657彩票网 北京pk10

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人參葉

2017-06-28 18:07 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:人參葉

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】RENCANXIE

【PINYIN】Rén Shēn Yè

【來源】本品為五加科植物人參Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.的干燥葉657彩票网 北京pk10。秋季采收,晾干或烘干。

【XINGZHUANG】BENPINCHANGZHACHENGXIAOBA,CHENGSHUZHUANGHUOSHANZHUANG,CHANG12~35cm。ZHANGZHUANGFUXIEDAIYOUCHANGBING,ANLVSE,3~6MEILUNSHENG。XIAOXIETONGCHANG5MEI,OUYOU7HUO9MEI,CHENGLUANXINGHUODAOLUANXING,JIBUDEXIAOXIECHANG2~8cm,KUAN1~4cm;SHANGBUDEXIAOXIEDAXIAOXIANGJIN,CHANG4~16cm,KUAN2~7cm,JIBUXIEXING,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,BIANYUANJUXIJUCHIJIGANGMAO,SHANGBIAOMIANXIEMOSHENGGANGMAO,XIABIAOMIANXIEMOLONGQI。ZHIZHI,YISUI。QIQINGXIANG,WEIWEIKUERGAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMOHUANGLVSE。SHANGBIAOPIXIBAOXINGZHUANGBUGUIZE,LVECHENGCHANGFANGXING,CHANG35~92μm,KUAN32~60μm ,CHUIZHOUBIBOZHUANGHUOSHENBOZHUANG。XIABIAOPIXIBAOYUSHANGBIAOPIXIANGSI,LVEXIAO,QIKONGBUDINGSHI,BAOWEIXIBAOCHANG31~35μm 。XIEROUWUZHALANZUZHI,DUOYOU4CENGLEIYUANXINGBOBIXIBAOZUCHENG,ZHIJING18~29μm ,HANXIELVTIHUOCAOSUANGAICUJING,CAOSUANGAICUJINGZHIJING12~40μm ,LENGJIAORUIJIAN。

(2)QUBENPINFENMO0.2g,ZHI10mlJUSAIKEDUSHIGUANZHONG,JIASHUI1ml,SHICHENGSHIRUNZHUANGTAI,ZAIJIAYISHUIBAOHEDEZHENGDINGCHUN 5ml,YAOYUN,SHIWENXIAFANGZHI48XIAOSHI,QUSHANGQINGYEJIA3BEILIANGYIZHENGDINGCHUNBAOHEDESHUI,YAOYUN,JINGZHISHIFENCENG(BIYAOSHILIXIN),QUSHANGCENGYEZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQURENCANZAOGANRg1、RENCANZAOGANReDUIZHAOPIN,JIAYICHUNZHICHENGMEI1mlGEHAN2.5mgDEHUNHERONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE10μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIGUIJIAOGBOCENGBANSHANG,YIZHENGDINGCHUN-CUSUANYIZHI-SHUI(4:1:5)DESHANGCENGRONGYEWEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYILIUSUANRONGYE(1→10),ZAI105℃JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGYANSEDEBANDIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KU、GAN、HAN。

【GUIJING】GUIFEI、WEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】BUQI,YIFEI,QUSHU,SHENGJIN。YONGYUQIXUKESOU,SHUREFANZAO,JINSHANGKOUKE,TOUMUBUQING,SIZHIJUANFA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】3~9g。

【ZHUYI】BUYIYULILUTONGYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHIYINLIANGGANZAOCHU,FANGCHAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

人參葉圖片

《中藥大辭典》:人參葉

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】RENCANXIE

【PINYIN】Rén Shēn Yè

【BIEMING】CANXIE(《BENCAOCONGXIN》)。

【CHUCHU】《ZENGDINGWEIYAOTIAOBIAN》

【來源】五加科植物人參

【YUANXINGTAI】XIANG"RENCAN"TIAO。

【XINGZHUANG】GANZAOXIEWEIDAIYOUCHANGBINGDEZHANGZHUANGFUXIE,XIAOXIE5MEI,OUYOU3MEI,CHENGLUANXINGHUODAOLUANXING;FUXIEJIBUDEXIAOXIECHANG2~3LIMI,KUAN1~1.5LIMI;FUXIESHANGBUDEXIAOXIECHANG4~15LIMI,KUAN2~4LIMI,JIBUXIEXING,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,BIANYUANYOUXIJUCHI,ZHIZHI;HUANGLVSE,JUANSUOZHUANG,YOUSHIPOSUI。QIQINGXIANG,WEIWEIKUERDAIGAN。

SHICHANGSUOSHOUZHIRENCANXIE,DUOWEIWUJIAZHONGZHIWUDAXIESANQIDEXIE,XINGZHUANGYURENCANXIEXIANGSI。ZHUCHANSICHUAN、SHANXIDENGDI,YAOCAICHENGWEI"CANXIE"。CANJIAN"CANXIE"TIAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】KUGAN,HAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《GANGMUSHIYI》:"WEIKUWEIGAN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BENCAOZAIXIN》:"WEIKU,XINGHAN,WUDU。"

【GUIJING】《BENCAOZAIXIN》:"RUFEI、WEIERJING。"

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】①《YAOXINGKAO》:"QINGFEI,SHENGJIN,ZHIKE。"

②《GANGMUSHIYI》:"BUZHONGDAIBIAO,DANENGSHENGWEIJIN,QUSHUQI,JIANGXUHUO,LIJIUZHITOUMU;ZUIHOUSHIZHI,JIECHENG。"

【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】ZHILIAOADISENSHIBING:YONG20%YICHUNJIANGRENCANJINGXIEZHIWEI50%DEJINJI。RIFUSANCI,JILIANGCONGMEIRI60~90HAOSHENGKAISHI,ZHUJIANZENGJIA,TONGCHANGCHIXUZAIMEIRI150~300HAOSHENGZHIJIAN。GUANCHA18LI,PINGJUNFUYAO121TIAN(ZUICHANG323TIAN,ZUIDUAN23TIAN)。JIEGUO4LIXIANXIAO,9LIHAOZHUAN,4LIBUFENHAOZHUAN,1LIWUXIAO。CHUBUGUANCHA,JINGZHIHOUHUANZHEDEXIANZHUBIANHUAWEITIZHONG、WOLI、XUETANGZENGJIA,XUEYASHANGSHENG,XUENANONGDUZENGGAO,YIJIPIZHISUSHUISHIYAN、ACTHSHIYANDEGAISHAN。BENPINDUIZAOQIHUODAICHANGXINGHUANZHELIAOXIAOJIAOXIANZHU,DANDUIWANQIFEIDAICHANGXINGHUANZHEZEXUBINGYONGPIZHISU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:人參葉

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】RENCANXIE

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Rén Shēn Yè

【YINGWENMING】Ginseng Leaf

【BIEMING】RENCANMIAO、CANXIE

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】CHUZI《ZENGDINGWEIYAOTIAOBIAN》

【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIWUJIAKEZHIWURENCANDAIJINGDEXIE。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Panaxginseng C. A. Mey.

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:QIUJISHOUJIJINGXIE,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGCAOBEN,GAO30-70cm。GENFEIDA,ROUZHI,YUANZHUHUOFANGCHUIXING,MODUANDUOFENQI,WAIPIDANHUANGSE。XIEWEIZHANGZHUANGFUXIE,JUCHANGBING;LUNSHENGXIEDESHUMUYISHENGCHANGNIANXIANERBUTONG,YIBAN1NIANSHENGZHE1PIANSANCHUFUXIE,2NIANFUXIE,ZUIDUOKEDA6PIANFUXIE;XIAOXIE5,OUYOU7PIAN,XIAOXIEBINGCHANG1-3cm;XIAOXIEPIANPIZHENXINGHUOLUANXING,XIAFANG2PIANXIAOXIEJIAOXIAO,CHANG2-4cm,KUAN1-1.5cm,SHANGBU3XIAOXIECHANG4.5-15cm,KUAN2.2-4cm,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUXIEXING,BIANYUANJUXIJUCHI,SHANGMIANLVSE,YANXIEMOYOUXISHUXIGANGMAO,XIAMIANWUMAO。SANXINGHUAXUDANYIDINGSHENG,ZONGHUAGENGCHANG15-25cm,MEIHUAXUYOU10-80DUODUOHUA,JICHENGYUANQIUXING;HUAXIAO,ZHIJING2-3mm;HUAELVSE,5CHILIE;HUABAN5,DANHUANGLVSE,LUANXING;XIONGRUI5,HUASISHENDUAN;ZIFANGXIAWEI,HUAZHU2,JIBUHESHENG,SHANGBUFENLI。GUOSHIWEIHEGUOZHUANGJIANGGUO,BIANQIUXING,ZHIJING5-9mm,DUOSHU,JICHENGTOUZHUANG,CHENGSHUSHICHENGXIANHONGSE,ZHONGZI2KE,RUBAISE,ZHIJING4-5mm,BIANPINGYUANLUANXING,YICEPINGJIE。HUAQI5-6YUE,GUOQI6-9YUE。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE DUOKUNZHACHENGXIAOBACHENGSHANXINGHUOSHUZHUANG,QUANCHANG30-50cm。JINGXIYUANZHUXINGHUOBIANSUO,ZHIJING3-9mm,HUANGHESEHUOZIHESE,YOUMINGXIANDEZONGGOULENG。ZHICUIYIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANKEYOUBAISEDESUI,YOUSHIZHONGKONG。ZHANGZHUANGFUXIE,3-6MEILUNSHENG;ZONGXIEBINGCHANG6-13cm;XIAOXIESHUZHANHUOJUANDIE、ZHOUSUO,YOUDEPOSUI,WANZHENGZHECHENGTUOYUANXING,CHANG4-20cm,KUAN2.2-9cm,LVSE、HUANGLVSEHUOANLVSE,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUXIEXINGERXIAYAN,BIANYUANJUXIJUCHI,XIESHANGBIAOMIANMOSHANGSHUSHENGZHILIGANGMAO,XIAOXIEBINGCHANG2.5-4.5cm,FUXIEJIBUDEXIAOXIEJIAOXIAO,CHANG2-7cm,KUAN1-4cm。ZHICUI,QIQINGXIANG,WEIKU。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】RENCANJINGXIEHANSANTIELEIJIQIZAODAICHENGFEN:RENCANZAODAI(ginsenoside)Rb1、Rb2、Rc、Re、Rf、Rg1、Rg3、Rg4、Rh1、Rh2、Rh3、F1、F2、F3、F4、La,20(R)RENCANZAODAI[20(R)-ginsenoside]Tg2、Rh2、20(S)RENCANZAODAIRh2[20(S)-ginenoside-Rh2],20-PUTAOTANGRENCANZAODAIRf(20-glucoginsenoside-Rf),20(R)YUANRENCANERCHUN[20(R)protopanaxadiol],20(R)YUANRENCANSANCHUN[20(R)protopana-xatriol],20(R)-DAMAWAN-3β,6α,12β,20,25-WUCHUN[20(R)-dammar-3β,6α,12β,20,25-pentol],20(R)-DAMAWAN-3β,6α,12β,20,25-WUCHUN-6-O-α-L-BINANSHULITANGJI(1→4)-O-β-D-BINANPUTAOTANGDAI[20(R)-dammar-3β-D-glucopyranoside],HULUOBUDAI(daucosterin([1-10]。HUANHANHUANGTONGJIANCHENGFEN:SHANNAIFEN(kaempferol),SANXIEDOUDAI(trifolin),RENCANHUANGTONGDAI(panasenoside)JISHISHANNAIFEN-3-O-PUTAOTANGJI(1→2)BANRUTANGDAI[kaempferol-3-O-glucosyl(1→2)glalctoside][11]。YOUHANHUIFAYOU,JINGDEYOUZHONGHANZONGLVSUAN(palmitic acid),2-JIAJIBINGJISHIERWAN(2-methyl-6-propyldodecane);XIEDEYOUZHONGHANZONGLVSUAN,SHISANWANSUAN(tridecanoic acid),ZHENGSHIWUWAN(n-pentadecane)[12]。LINGYOUBAODAO,XIEDEHUIFAYOUZHONGYOUβ-JINHEHUANXI(β-farnesene),2-SHIQIWANTONG(2-heptadecanone)HEZONGLVSUAN[13]。JINJUBAODAO,XIEDEANFAYOUZHONGHANYOU32ZHONGCHENGFEN,QIZHONGZHUYAODEYOU:9,12,15ERSHIERTANSANXICHUN(9,12,15-docsatrienol),ZONGLVSUAN,7,10,12-SHILIUTANSANXISUANJIAZHI(methyl11,14,17-e-icosatrienoate),YAMASUANJIASUAN(methyl linolenate),3,7,11,15-SIJIAJISHILIUXI-1-CHUN(3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol),GANYOU(glycerol),YISUANERJIAJIBENZHI(2,2-dimethyl phenyl acetate),2-YIWUXIANJIJIAJI-1,3-HUANWUERTONG(2-isopentanoyl-4-mettate),2-YIWUXIANJIJIAJI-1,3-HUANWUERTONG(2-isopentanoyl-4-methylcyclopenta-1,3-dione),YAYOUSUANJIAZHI(methyl oleate),1,2-ERBENJIYIWAN(1,2-diphenylethane)DENG[14]。XIEHUANHANTIANDONGANSUAN(aspartic acid),1,2-dipehnylethane),SUANSUAN(threonine),SIANSUAN(serine),GUANSUAN(glutamic acid),DAIANSUAN(glycine),BINGANSUAN(alanine),BANGUANGANSUAN(cysteine),XIEANSUAN(valine),DANANSUAN(methionine),LIANGANSUAN(leucine),YILIANGANSUAN(isoleucine),BENBINGANSUAN(phenylalanine),LAIANSUAN(lysine),ZUANSUAN(histidine),JINGANSUAN(arginine),FUANSUAN(proline)[15]。LINGHANDUOTANG,JINGZHONGDEDAODUOTANGS-1,XIANGDUIFENZIZHILIANG190WAN,YOUBANRUTANG(galactose),PUTAOTANG(glucose),SHULITANG(arginie),ALABOTANG(arabinose),MUTANG(xylose)ANMOERBI11.9:2.8:1.6:0.8ZUCHENG,DUOTANGZHONGHANYOU1.34%DEDANBAIZHI,NEIYOU17ZHONGANJISUAN[16]。XIEZHONGBAOHANXIAOFENZIDUOTANGPG-ⅠⅢJUNYOUJIAOQIANGDEMIANYIZUOYONG[17];HUANHANSHUISHENXINGZADUOTANGPN[18]HE4GEGAOBUTIDEZADUOTANGGL-Nia、GL-Nib、GL-Ala、Gl-Alb。QIANLIANGGEWEIZHONGXINGTANG,HOULIANGGEWEISUANXINGTANG,QIZHONGGL-NlaDUIKANGYUANYOURUODEZUOYONG[19]。HUANHANNA、MEI、GAI、LV、QIAN、FU、GU、NIE、MU、PENG、XIN、TIE、MENG、TONGDENGWUJIYUANSU[20,21]HEDUOZHONGGUOYANGHUAWUTONGGONGKU[22]。

【XINGWEI】WEIKU;WEIGAN;XINGHAN

【GUIJING】GUIFEI;WEIJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】JIAOSHUQINGRE;XINGJINZHIKE。ZHUSHUREKOUKE;REBINGSHANGJIN;WEIYINBUZU;XIAOKE;FEIZAOGANKE;XUHUOYATONG

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG:JIANTANG,3-10g。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《GANGMUSHIYI》:BAICAOBENXING,DALVBUZHEDUOZAIGEN,XIEZEZHIJIEZHIYUQI,BUKEYIYANBUYE。CANXIESUIBINGCANZHIYUQI,JIUQILI,ZHINENGXINGPIMAOSIZHI,XINGDAIBIAOSAN,YUCANLIYUANSHEN,WEIKESHIYUSHENGJINRUNZAO,YIFEIHEGANZHIYONG。JINYIGAIYONGZUOPEIBUYUANQI,QIFEIJIUWEI,HEBUCHAZHISHEN。

2.《YAOXINGKAO》:QINGFEI,SHENGJIN,ZHIKE。

3.《GANGMUSHIYI》:BUZHONGDAIBIAO,DANENGSHENGWEIJIN,QUSHUQI,JIANGXUHUO,LISIZHITOUMU;ZUIHOUSHIZHI,JIECHENG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】ZHILIAOADISENSHIBING。YONG20%YICHUNJIANGRENCANJINGXIEZHICHENG50%DEJINJI。RIFUSANCI,JILIANGCONGMEIRI60-90mlKAISHI,ZHUJIANZENGJIA,TONGCHANGCHIXUZAIMEIRI150-300mlZHIJIAN。GUANCHA18LI,PINGJUNFUYAO121RI(ZUICHANG323RI,ZUIDUAN23RI)。JIEGUO4LIXIANXIAO,9LIHAOZHUAN,4LIBUFENHAOZHUAN,1LIWUXIAO。CHUBUGUANCHA、JINGZHIHOUHUANZHEDEXIANZHUBIANHUAWEITIZHONG、WOLI、XUETANGZENGJIA,XUEYASHANGSHENG,XUENANONGDUZENGGAO,YIJIPIZHISUSHUISHIYAN、ACTHSHIYANDEGAISHAN,BENPINDUIZAOQIHUODAICHANGXINGHUANZHELIAOXIAOJIAOXIANZHU,DANDUIWANQIFEIDAICHANGXINGHUANZHEZEXUBINGYONGPIZHISU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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