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甜瓜子

2017-09-02 20:51 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《全國中草藥匯編》:甜瓜子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】TIANGUAZI

【PINYIN】Tián Guā Zǐ

【來源】為葫蘆科甜瓜屬植物甜瓜Cucumis melo L.的種子。夏季果實成熟,收集種子,洗凈曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】GAN、HAN。WUDU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGFEI,HUATAN,PAINONG,RUNCHANG。YONGYUFEINONGYANG,MANXINGZHIQIGUANYAN,DABIANBUCHANG。

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】3~5QIAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《QUANGUOZHONGCAOYAOHUIBIAN》

甜瓜子
甜瓜子的圖片

《中藥大辭典》:甜瓜子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】TIANGUAZI

【PINYIN】Tián Guā Zǐ

【BIEMING】GANGUAZI(《BIELU》),TIANGUAREN、TIANGUABAN(《BENJINGFENGYUAN》)。

【CHUCHU】《KAIBAOBENCAO》

【來源】為葫蘆科植物甜瓜種子。夏、秋季收集食用甜瓜時遺下的種子,曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】ZHUCHANSHANDONG、HEBEI、SHANXI、HENAN、JIANGSUDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】GANZAODEZHONGZI,CHANGLUANXING,BIANPING,CHANG6~7HAOMI,KUAN3~4HAOMI,HOUYUE1HAOMI。DINGDUANSHAOJIAN,YOUYIJIBUMINGXIANDEZHONGQI,JIBUDUNYUAN。BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEHUODANZONGHONGSE,PINGHUAERWEIYOUGUANGZE。ZAIKUODAJINGXIAGUANCHA,BIAOMIANKEJIANXIMIDEZONGWEN。ZHONGPIJIAOYINGERCUI,NEIYOUYIBAISEMOZHIPEIRU,BAOYU2PIANZIXIEZHIWAI,ZIXIEBAISE,FUYOUXING。QIWU,WEIDAN。YIHUANGBAISE、KELIBAOMANZHEWEIJIA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANZHIFANGYOUYUE27%,ZHONGHANYAYOUSUAN、YOUSUAN、ZONGLVSUAN、YINGZHISUANJIROUDOUKOUSUANDEGANYOUZHI、LUANLINZHI、DANZAICHUN。SHANGHANQIUDANBAIJIGUDANBAIYUE5.78%HEBANRUJUTANG,PUTAOTANG、SHUJIAO、SHUZHIDENG。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】QUANZHONGZIJIQUPIZHONGZIDESHUI、YICHUNHUOYIMITIQUYEHEZHONGZIZHIFANGYOUJUNBIAOXIANDUIMAOYOUQUCHONGZUOYONG。ZAITIWAISHIYANZHONG,DUIHUICHONGHEJIANGCHONGYIBANYI1:10DENONGDUZAI10FENZHONGZHI1.5XIAOSHINEIDOUNENGSHASI,DANQUPIZHONGZIDEYICHUNHEYIMITIQUYEDUIJIANGCHONGDEZUOYONGZETEBIERUO,ZAI1.5~3XIAOSHIRENGBUNENGSHASI。TONGSHIJIANGQUANZHONGZIDESHUITIQUYEDUIMAOZUOLETINEISHIYAN,YIMEIGONGJINTIZHONG1~4KEDEJILIANG,JIDADAOQUANBUSHASIHUICHONGHEJIANGCHONGDEZUOYONG。TIANGUAZIDETIQUWUHEZHIFANGYOUDUIMAODEJILIANGDAO8KESHIRENGWEIFAXIANRENHEDUXING。BENZHIWUDETIQUWUKEYIZHIMEIJUN。

【XINGWEI】《GANGMU》:"GAN,HAN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SANJIE,XIAOYU,QINGFEI,RUNCHANG。ZHIFUNEIJIEJU,CHANGYONG,KESOUKOUKE。

①《BIELU》:"ZHUFUNEIJIEJU,POKUINONGXUE,ZUIWEICHANG、WEI、PINEIYONGYAOYAO。"

②《BENCAOSHIYI》:"ZHIYUEJINGTAIGUO,WEIMOQUYOU,SHUIDIAOFU。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《GANGMU》:"QINGFEIRUNCHANG,HEZHONGZHIKE。"

④《ZHONGYAOZHI》:"DIEPUYUXUE,CHANGYONG,KESOUKOUKE。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,3~5QIAN;HUORUWAN、SAN。

【復方】
①治腸癰已成,小腹腫痛,小便似淋,或大便艱澀、下膿:甜瓜子一合,當歸(炒)一兩,蛇退657彩票网 北京pk10皮一條。研粗末,每服四錢,水一盞半,煎一盞,食前服,利下惡物為妙。(《圣惠方》)

②ZHIKOUCHOU:TIANGUAZIZUOMO,MIHE,MEIRIKONGXINXISHUQI,HANYIWANRUZAOHEDA,YIFUCHI。(《QIANJINFANG》)

③ZHIYAOTUITENGTONG:TIANGUAZISANLIANG,JIUJINSHIRI,WEIMO。MEIFUSANQIAN,KONGXINJIUXIA,RISAN。(《SHOUYUSHENFANG》)

【各家論述】
657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《唐本草》:"《別錄》云,甘瓜子……《本草》以為冬瓜,但用蒂,不云子也。仁,今腸癰湯中用之,俗人或用冬瓜子非也。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BENJINGFENGYUAN》:"TIANGUAREN,ZHUANYUKAITANLIQI,《BIELU》ZHIFUNEIJIEJU,POKUINONGXUE,WEICHANGWEINEIYONGYAOYAO,《QIANJIN》ZHIFEIYONGYOUWEIJINGTANG,CHANGYONGYOUMUDANDAHUANGTANG,YUCHANGYONGZHI。RANBIHUANGSHUWEITIANZHE,FANGBUSHANGWEIQI,RUOSHENGQINGWEIKU,LILIEBUKANRUYAO。"

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:甜瓜子

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】TIANGUAZI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Tián Guā Zǐ

【YINGWENMING】Muskmelom Seed

【BIEMING】GANGUAZI、TIANGUAREN、TIANGUABAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【CHUCHU】CHUZI《KAIBAOBENCAO》

【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIHULUKEZHIWUTIANGUADEZHONGZI。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:Cucumis melo L.

657彩票网 北京pk10 CAISHOUHECHUZANG:XIA、QIUJICAISHOUTIANGUADEZHONGZI,YINGAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YUANXINGTAI】YINIANPUFUHUOPANYUANCAOBEN。JING、ZHIHUANGHESEHUOBAISEDECAOMAOHETUQI。JUANXUDANYI,BEIWEIROUMAO。XIEHUSHENG;XIEBINGCHANG8-12cm,JUCAOGOUJIDUANGANGROUMAO;XIEPIANHOUZHIZHI,JINYUANXINGHUOSHENXING,CHANGYUANBUFENLIEHUO3-7QIANLIE,LIEPIANXIANDUANYUANDUN,YOUJUCHI。HUADANXING,CIXIONGTONGZHU;XIONGHUASHUDUO,CUSHENGYUXIEYE;HUAGENGXIANXI,CHANG0.5-2cm,BEIROUMAO;HUAETONGXIAZHONGXING,MIBEIBAISECHANGROUMAO,LIEPIANJINZHANXING,HUAGUANHUANGSE,CHANGYUE2cm,LIEPIANLUANZHUANGCHANGYUANXING,JIJIAN;XIONGRUI3,HUASIJIDUAN,YAOSHIZHEQU,YAOGEDINGDUANYINCHANG;CIHUADANSHENG,HUAGENGBEIROUMAO;ZIFANGCHANGTUOYUANXING,MIBEICHANGROUMAOHEYINGMAO,HUAZHUCHANG1-2mm,ZHUTOUKAOHE。GUOSHIXINGZHUANG、YANSEBIANYIJIAODA,YIBANWEIQIUXINGHUOCHANGTUOYUANXING,GUOPIPINGHUA,YOUZONGHANHUOBANWEN,GUOROUBAISE、HUANGSEHUOLVSE。ZHONGZIWUBAISEHUOHUANGZHESE,LUANXINGHUOCHANGYUANXING。HUA、GUOQIXIAJI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE ZHONGZICHANGLUANXING,BIANPING,CHANG6-8mm,KUAN3-4mm,HOUYUE1mm。YIDUANSHAOXIA,DINGDUANPINGJIE,YOUBUMINGSHIDEZHONGQI,LINGYIDUANYUANDUN。BIAOMIANHUANGBAISEZHIDANZONGYI,PINGHUA,SHAOJUGUANGZE,FANGDAJINGXIAKEJIANXIMIZONGWENLI。ZHIJIAOYINGERCUI,CHUQUZHONGPIHOU,YOUBAISEMOZHIDEPEIRU,BAOYUZIXIEZHIWAI;ZIXIEBAISE,FUYOUXING。QIWEI,WEIDAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 YIKELIBAOMAN、SEHUANGBAIZHEWEIJIA。

XIANWEIJIANBIE FENMOTEZHENG:HUANGZONGSE。①ZHONGPIWAICESHIXIBAODANHUANGLVSEHUOWUSE,DUOYANCHANGCHENGCHANGFANGXING、CHANGTIAOXINGHUOYIGUIZEXING,BIBOZHUANGWANQUHUOCHENGLIUGUANTUQI,ZHIJING5-58μm,CHANG33-215μm,BIHOU2-17μm,CENGWENJIAOMINGXIAN,WENKONGYUANDIANZHUANGHUOXIELIEFENGZHUANG。②ZHONGPINEICESHIXIBAOJINHUANGSE。DUANMIANGUANXIBAOLEIYUANXING,BISHENHOU,XIBAOJIEXIANBUMINGXIAN,CENGWENJIKONGGOUXIANYUEKEJIAN;BIAOMIANGUANLEICHANGFANGXING,BISHENBOZHUANGWANQU,BICIQIANHEJINMI,WENKONGLIEFENGZHUANGHUODIANZHUANG,KONGGOUXIANYUEKEJIAN。③XINGZHUANGXIBAOBUGUIZEXING,JUDUOGEDUANFENZHIZHUANGTUQI,ZHIJINGYUE25μm,BISHAOHOU,MUHUA。④ZHONGPIXIAPIXIBAOBIAOMIANGUANCHANGFANGXINGHUOBUGUIZEXING,ZHIJING11-49μm,CHANGYUEZHI95μm,BIBOZHUANGWANQUHUOCHENGDUANXIAOTUQI,YULINXIBAOXIANGJIEXINGCHENGMINGXIANDEXIBAOJIANXI,WENKONGXISHU,YOUDEJUWANGZHUANGZENGHOU。⑤ZIXIEXIBAOHANHUFENLI。⑥NEIPEIRUXIBAOJIEXIANBUMINGXIAN,YOUHENGTIAOWENJIJIAOMIDEJIAOCUOWENLIANG。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】ZHONGZIHANDANBAI30.6%,ZHIFANG48.7%,WEISHENGSUC,HULUOBUSUHEDUOZHONGANJISUAN。ZHIFANGYOUZHONGYOUYAYOUSUAN(linoleic acid),YOUSUAN(oleic acid),ZONGLVSUAN(palmitic acid),YINGZHISUAN(stearic acid)JIROUDOUKOUSUAN(myristic acid)DEGANYOUZHI,LUANLINZHI(lecithin),DANZAICHUN(choles-terol)。SHANGHANQIUDANBAI(globulin)JIGUDANBAI(glutelin)5。78%HEBANRUJUTANG(galactan),PUTAOTANG(glucose),SHUJIAO,SHUZHIDENG[1-3]。

GUORENZHONGHANZHILEI49.4%,QIZHONGZHONGXINGZHILEIZHAN91.5%,TANGZHILEIZHAN6.4%,LINZHIZHAN2.1%[4]。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】QUANZHONGZIJIQUPIZHONGZIDESHUI、YICHUNHUOYIMITIQUYEHEZHONGZIZHIFANGYOUJUNBIAOXIANDUIMAOYOUQUCHONGZUOYONG。ZAITIWAISHIYANZHONG,DUIHUICHONGHEJIANGCHONGYIBANYI1:10DENONGDUZAI10FENZHONGZHI1.5XIAOSHINEIDOUNENGSHASI,DANQUPIZHONGZIDEYICHUNHEYIMITIQUYEDUIJIANGCHONGDEZUOYONGZETEBIERUO,ZAI1.5-3XIAOSHIRENGBUNENGSHASI。TONGSHIJIANGQUANZHONGZIDESHUITIQUYEDUIMAOZUOLETINEISHIYAN,YIMEIGONGJINTIZHONG1-4gDEJILIANG,JIDADAOQUANBUSHASIHUICHONGHEJIANGCHONGDEZUOYONG。BENZHIWUDETIQUWUKEYIZHIMEIJUN。 ZHONGZISHUITIQUWU1:10ZAI10FENZHONGNEINENGRANSIMAOHUICHONG;YIMITIQUWU1:20JING2XIAOSHISHIQIUYINXIANYUMABIZHUANGTAI;ZHONGZIYI1-4g/kgGEIMAOGUANFU,SHIMAOTINEIJIANGCHONG、HUICHONGSIWANG,WEIJIANDUXINGFANYING。

【DUXING】TIANGUAZIDETIQUWUHEZHIFANGYOUDUIMAODEJILIANGDAO8gSHIRENGWEIFAXIANRENHEDUXING。

【PAOZHI】YINGAN、BEIYONG。

【XINGWEI】WEIGAN;XINGHAN

【GUIJING】GUIFEI;WEI;DACHANGJING

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGFEI;RUNCHANG;SANJIE;XIAOYU。ZHUFEISHIKESOU;KOUKE;DABIANZAOJIE;CHANGYONG

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG, 10-15g;HUOYANMO,3-6g。

【ZHUYI】PIWEIXUHAN,FUXIEZHEJIFU。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《BIELU》:ZHUFUNEIJIEJU,POKUINONGXUE,ZUIWEICHANG、WEI、PINEIYONGYAOYAO。

2.《BENCAOSHIYI》:ZHIYUEJINGTAIGUO,WEIWEIQUYOU,SHUIDIAOFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.《GANGMU》:QINGFEIRUNCHANG,HEZHONGZHIKE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.《ZHONGYAOZHI》:DIEPUYUXUE,CHANGYONG,KESOUKOUKE。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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