657彩票网 北京pk10

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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > S > 山藥

山藥

2019-03-05 11:15 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:山藥

說道山藥的來由,我們先來聽兩個和山藥相關的故事,山藥在《神農本草經》中記載原名叫薯蕷,后來因為唐太宗的名字叫李豫而同音了,因此當時改名叫薯藥,可是到了宋代,又因為宋英宗的名字叫趙曙,薯又同音了,然后最終改名為了山藥。山藥被更名兩次,就是因為他跟兩個皇帝的名字同音了,這就是我們流傳至今的山藥。

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】SHANYAO

【PINYIN】Shān Yɑo

【YINGWENMING】RHIZOMA DIOSCOREAE

【BIEMING】SHUYU、TUSHU、SHANSHUYU、HUAISHANYAO、HUAISHAN、BAISHANYAO

【來源】本品為薯蕷科植物薯蕷Dioscorea opposita Thunb. 的干燥根莖。冬季莖葉枯萎后采挖,切去根頭,洗凈,除去外皮及須根,用硫黃熏后,干燥;也有選擇肥大順直的干燥山藥,置清水中,浸至無干心,悶透,用硫黃熏后,切齊兩端,用木板搓成圓柱狀,曬干,打光,習稱“光山藥”。

注:同屬植物野山藥657彩票网 北京pk10Dioscorea japonica Thunb.野生于我國各地。其根亦作山藥入藥,功效類同。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】BENPINLVECHENGYUANZHUXING,WANQUERSHAOBIAN,CHANG15~30cm,ZHIJING1.5~6cm。BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEHUODANHUANGSE,YOUZONGGOU、ZONGZHOUWENJIXUGENHEN,OUYOUQIANZONGSEWAIPICANLIU。TIZHONG,ZHIJIANSHI,BUYIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBAISE,FENXING。WUCHOU,WEIDAN、WEISUAN,JIAOZHIFANIAN。GUANGSHANYAOCHENGYUANZHUXING,LIANGDUANPINGQI,CHANG9~18cm,ZHIJING1.5~3cm。BIAOMIANGUANGHUA,BAISEHUOHUANGBAISE。

【JIANBIE】BENPINFENMOLEIBAISE。DIANFENLIDANLIBIANLUANXING、LEIYUANXING、SANJIAOZHUANGLUANXINGHUOJUYUANXING,ZHIJING8~35μm,QIDIANDIANZHUANG、RENZIZHUANG、SHIZIZHUANGHUODUANFENGZHUANG,KEJIANCENGWEN;FULIXISHAO,YOU2~3FENLIZUCHENG。CAOSUANGAIZHENJINGSHUCUNZAIYUNIANYEXIBAOZHONG,CHANGYUEZHI240μm,ZHENJINGCU2~5μm。JUYUANWENKONG、WANGWEN、LUOWENJIHUANWENDAOGUANZHIJING12~48μm。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PAOZHI】SHANYAO:CHUQUZAZHI,FENKAIDAXIAOGE,PAORUNZHITOU,QIEHOUPIAN,GANZAO。

FUCHAOSHANYAO:QUJINGSHANYAOPIAN,ZHAOFUCHAOFA(FULUⅡ D)CHAOZHIHUANGSE。

【XINGWEI】GAN,PING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】GUIPI、FEI、SHENJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】BUPIYANGWEI,SHENGJINYIFEI,BUSHENSEJING。YONGYUPIXUSHISHAO,JIUXIEBUZHI,FEIXUCHUANKE,SHENXUYIJING,DAIXIA,NIAOPIN,XUREXIAOKE。FUCHAOSHANYAOBUPIJIANWEI。YONGYUPIXUSHISHAO,XIEXIEBIANTANG,BAIDAIGUODUO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】15~30g。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHITONGFENGGANZAOCHU,FANGZHU。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

山藥的圖片
各種山藥的區別

《中藥大辭典》:山藥

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】SHANYAO

【PINYIN】Shān Yɑo

【BIEMING】ZHUXU、SHUYU(《SHANHAIJING》),SHUYU、SHANYU(《BENJING》),ZHUSHU、SHUYU、YUYAN,XIUCUI、JICAO(《WUPUBENCAO》),ZHU(《SHANHAIJING》GUOPUCHUAN),SHANZHU(《BIELU》),YANCAO(《JIANMINGYUAN》),WANGYU(《ZAYAOJUE》)。SHUYAO(《QINGYILU》),HUAISHANYAO(《YINPIANXINCAN》),SHEYU(《ZHEJIANGZHONGYAOSHOUCE》),YESHANDOU(《JIANGSUZHIYAOZHI》),SHANBANSHU(《GUANGXIZHONGYAOZHI》),BAITIAO(《SICHUANZHONGYAOZHI》),JIUHUANGJIANG、YEBAISHU(《HUNANYAOWUZHI》),SHANZISHU、FOZHANGSHU(《YAOCAIXUE》),BAIYAOZI(《HANGZHOUYAOZHIZHI》)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】HOUNINGJI《YAOPU》

【來源】為薯蕷科植物薯蕷塊莖。11~12月采挖,切去根頭,洗凈泥土,用竹刀刮去外皮,曬干或烘干,即為毛山藥。選擇粗大的毛山藥,用清水浸勻,再加微熱,并用棉被蓋好,保持濕潤悶透,然后放在木板上搓揉成圓柱狀,將兩頭切齊,曬干打光,即為光山藥。

【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGCHANRAOCAOBEN。KUAIJINGROUMAOFEIHOU,LVECHENGYUANZHUXING,CHUIZHISHENGCHANG,CHANGKEDA1MI,ZHIJING2~7LIMI,WAIPIHUIHESE,SHENGYOUXUGEN。JINGXICHANG,MANXING,TONGCHANGDAIZISE,YOULENG,GUANGHUAWUMAO。XIEDUISHENGHUO3XIELUNSHENG,XIEYEJIANCHANGSHENGZHUYA(MINGLINGYUZI);XIEPIANXINGZHUANGDUOBIANHUA,SANJIAOZHUANGLUANXINGZHISANJIAOZHUANGGUANGLUANXING,CHANG3.5~7LIMI,KUAN2~4.5LIMI,TONGCHANGERZHUANG3LIE,ZHONGYANGLIEPIANXIANDUANJIANJIAN,LIANGCELIEPIANCHENGYUANERZHUANG,JIBUJIZHUANGXINXING,LIANGMIANJUNGUANGHUAWUMAO;XIEMO7~9TIAOJICHU;XIEBINGXICHANG,CHANG1.5~3.5LIMI。HUADANXING,CIXIONGYIZHU;HUAJIXIAO,HUANGLVSE,CHENGSUIZHUANGHUAXU;XIONGHUAXUZHILI,2ZHISHUGEJUSHENGYUXIEYE,HUAZHOUDUOSHUCHENGQUZHEZHUANG;HUAXIAO,JINYUWUBING,BAOPIANSANJIAOZHUANGLUANXING;HUABEI6,TUOYUANXING,XIANDUANDUN;XIONGRUI6,HUASIHENDUAN;CIHUAXUXIACHUI,MEIHUADEJIBUGEYOU2MEIDAXIAOBUDENGDEBAOPIAN,BAOPIANGUANGLUANXING,XIANDUANCHANGJIANJIAN;HUABEI6;ZIFANGXIAWEI,CHANGTUOYUANXING,3SHI,ZHUTOU3LIE。SHUOGUOYOU3CHI,GUOCHICHANGJIDENGYUKUAN。ZHONGZIBIANLUANYUANXING,YOUKUOCHI。HUAQI7~8YUE。GUOQI9~10YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 BENZHIWUDETENG(SHANYAOTENG)、XIEYEJIANDEZHUYA(LINGYUZI)YIGONGYAOYONG,GEXIANGZHUANTIAO。

新鮮山藥
新鮮采挖的山藥圖片

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGSHANYEXIANGYANGCHU。XIANGEDIJIEYOUZAIPEI。

【XINGZHUANG】①MAOSHANYAO:CHENGYUANZHUXING,WANQUERSHAOBIAN,CHANGYUE15~30LIMI,ZHIJING1.5~6XIAMI,BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEHUOZONGHUANGSE,YOUMINGXIANZONGZHOUJIWEICHUJINZHISHUANPI,BINGSHAOSHUGENHEN。ZHIJIAOYING,DUANMIANBAISE,KELIZHUANG,FENZHI。QIWEI,WEIGANWEISUAN,JIAOZHIFAZHAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②GUANGSHANYAO:CHENGPINGHUADEYUANZHUXING,CHANG10~20LIMI,ZHIJING2~4LIMI。BIAOMIANDANHUANGBAISE,GUANGHUA。ZHIJIANYING,BUYIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBAISE,FENZHI。QIWEI,WEIGANWEISUAN,JIAOZHIFAZHAN。YIZHIJIANSHI,FENXINGZU,SEJIEBAIZHEWEIJIA。

ZHUCHANHENAN。CIWAI,HUNAN、HUBEI、SHANXI、YUNNAN、HEBEI、SHANXI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、JIANGXI、GUIZHOU、SICHUANDENGDIYICHAN。YIBANYIHENANBOAI,QINYANG、WUZHI、WENXIANDENGDI(GUHUAIQINGSUOSHU)SUOCHANZHILIANGZUIJIA,XICHENG"HUAISHANYAO"。

CHUSHANGSHUZHENGPINSHANYAOWAI,ZAISHAOSHUDIQUSHANGYOUYIRIBENSHUYU(CHANGJIANGYINANGESHENGDUOYOUYESHENG,QIKUAIJINGXICHENGYESHANYAO,TUSHANYAO,YUANZHIWUCANJIAN"FENGCHEER"TIAO)、SANJIAOXIESHUYU(FENBUYUNNAN、SICHUAN、XIZANG)DENGDUOZHONGSHUYUSHUZHIWUDEKUAIJINGYEZUOSHANYAOSHIYONG。

【PAOZHI】SHANYAO:JIANQUZAZHI,YONGSHUIJINPAOZHISHANYAOZHONGXINBURUANHUAWEIDU,LAOCHUSHAOLIANG,QIEPIANSHAIGANHUOHONGGAN。CHAOSHANYAO:XIANJIANGFUPIJUNYUNSABUYUREGUONEI,SIYANQI,JIARUSHANYAOPIANBANCHAOZHIDANHUANGSEWEIDU,QUCHU,SHAIQUFUPI,FANGLIANG(MEISHANYAOPIAN100PIAN,YONGFUPI10JIN)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 《BENCAOYANYI》:"SHANYAORUYAO,QIFA,DONGYUEYIBUGUOSHOU,YONGZHUDAOZIGUAQUPI,YUWUYANXIAFENGJINGCHU,SHENGZHUSHAIZHONG,BUDEJIANRISE。YIXIGANWUFEN,SIQUANGANSHOUZHI,WEIFENGJINZEGANSU。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】GAN,PING。

①《BENJING》:"WEIGAN,WEN。"

②《BIELU》:"PING,WUDU。"

③《YAOXINGLEIMING》:"WEIGAN,XINGLIANGERRUN。"

④《YAOPINHUAYI》:"SHENGZHEXINGLIANG,SHUZEHUALIANGWEIWEN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】RUFEI、PI、SHENJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《TANGYEBENCAO》:"SHOUTAIYINJING。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《SHANGHANYUNYAO》:"RUSHOU、ZUTAIYINERJING。"

③《DEPEIBENCAO》:"RUSHOU、ZUTAIYINJINGXUEFEN,JIANRUZUSHAOYINJINGQIFEN。"

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】JIANPI,BUFEI,GUSHEN,YIJING。ZHIPIXUXIEXIE,JIULI,XULAOKESOU,XIAOKE,YIJING、DAIXIA,XIAOBIANPINSHU。

BUPIYANGWEI,SHENGJINYIFEI,BUSHENSEJING。YONGYUPIXUSHISHAO、JIUXIEBUZHI、FEIXUCHUANKE、SHENXUYIJING、DAIXIA、NIAOPIN、XUREXIAOKE。FUCHAOSHANYAOBUPIJIANWEI。YONGYUPIXUSHISHAO,XIEXIEBIANTANG,BAIDAIGUODUO。

①《BENJING》:"ZHUSHANGZHONG,BUXU,CHUHANREXIEQI,BUZHONGYIQILI,CHANGJIROU,JIUFUERMUCONGMING。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BIELU》:"ZHUTOUMIANYOUFENG,FENGTOU(YIZUO’TOUFENG’)YANXUAN,XIAQI,ZHIYAOTONG,ZHIXULAOLEISHOU,CHONGWUZANG,CHUFANRE,QIANGYAO。"

③《YAOXINGLUN》:"BUWULAOQISHANG,QULENGFENG,ZHIYAOTONG,ZHENXINSHEN,BUXINQIBUZU,HUANRENTIXULEI,JIAERYONGZHI。"

④《SHILIAOBENCAO》:"ZHITOUTENG,ZHUYINLI。"

⑤《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:"ZHUWUZANG,QIANGJINGU,CHANGZHIANSHEN,ZHUXIEJINGJIANWANG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥ZHUZHENHENG:"SHENGDAOTIEZHONGYINGDU,NENGXIAOSAN。"

⑦《SHANGHANYUNYAO》:"BUBUZU,QINGXURE。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑧《GANGMU》:"YISHENQI,JIANPIWEI,ZHIXIELI,HUATANXIAN,RUNPIMAO。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,3~6QIAN;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:DAOFU。

【ZHUYI】YOUSHIXIEZHEJIFU。

①《BENCAOJINGJIZHU》:"ZIZHIWEIZHISHI,EGANNI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《TANGYEBENCAO》:"ERMENDONGWEIZHISHI。"

【復方】①治脾胃虛弱,不思進飲食:山芋、白術各一兩,人參三分。上三味,搗羅為細末,煮白面糊為丸,如小豆·大,每服三十丸,空心食前溫米飲下。(《圣濟總錄》山芋丸)

②治濕熱虛泄:山藥、蒼術657彩票网 北京pk10等分,飯丸,米飲服。(《瀕湖經驗方》)

③ZHIJINKOULI:GANSHANYAOYIBANCHAOHUANGSE,BANSHENGYONG,YANWEIXIMO,MIYINDIAOXIA。(《BAIYIXUANFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④ZHIXINFUXUPENG,SHOUZUJUELENG,HUOYINGUOKUSELIANGJI,CHENCHAOWEISHIXIANOU,HUOWENSHIJITU,BUSIYINSHI,CINAIPIWEIXURUO:SHANYAOYIWEI,CUORUXIAODOUDA,YIBANCHAORE,YIBANSHENGYONG,WEIMO,MIYINDIAOXIA。(《PUJIFANG))

⑤BUXIAJIAOXULENG,XIAOBIANPINFU,SHOUSUNWULI:SHUYUYUSHAPENNEIYANXI,RUYAOZHONG,YIJIUYIDACHI,AOLINGXIANG,XUANTIANJIUYIZHAN,JIAOLINGYUN,KONGXINYINZHI,MEIDANYIFU。(《SHENGHUIFANG》)

⑥ZHIZHUFENGXUANYUN,YIJINGSUI,ZHUANGPIWEI:SHUYUFEN,TONGQUMINIANGJIU;HUOTONGSHANZHUYU、WUWEIZI、RENCANZHUYAOJINJIUZHUYIN。(《GANGMU》SHANYAOJIU)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑦ZHIXIAOBIANDUO,HUASHUBUJIN:BAIFULING(QUHEIPI),GANSHANYAO(QUPI,BAIFANSHUINEIZHANGUO,MANHUOBEIGANYONGZHI)。SHANGERWEI,GEDENGFEN,WEIXIMO,XIMIYINDIAOFU。(《RUMENSHIQIN》)

⑧ZHITANQICHUANJI:SHANYAODAOLANBANWAN,RUGANZHEZHIBANWAN,HEYUN,DUNREYINZHI。(《JIANBIANDANFANG》)

⑨ZHIZHONGDU:SHANYAO,BIMAZI,NUOMIWEIYICHU,SHUIJINYANWEINI,FUZHONGCHU。(《PUJIFANG》)

⑩ZHIXIANGHOUJIEHE,HUOCHIZHONGYINGTONG:SHENGSHANYAOYITING(QUPI),BIMAZIERGE。TONGYANTIEZHI。(《JIUJIYIFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑾ZHIRUPIJIEKUAIJIZHUTONGRIJIU,JIANYINGBUKUI:XIANSHANYAOHEXIONGQIONG、BAITANGSHUANGGONGDAOLANTUHUANCHU。TUSHANGHOUQIYANGBUKEREN,RENZHILIANGJIUJIANZHI。(《BENJINGFENGYUAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑿ZHIDONGCHUANG:SHANYAOSHAOXU,YUXINWASHANGMOWEINI,TUCHUANGKOUSHANG。(《RUMENSHIQIN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》

中藥材山藥
657彩票网 北京pk10 切片的中藥材山藥圖片


《中華本草》:山藥

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】SHANYAO

【PINYIN】Shān Yɑo

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】Common Yam RhizomeWinged Yan Rhizome, Rhizome of Common Yam

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】SHUXU、SHUYU、SHUYU、SHANYU、ZHUSHU、SHUYU、YUYAN、XIUCUI、SHU、SHANSHU、WANGSHU、SHUYAO、HUAISHANYAO、SHEYU、BAITIAO、JIUHUANGJIANG、YEBAISHU、SHANBANSHU、SHANZISHU、FOZHANGSHU

【CHUCHU】HOUNINGJI《YAOPU》。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEISHUYUKEZHIWUSHANYAODEKUAIJING。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Dioscorea opposita Thunb.[D.batatas Decne.]

657彩票网 北京pk10 CAISHOUHECHUZANG:LUTOUZAIZHONGDANGNIANSHOU,ZHUYAFANZHIDI2NIANSHOU,YUSHUANGJIANGHOUXIECHENGHUANGSESHICAIWA。XIJINGNITU,YONGZHUDAOHUOWANPIANGUAQUWAIPI,SHAIGANHUOHONGGAN,JIWEIMAOSHANYAO。XUANZECUDASHUNZHIDEMAOSHANYAO,YONGQINGSHUIJINYUN,ZAIJIAWEIRE,BINGYONGMIANBEIGAIHAO,BAOCHISHIRUN,MENTOU,RANHOUFANGZAIMUBANSHANGCUOROUCHENGYUANZHUZHUANG,JIANGLIANGTOUQIEJI,SHAIGANDAGUANG,JIWEIGUANGSHANYAO。

【YUANXINGTAI】SHUYU,CHANRAOCAOZHITENGBEN。KUAIJINGCHANGYUANXING,CHUIZHISHENGCHANG,CHANGKEDA1m,XINXIANSHIDUANMIANBAISE,FUZHANXING,GANHOUBAISEFENZHI。JINGTONGCHANGDAIZIHONGSE,YOUXUAN,WUMAO。DANXIE,ZAIJINGXIABUDEHUSHENG,ZHONGBUYISHANGDEDUISHENG,HENSHAO3XIELUNSHENG;XIEPIANBIANYIDA,LUANZHUANGSANJIAOXINGZHIKUANLUANZHUANGJIXING,CHANG3-9cm,KUAN2-7cm,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUSHENXINXING、KUANXINXINGHUOJIXINGZHIJINJIEXING,BIANYUANCHANG3QIANLIEZHI3SHENLIE,ZHONGLIEPIANLUANZHUANGTUOYUANXINGZHIPIZHENXING,CELIEPIANERZHUANG,YUANXING、JINFANGXINGZHICHANGYUANXING,LIANGCELIEPIANYUZHONGJIANLIEPIANXIANGZHAIZIKELIANCHENGBUTONGDEHUXIAN,XIEXINGDEBIANYIJISHIZAITONGYIZHIZHUSHANGYECHANGYOUCHUXIAN。YOUMIAOSHIYIBANXIEPIANWEIKUANLUANXINGHUOLUANYUANXING,JIBUSHENXINXING。XIEYENEICHANGYOUZHUYA(LINGYUZI)。CIXIONGYIZHU。XIONGHUAXUWEISUIZHUANGHUAXU,CHANG2-8cm,JINZHILI;2-8GEZHUSHENGYUXIEYE,OUERCHENGYUANZHUIZHUANGPAILIE;HUAXUZHOUMINGXIANDICHENG“ZHI”ZIXINGQUZHE;BAOPIANHEHUABEIPIANYOUZIHESEBANDIAN;XIONGHUADEWAILUNHUABANPIANKUANLUANXING,NEILUNLUANXING;XIONGRUI6。CIHUAXUWEISUIZHUANGHUAXU,1-3GEZHUSHENGYUXIEYE。SHUOGUOBUFANZHE,SANLENGZHUANGBIANYUANXINGHUOSANLENGZHUANGYUANXING,CHANG1.2-2.0cm,KUAN1.5-3.0cm,WAIMIANYOUBAIFEN。ZHONGZIZHUSHENGYUMEISHIZHONGZHOUZHONGBU,SIZHOUYOUMOZHICHI。HUAQI6-9YUE,GUOQI7-11YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:SHENGYUSHANPO、SHANGULINXIA、XIBIAN、LUPANGDEGUANCONGHUOZACAOZHONG;HUOWEIZAIPEI。

ZIYUANFENBU:FENBUYUHUABEI、XIBEI、HUADONGHEHUAZHONGDIQU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZAIPEI】SHENGWUXUETEXING YESHENGYUSHANQUXIANGYANGDEDIFANG,XIWENNUAN,NAIHAN,ZAIBEIFANGSHAOXINGFUGAIKEYIYUEDONG。YOUYUSHANYAOSHIYIZHONGSHENGENXINGZHIWU,GUZAIPEIDIQUYINGXUANZETUCENGSHENHOU、PAISHUILIANGHAO、SHUSONGFEIWODESHAZHIRANGTU。TURANGSUANJIANDUYIZHONGXINGZUIHAO,RUOTURANGWEISUANXING,YISHENGZHIGENHEGENLIU,YINGXIANGGENDECHANLIANGHEZHILIANG;GUOJIAN,QIGENBUBUNENGCHONGFENXIANGXIASHENGCHANG。YINCI,ZAIWOGUONANBUDIQUZAIPEI,YUJIAOSUANXINGTURANGSHANGYINGSHISHILIANGSHIHUI,YIZHONGHETURANGSUANDU。 ZAIPEIJISHU ZHUYAOYONGLUTOUHEZHUYA(SHANYAODOU)FANZHI。LUTOUFANZHI:MEINIAN10YUEFENJIANGDIXIAGENWACHU,JIANGSHANYAOSHANGBULUTOU15-25cmCHANGZHEXIA,YURIGUANGXIALVESHAI,SHIQISHUIFENZHENGFA,JINGGUORISHAI2-3d,SHANGKOUYUHE,FANGRUSHINEIHUOSHIWAIWAKENGZHUZANG。KENGDESHENDUJIGAITUHOUDUYIBUSHILUTOUSHOUDONGWEIDU,HENANKENGSHENWEI40cm,GAITU6cm,TIANLENGSHIFUTUZHI10cm。BAOCHISHIRUN。YINIAN4YUE(QINGMINGZHIGUYU)QUCHU,ZAIQINEIANXINGJU30-45cm,ZHUJU18-20cm,KAIGOUZAIZHONG,JIANGLUTOUSHUNXUPINGFANGYUGOUNEI,GAITU。ZHUYAFANZHI:4YUEZHONGXUNJIANGSHANGNIANQIUTIANCAISHOUZHUYA(SHANYAODOU)CONGKENGZHONGQUCHU,SHAOSHAI,JIKEJINXINGZAIZHONG,XINGJU30cm,ZHUJU10-15cm,GOUSHEN6cm,JIANGZHUYAFANGRUGOUNEI,FUTU6cm,YUE1GEYUEZUOYOUDESHIJIAN,KECHUYA。 TIANJIANGUANLI CHUMIAOHOU,YINGSHEZHIJIA,YISHIJINGMANXIANGSHANGSHENGCHANG,ZHIJIACAILIAOBUXIAN,ZHUGAN、SHUJIEGANJISHUZHIJUNKE。ZAI5-8YUEQIJIAN,YINGFENCIZHUIFEI,YIFENSHUIJIJIUFEIWEIZHU,KEJIEHEJIAOSHUISHIYONGHUOSABUYUGENPANG。JIAOSHUIHOUYUYU,TURANGGUOSHI,HUISHIGENBUXIANGXIASHENGCHANGERXINGCHENGCHAGEN,YINCI,YUJIYINGZHUYIPAISHUIGONGZUO,JIAOSHUIYAOSHILIANG。JIAOSHUIGUODUOYERONGYIYINQIXIUBING,SHIZAOQILUOXIE,YINGXIANGGENDECHANLIANG。 BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI BINGHAIZHUYAOYOUBAIXIUBING、HEBANBING。BAIXIUBINGYUCHUNJIFASHENG;HEBANBINGXIAJIFASHENG。FANGZHI:①DAZHIJIA,SHITONGFENGLIANGHAO,BUNENGZAIXIANSHIJISHUIDEDIFANGZHONGZHI;②YONGBOERDUOYE1:1:140BEIYEFANGZHI。CHONGHAIZHUYAOYOUQICAO、DILAOHU,YAOSHIGENBU。FANGZHI:FASHENGSHIYONGDUERYOUSHA。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE (1)MAOSHANYAO LVECHENGYUANZHUXING,SHAOBIANERWANQU,CHANG15-30cm,ZHIJING1.5-6cm。BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEHUOQIANZONGHUANGSE,YOUMINGXIANZONGZHOUJISHUANPIWEICHUJINDEHENJI,BINGKEJIANSHAOSHUXUGENHEN,LIANGTOUBUZHENGQI。ZHIJIANSHI,BUYIZHEDUAN,DUANMIANBAISE,KELIZHUANG,FENXING,SANYOUQIANZONGHUANGSEDIANZHUANGWU。WUCHOU,WEIGAN,WEISUAN,JIAOZHIFAZHAN。 (2)GUANGSHANYAO CHENGYUANZHUXING,LIANGDUANQIPING,CHANG7-16cm,ZHIJING1.5-3cm,CUXIJUNYUN,TINGZHI。BIAOMIANGUANGHUA,JIEBAI,FENXINGZU。JUNYITIAOCU、ZHIJIANSHI、FENXINGZU、SEJIEBAIZHEWEIJIA。 XIANWEIJIANBIE KUAIJINGHENGQIEMIAN:JIBENZUZHIZHONGZHANYEXIBAOLEIYUANXING,ZHIJING34-85μm,CHANG85-115μm,NEIHANCAOSUANGAIZHENJINGSHU,CHANGYUE52μm。WEIGUANSHUSANZAI,WAIRENXING,SIZHOUYOUYILIEBOBIXINGWEIGUANSHUQIAO;HOUSHENGMUZHIBUDAOGUANZHIJINGYUEZHI50μm。SHUZHIDAOFENBUZAIBOBIXIBAOJIAN,NEICHONGMANHUANGHESESHUZHIWU。BENPINBOBIXIBAOHANZHONGDUODIANFENLI。 FENMOTEZHENG:BAISEHUODANHUANGSE。①DIANFENLIDUODANLI,LEIYUANXING、CHANGYUANXINGHUOLUANXING,ZHIJING6-17μm,CHANG17-31μm,QIDIANDIANZHUANG、FEINIAOZHUANG,WEIYUJIAOSHAODUAN,DALICENGWENMINGXIAN。②CAOSUANGAIZHENJINGSHUCUNZAIYUZHANYEXIBAOZHONG,ZHENJINGCHANG80-240μm。③DAOGUANWEIJUYUANWENKONGJIWANGWENDAOGUAN,YEYOULUOWENJIHUANWENDAOGUAN,ZHIJING12-48μm。④SHAIGUANFENZIFUSHAIBANSHANGDESHAIYUJIWEIMINGXIAN,PAICHENGWANGZHUANG。⑤XIANWEISHAOSHU,XICHANG,ZHIJINGYUE14μm,BISHENHOU,MUHUA。SHANGPINGUIGE SHANGPINFENGUANGSHANYAOHEMAOSHANYAO。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】SHANYAOKUAIJINGHANSHUYUZAODAIYUAN(diosgenin)0。012%,DUOBAAN(dopamine),YANSUANSHANYAOJIAN(batatasine hydrochloride),DUOFENYANGHUAMEI(polyphenoloxidase),NIAONANGSU(allantoin)ZHICHASU(abscisin)Ⅱ。YOUHANTANGDANBAI(glucoprotein),SHUIJIEDE:LAIANSUAN(lysine),ZUANSUAN(histidine),JINGANSUAN(arginine),TIANDONGANSUAN(aspartic acid),SUANSUAN(threonine),SIANSUAN(serine),GUANSUAN(glutamic acid),FUANSUAN(proline),GANANSUAN(glycine),BINGANSUAN(alanine),XIEANSUAN(valine),LIANGANSUAN(leucine),YILIANGANSUAN(isoleucine),KUANSUAN(tyrosine),BENBINGANSUAN(phenylalanine)HEDANANSUAN(methionine)。HUANHANBAOKUOSHANGSHUANJISUANHEGUANGANSUAN(cystine),γ-ANJIDINGSUAN(γ-aminobutyric acid)ZAINEIDEZIYOUANJISUAN,LINGHANJUJIANGXUETANGZUOYOUYONGDEDUOTANG,BINGHANYOUGANLUTANG(mannose),PUTAOTANG(glucose)HEBANRUTANG(galactose)ANMOERBI6.45:1:1.26GOUCHENGDESHANYAODUOTANG,YOUHANBEI、PI、SHI、GU、GE、TONG、JIA、LAN、LI、MENG、NI、NIE、LIN、SI、TU、TAI、FAN、YI、YI、XIN、GAOYIJIYANGHUANA、YANGHUAJIA、YANGHUALV、YANGHUATIE、YANGHUAGAI、YANGHUAMEIDENG。GENJINGHANDUOBAAN、ERCHAFENAN(catecholamine),YIJIDANZAICHUN(cholesterol),MAIJIAOZAICHUN(ergosterol),CAIYOUZAICHUN(campesterol),DOUZAICHUN(stigmasterol),β-GUZAICHUN(β-sitosterol)。ZHANYEZHONGHANZHISUAN(phytic acid),GANLUDUOTANG(mannan)Ia,IbHEIc;YOURENSHUOZHANYEHANDUOTANG40%,DANBAIZHI2%,LIN3%HEHUIFEN24%,DUOTANGBUFENYOU80%DEGANLUTANGHESHAOLIANGDEBANRUTANG,MUTANG(xylose),GUOTANG(fructose)JIPUTAOTANGSUOZUCHENG。ZHUYA(LINGYUZI)HAN5ZHONGFENPEIXINGZHIWUSHENGCHANGDIAOJIEJI,MINGMINGWEISHANYAOSU(batatasin)Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ。HUANHANZHICHASU,DUOBAANHEDUOZHONGZAICHUN:DANZAIWANCHUN(cholestanol),(24R)-α-JIAJIDANZAIWANCHUN[(24R)-α-methyl cholestanol],(24S)-β-JIAJIDANZAIWANCHUN[(24S)-β-methyl cholestanol],(24R)-α-YIJIDANZAIWANCHUN[(24R)-α-ethyl cholestanol],DANZAICHUN,CAIYOUZAICHUN,(24S)-β-JIAJIDANZAICHUN[(24S)-β-methyl cholestanol],24-YAJIAJIDANZAICHUN(24-methylenecholesterol),β-GUZAICHUN,DOUZAICHUN,YIYANZAOZAICHUN(isfucosterol),CHENGTONGZAICHUN(clerosterol),24-YAJIAJI-25-JIAJIDANZAICHUN(24-emthylene-25-methyl cholesterol),7-DANZAIXICHUN(lathosterol),8(14)-DANZAIXICHUN[cholest-8(14)-enol],(24R)-α-JIAJI-8(14)-DANZAIXICHUN[(24R)-α-methyl cholest-8(14)-enol],(24S)-β-JIAJI-8(14)-DANZAIXICHUN[(24S)-β-methyl cholest-8(14)-enol],(24R)-α-YIJI-8(14)-DANZAIXICHUN[(24R)-α-ethyl cholest-8(14)-enol]。 TONGSHUZHIWURIBENSHUYUKUAIJINGHANSANTIEZAODAI,NIAONANGSU,DANJIAN(choline),17ZHONGANJISUAN(BISHANYAOKUAIJINGSUOHANDEZIYOUANJISUANQUEγ-ANJIDINGSUAN)JIWUJIHUAHEWU(BISHANYAOKUAIJINGSUOHANDEWUJIHUAHEWUQUELAN)。YOUHANXIUYANGJIANGXUETANGHUOXINGDERIBENSHUYUDUOTANG(dioscoran)A、B、C、D、E、F。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.JIANGXUETANGZUOYONG1.1DUISIYANGMIDINGTANGNIAOBINGXIAOSHUXUETANGDEYINGXIANGKUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU,TIZHONG20.6±1.3g,XIONGXING,SUIJIFENZU。SHIYANZUXIAOSHUivSIYANGMIDING9mg/kg,72hYANKUANGQUXUECEXUETANG,XUANXUETANG250mg/dlYISHANGZHEYONGYUSHIYAN,FENZUSHIZUJIANPINGJUNXUETANGXIANGCHABUDAYU10mg/dl,GEIYAOZUFENBIEigSHANYAOSHUIJIANJI30.0g/kg,MEITIAN1CI;HUOMEITIAN2CI(GONGWEI60g/kg),GEIYAO10RI。TONGSHISHEDUIZHAOZU。MOCIGEIYAOQIANDONGWUJINSHI2h,GEIYAOHOU3hYANKUANGQUXUE,YONGLINJIABENANFACEDINGQUANXUEPUTAOTANG。GEIYAOZUYUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAOKEXIANZHUJIANGDIZHENGCHANGXIAOSHUHESIYANGMIDINGTANGNIAOBINGXIAOSHUDEXUETANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 1.2DUISHENSHANGXIANSUYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAODEYINGXIANGXIAOSHUSUIJIFENWEIDUIZHAOZU、SHENSHANGXIANSUZUJISHENSHANGXIANSUSHISHANYAOZU。SHANYAOSHUIJIANJIDEGEIYAOJILIANGJIGEIYAOTUJINGTONGQIAN,DUIZHAOZUJISHENSHANGXIANSUZUMEIDAGEIYUDENGLIANGDESHUI。MOCIGEIYAOHOU2XIAOSHI,SHENSHANGXIANSUSHISHANYAOZUipSHENSHANGXIANSU0.2mg/kg,DUIZHAOZUipSHENGLIYANSHUI。ZHUSHEHOU30FENZHONGQUXUECEXUETANG,igSHANYAOSHUIJIANJI60g/kgx10RIKEMINGXIANDUIKANGSHENSHANGXIANSUYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAO。

1.3YUFANGGEIYAODUISIYANGMIDINGYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAODEYINGXIANGXIAOSHUSUIJIFENZU,GEIYAOZUigSHANYAOSHUIJIANJI30,60g/kg,LIANXU10RI,TONGSHISHEDUIZHAOZU。MOCIGEIYAOHOU3XIAOSHI,GEIYAOZUJIDUIZHAOZUXIAOSHUivSIYANGMIDING90mg/kg。72XIAOSHIHOUQUXUECEXUETANG,YUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAO,GEIYAOZUXUETANGMINGXIANJIANGDI,BIAOMINGSHANYAOYUFANGGEIYAONENGDUIKANGXUEYANGMIDINGYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 1.4DUIPUTAOTANGYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAODEYINGXIANGZHENGCHANGXIAOSHU7ZU,3ZUGEIYAOZU,MEITIANigSHANYAOSHUIJIANJI30g/kg,LINGWAI4GEWEIDUIZHAOZU,MOCIGEIYAOQIANJINSHI2XIAOSHI,RANHOULIJIGEI1ZUDUIZHAOZUQUXUE,YIQIXUETANGZUOWEILINGSHIXUETANG,LINGWAI3GEGEIYAOZUJI3GEDUIZHAOZUYUMOCIGEIYAOHOU1XIAOSHIipPUTAOTANG2g/kg。ZHUSHEHOU30,60JI120FENZHONGGECONG1ZUGEIYAOZUJI1ZUDUIZHAOQUXUE,CEXUETANG,YUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAO,GEIYAOZUZAIBUTONGSHIJIANDEXUETANGMINGXIANDIYUXIANGYINGDUIZHAOZU,BIAOMINGSHANYAONENGDUIKANGWAIYUANPUTAOTANGYINQIDEXIAOSHUXUETANGSHENGGAO。

2.DIAOJIEJITIDUIFEITEYICIJIFANYINGXINGZUOYONG CHANGYANAIQUEYANGSHIYAN KUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU22ZHI,FEN2ZU,FENBIEipSHANYAOSHUIJIANYE0.2ml/ZHI(HANSHENGYAO1g/ml),DUIZHAOZUZHUSHESHENGLIYANSHUI0.2ml/ZHI,30FENZHONGHOUZHUANGRUNEIZHUANG20gJIANSHIHUIDEGUANGKOUMOKOUPINGZHONG,FANSHILINMIFENG,JILUXIAOSHUCUNHUOSHIJIAN。YUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAO,SHANYAONENGXIANZHUYANCHANGXIAOSHUCUNHUOSHIJIAN,JUYOUJIXIANZHUDECHANGYANAIQUEYANGZUOYONG,NENGMINGXIANJIANQINGXIAOSHUZANGQISHOUQUEYANGHUANJINGDESUNHAI,TIGAONAISHOUXING。

3.DUIMIANYIGONGNENGDEYINGXIANG3.1DUIMIANYIQIGUANZHONGLIANGDEYINGXIANGKUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU20ZHI,SHIYANZULIANXU7RIipSHANYAOSHUIJIANYE0.2ml/ZHI(HANSHENGYAO1g/ml),DUIZHAOZUZHUSHESHENGLIYANSHUI0.2ml/ZHI,MOCIGEIYAO24XIAOSHIHOU,CHUSIDONGWU,LIJICHENGTIZHONG、XIONGXIANZHONGHEPIZANGZHONG,JISUANXIONGXIANZHISHUHEPIZHISHU。YUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAO,SHANYAOKEXIANZHUZENGJIAXIAOSHUDEPIZANGZHONGLIANG,ERDUIXIONGXIANWUMINGXIANZUOYONG。

3.2DUIXIAOSHUTANLIKUOQINGDEYINGXIANGKUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU12ZHI,SHIYANZULIANXU7RIipSHANYAOSHUIJIANYE0.2ml/ZHI(HANSHENGYAOig/ml),DUIZHAOZUZHUSHESHENGLIYANSHUI0.2ml/ZHI,MOCIGEIYAO24XIAOSHIHOU,MEISHUWEIivJINGCHULIHOUDEZHONGHUATANSUMOSHUI0.1ml/10g(SHISHOUMOSHUIGUOLV,XISHI3BEI),ZHUSHEHOU0.5HE10FENZHONG,FENBIEYOUYANHOUJINGMOCONGQUXUE20ml,RONGYU21%NaHCO3ZHONGJINGZHI1XIAOSHI,YU650nmCHUCEDINGXISHOUZHI,JISUANKUOQINGZHISHU。SHANYAOKEXIANZHUZENGQIANGXIAOSHUTANLIKUOQINGZUOYONG。YANGZHONGLINDENGYOUYITANLIKUOQINGSHIYANWEIZHIBIAO,YANJIULESHANYAOSHENGPIN、FUCHAOPINJITUCHAOPINDUIXIAOBAISHUFEITEYIXINGMIANYIGONGNENGDEYINGXIANG,JIEGUOBIAOMINGGEGEIYAOZUYUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAOJUNYOUFEICHANGXIANZHUXINGCHAYI,SHENGPINYOUQIANGYUFUCHAOPINHETUCHAOPINTISHIBUQIYONGSHANYAOSHENGPINWEIYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.3DUIHUANLINXIANANZHIYIMIANYIDEYINGXIANGKUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU20ZHI,SHIYANZUFUQIANGLIANXUZHUSHESHANYAODUOTANGRONGYE0.2ml/ZHI10RI,dllZHUSHEHUANLINXIANAN0.4ml/ZHI(5mg/ml),dl3QUXUEJIBAIXIBAOSHU。SHANYAODUOTANGNENGJIYOUXIAODIDUIKANGHUANLINXIANANDEYIZHIMIANYIZUOYONG。

4.DUIXIAOSHUXIAOCHANGYUNDONGDEYINGXIANGKUNMINGZHONGXIAOSHU20ZHI,FEN2ZU,JINSHI24h,SHIYANZUYISHANYAOSHUIJIANYE10ml(HANSHENGYAO1g/ml)+0.5gHUOXINGTAN(SHISHOU),DUIZHAOZUYI10mlSHENGLIYANSHUI+0.5gHUOXINGTAN,FENBIEig。20FENZHONGHOU,LIJIYONGJISUITUOJIUFACHUSI,QUCHUXIAOCHANGPUPING,CELIANGTANFENCONGYOUMENKUOYUEJITUIXIANGXIAOCHANGMODUANDEJULI(cm),BINGJISUANZHEYIJULIZHANXIAOCHANGQUANCHANGDEBAIFENSHU。JIEGUOBIAOMINGSHANYAOJUYOUCIJIXIAOCHANGYUNDONG、CUJINCHANGDAONEIRONGWUPAIKONGZUOYONG。

5.QITA SUOHANYINGYANGCHENGFENHEZHANYEZHI、DIANFENMEIYOUGUAN,YOUZIBUZUOYONG,NENGZHUXIAOHUA。ZHIXIE。QUTAN。

【JIANBIE】LIHUAJIANBIE (1)QUBENPINCUFEN5g,JIASHUIZHUFEI,LVGUO,LVYEGONGSHIYANYONG:①QULVYE1ml,JIA5%QINGYANGHUANAYE2DI,ZAIJIAXILIUSUANTONGYE2DI,CHENGLANZISE。(JIANCHADANBAIZHI)。②QULVYE1ml,JIAFEILINSHIYE1ml,SHUIYUJIARE,CHANSHENGHONGSECHENDIAN。(JIANCHAHUANYUANTANGLEI)③QULVYEDIYULVZHISHANG,DIJIA1%YINSANTONGBINGTONGYE2DI,JIAREHOULIJIXIANZISE(LINGYIKONGBAISHIJIDUIZHAOWEIFUFANYING)。(JIANCHAANJISUAN) (2)QUYAOCAIFENMOHUOQIEPIANSHAOXU,JIANONGXIAOSUAN1ml,CHENGXIANHUANGSE。(JIANCHADANBAIZHI)

【PAOZHI】SHANYAO:JIANQUZAZHI,YONGSHUIJINPAOZHISHANYAOZHONGXINBURUANHUAWEIDU,LAOCHUSHAOLIANG,QIEPIANSHAIGANHUOHONGGAN。CHAOSHANYAO:XIANJIANGFUPIJUNYUNSABUYUREGUONEI,SIYANQI,JIARUSHANYAOPIANBANCHAOZHIDANHUANGSEWEIDU,QUCHU,SHAIQUFUPI,FANGLIANG(MEISHANYAOPIAN100PIAN,YONGFUPI10JIN)。《BENCAOYANYI》:SHANYAORUYAO,QIFA,DONGYUEYIBUGUOSHOU,YONGZHUDAOZIGUAQUPI,YUWUYANXIAFENGJINGCHU,SHENGZHUSHAIZHONG,BUDEJIANRISE,YIXIGANWUFEN,SIQUANGANSHOUZHI,WEIFENGJINZEGANSU。

DUIJIATUCHANGYUNDONGDEYINGXIANG PANGGUOXINGDENGBAODAO,SHENGSHANYAO、QINGCHAO、TUCHAO、FUCHAO4ZHONGSHANYAOPAOZHIPINJIANJIDUIJIATULITICHANGGUANJIELVXINGHUODONGYOUMINGXIANZUOYONG。DUISHENSHANGXIANSUCHANSHENGJINZHANGXINGJIANGDISHI,GEI4ZHONGSHANYAOJIANJIQUENENGSHICHANGGUANHUIFUJIELV,JIEKANGZUOYONGMINGXIAN。DUIYIXIANDANJIANYINQICHANGGUANJINZHANGXINGZENGGAOSHI,GEIYU4ZHONGSHANYAOJIANJIJUNWEIJIANCHANGGUANJINZHANGXINGXIAJIANGHUOMINGXIANHUIFUJIELVXINGHUODONG。4ZHONGSHANYAODUICHANGZUOYONGCHABIE。RENWEIYIQINGCHAO、SHENGPIN、TUCHAOLVEHAO。

【XINGWEI】GAN;PING

【GUIJING】FEI;PI;SHENJING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】BUPI;YANGFEI;GUSHEN;YIJING。ZHUPIXUXIEXIE;SHISHAOFUZHONG;FEIXUKECHUAN;XIAOKE;YIJING;DAIXIA;SHENXUNIAOPIN;WAIYONGZHIYONGZHONG;LUOLI

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,15-30g,DAJILIANG60-250g;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,DAOFU。BUYIN,YISHENGYONG;JIANPIZHIXIE,YICHAOHUANGYONG。

【ZHUYI】SHISHENGZHONGMANHUOYOUSHIXIE、JIZHIZHEJINFU。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.LIGAO:ZHONGJINGBAWEIWANYONGGANSHANYAO,YIQILIANGERNENGBUYE。YIZHIPIFUGANZAO,YICIWURUNZHI。

2.《YIJINGSUHUIJI》:GANSHANYAO,SUIDURUSHOUTAIYINJING,RANQIGONGYINENGQIANGYIN,QIESHOUTAIYINWEIZUSHAOYINZHISHANGYUAN,YUANJIYOUZI,LIUQIWUYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.《BENCAOZHENG》:SHANYAO,NENGJIANPIBUXU,ZIJINGGUSHEN,ZHIZHUXUBAISUN,LIAOWULAOQISHANG。DIQIQIQINGXINGHUAN,FEIKANZHUANREN,GUBUPIFEIBIZHUCAN、SHU,BUSHENSHUIBIJUNZHU、DI,SEDAIZHUOXUPOGUTONGYAN,GUYIXIEZHANGTUSIXIANGJI。ZHUWANGUBENWANYAO,YIYIDAOMOWEIHU。ZONGZHIXINGWEIROURUO,DANKEYONGLIZUOSHI。

4.《YAOPINHUAYI》:SHANYAO,WENBUERBUZOU,WEIXIANGERBUZAO,XUNXUNYOUDIAOFEIZHIGONG,ZHIFEIXUJIUSOU,HEQIWENDANG。YINQIWEIGANQIXIANG,YONGZHIZHUPI,ZHIPIXUFUXIE,DAIDUOSHIWO,SIZHIKUNJUAN。YOUQUQIGANZEBUYANG,YINENGBUZHONGYIQI,WENYANGJIROU,WEIFEIPIERZANGYAOYAO。TUWANGSHENGJIN,JINSHENGSHENGSHUI,GONGYONGXIANGRENG,GULIUWEIWANZHONGYONGZHIZHISHENXUYAOTONG,HUAJINGMENGYI,XUQIEYANGWEI。DANXINGHUANLIWEI,JIYIBEIYONG。

5.《BENCAOQIUZHEN》:SHANYAO,BENSHUSHIWU,GURENYONGRUTANGJI,WEIQIBUPIYIQICHURE。RANQISUIWENERQUEPING,WEIBUPIFEIZHIYIN,SHIYINENGRUNPIMAO、CHANGJIROU,BUSIHUANGQIXINGWENNENGBUFEIYANG,BAISHUKUZAONENGBUPIYANGYE。QIEQIXINGSE,NENGZHIYIJINGBUJIN,WEIGANJIANXIAN,YOUNENGYISHENQIANGYIN,GULIUWEIDIHUANGWANYONGCIYIZUODIHUANG。RANXINGSUIYINERZHIBUSHEN,GUNENGSHENSHIYIZHIXIEXIE。SHENGDAOFUYONGCHUANG,XIAOZHONGYING,YISHIBUYINTUIREZHIYI。ZHIYUNBUYANGXIAOZHONG,BUQICHUZHI,LISUIKETONG,YUSHEQIANHUN,SIFEIZHENGSHUO。ZHIRUTANGJIYIZHIHUOXUWEIZHENG,NANTUJINGONG,BIDUOYONGZHIFANGYU,YIQIBINGXINGHEHUANGUER。RUZIYINYAOZHONGYISHENGYONG,RUBUPIYICHAOHUANGYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 6.《BENCAOJINGDU》:SHANYAO,NENGBUSHENTIANJING,JINGZUZEYINQIANG、MUMING、ERCONG。FANSHANGPINJUSHIXUNCHANGFUSHIZHIWU,FEIZHIBINGZHIYAO,GUSHENNONGLINGTICHUJIUFUERZI,KEJIANJINRENMEIQUSHANGPINZHIYAO,RUCIWUJIRENCAN、SHUDI、WEIRUI、AJIAO、TUSIZI、SHAYUANJILIZHILEI,HEWEIYIFANG,YIZHIDABING,WURENWUSUAN。GAIBINGBUSUQU,YUANQIRISHANG,SHANGJIZESI。FANSHANGPINZHIYAO,FAYIJIUFU,DUOZEZHONGSHEN,SHAOZESHUNIAN,YUWUGUZHIYANGRENXIANGZUO,YIZHENSHOUKAO。RUODABINGERXUYONGCIYAO,RUWUGUWEIYANGPIDIYIPIN,PIXUZHIREN,QIANGLINGSHIGU,JIKEBIBUPIZHINENGSHI,YOUSHILIHU!7.《BENJINGSHUZHENG》:SHUYU,ZHUSHANGZHONGBUXULEI,JIBUZHONGYIQILIYE。ER《BENJING》FUYANZHIHEGU,CIGAIDANGLIANXIAJUDU,ZHUSHANGZHONG、BUXULEI,CHUHANREXIEQIYUNZHE,YOUYUNBUSHANGZHONGERZHIZHIXULEI,CHUSHANGZHONGERSHOUZHIHANREXIEQIYE。FUXUBIYOUYICHUWEIXIAN,TACHUNAILIANLEIJIZHIZHE。XIEZHISUOCOU,SUIYUNQIQIBIXU,RANYIYOUYINYANGZHIFEN,WUZANGLIUFUZHIYI;SHUYUSUOZHUZHIXUZHIXIE,XUSHENDINGQIYOUSHANGZHONGSHANGQI,FANGDEWUWU。BURANSHANGXUEJITASHANGYINENGZHIXULEI、CHENGHANRE,YOUHEBIEYAN。《BIELU》SUOZHUBUXULAOLEISHOU,CHONGWUZANG,CHUFANRE,ZHENGYU《BENJING》XIANGYIN,WEIXIAQI、ZHIYAOTONG、QIANGYINSANXIANGWEITECHU。ZHIYUTOUMIANYOUFENG、TOUFENG、YANXUAN,TANGYILAIYIJIABUSHENYONGCIWEI,GUWUCONGCANQIDILI,RANZHIZHIZHONGJINGZHIFENGQIBAIJI,《BENJING》CHUHANREXIEQI,YIKEMOHUIQIZHIYI。。

8.QITA:《TANGBENCAO》:SHUYU,RIGANDAOXISHAIWEIFEN,SHIZHIDAMEI,QIEYUJIERBU。CIYOULIANGZHONG:YIZHEBAIERQIEJIA;YIZHEQINGHEI,WEIYIBUMEI。SHUDAOZHEYOULIANG。《BENCAOTUJING》:SHUYU,JINCHUCHUYOUZHI,YIBEIDOU、SIMINGZHEWEIJIA。NANZHONGYOUYIZHONGSHENGSHANZHONG,GENXIRUZHI,JIJINSHI,GUAMORUTANGZHUZHI,ZUOKUAIBUSAN,WEIGENGZHENMEI,YUNSHIZHIYOUYIREN,GUOYUJIAYUANZHONGZHE。YOUJIANG、HU、MINZHONGCHUYIZHONGGENRUJIANGYUZHILEIERPIZI,JIYOUDAZHE,YIBAKEZHONGJINYU,GUAQUPI,JIANZHUSHIZHI,JUMEI,DANXINGLENGYUBEIDIZHEER。《ZHIWUMINGSHITUKAO》:KUANGFENGTENG,JIANGXIGANNANSHANZHONGYOUZHI。ZHEGENLVJING,MANSHENGROURAN。CANCHASHENGXIE,CHANGBINGXIREN,SISHANYAOXIEERCHANG,JINYOUZHIWENSHUDAO。TURENYIZHIFENGJI。ZHANGBINGLIN:SHUYUYIWEI,KAIXUEBITEYOUSHENXIAO,XUEBIXULAOFANGZHONGFENGQIZHUBUZU,YONGSHUYUWAN。JINYUNNANRENHUANJIAOQIZHE,YISHENGSHUYUQIEPIAN,SANBUJINGSHANG,YIBUCHANZHI,YUEYISHIXU,JINGSHANGREYANGJIYU。《BENJING》:ZHUSHANGZHONG,BUXU,CHUHANREXIEQI,BUZHONGYIQILI,CHANGJIROU,JIUFUERMUCONGMING。《BIELU》:ZHUTOUMIANYOUFENG,FENGTOU(YIZUO'TOUFENG')YANXUAN,XIAQI,ZHIYAOTONG,ZHIXULAOLEISHOU,CHONGWUZANG,CHUFANRE,QIANGYIN。《YAOXINGLUN》:BUWULAOQISHANG,QULENGFENG,ZHIYAOTONG,ZHENXINSHEN,BUXINQIBUZU,HUANRENTIXULEI,JIAERYONGZHI。《SHILIAOBENCAO》:ZHITOUTENG,ZHUYINLI。《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:ZHUWUZANG,QIANGJINGU,CHANGZHIANSHEN,ZHUXIEJINGJIANWANG。ZHUZHENHENG:SHENGDAOTIEZHONGYINGDU,NENGXIAOSAN。《SHANGHANYUNYAO》:BUBUZU,QINGXURE。《GANGMU》:YISHENQI,JIANPIWEI,ZHIXIELI,HUATANXIAN,RUNPIMAO。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》


《全國中草藥匯編》:山藥

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】SHANYAO

【PINYIN】Shān Yao

【BIEMING】SHUYU、TUYU、SHANSHUYU、HUAISHANYAO、HUAISHAN、BAISHANYAO。

【來源】為薯蕷科薯蕷屬植物薯蕷Dioscorea oppo-sita Thunb.[D.batas Decne.],以657彩票网 北京pk10入藥。秋季采挖,除去地上部分和須根,洗凈,再刮去外皮,曬或烘干至干,或趁鮮切片令干。

【YUANXINGTAI】DUONIANSHENGCHANRAOCAOBEN。GENZHUANGJINGDUAN,GENZHISHENG,ROUZHIFEIHOU,CHENGYUANZHUZHUANGGUNBANGXING,CHANGKEDA1MI,ZHIJING2~7LIMI,WAIPIHUIHESE,SHENGDUOSHUXUGEN,ZHICUI,DUANMIANBAISEDAIZHANXING。JINGXICHANG,TONGCHANGDAIZISE,YOULENGXIAN,GUANGHUAWUMAO。XIEDUISHENGHUO3PIANLUNSHENG,XIEYECHANGSHENGZHUYAMING“LINGYUZI”,SUCHENG“SHANYAODOU”。XIEPIANXINGZHUANGDUOBIANHUA,SANJIAOZHUANGLUANXINGZHISANJIAOZHUANGKUANLUANXING,CHANG3.5~7LIMI,TONGCHANGSANLIE,CELIEPIANYUANERZHUANG,ZHONGLIEPIANXIANDUANJIANJIAN;XIEMO7~9TIAOZIXIEJIFACHU。6~8YUEKAIHUA,HUACIXIONGYIZHU,JIXIAO,HUANGLVSE,JUNCHENGSUIZHUANGHUAXU,XIONGHUAXUZHILI,CIHUAXUXIACHUI。HUARUBAISEHUABEI6PIAN;XIONGHUAYOU6GEXIONGRUI;CIHUAHUAZHU3,ZHUTOU2QI。SHUOGUOYOU3LENG,CHENGCHIZHUANG;ZHONGZIBIANYUANXING;YOUKUANCHI。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】ZAIPEIHUOYESHENGYUSHANDIXIANGYANGCHU。QUANGUOZUIBUFENDIQUJUNYOUFENBU。ZHUCHANYUHENAN、SHANXI、HEBEI、SHANXIDENGSHENG。

【ZAIPEI】XIWENNUAN,NAIHAN。YIXUANPAISHUILIANGHAO、XIANGYANG、TUCONGSHENHOU、SHUSONGFEIWODESHAZHIRANGTUZAIPEI。YONGLUTOUFANZHI。MEINIAN10YUEJIANGDIXIAGENWACHU,JIANGSHANGBULUTOU5~8CUNCHANGZHEXIAZUOZAIZI,LVESHAIZHISHANGKOUYUHEHOUFANGRUYAONEIZHUZANG。DIERNIAN4YUE(QINGMING~GUYU)QUCHU,ZAIQINEIANXINGJU1~1.5CHIKAIGOU,GOUJU5CUN,SHUNGOUPINGFANGZAIZHONG,ZHUJU5~6CUN,FUTU2~3CUN。ZHUYAFANZHI,QIUTIANCAISHOUZHUYA(SHANYAODOU),SHAOSHAIHOUZHUZANG。DIERNIAN4YUEQUCHU,XUANDALIYUANXING、WUSHANGDEYUZAI,ANXINGJU1CHIKAIGOU,GOUSHEN2CUN,ZHUJU3~4CUN,JIANGZHUYAFANGRUGOUNEI,FUTU2CUN,YIGEYUEZUOYOUCHUYA。CHUMIAOHOU,MIAOGAO1CHIZUOYOU,DAJIA,SHIJINGMANSHENGCHANG。5~8YUEZHUIFEI,YIFENXIJIJIUFEIWEIZHU。YUJIZHUYIPAISHUI,JIAOSHUISHILIANG,GUODUOYINQIXIUBINGHUOZAOQILUOXIE。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】GENFENHANZAODAI、ZHANYEZHI、NIAOXIANGSU(allan-toin)、DANJIAN(choline)、JINGANSUAN(arginine)、DIANFENMEI、DANBAIZHI2.7%、ZHIFANG0.2%、DIANFEN16%JIDIANZHIDENG。

【炮制】炒山藥 將山藥片放鍋內,炒至淡黃色,取出晾涼。

【XINGWEI】GAN,PING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】JIANPIZHIXIE,BUFEIYISHEN。PIXUJIUXIE,MANXINGCHANGYAN,FEIXUCHUANKE,MANXINGSHENYAN,TANGNIAOBING,YIJING,YINIAO,BAIDAI。YONGLIANG3~6QIAN。

【FUFANG】1.PIXUJIUXIE;SHANYAO、DANGCANGE4QIAN,BAISHUFULINGGE3QIAN,LIUQU2QIAN,SHUIJIANFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.XIAOERFUXIE(SHUIXIE);SHANYAO、BAISHUGE3QIAN,HUASHIFEN、CHEQIANZIGE1QIAN,GANCAO0.5QIAN,SHUIJIANFU。

3.TANGNIAOBING;SHANYAO、TIANHUAFEN、SHACANGE5QIAN,ZHIMU、WUWEIZIGE3QIAN,SHUIJIANFU。

【備注】同屬植物野山藥657彩票网 北京pk10Dioscorea japonica Thu-nb.與前種的區別是莖和葉都不帶紫色,花序軸呈螺絲狀彎曲。野生于我國各地。其根亦作山藥入藥,功效類同。

【ZHAILU】《QUANGUOZHONGCAOYAOHUIBIAN》

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