGSEHUOANZONGSE,JUXIZONGWENJISHAOSHUXIGENHEN。ZHICUI,DUANMIANPINGTAN,PIBUZIHONGSE,MUBUQIANHUANGHONGSE。QIWEI。WEIWEIKU。XINGHAN,WEIKU。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】GENHANDUOZHONGQIANJIENKUNYANSHENGWU,RUQIANCAOSU(alizarin)、YIQIANCAOSU(purpuro-xanthin)、QIANJIQIANCAOSU(purpurin)、WEIQIANJIQIANCAOSU(pseudopurpurin)、QIANCAOSUAN(munjistin)、QIANCAODAI(rubia,ruberythric acid)、DAHUANGSUJIAMIDENG,YOUFENLIDESHENGBAIHUOXINGCHENGFENQIANCAONAISUANDAIⅠJIⅡ,QIDAIYUANWEIQIANCAONAISUAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU,HAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIGANJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】LIANGXUEHUOXUE,QUYU,TONGJING。YONGYUTUXUE、NVXUE、BENGLOUXIAXUE、WAISHANGCHUXUE、JINGBIYUZU、GUANJIEBITONG、DIEPUZHONGTONG。LIANGXUEZHIXUE,HUOXUEQUYU:BENPINZHIXUEERBULIUYU,YONGYUREZHENGCHUXUE、JINGBIFUTONG、DIEDASUNSHANG。PEIWUZEIGUZHIXUELIGENGQIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】3~9KE。XINGXUETONGJINGYISHENGYONG;ZHIXUEYICHAOTANYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【FUFANG】1、TUXUE。YONGQIANGENYILIANG,DAOCHENGMO。MEIFUERQIAN,SHUIJIAN,LENGYAN,YONGSHUIDIAOMOERQIANFUYIKE。

2、FUNVJINGBI。YONGQIANGENYILIANG,JIANJIUFU。

3、ZHONGDU(TUXUE、XIAXUERUZHUGAN)YONGQIANCAOGEN、SUOHEXIEGESANFEN,JIASHUISISHENG,ZHUCHENGERSHENGFU。

4、TUOGANG。YONGQIANGEN、SHILIUPIGEYIBA,JIAJIUYIWAN,JIANZHIQICHENG,WENFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:茜草

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QIANCAO

【PINYIN】Qiàn Cǎo

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】RULV、RULUBEN、MAOSOU、LVRU、SOU、QIANGEN、QIANCAO、DIXUE、NIUMAN、LURU、XUEJIANCHOU、GUOSHANLONG、DISUMU、HUOXUEDAN、HONGLONGXUGEN、SHAQIANYANGGEN、WUZHUALONG、MANJIANGHONG、JIULONGGEN、HONGKEZIGEN、LALAYANGZIGEN、XIAOHUOXUELONG、TUDANCAN、SIFANGHONGGENZI、HONGQIANGEN、RUGUDAN、HONGNEIXIAO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】《HUANGDINEIJING》ZAIYOU"SINIAOZEIGU-LVRUWAN",ZHESHIQIANCAORUYAODEZUIZAOJIZAI。《BENJING》ZEZAIYOU"QIANGEN",MINGQUELEYAOYONGBUFENWEIGEN。《BIELU》ZHICHUQIANGEN"KEYIRANJIANG……SHENGQIAOSHANCHUANGU。"《BENCAOJINGJIZHU)YUN:"CIZEJINRANJIANGQIANCAOYE。DONGJIANZHUCHUNAIYOUERSHAO,BURUXIDUO。"《SHUBENCAO》YUE:"RANFEICAOXIESIZAOXIE,TOUJIANXIAKUO,JINGXIEJUSE,SIWUXIEDUISHENGJIEJIAN,MANYANCAOBENSHANG,GENZICHISE。JINSUOZAIYOU,BAYUECAIGEN。"《GANGMU》WEI:"QIANCAOSHIERYUESHENGMIAO,MANYANSHUCHI。FANG

【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIQIANCAOKEZHIWUQIANCAODEGEN。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Rubia cordifolia L.[Rubia akane Nakai]

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:ZAIHOU2-3NIAN,YU11YUEWAQUGENBU,XIJING,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】QIANCAO,DUONIANSHENGPANYUANCAOBEN。GENSHUTIAOZHISHUSHITIAOCONGSHENG,WAIPIZIHONGSEHUOCHENGHONGSE。JINGSILENGXING,LENGSHANGSHENGDUOSHUDAOSHENGDEXIAOCI。XIESIPIANLUNSHENG,JUCHANGBING;XIEPIANXINGZHUANGBIANHUAJIAODA,LUANXING、SANJIAOZHUANGLUANXING、KUANLUANXINGZHIZHAILUANXING,CHANG2-6cm,KUAN1-4cm,XIANDUANTONGCHANGJIJIAN,JIBUXINXING,SHANGMIANCUCAO,XIAMIANYANZHONGMOJIXIEBINGJUNYOUDAOCI,QUANYUAN,JICHUMO5。JUSANHUAXUYUANZHUIZHUANG,YESHENGJIDINGSHENG;HUAXIAO,HUANGBAISE,5SHU;HUAEBUMINGXIAN;HUAGUANFUZHUANG,ZHIJINGYUE4mm,5LIE,LIEPIANLUANZHUANGSANJIAOXING,XIANDUANJIJIAN;XIONGRUI5,ZHUSHENGZAIHUAGUANGUANSHANG;ZIFANGXIAWEI,2SHI,WUMAO。JIANGGUOQIUXING,ZHIJING5-6mm,HONGSEHOUZHUANWEIHEISE。HUAQI6-9YUE,GUOQI8-10YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYUSHANPOLUPANG、GOUYAN、TIANBIAN、GUANCONGJILINYUAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUQUANGUODABUFENDIQU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZAIPEI】1.SHENGWUXUETEXING:XIWENNUANSHIRUNQIHOU。SHIYINGXINGJIAOQIANG,NAN。BEIGEDIJUNKEZAIPEI。YIFEIWODESHAZHIRANGTUZAIPEIWEIYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.ZAIPEIJISHU:YONGZHONGYU、QIANCHA、FENZHUFANZHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.1.ZHONGZIFANZHI:10YUEZHONGZICHENGSHUCAISHOU。BOZHONGQI10YUEXIAXUNHUO3YUESHANGXUN,ANXINGJU30-50cmKAIQIANGOU,TIAOBO,FUTUYASHI。

2.2.QIANCHAFANZHI:SICHUANDIQUZAI2-3YUE,XUANZECHENGYUANXINGERWEIKUDELAOTENG,JIANCHENG3GEJIEYISHANGYUE33cmCHANGDECHATIAO,ZAIJIZHENGHAODEDISHANG,KAI1.3mKUANDEQI,ANXINGZHUJU50cm×33cmKAIXUE,SHENYUE15-20cm,MEIXUECHA2-3GEN,CHATIAODINGDUANLUCHUQIMIAN,TIANTUYAJIN,JIAOSHUI。

2.3.FENZHUFANZHI:11YUESHANGXUNHUO3YUE,JIANGZHIZHUGENBUWAQI,JIANQUCUGENRUYAO,LIUXIAGENJINGFENQIECHENGMEICONGYOUYA2-3GE,BINGDAIYOU9cmCHANGXUGENDEXIAODUAN,ANXINGZHUJU35cm×30cm,SHEN20cmKAIXUE,MEIXUEZAIZHONG1ZHU,FUTU,YASHI,JIAOSHUI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.TIANJIANGUANLI:MIAOGAO30cmZUOYOU,YINGDAZHIJIAYILISHENGCHANG。MIAOQIXIYIN,YONGYOUCAI、YUMIJIANZUO,SHENGCHANGQIZHUYISONGSHANGCHUCAO、GUANGAI。SHIFEIYAOKANMIAOSHIFEI,YIFANGZHIZHUTUCHANG,DI1NIAN4YUEXIAXUNZHUISHIRENCHUFENFEI,DI2NIAN4YUESHI1CIZHUIFEI,DI3、4NIANKEZENGSHILIN、JIAFEI。MEINIANYAOZHAICHUHUAZHOU。

4.BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI:BINGHAIYOUGENFUBING,6-7YUEFASHENG,SHIZHIXIEDIAOWEI,XIEPIANFAHUANG,GENBUFAHEIFULAN,ZHUJIANKUSI,FABINGCHUQI,KEYONG2%SHIHUISHUIHUOTUIJUNTE50%DEKESHIXINGFENJI600BEIYEPENSHE;HEBANBING,7YUEFASHENG,WEIHAIXIEBU,KEYONGl:1:120BOERDUOYEHUODAISENXIN65%KESHIXINGFENJI600BEIYEPENSHE。BAIFENBING,KEYONGBOMEI0.5DUSHILIUHEJIPENSHE。CHONGHAIYOUYACHONG。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE:GENYUANZHUXING,YOUDEWANQU,WANZHENGDELAOGENLIUYOUGENTOU。GENCHANG10-30cm,ZHIJING0.1-0.5cm;BIAOMIANHONGZONGSE,YOUXIZONGWENJISHAOSHUXUGENHEN;PI、MUBUJIAOYIFENLI,PIBUTUOLUOHOUCHENGHUANGHONGSE。ZHICUI,YIDUAN,DUANMIANPINGTAN,PIBUXIA,HONGZONGSE,MUBUKUAN,FENHONGSE,YOUZHONGDUOXIKONG。QIWEI,WEIWEIKU。

XIANWEIJIANBIE:GENHENGQIEMIAN:MUSHUANCENGWEI6-10LIEXIBAO,XIBAOBIANPING,QIEXIANGYANCHANG,YOUZONGSENEIHANWU,SHUANNEICENGWEI3-6LIEXIBAO,BUFENXIBAOHANCAOSUANGAIZHENJINGSHU,ZHENJINGSHUYUGENDECHANGZHOUPINGXINGPAILIE。RENPIBOBIXIBAOYIHANZHENJINGSHU。MUZHIBUYOUDAOGUAN、GUANBAO、MUXIANWEI、MUBOBIXIBAOZUCHENG,DAOGUANZHIJING20-130μm。MUSHUANCENG、RENPIBUHEMUZHIBUSANZHEJINGXIANGKUANDUZHIBIWEI1:1:4.5。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】1.QIANCAOGENHANENKUNYANSHENGWU:QIANCAOSU(alizarin),QIANJIQIANCAOSU(purpurin),YIQIANCAOSU(purpuroxanthine, xanthopurpurin),1-QIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN(1-hydrox-2-methy1anthraquinone),1, 4ERQIANJI-6-JIAJIENKUN( 1,4-dihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone),QUJIAHUCIQUAN(nordamnacanta1),DAHUANGSUJIAMI(physcion),1-QIANJI 2-JIAYANGJIENKUN(1-hydroxy-2-methoxyanthraquinone),1,4ERQIANJI 2-JIAJI-5-(HUO8)-JIAYANGJIENKUN[1,4-dihvdroxy-2-methyl-5(or 8)-methoxyanthraquinone〕,1,3-ERJIAYANGJI-2-SUOJIENKUN(1,3-dimethoxy-2-carboxyanthraquinone),1, 3-ERQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN(1,3-dihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone, rubiadin),1, 3-ERQIANJI-2-YIYANGJIJIAJIENKUN(1,3-hydroxy-2-ethoxymethylanthraquinone),2-JIAJI-1,3,6.SANQIANJIENKUN(2-methyl-1,3,6-trihydroxyanthraquinone),1,4-ERQIANJI-2-YIYANGJITANGJIENKUN(1,4-dihydroxy-2-carboethoxyanthraquinone),1-QIANJI-2-SUOJI-3-JIAYANGJIENKUN(1-hydroxy-2-carboxy-3-methoxyanthraquinone),1-QIANJI-2-JIAJI-6(HUO7)-JIAYANGJIENKUN[1-hydroxy-2-methyl-6 (or 7)-methoxyanthraquinone],1,3-ERQIANJI-2-JIAYANGJIJIAJIENKUN(1,3-dihydroxy2-methoxymethylanthraquinone),1-JIAYANGJI-2-JIAYANGJIJIAJI-3-QIANJIENKUN(1-methox-2-methoxymethyl-3-hydroxyanthraquinone),4-QIANJI-2-SUOJIENKUN(4-hydroxy-2-carbexyanthraquinone),1,4-ERQIANJI-2-QIANJIAJIENKUN(1,4-dihydrox-2-hydroxymethylanthraquinone ),1-QIANJI-2-QIANJIAJIENKUN(1-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylanthraqui-none),3-JIAZHIJI-1-QIANJIENKUN(3-carbomethoxy-1-hydroxyan-thraquinone),1,4-ERQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN(1,4-dihydrox-2-methy-lanthraquinone),WUNANKUN(tectoquinone)1,2-ERQIANJIENKUN-2-O-β-D-MUTANG(1→6)-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAI[1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone-2-O-β-D-xylosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucoside, ruberythric acid],1,3,6-SANQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-0-(6'-O-YIXIANJI)-α-SHULITANG-(1→2)-β-PUTAOTANGDAI[1,3,6-trihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone-3-0-(6'-O-acetyl)-α-rhamncoyl-(1→2)-β-glucoside],1,3,6-SANQIANJI-JIAJIENKUN-3-O-α-SHULILUO(1→2)-β-PUTAOTANGDAIDAI[1,3,6trihydrox-2-methylanthraquinone-3-O-α-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-β-glucoside],1,3-ERQIANJI-2-QIANJIAJIENKUN-3-O-MUTANG(1→6)-PUTAOTANGDAI[1,3-dihydroxy-2-hy-droxymethylanthraquinone-3-O-xylosyl(1→6)-glucoside, lucidinprimevoroside],1-YIXIANYANGJI-6-QIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-O-α-SHULITANG(1→4)-α-PUTAOTANGDAI[1-acetoxyihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone3-O-α-rhamnosyl(1→4)-α-glucoside],1,3,6-SANQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-O-(6'-O-YIXIANJI)-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAI[1,3,6-trihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone-3-O-(6'-O-aceiyl)-β-D-g1ucoside],1,3, 6SANQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-O-(3'-YIXIANJI)-α-SHULITANG(1→2),PUTAOTANGDAI[1,3, 6-trihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone-3-O-(3'-O-acetyl)-α-rham-nosyl(1→2)glucoside]JIYIQIANCAOSU-3-O-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAI(xanthop-urpurin-3-0-β-D-glucoside)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.NAIKUNYANSHENGWU:DAXIEQIANCAOSU(mollu-gin, rubimaillin),2-ANJIJIAXIANJI-3-JIAYANGJI-1,4-NAIKUN(2-car-bamoyl-3-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone),2-ANJIJIAXIANJI-3-QIANJI-1,4-NAIKUN(2-carbamoyL-3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone),QUQING-α-LAPAKUN(dehydro-α-lapachone),FUNANDAXIEQIANCAOSU(furomol1ugin),ERQINGDAXIEQIANCAOSU(dihvdromollugin),QIANCAONEIZHI(rubi1ac-tone),2'-JIAYANGJIDAXIEQIANCAOSU(2'-methoxymollugin),2'-QIANJIDAXIEQIANCAOSU(2'-hydroxymollugin), 1-JIAYANGJI-2'-QIANJIERQINGDAXIEQIANCAOSU(1'-methoxy-2'-hydroxydihydromollugin),1',2'-ERQIANJIERQINGDAXIEQIANCAOSU(1',2'-dihydroxydihydromollugin),2-SUOJIAJI-3-YIWUXIJI-2,3-HUANYANG-1,4-NAIKUN(2-carboxymethyL-3-prenyl-2,3-epoxy-1,4-naphthpeuinone),GOUMAOQIANCAOJUNAIKUN(rubioncolin)。

3.NAIQINGKUNYANSHENGWU:2-JIAZHIJI-3-YIWUXIJI-1,4-NAIQINGKUN-SHUANG-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAI(2carbomeiboxy-3-prenyl-1,4-naphthohydroqunone-di-β-D-glucoside),3-JIAZHIJI-2-(3'-QIANJI)-YIWUJI-1,4-NAIQINGKUN-1-0-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAI[3-carbomethoxy-2-(3'-hydroxy)-isopentyl-1,4-naphthohydroquinone1-O-β-D-glucoside]DENG。JUKANGAIZUOYONGDEHUANJITAI: RA(rubiaakane)-Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ[14]、Ⅴ、Ⅶ[15]、Ⅵ、Ⅷ[16]、Ⅸ、Ⅹ^[17]、Ⅺ、Ⅻ、ⅩⅢ、ⅩⅣ[18]、ⅩⅤ、ⅩⅥ[19]。

4.SANTIEHUAHEWU:HEIGUOQIANCAOTIE(ru-biprasin)A、B,QIANCAOABOCHUN(rubiarbenol)D,QIDUNGUOSUANYISUANZHI(oleanolic acid acetate),QIDUNGUOQUANYISUANZHI(oleanolic aldehvde ac-etate);QITA:6-JIAYANGJIDOUJUEZIDAISUAN(6-methoxygenipeidicacid)DONGGENDANGSU(scopo1eto1, scopo1etin),ZHIFANGSUAN(fattyacids),β-GUZAICHUN(β-siiosterol)JIHULUOBUDAI(daucOsterol)DENG。

5.LINGYOUBAODAOQIANCAOSHANGHAN1.3,6-SANQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-0-MUTANG(1→2)-(6'-0-YIXIANJI)-PUTAOTANGDAI[1,3,6-trihydroxy-2-methylan-thraquinOnes-3-0-xylosyl( l→2)-(6'-0-acetyl)-glucoside〕,QIANCAOTIESANCHUN(rubiatriol),JIYOUXUAN-YILUOXIESONGZHICHUN(iso1ariciresin-ol)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.ZHIXUEZUOYONG:JIATUKOUFUSHILIANGQIANCAOWENJINYE2-4XIAOSHINEI,HUOFUQIANGZHUSHETONGZHONGJILIANGZHIQIANCAOYEHOU30-60FENZHONGJUNYOUMINGXIANDECUJINXUEYENINGGUZUOYONG。BIAOXIANWEIFUGAISHIJIAN、NINGXUEMEIYUANSHIJIANJIBAITAOSHANGBUFENNINGXUEHUOMEISHIJIANSUODUAN。QIANCAOTANKOUFUYENENGMINGXIANSUODUANXIAOBAISHUWEIBUCHUXUEDESHIJIAN。QIANCAOHUANNENGMINGXIANDIJIUZHENGGANSUSUOYINQIDENINGXUEZHANGAI。JIATUKOUFUWENJINYEHOU,ZAITINEIKEBUFENJIUZHENGGANSUSUOZHIDEFUGAISHIJIANJIBAITAOTUBUFENNINGXUEHUOMEISHIJIANDEYANCHANG。ZHENGCHANGJIATUXUEFUGAISHIJIANJIBAITAOTUBUFENNINGXUEHUOMEISHIJIANFENBIEWEI110MIAO、45MIAO;DANCHUNZHURUGANSU60FENZHONGHOUJUNDAYU600MIAO;GUANZHUQIANCAOWENJINYE(100%50ml)HOU90mm,ZAIZHURUGANSU60FENZHONGHOUFENBIEWEI180MIAOHE64MIAO。WEICI,QIANCAOKEYONGYUZHILIAOYINGANSUHUOGANSUYANGWUZHIGUODUOSUOZHICHUXUEJIHUAN。SHIYANYANJIUBINGZHENGMINGQIANCAOHEYUJINGDANBAI。JIABENANLANJUNYOUKANGGANSUZUOYONG,ERHOULIANGZHEYOUJIUZHENGDANCANDEKANGNINGZUOYONG。YUJINGDANBAI、JIABENANLANJIQIANCAODUIDANCANKANGNINGJIEKANGDEZUOYONGJIEGUO:ZHENGCHANGDUIZHAONINGXUEMEININGGUSHIJIANWEI9.5MIAO,12.5%DANCANHUAXUEJIANG50.8MIAO,1%YUJINGDANBAISUODUAN34.8MIAO,ERQIANCAOZEYANCHANGLE1.2MIAO。TISHIQIANCAODECUNINGZUOYONGYOUQITESHUXING。

2.KANGXUEXIAOBANJUJIZUOYONG:ZAISHIGUANNEI,DAXIEQIANCAOSUDUIHUASHENGSIXISUAN(AA)HEJIAOYUANYOUDAODEJIATUXUEXIAOBANJUJIYOUHENQIANGDEYIZHIZUOYONG,IC50YUEWEI86.6mmol/L,DUIXUEXIAOBANJIHUOYINZI(PAF)YOUDAODEJUJIYEYOUYIDINGDEYIZHIXING。2-JIAJI-1,3,6-SANQIANJIENKUNDUIJIAOYUANYOUDAODEXUEXIAOBANJUJIYOUGENQIANGYIZHIZUOYONG,DUININGXUEMEI。 AAHEPAFYOUDAODEZUOYONGSUIJIAORUO,DANRENGYOUXIANZHUXING。1,3,6.SANQIANJI-2-JIAJIENKUN-3-0-(3'-O-YIXIANJI)-2-SHULITANG(1→2)-PUTAOTANGDAI、YIQIANCAOSU-3-0-β-D-PUTAOTANGDAIJIYIQIANCAOSUWEIJIAOYUANYOUDAODEXUEXIAOBANJUJIDEXUANZEXINGYIZHIJI。

3.SHENGGAOBAIXIBAOZUOYONG:QIANCAODECUTIQUWUJUYOUSHENGGAOBAIXIBAOZUOYONGMEN。QISHENGGAOBAIXIBAODEYOUXIAOCHENGFENZHIYIWEIDAIFANGXIANGHUANDEFENSUOSUANDAI,GAIYOUXIAOCHENGFENDEYANSHENGWUQIANCAOSHUANGZHIYIYOURENGONGHECHENG。QIANCAOSHUANGZHIDUIZHENGCHANGXIAOSHU、DADEBAIXIBAOYOUSHENGGAOZUOYONG,XIAOSHU:CIKOUFU2.5mg/ZHI,GEIYAO8XIAOSHIHOUBAIXIBAOMINGXIANSHENGGAO,GEIYAOZUWEIDUIZHAOZUDE151.9%(P<0.05)。QUAN1CIKOUFU200mg/ZHI,GEIYAO6XIAOSHIBAIXIBAOMINGXIANZENGJIA,18-24XIAOSHIDAZUIGAOFENG,48-72XIAOSHIZHUJIANHUIFUDAOGEIYAOQIANSHUIPING。QIANCAOSHUANGZHIHUANYOUCUJINXIAOSHUGUSUIZAOXUEGANXIBAOZENGZHIHEFENHUADEZUOYONG,FANGZHIHUANLINXIANANSUOZHIGOUBAIXIBAOJIANSHAOZHENG。

4.ZHENKEFATANZUOYONG:ANSHUIPENWUYINKEFAJIFENHONGPAIMIFA,FENBIEZHENGMINGXIAOSHUKOUFUQIANCAOGENJIANJI75g/kg,YOUMINGXIANDEZHENKEHEQUTANZUOYONG,DANJIAYICHUNCHENDIANHOUDELVYEZEWUXIAO。

5.KANGJUNZUOYONG:TIWAISHIYANBIAOMING,QIANCAOGENSHUITIQUYEDUIJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUNYOUYIDINGDEYIZHIZUOYONG,DUIFEIYANLIANQIUJUN、LIUGANGANJUNHEBUFENPIFUZHENJUNYEYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。QIANCAOSUDUIJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUNYEYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。

6.KANGAIZUOYONG:QIANCAOGENSUOHANDEHUANJITAILEIHUAHEWURA(rubiaakane)-V10mg/kg, RA-Ⅶ4mg/kgFUQIANGZHUSHE,LIANXU5TIAN,DUIXIAOSHULINBAXIBAOBAIXUEBINGP388JUNYOUXIANZHULIAOXIAO。RA-VDUIXIAOSHULINBABAIXUEBINGL1210、MM2RUXIANAI;RA-ⅦDUIXIAOSHUL1210、B16HEISESULIU、JIECHANGXIANAIColon38、LewisFEIAI、AISHIAIDENGYOUMINGXIANDEHUOXING。XIAOSHUTINEIZHONGLIUSHIYANBIAOMING,CONGQIANCAOGENTIQUDEYOUKANGAIHUOXINGDEDANTIRC-18,NENGXIANZHUYANCHANGP388、L1210HEB16DEXIAOSHUSHOUMING,DANDUILewisFEIAIHEROULIUS180WUMINGXIANYIZHIZUOYONG。RC-18KANGLIUPUDESHIYANJIEGUOTISHI, RC-18KENENGFAZHANCHENGWEIYIZHONGYOUXIAODEKANGAIJI。CIWAI,2-JIAYANGJITANJI-3-YIWUXIJI-2,3-HUANYANG-1,4.NAIKUNHEERNAIQINGKUNYANSHENGWUTIWAISHIYAN,DUICANGSHUFEI(V79)XIBAO、LINBABAIXUEBING(P388)HERENBIYANAIXIBAO(KB)YOUKANGAIHUOXING。ZHENGTISHIYANZHONGDUIXIAOSHUFUSHUIXINGS180YOUXIAO。

7.DUINIAOLUJIESHIDEZUOYONG:20%QIANCAO(R.finctorum L)ZHIJIWEISIXIAOSHU,NENGFANGZHISHIYANXINGSHENHEBANGGUANGJIESHIDEXINGCHENG,YOUQIDUITANSUANGAIJIESHIDEXINGCHENGYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。QIANCAOGENTIQUYEGEIDASHUGUANFUNENGMINGXIANTIGAONIAOYEWENDINGXING,JIANGDINIAOSHIXINGCHENGDEWEIXIANXING,QIEYOUYIDINGDEJIANGNIAOGAIZUOYONG。

8.DUISHIYANXINGXINJIGENGSIDEZHILIAOZUOYONG:CHIXUXINGJIEZHADADEZUOGUANZHUANGDONGMOQIANJIANGZHI,ZAOCHENGRENGONGXINJIGENGSIMOXING,JINGZHUYONGBUTONGFANGFAFENLIDEQIANCAOTIQUWUQIANⅠ、QIANⅡ200mg/kg,MEI4XIAOSHIlCI,GONG3CI,JUNYOUJIANGDIS-TDUANDETAIGAOHESUOXIAOXINJIGENGSIFANWEIDEZUOYONG。QIZHONGYIQIANⅡZUOYONGZUIWEIMINGXIAN。QIANCAOTIQUWUDESHUIRONGBUFENGEIXIAOSHUFUQIANGZHUSHEKEMINGXIANDIZENGJIAXINJIHENAOZUZHIZHONGATPDEHANLIANG,DUIADPYINQIDEDASHUXUEXIAOBANJUJIYOUJIEJUZUOYONG。DUIMAZUIDADEJIXINGXINJIQUEXUEYOUBAOHUZUOYONG,SHIXINJISUNSHANGFANWEIJIANXIAO,SUNSHANGCHENGDUJIANQING,NENGZENGJIAGUANZHUANGDONGMOLIULIANG。

9.DUIPINGHUAJIDEZUOYONG:QIANCAOGENJIANJINENGDUIKANGYIXIANDANJIANSUOZHIDELITITUCHANGJINGLUAN,YOUJIEJINGZUOYONG。GENDESHUITIQUWUDUILITITUNSHUZIGONGYOUXINGFENZUOYONG。

10.QITAZUOYONG:QIANCAOGENWENJINYEYOUKUOZHANGWAJIANXUEGUANDEZUOYONG。QIANCAOSUYULUDINGXIANGSI,NENGYIZHIDASHUPIFUJIEDIZUZHIDETONGTOUXING。

【DUXING】XIAOSHUGUANFUQIANCAOGENJIANJI150g/kg,WUSIWANGFASHENG。QIANJIQIANCAOSU。QIANCAOSUDUIQIUYIN、NANGWEIYOU、GUANIUDENGYOUDU,DANDUIBURUDONGWUHERENDENGZEXIANGDUIWUDUXING。XIAOSHUKOUFUQIANCAOSHUANGZHIDIANFENHU200mgWURENHEDUXINGFANYING;FUQIANGZHUSHEYOUSUANYIZHIQIANCAOSHUANGZHIHUNXUANYEDEBANSHUZHISILIANGWEI3012.4±66.4mg/kg。GOUCHANGQIDUXINGJIEGUOBIAOMING,MEIRIKOUFUQIANCAOSHUANGZHI5.4g/ZHI,LIANXU90TIAN,WEIJIANDUXINGFANYING,JILIANGZENGZHI9.6g/ZHI,ZECHUXIANMINGXIANDUXINGFANYING,GEBIEDONGWUSIWANG。 QIANCAOGENTIQUWUDUISHAMENJUNSHUSHANGHANGANJUNTA100HETA98YOUZHITUBIANZUOYONG,ZHUYAOYOUQIHUOXINGWUZHIENKUNYANHUAWUGUANGZEDING(lucidin)SUOZHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】BOCENGSEPU:1.QUBENPINFENMO(60MU)50mg,YONGJIACHUN10mlJINPAOGUOYE,CHAOSHENGBOZHENDANG30FENZHONG,JIANGTIQUYENONGSUOZHI1ml,GONGDIANYANGYONG。LINGQUDAXIEQIANCAODAIBING、QIANCAODAI、DAXIEQIANCAODAIYI、DAXIEQIANCAODAIJIAWEIDUIZHAOPIN。FENBIEDIANYANGYUGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YIYISUANYIZHI-JIACHUN-JIASUAN(4:1:0.1,BINGYISHUIBAOHE)ZHANKAI,RIGUANGXIABANDIANXIANHUANGSEHUOCHENGSE。ANZHENGQIXUNHOU,BANDIANXIANHONGSE。(JIANCHAENKUNDAI)2.QUBENPINFENMO(60MU)100mg,YONGJIACHUN10mlJINPAOGUOYE,CHAOSHENGBOZHENDANG30FENZHONG,TIQUYESHAONONGSUO,TONGGUOXIAOGUIJIAOZHU,SHIYOUMI-YISUANYIZHI(4:1)XITUOCHUYOULIENKUNCHENGFEN,NONGSUOZHI1ml,GONGDIANYANGYONG。LINGQUQIANJIQIANCAOSU、QIANCAOSUWEIDUIZHAOPIN。FENBIEDIANYANGYUGUIJIAO6BOCENGBANSHANG,YONGBEN-JIASUANYIZHI-JIACHUN-JIASUAN(3:1:0.2:0.1,BINGYISHUIBAOHE)ZHANKAI。QIANJIQIANCAOSUWEIJUHUANGSE,QIANCAOSUWEIZIHONGSE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.QUBENPINFENMO(60MU)50mgBAOYULVZHINEI,YONG70%YICHUN10mlJINPAOGUOYE,JIARE10FENZHONG,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGYU,YIJIACHUN2mlRONGJIEGONGDIANYANGYONG。LINGQUQIANCAONAISUANDAIⅠ、QIANCAONAISUANDAIⅡ、QIANCAONAISUANWEIDUIZHAOPIN,FENBIEDIANYANGYUGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YONGLVFANG-JIACHUN-YIBINGCHUN-JIASUAN(5.5:2.5:2:2DI)ZHANKAI,YI15%LIUSUANSHUIRONGYEPENHOU,CHUIFENGJIREQILIUZHONGHONGKAO。QIANCAONAISUANDAIⅠWEIHUISE,QIANCAONAISUANDAIⅡWEIZISE,QIANCAONAISUANWEIJUHUANGSE。

【PAOZHI】1.QIANCAO(LEIGONGPAOZHILUN):"FANSHIQIANCAOGEN,YONGTONGDAOYUHUAIZHENSHANGCUO,RIGAN,WUFANTIEBINGQIAN。"《JIANYAOJIZHONGFANG》:"SHENGDAOLUOWEISAN。"《SHENGJIZONGLU》:"JIANJINGCUOSUI。"XIANXING,QUYUANYAOCAI,CHUQUZAZHI,XIJINGRUNTOU,QIEHOUPIANHUODUAN,GANZAO,SHAIQUHUIXIE。SHENGYONGLIANGXUEZHIXUE,HUOXUEQUYU。

2.QIANCAOTAN《SHIYAOSHENSHU》:"SHAOHUICUNXING,YANJIXIMO,YONGZHIBAO,WANGAIYUDISHANGYIXI,CHUHUODU。"XIANXING,QUJINGQIANCAODUANHUOPIAN,ZHIGUONEIYONGWUHUOJIARE,CHAOZHIBIAOMIANJIAOHEISE,NEIBUZONGHESE,PENLINQINGSHUISHAOXU,MIEJINHUOXING,QUCHUZAICHAOZHISHUIQIYIJIN,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,LIANGTOU。CHAOTANHOUHANXINGJIANGDI,XINGBIANSHOUSE,ZHIXUEZUOYONGZENGQIANG。

3.CHAOQIANCAO《RIHUAZI》:"RUYAOCUOCHAOYONG。"XIANXING,QUJINGQIANCAODUANHUOPIAN,ZHIGUONEIYONGWENHUOJIARE,CHAOHUANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.JIUZHIQIANCAO 《WAIKEQIXUAN》:"JIUXI。"《DEPEIBENCAO》:"JIUCHAOXINGXUE。"XIANXING,QUJINGQIANCAOPIANYUHUANGJIUBANYUN,ZHIGUONEIYONGWENHUOWEICHAO,QUCHU,LIANGGAN。MEIQIANCAOPIAN100kg,YONGHUANGJIU25kg。

5.YINPIANXINGZHUANG:QIANCAOCANJIAN"YAOCAIJIANBIE"XIANG。QIANCAOTANXINGRUQIANCAOPIANHUODUAN,CHENGJIAOHEISE,NEIBUZONGHESE。LVEJUJIAOHUQI,WEIKU。CHAOQIANCAOXINGQIANCAO,BIAOMIANJIAOHUANGSE。JIUZHIQIANCAOXINGRUCHAOQIANCAO,WEIJUJIUQI。ZHUGANZAORONGQINEI,ZHITONGFENGGANZAOCHU。JIUZHIQIANCAOMIBI,QIANCAOTANJISHISANRE,FANGZHIFURAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU;HANGUIGAN;XINJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GAN;XIN;SHEN;PI;WEI;XINBAOJING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】LIANGXUEZHIXUE;HUOXUEHUAYU。ZHUXUEREGEXUE;TUXUE;NVXUE;NIAOXUE;BIANXUE;BENGLOU;JINGBI;CHANHOUYUZUFUTONG;DIEDASUNSHANG;FENGSHIBITONG;HUANGDAN;CHUANGYONG;ZHIZHONG

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,10-15g;HUORUWAN、SAN;HUOJINJIU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】PIWEIXUHANJIWUYUZHIZHESHENFU。

1.《BENCAOJINGJIZHU》:"WEISHUGU。"2.《BENCAOMENGQIAN》:"WUFANTONGTIE。"3.《BENCAOJINGSHU》:"BINGRENSUIJIANXUEZHENG,RUOJIAXIEXIE、YINSHIBUJINZHE,WUFU。"4.《BENCAOZHENG》:"QIXUBUSHEXUEJIPIHANZHEWUYONG。"5.《BENCAOHUIYAN》:"JINGXUXUESHAOZHE,PIXUWEIRUOZHE,YINXUHUOSHENGZHE,JUJINYONGZHI。"6.《BENCAOCONGXIN》:"WUYUZHIZHEJITOU。"7.《BENCAOQIUZHEN》:"XUEXUFAREZHEJIYONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【FUFANG】QIANCAO,《GANGMU》YUN:“TAOYINJUBENCAOYANDONGFANGYOUERSHAO,BURUXIFANGDUO,ZEXICAOWEIQIAN。”XITIANWANGCAO、SIYUEJINYANGCAO,JIEWEIQIANCAOZHIYINCHENGYE。QIAN,YIZUOQIAN,《YUPIAN·CAOBU》:“QIAN,QINGCONGZHIMAO。”WEIQICAOSHENG,TAOHONGJINGYANCICAO“FENGJIAN”,GU“QIAN”,DANGYOUCHANGSHIMAOSHENGDEMING。SOU,《SHUOWEN》:“SOU,MAOSOU,RULV(YIZUOLU),RENXUESUOSHENG,KEYIRANJIANG。”“RENXUESUOSHENG”NAIGURENXUWANGZHISHUO。DUANYUCAIZHU:“YUNRENXUESUOSHENGZHE,SHICIZISUOYICONGGUIYE。CONGNIANGUI,HUIYI。MAOSOU、RULUJIEDIEYUNYE。”RULU,《SHUOWEN》ZUO“RULU”,AN《SHUOWEN》:“RU,SIMAYE。”《ERYAYISHU》YUN:“JINTIANJIAMINGLVSANZI,LVXIDANZHIYE。”CIMINGYINSILVERDE,ZIYINYILEI,CONG“NIAN”ZUO“YIN”,YINCIRULVBENDANGWEIRULU。XUEJIANCHOUJIZHU”POXUE”、“HUOXUE”DENGMINGJIEYOUHUAYUZHIXUEZHIGONG。QIGENSEZICHI,KEYONGYIRANJIANG,GUYOUDIXUE、RANFEICAO、HONGGENCAOZHUMING,GUOSHANLONG、JIULONGGEN、NIUMANDENG,JIEYINPANYUANMANSHENGERMINGMING。XIESIPIANLUNSHENG,GUYOUSILUNCAO、FENGCHECAOZHIMING。《GANGMU》YUN:“SHUCUNYIJIE,MEIJIEWUXIE”(GUANCHAYOUWU),GUCHENGWUZHUALONG、WUXIETENG。YINJINGXIEYOUDAOCI,ERYOULALAYANGZI、JUJUCAO、ZHANMANCAOZHUMING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GEJIALUNSHU】1.LUNQIANCAOGONGSHANHUOXUE:1.1.LISHIZHEN:"QIANCAO,QIWENXINGZHI,WEISUANRUGAN,ERXIANZOUXUE,ZHUANYUXINGXUEHUOXUE。SUFANGZHINVZIJINGSHUIBUTONG,YIYILIANGJIANJIUFUZHI,YIRIJITONG,SHENXIAO。"(《GANGMU》)1.2.DUWENXIE:"QIANCAO,LIAOZHONGDUOGUDU,ZHIDIEPUSUNSHANG。TUXIAXUERULANGAN,NINGJIXUECHENGYUKUAI,XUREBENGLOUBUZHI,LAOSHANGTUNVSHILAI,SHINVJINGZHIBUXING,FURENCHANHOUXUEYUN,ZHIZHIJIEYU。DADOUJIEXUEJIAYAOYE,GUXUEZHIZHENENGXINGZHI,XUESIZHENENGHUOZHI。DOUJIAHONGZIGANKUZHE,YONGZHIGANHUOXUEYAOZHONGSHENMIAO。WAIZHENGCHUANGJIEYONGZHONGZHE,YONGZHIYUPAINONGYAOZHONGLIXIAO。QIYUECHURUJIEWEIYONGZHEHE?GAIRUZHEXUEZHISUOWEIYE,YONGCIJIYIXINGZHI,ZEXUEXINGERYONGZISANYI。"(《YAOJIAN》))1.3.WANGFU:"QIANCAO,SECHIRUXUEFEN,XIEGANZEXUEZANGBUYU,BUXINZEXUEYONGERNENGXING,SHOUSANZEYONGERBUFEI;GUNENGJIXUEQIZHIPING,ZHIWANGXINGZHIXUEERQUYUTONGJING,JIANZHIZHILOUCHUANGYANGPUSUN。"(《YILINZUANYAO·YAOXING》)1.4.SUTINGGUI:"QIANCAO,RUGANYUXINBAOJING,ERJINGZHIXUEWEIBINGYICI。FANGSHUYONGYILIAOTUXUE、NVXUEJINIAOXUE、XIEXUE、ZHUREZHENG,YIZHUYUCONGZHIERDAOYUER,FEIWEIQIXINGLIANGNENGZHIDONGXUEYE。"(《YAOYIMINGBIAN》)1.5.JIANGRONG:"QIANCAO,WEIYIXUEZHI,YUANXUEZHENGZHIZHEDUOYE。XULAOYIYINYUYUXUEZHEDUO,GUYIZHIZHI。"(《GEJINQIUBENCAOSHULU》)2.LUNQIANCAOXINGXUELIANGXUEWEIZHIXUEREZHUZHENGZHIYAOYAO:2.1.MOUXIYONG:"QIANCAO,XINGXUELIANGXUEZHIYAOYAOYE。FEIKUBUZUYIXIERE,FEIGANBUZUYIHUOXUE,FEIXIANBUZUYIRUXUERUANJIAN,FEIWENSHAOYANGZHIQIBUZUYITONGXING,GUZHUBIJIDAN,DANYOUWU,CIQIWEIZHI,GAIZHIXUXUEFAHUANG,ERBUZHUANYUSHIREZHEYE。BIZHEXUEBING。XINGXUERUANJIANZEBIZIYU。GANNENGYIXUEERBUZHONG,BINGQUXUEHE,BUZHONGKEZHIYI。KUHANNENGXIAXIEREQI,GUZHINEIBENGJIXIAXUE。CHURE,GUYIBANGGUANG。JIAODIEZEYUXUE,XUEXINGZEWODIEZIAN。LIANGWUBINGZHIXUE,XINGYISHANGZHIXUE,GUZHIGUDU。《YAOXINGLUN》WEIGANZHULIUJISHANGXINFEI,TUXUEXIEXUE;《RIHUAYU》WEISUANZHIBIHONG,DAIXIA,CHANHOUXUEYUN,RUJIE,YUEJINGBUZHI,CHANGFENGZHILOU,PAINONG,ZHICHUANGJIE,XIEJING,NIAOXUE,PUSUNYUXUE,JIEQUQILIANGXUEXINGXUE,KUHANXIEREZHIGONGER。"(《BENCAOJINGSHU》)2.2.ZHANGSHANLEI:"QIANGENXINGHAN,SUOZHUDUOXUERESHIXUEZHIZHENG。GUJINSHUOJIE,DOUWUYIYI。ER《BENJING》ZHUZHI,DUYIHANSHIERZIWEIGUAN,ZUIWEIBULUN,SUIGEBENWUBUJINTONG,RANBINGQINGYAOXINGDAXIANGMAODUN。CIBIGURENCHUANXIEZHIE,BUKEWANGWENSHENGYI,QUWEIFUHE。FENGBIZHIXUEYUXUERE,BIZHUBUXINGERYAN。QIANCAOHANLIANG,RUXUENENGTONGYUHUOLUO,SHIYIZHUZHI。GURENLUNBI,BENYOUREBIYIHOU,CIBIBUKEYUSHANGWENHANSHILIANSHUDUZHI,ERMIUWEIKEZHIHANBI、SHIBIYE,HUANGDANBENSHUREZHENG,CIZEBINGNENGQINGREZHUYU,MOUZHONGCHUNWEIZHIXUXUEFAHUANG,ERBUZHUANYUSHIRE,QISHUOSHENSHI。BUZHONGYIQINGRE,YANREYINYULI,ZEZHONGQISHANG,WEIQUQIRE,QINGQIXUE,ZEZHONGDEQIBU。JINGWENZUIJIAN,JIEDANGGUANQIHUITONG,BINGFEIFANFANYANZHI。

【臨床應用】用于血熱妄行之多種出血證。茜草性寒入血分,能涼血止血,且能化瘀。凡血熱妄行之出血證均可選用,兼瘀者尤宜。治血熱咯血、吐血、衄血、尿血等證,輕者單用,重者可配小薊、白茅根、山梔子等,以增強涼血止血之功,方如《十藥神書》十灰散。治大腸蘊熱之腸風便血,常配黃芩、地榆、槐角等藥,以清腸涼血止血。治血熱崩漏,常配生地、生蒲黃、側柏葉等藥,以涼血止崩;若氣虛不攝,沖任虛損,漏下不止者,再配炙黃芪、山萸肉、烏賊骨等藥,以補氣攝血,收澀固脫。 用于瘀血經閉,產后瘀阻腹痛,跌打損傷腫痛,兼熱者尤宜,因茜草有活血法瘀之功且能涼血。治瘀血經閉,可單用,或配丹參、赤芍、當歸等藥同用,則可增強活血通經作用;若為血枯兼瘀之經閉,又當配制首烏、熟地黃、川芎等,以養血活血通經。治產后瘀阻腹痛,屬熱者,常配敗醬草、紅藤、赤芍等藥,以清熱化瘀止痛;屬寒滯者,常配當歸川芎、炮姜等藥,以散寒暖宮、化瘀止痛;兼氣虛血虧者,常配炙黃蔑、人參、當歸等藥,以補虛化瘀。治跌打損傷瘀腫,常配紅花、川斷、骨碎補等藥,以活血消腫療傷。 用于風濕痹痛。茜草活血通經,故亦治風濕痹痛,若屬熱痹者,常配忍冬藤、絡石藤、秦艾等藥,以清熱通絡止痛;屬風寒濕痹者,又當與川烏、獨活、海風藤等同用,以祛風除濕、散寒通痹。 用于黃疸。茜草涼血清瘀熱而退黃,用治濕熱黃疸,可配茵陳、山梔、大黃等藥,以清熱涼血,利濕退黃。 用于瘡癰,痔腫。茜草能涼血化瘀以消散瘡癰,治熱毒瘡瘍或乳癰,常配蒲公英、銀花、地丁等藥;治痔瘡腫痛,常配大黃、虎杖、地榆等藥。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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