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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > Q > 青葉膽

青葉膽

2017-06-09 17:44 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:青葉膽

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QINGXIEDAN

【PINYIN】Qīnɡ Yè Dǎn

【YINGWENMING】HERBA SWERTIAE MILEENSIS

【BIEMING】QINGXIEDAN、QINGYUDAN、ZOUDANYAO、GANYANCAO

【來源】本品為龍膽科植物青葉膽Swertia mileensis T. N. He et W. L. Shi,的干燥全草。秋季花果期采收,除去泥沙,曬干。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINCHANG15~45cm。GENCHANGYUANZHUIXING,CHANG2~7cm,ZHIJINGYUE0.2cm,YOUDEYOUFENZHI;BIAOMIANHUANGSEHUOHUANGZONGSE。JINGSILENGXING,LENGJIAOJUJIXIADECHI,ZHIJING0.1~0.2cm;BIAOMIANHUANGLVSEHUOHUANGZONGSE,XIABUCHANGXIANHONGZISE,DUANMIANZHONGKONG。XIEDUISHENG,WUBING;XIEPIANDUOZHOUSUOHUOPOSUI,WANZHENGZHEZHANPINGHOUCHENGTIAOXINGHUOXIAPIZHENXING,CHANG1~4cm,KUAN0.2~0.7cm。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXU,EPIAN4,TIAOXING,HUANGLVSE;HUAGUAN4,SHENLIE,HUANGSE,LIEPIANLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,NEICEJIBUJU2XIANWO;XIONGRUI4。SHUOGUOXIALUANXING,ZHONGZIDUOSHU,XIXIAO,ZONGHESE。QIWEI,WEIKU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMOLVSEHUOHUANGLVSE。SHIXIBAOLEIYUANXING、LEICHANGFANGXING、CHANGTIAOXINGHUOCHANGSUOXING,YOUDEYOUTUQIHUOYIDUANYANCHANG,CHANG100~120μm,ZHIJING40~50μm,MUHUA,BIHOU5~10μm,KONGGOUMINGXIAN。XIANWEICHANGSUOXING,CHANG180~220μm,ZHIJING8~10μm,MUHUA,BIHOUYUE2.5μm,KONGGOUMINGXIAN。XIEDESHANGBIAOPIXIBAOBIBOZHUANG;XIABIAOPIXIBAOJIAOZHIWENLIBUSHENMINGXIAN,QIKONGDUOSHU,BUDENGSHIHUOBUDINGSHI。CAOSUANGAIJIEJINGCHENGGANZHUANG、ZHENZHUANGHUOPIANZHUANG,DUOCUNZAIYUXIEROUXIBAOZHONG。HUAFENLIYUANXING,ZHIJING30~37μm,JU3 KONGGOU,BIAOMIANYOUXIWANGZHUANGWENLI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)QUBENPINFENMO5g,JIAJIACHUN45ml,JIAREHUILIU30FENZHONG,LVGUO,QULVYE1 DI,DIANYULVZHISHANG,HONGGAN,JIASANLVHUALVSHIYE1 DI,DAIGANHOU,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(365nm)XIAGUANCHA,XIANLVHUANGSEYINGGUANG。

(3)QU[JIANBIE](2)XIANGXIADELVYE2ml,JIA 7%YANSUANQIANANJIACHUNRONGYE2~3DI,ZAIJIA10%QINGYANGHUAJIAJIACHUNRONGYE2~3DI,ZHISHUIYUSHANGWEIRE,LENGQUEHOU,JIAXIYANSUANDIAOJIEpHZHIZHI3~4,LVGUO,LVYEJIASANLVHUATIESHIYE1~2DI,XIANZISE。

(4)QU[JIANBIE](2)XIANGXIADESHENGYULVYENONGSUOZHIYUE10ml,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUQIDUNGUOSUANDUIZHAOPIN,JIAJIACHUNZHICHENGMEI1mlHAN2mgDERONGYE,ZUOWEIDUIZHAOPINRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE2μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YIJIABEN-CUSUANYIZHI-BINGCUSUAN(12:4:0.5)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYI10%LIUSUANYICHUNRONGYE,ZAI105℃JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGDEZIHONGSEBANDIAN。

(5)QU[JIANBIE](4)XIANGXIADEGONGSHIPINRONGYE1ml,JIAYUZHONGXINGYANGHUALVZHU(100~120MU,1g,NEIJINGYUE5mm)SHANG,YONGJIACHUNYUE 2mlXITUO,XITUOYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIAJIACHUN2ml SHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUZHANGYACAIKUGANDUIZHAOPIN,JIAJIACHUNZHICHENGMEI 1mlHAN 8mgDERONGYE,ZUOWEIDUIZHAOPINRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE1~2μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGF254 BOCENGBANSHANG,YILVFANG-JIACHUN(17:3)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,ZHIZIWAIGUANGDENG(254nm)XIAJIANSHI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

【PAOZHI】CHUQUZAZHI,PENLINQINGSHUI,SHAORUN,QIEDUAN,LIANGGAN。

【XINGWEI】KU、GAN,HAN。

【GUIJING】GUIGAN、DAN、BANGGUANGJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGGANLIDAN,QINGRELISHI。YONGYUHUANGDANNIAOCHI,RELINSETONG。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】10~15g。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】XUHANZHESHENFU。

【ZHUZANG】ZHIYINLIANGGANZAOCHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

青葉膽圖片
青葉膽

《中藥大辭典》:青葉膽

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QINGXIEDAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Qīnɡ Yè Dǎn

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】GANYANCAO、XIAOQINGYUDAN、TUDANYAO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAO》

【來源】為龍膽科植物美麗獐牙菜全草。春、夏采集。曬干或鮮用。

同屬植物脈瓣獐牙菜亦同等入藥。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YUANXINGTAI】YINIANSHENGRONGBEN,GAO15~60LIMI。GENHUANGSEHUOHUANGHESE,XUGENJIAOSHAO。JINGFANGXING,CHANGDAIZISE.XIEDUISHENG,XIAPIZHENXING,CHANG2~5LIMI,KUAN0.3~0.7LIMI,QUANYUAN;WUBING。YUANZHUIXINGJUSANHUAXU,DINGSHENGHUOYESHENG;HUALANZISE;EPIAN4,XIANZHUANGPIZHENXING;HUAGUAN4SHENLIE,LIEPIANLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,JIBUYOU1GEXIANWO;XIONGRUI4;ZIFANGSHANGWEI。SHUOGUO,TUOYUANXING。ZHONGZIDUOSHU。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGYUSHANYEHUANGPOCAODI。FENBUYUNNAN、SICHUAN、GUIZHOU、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、HUNAN、FUJIANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANHUANGTONGDAI、SHENGWUJIANHEXIANGDOUJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】NENGXIANZHUJIANGDIDABAISHUSILVHUATANZHONGDUXINGGANYANYINQIDEXUEQINGGUBINGZHUANANMEISHENGGAO。DUIGANXIBAOYOUBAOHUZUOYONG。

【XINGWEI】《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAO》:"KU,HAN。"

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAO》:"QINGGANDANSHIRE,CHUWEIZHONGFUHUO。ZHIGANYAN,NIAOLUGANRAN。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,3~5QIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:青葉膽

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】QINGXIEDAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Qīnɡ Yè Dǎn

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】GANYANCAO、XIAOQINGYUDAN、QIDANYAO

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】CHUZI《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAO》。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEILONGDANKEZHIWUQINGXIEDAN、DIANZHANGYACAIHEMEILIZHANGYACAIDEQUANCAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:1.Swertia mileensis2.Swertia yunnanensis Burk.3.Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham.Ex D.Den var.Pulchella (D.Den) Burk.[S.Pulchella Buch.-Ham.;Ophelia pulchella D.Don;S.Vacillans Maxim.」

657彩票网 北京pk10 CAISHOUHECHUZANG:CHUN、XIAJICAIJI,SHAIGANHUOXIANYONG。

【YUANXINGTAI】1.YINIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO15-45cm。ZHUGENZONGHUANGSE,JINGZHILI,SILENGXING,JUZHAICHI。XIEDUISHENG;WUBING;XIEPIANXIACHANGYUANXING、PIWAIXINGZHIXIANXING,CHANG2-5cm,KUAN1.5-10mm,XIANDUANJIJIAN,MOUBUXIEXING,JU3MO。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXUDINGSHENGHUOYESHENG,KAIZHAN,CEZHISHENGDANHUA,HUABIANXI,CHANG0.4-3cm,JIBUYOU2GEBAOPIAN;HUAELVSESE,XIEZHUANG,4LIE,LIEPIANXIANZHUANGPIZHENXING;HUAGUOZHIJINGYUE1cm,DANLANSE,4LIE,LIEPIANCHANGYUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,XIANDUANJIJIANJUXIAOJIANTOU,HUABANJIBUJU2GEMIXIAN,MIXIANBEIZHUANG,XIANDUANJUROUMAOZHUANGLIUSU;XIONGRUI4,ZHUSHENGYUHUAGUANJIBU,HUASIBIANPING,HUAYAOLANSE;ZIFANGLUANZHUANGCHANGYUANXING,CHANG3.5-4.5mm,HUAZHUMINGXIAN,ZHUTOUXIAO。SHUOGUOTUOYUANZHUANGLUANXINGHUOCHANGTUOYUANXING,CHANGDA1cm。ZHONGZIZONGHESE,LUANQIUXING。HUAQI9-10YUE,GUOQI10-11YUE。

2.YUQINGXIEDANBUTONGDIANZAIYU:QITEZHENGWEIJINGJU4ZHI。JINGZHONGSHANGBUXIEPIANXIANZHUANGPIZHENXINGHUOXIANXING。HUADA,5SHU,ZHIJINGYUE2cm,HUAGUANLIEPIANCHANG7-12cm,XIANWOJUSHAOSHULIEPIANZHUANGLIUSU;HUAECHANGDAHUAGUANDE2/3,LIEPIANXIANXING,ZHUTOU2LIE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.YINIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO2 0-50cm。JINGZHILI,SILENGXING,LENGSHANGYOUXIACHI,SHANGBUDUOFENZHI。XIEDUISHENG;WUBING;XIEPIANPIZHENXINGHUOPIZHENZHUANGTUOYUANXING,CHANG2-6cm,KUAN0.3-1.2cm,LIANGDUANJIANXIA,JU1-3MO,ZHONGMOZAIXIAMIANTUQI。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXUYOUDUOHUA,HUAGENGXI,CHANG3-7mm;HUAE4LIE,LIEPIANXIANZHUANGPIZHENXING,ZAIHUASHIBIHUAGUANDUAN,BEIMIANYOUTUQIDE3MO;HUAGUANHUANGSEHUODANHUANGLVSE,ZHIJING8-9mm,4LIE,LIEPIANLUANZHUANGCHANGYUANXING,XIANDUANDUNYUAN,YOUXIAOJIANTOU,ZHONGSHANGBUJUZISEBANDIAN,JIBUJU1GEMIXIAN,MIXIANYUANXING,SHENXIAN,SHANGBANBUBIANYUANJUDUANLIUSU,JIBUYOU1GEMOPIAN,GAIZAIXIANWOSHANG;XIONGRUI4,HUASIXIANXING;ZIFANGXIALUANXING,WUBING,CHANGYUE5mm,HUAZHUDUAN,MINGXIAN,ZHUTOU2LIE。SHUOGUOKUANLUANXING。ZHONGZICHANGYUANXING,HESE。HUA、GUOQI8-9YUE,ZAIGUANGDONGKEZHIYINIAN1YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:1.SHENGYUHAIBA1300-1650mDESHANPOCAOCONGZHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.SHENGYUHAIBA1100-3800mDECAOPOLINXIAHUOGUANCONGZHONG。

3.SHENGYUHAIBA150-3300mDETIANBIAN、CAOPOHUANGDI。

ZIYUANFENBU:1.FENBUYUYUNNAN。

2.FENBUYUSICHUAN、GUIZHOU、YUNNANDENGDI。

3.FENBUYUJIANGXI、FUJIAN、HUBEI、HUNAN、GUANGDONG、HAINAN、GUANGXI、GUIZHOU、YUNNANDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE QUANZHUCHANG15-45cm。GENYUANZHUXING,CHANG2-7cm,YOUSHIFENZHI,XUGENSHAO,BIAOMIANHUANGSEHUOHUANGZONGSE。JINGSILENGXING,LENGJIAOJUJIXIADECHI,ZHONGKONG,ZHIJING1-2mm;BIAOMIANHUANGLVSEHUOHUANGZONGSE,XIABUCHANGDAIHONGZISE。DANXIEDUISHENG,DUOZHOUSUOHUOLVEPOSUI,WANZHENGXIEPIANZHANPINGHOUCHENGXIANXINGHUOPIZHENXING,CHANG1-4cm,KUAN1-7mm,WUBING。YUANZHUIZHUANGJUSANHUAXU。SHUOGUOXIALUANXING。ZHONGZIDUOSHU,XIXIAO,ZONGHESE,LUANXINGZHILEIYUANXING。QIWEI,WEIKU。YISELV、HUADUO、WEIKUZHEWEIJIA。

XIANWEIJIANBIE JINGHENGQIEMIAN:LEIFANGXING,JIAOOUCHUJULENGCHI。BIAOPIXIBAO1LIE,WAIBEIYONGZHICENG。PICENGJIRENPIBUJUNXIAZHAI。XINGCHENGCENGBUMINGXIAN。MUZHIBUYOUDAOGUAN、MUXIANWEI、MUBOBIXIBAOZUCHENG,JUNMUHUA。SUIBUZHONGKONG,BIANYUANYOUHOUBIXIBAO,MUHUA。

LIHUAJIANBIE QUBENPINCUFEN10g,JIAJIACHUN50ml,ZAI60℃SHUIYUZHONGWENJIN1h(HUOLENGJINZHENYAO4h),LVGUO,LVYEGONGXIALIESHIYAN:(1)QULVYE1ml,ZAISHUIYUSHANGZHENGGAN,CANLIUWUYONGCUGAN1mlRONGJIE,DIJIANONGLIUSUAN2-3DI,RONGYEYOUHUANGSEJIANBIANWEIHONGSE、ZISE、QINGSE、WULVSE。(JIANCHASANTIELEI)(2)QULVYE1-2DIDIANYULVZHISHANG,GANHOUZHIZIWAIGUANGDENGXIAGUANCHA,CHENGXIANRUOZONGSEYINGGUANGBANDIAN。①PENSANLVHUALVSHIJIHOUCHENGXIANQIANGHUANGLVSEYINGGUANGBANDIAN;②PEN4%XIAOSUANGAOXIYANSUANRONGYEHOUCHENGXIANQIANGHUANGSEYINGGUANGBANDIAN。(JIANCHA5-QIANHUANGTONGLEI,1-QIANJIZHANDUNTONGLEI)(3)QULVYE1ml,JIA1%SANLVHUATIEJIACHUNRONGYE1-2DI,CHANSHENGLVSE。(JIANCHAFENQIANJI,1-QIANJIZHANDUNTONGLEI)(4)BOCENGSEPU QULVYE10μlDIANYANG。YIQIDUNGUOSUAN、1-QIANJI-3,7,8-JIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG、DANGYAODAIWEIDUIZHAOPIN。FENBIEDIANYANGYU0.5%TANSUANJIABANSHANG,YIZHENGDINGCHUN-YISUANYIZHI-SHUI(4:1:5)ZHANKAI,CUGAN-LIUSUAN-YICHUN(12:1:20)PENWUHOU,YU105℃HONGKAOXIANSE,YANGPINRONGYESEPUZAIYUDUIZHAOPINRONGYESEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANYOUXIANGTONGDESEBAN。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】QINGXIEDANQUANCAOHANQIDUNGUOSUAN(oleanolic acid),RIBENDANGYAOSU(swertia-japonin)JIMUXICAOSU-7-JIAMI6-C-β-PUTAOTANGDAI(7-O-methyl luteolin-6-C-β-D-glucoside),DANGYAOSU(swertisin)JI6-C-β-PUTAOTANG-YANHUASU(6-C-β-glucose-genkwanin)[1,2]。WUZHONGZHANDUNTONGCHENGFEN:JI1,8-ERQIANJI-3,5-ERJIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG(1,8-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy xanthone),1,8-ERQIANJI-3,7-ERJIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG(1,8-di-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxy xanthone),1-QIANJI-3,7,8-SANJIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG(1-hydroxy-3,7,8-trimethoxy xanthone)[3],1-QIANJI-2,3,4,5-SIJIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG(1-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetramethoxy xanthone),1-QIANJI-2,3,5-SANJIAYANGJIZHANDUNTONG(1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy xan-thone)[4]。DANGYAODAI(sweroside)[5],HONGBAIJINHUANEIZHI(erythrocentau-rin),QINGXIEDANNEIZHI(swermirin)[6],DANGYAOKUDAI(swertiamarin),2’-O-YIXIANJIDANGYAOKUDAI(2’-O-acetylswertiamarin)[7]DENG。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】NENGXIANZHUJIANGDIDABAISHUSILVHUATANZHONGDUXINGGANYANYINQIDEXUEQINGGUBINGZHUANANMEISHENGGAO。DUIGANXIBAOYOUBAOHUZUOYONG。QINGXIEDANSHUITIWUYOUBAOGANZUOYONG,QIYOUXIAOCHENGFENWEIQIDUNGUOSUAN(QIDUNGUOSUANDEYAOLIZUOYONGJIANNVZHENZIYAOLIXIANGXIA),KUWEIZHIYUHUANGTONGBUFENYEYOUXIAO,QINGXIEDANKUWEIZHIBUFEN20mg/kgPIXIAZHUSHE,HUANGTONG20mg/kgPISHANGZHUSHE,LIANXU6TIAN,JUNKEJIANGDISILVHUATANYINQIDEDASHUXUEQINGZHUANANMEISHENGGAO。QIDUNGUOSUANZAI100mg/kg、50mg/kg、30mg/kgDEJILIANGSHUIPINGJUNNENGMINGXIANJIANGDIYOUCCl4SUOYINQIDASHUSGPTDESHENGGAO,10mg/kgZUOYONGJIAOCHA。QINGXIEDANHUANGTONGZAI20mg/kg,QINGXIEDANKUWEIZHIZAI20mg/kgYENENGJIANGDIYOUCCl4SUOYINQIDESGPTSHENGGAO。RIDANGYAOHUANGSUDUIDABAISHUYOUCCl4ZAOCHENGDEJIXINGZHONGDUXINGGANSUNSHANGYINQIDESGPTDESHENGGAOYOUJIANGDIZUOYONG。

【XINGWEI】KU;XINGHAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GAN;DAN;BANGGUANGJING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREJIEDU;LISHITUIHUANG。ZHUSHIREHUANGDAN;RELINSETONG;SHIREXIELI;CHIBAIDAIXIA;LIUXINGXINGGANMAO;NVEJIFARE;JIXINGWEIYAN;JIXINGYANHOUYAN;JIXINGBIANTAOTIYAN。WAIYONGKEZHIJIXINGJIEMOYAN;GUOMINXINGPIYAN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,10~15g。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,XIANPINDAOFUHUOQIANSHUIXI。

【GEJIALUNSHU】《YUNNANZHONGCAOYAO》:QINGGANDANSHIRE,CHUWEIZHONGFUHUO。ZHIGANYAN,NIAOLUGANRAN。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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