657彩票网 北京pk10

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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > X > 辛夷

辛夷

2018-10-24 15:57 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《中國藥典》:辛夷

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】XINYI

【PINYIN】Xīn Yí

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YINGWENMING】FLOS MAGNOLIAE

【BIEMING】MUBIHUA、WANGCHUNHUA、CHUNHUA、MULAN、ZIYULAN、BAIYULAN、ERYUEHUA、GUANGYULAN

【來源】本品為木蘭科植物望春花Magnolia biondii Pamp.、玉蘭Magnolia denudata Desv.或武當玉蘭Magnolia sprengeri Pamp.的干燥花蕾。冬末春初花未開放時采收,除去枝梗,陰干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】WANGCHUNHUA:BENPINCHENGCHANGLUANXING,SIMAOBITOU,CHANG1.2~2.5cm,ZHIJING0.8~1.5cm。JIBUCHANGJUDUANGENG,CHANGYUE5mm,GENGSHANGYOULEIBAISEDIANZHUANGPIKONG。BAOPIAN2~3CENG,MEICENG2PIAN,LIANGCENGBAOPIANJIANYOUXIAOLINYA,BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIHUIBAISEHUOHUILVSERONGMAO,NEIBIAOMIANLEIZONGSE,WUMAO。HUABEIPIAN9,LEIZONGSE,WAILUNHUABEIPIAN3,TIAOXING,YUEWEINEILIANGLUNCHANGDE1/4,CHENGEPIANZHUANG,NEILIANGLUNHUABEIPIAN6,MEILUN3,LUNZHUANGPAILIE。XIONGRUIHECIRUIDUOSHU,LUOXUANZHUANGPAILIE。TIQING,ZHICUI。QIFANGXIANG,WEIXINLIANGERSHAOKU。

YULAN:CHANG1.5~3cm,ZHIJING1~1.5cm。JIBUZHIGENGJIAOCUZHUANG,PIKONGQIANZONGSE。BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIHUIBAISEHUOHUILVSERONGMAO。HUABEIPIAN9,NEIWAILUNTONGXING。

WUDANGYULAN:CHANG2~4cm,ZHIJING1~2cm。JIBUZHIGENGCUZHUANG,PIKONGHONGZONGSE。BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIDANHUANGSEHUODANHUANGLVSERONGMAO,YOUDEZUIWAICENGBAOPIANRONGMAOYITUOLUOERCHENGHEIHESE。HUABEIPIAN10~12(15),NEIWAILUNWUXIANZHUCHAYI。

【JIANBIE】(1)BENPINFENMOHUILVSEHUODANHUANGLVSE。FEIXIANMAOSHENDUO,SANZAI,DUOSUIDUAN;WANZHENGZHE2~4XIBAO,YIYOUDANXIBAO,BIHOU4~13μm,JIBUXIBAODUANCUPENGDA,XIBAOBIJIDUZENGHOUSISHIXIBAO。SHIXIBAODUOCHENGQUN,CHENGTUOYUANXING、BUGUIZEXINGHUOFENZHIZHUANG,BIHOU4~20μm,KONGGOUBUSHENMINGXIAN,BAOQIANGZHONGKEJIANZONGHUANGSEFENMIWU。YOUXIBAOJIAODUO,LEIYUANXING,YOUDEKEJIANWEIXIAOYOUDI。BAOPIANBIAOPIXIBAOBIANFANGXING,CHUIZHOUBILIANZHUZHUANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)QUBENPINCUFEN1g,JIALVFANG10ml,MISAI,CHAOSHENGCHULI30FENZHONG,LVGUO,LVYEZHENGGAN,CANZHAJIALVFANG2mlSHIRONGJIE,ZUOWEIGONGSHIPINRONGYE。LINGQUMULANZHISUDUIZHAOPIN,JIAJIACHUNZHICHENGMEI1mlHAN1mgDERONGYE,ZUOWEIDUIZHAOPINRONGYE。ZHAOBOCENGSEPUFA(FULUⅥ B)SHIYAN,XIQUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGRONGYEGE2~10μl,FENBIEDIANYUTONGYIYISUOJIAJIXIANWEISUNAWEINIANHEJIDEGUIJIAO H BOCENGBANSHANG,YILVFANG-YIMI(5:1)WEIZHANKAIJI,ZHANKAI,QUCHU,LIANGGAN,PENYI10%LIUSUANYICHUNRONGYE,ZAI90℃JIAREZHIBANDIANXIANSEQINGXI。GONGSHIPINSEPUZHONG,ZAIYUDUIZHAOPINSEPUXIANGYINGDEWEIZHISHANG,XIANXIANGTONGDEZIHONGSEBANDIAN。

【XINGWEI】XIN,WEN。

【GUIJING】GUIFEI、WEIJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SANFENGHAN,TONGBIQIAO。YONGYUFENGHANTOUTONG,BISAI,BIYUAN,BILIUZHUOTI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】3~9g;WAIYONGSHILIANG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUZANG】ZHIYINLIANGGANZAOCHU。

【備注】(1)同屬植物尚有下列數種的花蕾在不同地區也作辛夷入藥:辛夷(木蘭、紫玉蘭)Magnolia liliflora Desr.[M. quinquepeta (Buc’hoz)Dandy];應春花(二月花)Magnolia diva stapf[M. denudata Desr. var. purpurascens Rehd. et Wils.];滇藏木蘭Magnolia campbellii Hook. f. et Thoms.;荷花玉蘭(廣玉蘭)657彩票网 北京pk10Magnolia grandiflora L.。

(2)BENPINRUFEIJING,SHANGTONGYUBI,YISANFENGHAN,GULINCHUANGSHANGYONGYUZHILIAOBIDUOZHUOTI、BUWENXIANGCHOUDEBIYUANZHENG,CHANGYUBAIZHI、XIXIN、FANGFENG、CANGERZIDENGPEIWUYINGYONG。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGGUOYAODIAN》

辛夷的圖片
上圖為中藥材辛夷花

《中藥大辭典》:辛夷

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】XINYI

【PINYIN】Xīn Yí

【BIEMING】XINSHEN、HOUTAO、FANGMU(《BENJING》),XINZHI(《GANQUANFU》),YINGCHUN(《BENCAOSHIYI》),MUBIHUA(《SHUBENCAO》),MAOXINYI、XINYITAO(《SHANXIZHONGYAOZHI》),JIANGPUHUA(《SICHUANZHONGYAOZHI》)。

【CHUCHU】《BENJING》

【來源】為木蘭科植物辛夷玉蘭花蕾657彩票网 北京pk10。一般在早春花蕾未放時采摘,剪去枝梗,干燥即可。

【YUANXINGTAI】①XINYI,YOUMING:LINLAN(《BENJING》),MULAN、GUILAN(《GUANGYA》),DULAN(《BIELU》),MULAN、ZIYULAN。

LUOXIEGUANMU,GAO3~4MI。GANPIHUIBAISE;XIAOZHIZIHESE,PINGHUAWUMAO,JUZONGKUOTUOYUANXINGPIKONG,QIANBAIZONGSE;DINGSHENGDONGYALUANXING,CHANG1~1.5LIMI,BEIDANHUILVSEJUANMAO,YEYAXIAO,CHANG2~3HAOMI。XIEHUSHENG,JUDUANBING,BINGCHANG1.5-2LIMI,WUMAO,YOUSHISHAOJUDUANMAO;XIEPIANTUOYUANXINGHUODAOLUANZHUANGTUOYUANXING,CHANG10~16LIMI,KUAN5~8.5LIMI,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUYUANXING,HUOCHENGYUANXIEXING,QUANYUAN,LIANGMIANJUNGUANGHUAWUMAO,YOUSHIYUXIEYUANCHUJUJIXIDUANMAO,BIAOMIANLVSE,BEIMIANQIANLVSE,ZHUMOTUCHU。HUAYUXIEQIANKAIFANG,HUOJINTONGSHIKAIFANG,DANYI,SHENGYUXIAOZHIDINGDUAN;HUAE3PIAN,LVSE,LUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,CHANGYUEWEIHUABANDE1/4~1/3,TONGCHANGZAOTUO;HUAGUAN6PIAN,WAIMIANZIHONGSE,NEIMIANBAISE,DAOLUANXING,CHANG8LIMIZUOYOU,XIONGRUIDUOSHU,LUOXUANPAILIE,HUAYAOXIANXING,HUASIDUAN;XINPIDUOSHUFENLI,YILUOXUANPAILIE,HUAZHUDUANXIAOJIANXI。GUOSHICHANGTUOYUANXING,YOUSHISHAOWANQU。HUAQI2~5YUE。

SHENGCHANGYUJIAOWENNUANDIQU。YUANFENBUHUBEI、ANHUI、ZHEJIANG、FUJIANYIDAI,XIANZAIYESHENGJIAOSHAO,ZAISHANDONG、SICHUAN、JIANGXI、HUBEI、YUNNAN、SHANXINANBU、HENANDENGDIGUANGFANZAIPEI。

BENZHIWUDESHUPI(MULANPI)、HUA(MULANHUA)YIGONGYAOYONG,GEXIANGZHUANTIAO。

②YULAN(《XUEPUZASHU》),YOUMINGBAIMULIAN(《BENCAOGANGMUQIMENG》)、YINGCHUNHUA、YUTANGCHUN、BAIYULAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LUOXIEQIAOMU,GAODA15MI。SHUGUANLUANXING,FENZHISHAO,YOUZHIYOUMAO。XIEHUSHENG;XIEBINGCHANG1~2.5LIMI,BEIROUMAO;XIEPIANDAOLUANXING,HUODAOLUANZHUANGJUYUANXING,CHANG8~16LIMI,KUAN5~10LIMI,XIANDUANKUOERTUJIAN,JIBUJIANXIA,QUANYUAN,SHANGMIANLVSE,MOSHANGBEISHUMAO,XIAMIANDANLVSE,BEIHUIBAISEROUMAO;DONGYAMISHENGRONGMAO。HUADA,DANSHENG,XIANXIEKAIFANG,BEIZHUANG,ZHIJING10~15LIMI,BAISE,HUOWAIMIANZISEERNEIMIANBAISE;HUAGENGCUDUAN,MISHENGHUANGHESEROUMAO;HUAEYUHUABANXIANGSI,9PIAN,DAOLUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGJUYUANXING;XIONGRUIDUOSHU,HUASIBIANPING;XINPIDUOSHU,LUANXING,JUSHENGYUYANCHANGDEHUATUOSHANG。GUOSHIYUANTONGXING,CHANG7~10LIMI。HUAQI2YUE。GUOQI6~7YUE。

DUOZAIPEIHUOYESHENGYUKUOXIELINZHONG。FENBUHENAN、SHANDONG、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、ANHUI、JIANGXI、FUJIAN、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、SICHUAN、YUNNAN、GUIZHOU、SHANXIDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 BENZHIWUDEHUA(YULANHUA)YIGONGYAOYONG,LINGXIANGZHUANTIAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】QUANGUODABUFENDIQUYOUCHAN,ZHUCHANHENAN、SICHUAN、ANHUI、ZHEJIANG、SHANXI、HUBEIDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】GANZAODEHUALEI,CHENGDAOYUANZHUIZHUANG,XINGRUMAOBITOU,JIBUDAIYOUMUZHIDUANZHI。HUALEICHANG1~4LIMI,ZHONGBUZHIJING0.7~2LIMI。WAIGUOBAOPIAN2MEICHENGLIANGCENG,LIANGCENGZHIJIANSHANGKEJIANXIAOYALIN。BAOPIANBIAOMIANMIBEIHUANGLVSEROURUANCHANGMAO,MAORONGCHANGYUE5HAOMI,NEIBIAOMIANPINGHUA,ZONGZISE。CHUQUBAOPIANHOUKEJIAN3PIANHUAEYU6~12PIANJINMIXIANGBAODEZONGZISEHUABAN,QINEIYOUDUOSHUZONGHUANGSEXIONGRUIYU1MEIHESECIRUI。ZHICUIYIPOSUI。YOUTESHUXIANGQI,WEIXINLIANGERSHAOKU。YIHUALEIWEIKAI,SHENGAN,SELV,WUZHIGENGZHEWEIJIA。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】YULANHUALEIHANHUIFAYOU,ZHONGHANNINGMENGQUAN、DINGXIANGYOUFEN,1,8-ANXIESU。GENHANMULANHUAJIAN。XIEHEGUOSHIDOUHANSHAOYAOSUDEDAI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 CONGWANGCHUNHUAHUALEIZHONGTICHUYIZHONGSHENGWUJIANJIEJING。LINGHUANFENCHUSONGSHUZHICHUNERJIAMI,EZHANGQIUSHUZHICHUNBERJIAMI、WANGCHUNHUASUHEFASHIYULANSUDENGMUZHITICHENGFEN。

【YAOLIZUOYONG】①JIANGYAZUOYONG

657彩票网 北京pk10 YIXINYIHUABAOGANZAOFENMODESHUI、CHUNTIQUWUDUIMAZUIDONGWU(GOU、MAO、TU、DASHUDENG)JINGMO、FUQIANG、JIROUZHUSHEJUNYOUJIANGYAZUOYONG。JIROUZHUSHEDUIWEIMAZUIGOUYECHUXIANJIANGYAZUOYONG,1KE/GONGJIN(ANSHENGYAOJISUAN)SHIJIANGDIXUEYAYUE40%YISHANG,DUISHIYANXINGSHENXINGGAOXUEYADASHU,YICHUXIANJIANGYAZUOYONG,DUISHENXINGGAOXUEYADEGOUZEXIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN,DANDUILAONIANXING"YUANFAXING"GAOXUEYAGOUZEYOUMINGXIANDEJIANGYAXIAOGUO。JIANGYACHENGFENZAIQUYOUSHUIRONGYEZHONGZHUANRONGYUYIMIZHIBUFEN。ZAIJIANGYAYUANLIFANGMIAN,YUZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGSIWUSHENGUANXI,ERSHIZHIJIEYIZHIXINZANG,TEBIESHIKUOZHANGXUEGUANYIJISHENJINGJIEZUDUANERLAI。KOUFUSHIJIANGYAZUOYONGBUMINGXIAN,KENENGYINYOUXIAOCHENGFENBUYIBEIXISHOUDEYUANGU。GENHANMULANHUAJIAN,GUYOUJIANGYAZUOYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②DUIHENGWENJIDEZUOYONG

WANGCHUNHUAHUALEIZHONGDESHENGWUJIANJIEJINGZAIWAFUZHIJIBIAOBENSHANG,YOUJIANDUYANGZUOYONG;ERSHUIJIANJIZEXIANGFAN,YOUYIXIANDANJIANYANGZUOYONG。YONGBUTONGTIQUFANGFAZAISHANGSHUBIAOBENSHANGZUOBIJIAOSHIYAN,ZHENGMINGWANGCHUNHUAHUALEIYURIBENCHANDEHUALEIXINGZHIXIANGTONG,ERQIANZHEZUOYONGJIAOQIANG。

③DUIZIGONGDEZUOYONG

ZAIDASHUJIJIATULITIZIGONG,GOUJIJIATUZAIWEIZIGONGJIZIGONGLOUGUANDESHIYANZHONG,ZHENGMINGXINYIJIANJI、LIUJINGAODUIZIGONGYOUXINGFENZUOYONG,QIEZAIWEIMINGXIANYINGXIANGXUEYA、HUXIZHIJILIANG,JINENGCHENGXIANCIZHONGZUOYONG。BINGWEIXINYINEISUOHANDEXINGFENZIGONGCHENGFENWEIRONGYUSHUIJIYICHUNDEFEIHUIFAXINGWUZHI。

④QITAZUOYONG

15~30%XINYIJIANJIDUIDUOZHONGZHIBINGXINGZHENJUNYOUYIZHIZUOYONG。JINJIHUOJIANJIDUIDONGWUYOUJUBUMAZUIZUOYONG(DUITUNSHUDEJINRUNMAZUIJIDUIWADEZUDUANMAZUI)。RIBENXINYIM.kobusDUILINBAQIUXINGMOLUOCONGNAOMOYANBINGDUZAITIWAI、TINEI(XIAOSHUPIXIAZHUSHEQIJIANJI)JUNYOUMINGXIANDEKANGBINGDUZUOYONG。

【PAOZHI】JIANJINGZHIGENGZAZHI,DAOSUIYONG。

《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:"RUYAOWEIZHI,YIKAIZHELIE,XIEZHEBUJIA。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】XIN,WEN。

①《BENJING》:"WEIXIN,WEN。"

②《BIELU》:"WUDU。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《DIANNANBENCAO》:"XINGWEN,WEIXINWEIKU。"

【GUIJING】RUFEI、WEIJING。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《GANGMU》:"RUSHOUTAIYIN、ZUYANGMINGJING。"

②《BENCAOXINBIAN》:"RUFEI、DANERJING。"

③《BENCAOZAIXIN》:"RUPI、FEIERJING。"

④《BENCAOCUOYAO》:"RUZUJUEYINJING。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QUFENG,TONGQIAO。ZHITOUTONG,BIYUAN,BISAIBUTONG,CHITONG。

①《BENJING》:"ZHUWUZANGSHENTIHANRE,FENGTOUNAOTONG,MIANGAN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BIELU》:"WENZHONGJIEJI,LIJIUQIAO,TONGBISAI、TICHU,ZHIMIANZHONGYINCHITONG,XUANMAO、SHENJIJIRUZAICHECHUANZHISHANGZHE。SHENGXUFA,QUBAICHONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《YAOXINGLUN》:"NENGZHIMIANSHENGGAN。MIANZHIYONG,ZHUGUANGHUA。"

④《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:"TONGGUANMO,MINGMU。ZHITOUTONG,ZENGHAN、TIJIN、SAOYANG。"

⑤《DIANNANBENCAO》:"ZHINAOLOUBIYUAN,QUFENG,XINWABEIWEIMO。ZHIMIANHANTONG,WEIQITONG,RESAFU。"

⑥《GANGMU》:"BIYUAN、BIYAN、BIZHI、BICHUANGJIDOUHOUBICHUANG,BINGYONGYANMO,RUSHEXIANGSHAOXU,CONGBAIZHANRUSHUCI。"

⑦《YUQIUYAOJIE》:"XIEFEIJIANGNI,LIQIPOYONG。"

⑧《JIANGXIZHONGYAO》:"WAIYONGNENGCUJINZIGONGSHOUSUO,JUCUISHENGZUOYONG。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,1~3QIAN;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:YANMOSAIBIHUOSHUIJINZHENGLIUDIBI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】YINXUHUOWANGZHEJIFU。

①《BENCAOJINGJIZHU》:"XIONGQIONGWEIZHISHI。EWUSHIZHI。WEICHANGPU、PUHUANG、HUANGLIAN、SHIGAO、HUANGHUAN。"

②《BENCAOJINGQIU》:"FANQIXURENJI,TOUNAOTONGSHUXUEXUHUOCHIZHEJI,CHITONGSHUWEIHUOZHEJI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③《BENCAOHUIYAN》:"QIXUZHIREN,SUIOUGANFENGHAN,ZHIZHUQIAOBUTONGZHE,BUYIYONG。"

【FUFANG】①ZHIBIYUAN:XINYIBANLIANG,CANGERZIERQIANBAN,XIANGBAIZHIYILIANG,BOHEXIEBANQIAN。SHANGBINGSHAIGAN,WEIXIMO。MEIFUERQIAN,YONGCONG、CHAQINGSHIHOUDIAOFU。(《JISHENGFANG》CANGERSAN)

②ZHIBIYAN、BIDOUYAN:㈠XINYISANQIAN,JIDANSANGE。TONGZHU,CHIDANYINTANG。(《DANFANGYANFANGDIAOCHAZILIAOXUANBIAN》)㈡XINYISIFEN,EBUSHICAOYIFEN。YONGSHUIJINPAO4~8XIAOSHIHOUZHENGLIU,QUFANGXIANGSHUI,DIBI。(GUANGDONG《ZHONGCAOYAOCHUFANGXUANBIAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ③ZHIBILOU,BIKONGZHONGCHANGCHUYIKUAI:XINYI(QUMAO)、SANGBAIPI(MIZHI)GESILIANG,ZHIZIYILIANG,ZHISHI、JIEGENG、BAIZHIGEERLIANG。GONGWEIXIMO。MEIFUERQIAN,DANLUOBUTANGDIAOFU。(《YANGYIDAQUAN》)

④ZHIBINEIZHISAIBUTONG,BUDECHUANXI:XINYI、XIONGQIONGGE-LIANG,XIXIN(QUMIAO)QIQIANBAN,MUTONGBANLIANG。SHANGWEIXIMO。MEIYONGSHAOXU,MIANGUOSAIBIZHONG,SHIZEYIZHI。WU,QIRICHAI。(《ZHENGZHIZHUNSHENG》XIONGQIONGSAN)

⑤ZHIBISAIBUZHIXIANGWEI:ZAOJIAO、XINYI、SHICHANGPUDENGFEN。WEIMO。MIANGUOSAIBIZHONG。(《MEISHIYANFANGXINBIAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥ZHIBINEIZUOZHANGHUOSHENGCHUANG(CIXIJIUDUZHEDUO):XINYIYILIANG,CHUANHUANGLIANWUQIAN,LIANQIAOERLIANG。JUWEICHAO,YANWEIMO。MEIFANHOUFUSANQIAN,BAITANGXIA。(《MOUSHIFANGXUAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑦ZHICHIYAZUOTONG,HUOZHONGHUOYAYINFULAN:XINYIYILIANG,SHECHUANGZIERLIANG,QINGYANWUQIAN。GONGWEIMOCHANZHI。(《BENCAOHUIYAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑧ZHITOUMIANZHONGYANGRUCHONGXING(CISHUFENGTAN):XINYIYILIANG,BAIFUZI、BANXIA、TIANHUAFEN、BAIZHI、JIANGCAN、XUANCAN、CHISHAOGEWUQIAN,BOHEBAQIAN。FENZUOSHIJIFU。(《GUJINYIZHUN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑨ZHITOUXUANHUNMAOYUOU(CISHUHANTAN):XINYIYILIANG,ZHIBANXIA、DANXING、TIANMA、GANJIANG、CHUANXIONGGEBAQIAN。WEIMO,SHUIFANWEIWAN。MEIWANFUSANQIAN,BAITANGXIA。(《BENCAOHUIYAN》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LINCHUANGYINGYONG】ZHILIAOBIYAN:QUXINYI50KENIANSUIHOU,YONGCHUNJINPAO3TIANGUOLV,LVYEJIAREZHENGFANONGSUOCHENGZHANCHOUZHUANGJINGAO,YI20KEWUSHUIYANGMAOZHIHUNHEDIAOYUN,ZAIJIAFANSHILIN100KEDIAOYUNJICHENGRUANGAO。YONGSHIZUOCHENG12x3LIMIDEYOUSHATIAO,TIANRUBIQIANG,RUXIABIJIASHENFEIDA,SHATIAOBUYITIANRUSHI,KEXIANDI1%MAHUANGSUHOUZAITIANRU。SHATIAOZHIYIDUANYINGLUYUBIKONGZHIWAI,BINGJIAZHANGAOGUDING,YIMIANHUARUYANNEI。2~3XIAOSHIHOUQUCHU。MEIRIHUOGERITIANSAI1CI,10CIWEIYILIAOCHENG。YIBANJIEZAI4~5CIHOUBITONGQIQINGKUANGKAISHIHAOZHUAN,DANYIYOU10CIHOUSHIJIANXIAOGUODE。BIQIANGTONGQIHAOZHUANHOURENGXUJIXUTIANSAI5~10CI,YIQIGONGGU。ZHILIAOFEIDAXINGBIYAN100LI,DUOSHUJING2NIANGUANCHA,QUANYUZHE(BIQIANGTONGQILIANGHAO,TOUTONGXIAOSHI,FENMIWUJIANSHAO,BIJIAYIBUFEIDA)44%;JINBUZHE(BITONGQIQINGKUANGJIBIJIAFEIDAQINGKUANGJUNJIAOQIANDAYOUGAISHAN,DANRENGWEIWAN.QUANZHENGCHANG)44%;WUXIAOZHE(JINGYILIAOCHENGYISHANGZIJUEHUOTAJUEZHENGZHUANGJIEWUGAISHAN)12%。CIWAI,YIKEJIANGXINYIZHICHENGJIANJI、YOUJI、RUJI、MAYOUHEJIDENG,YONGMIANTIAOJINTOUHOUSAIBI。JU228RENCIDEGUANCHA,DUIFEIHOUXINGBIYANHEJIXINGBIYANDESHOULIANZUOYONGHENMINGXIAN;YIBANYIRUJIYUNONGYOUXIAOGUOZUIJIA,YOUJICIZHI,JIANJIYOUCIZHI,MAYOUHEJIJIAOCHA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BEIZHU】CIWAI,HENANSHANGYOUYITONGSHUZHIWUWANGCHUNHUADEHUALEIZUOXINYI;XIZANGDIQUZEYIDIANZANGYULANDEHUALEIZUOXINYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:辛夷

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】XINYI

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PINYIN】Xīn Yí

【BIEMING】XINSHEN、HOUTAO、FANGMU、XINZHI、YINGCHUN、MUBIHUA、MAOXINYI、JIANGPUHUA

【CHUCHU】CHUZI《SHENNONGBENCAOJING》。

1.《TANGBENCAO》:XINYI,SHISHUHUA,WEIKAISHISHOUZHI,ZHENGYUE、ERYUEHAOCAI。QISHUDALIANBAO,GAOSHUREN,XIEDAYUSHIXIE,SUOZAIJIEYOU。SHICHOU,BURENYAOYE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.《BENCAOYANYI》:XINYIYOUHONGZIERBEN,YIBENRUTAOHUASEZHE,YIBENZIZHE,JINRUYAODANGYONGZISEZHE。

3.《BENCAOGANGMU》:XINYIHUA,CHUCHUZHITOU,BAOCHANGBANCUN,ERJIANRUIYANRUBITOU,ZHONGZHONGYOUQINGHUANGRONGMAOSHUNPU,CHANGBANFENXU,JIKAIZESILIANHUAERXIAORUZHAN,ZIBAOHONGYAN,ZUOLIANJILANHUAXIANG。YIYOUBAISEZHE,RENHUWEIYULAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIMULANKEZHIWUWANGCHUNYULAN、YULAN、WUDANGYULANDENGDEGANZAOHUALEI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:1.Magnolia biondoii Pamp.[M.Fargesii(Finet et Gagnep.)Cheng」2.Magnolia denudata Desr.[M.Heptapeta Buchoz)Dandy;M.Obovata Thunb. Var.denudata (Desr.)DC.]。

3.Magnolia sprengeri Pamp.[M.DenudataRehd. Et Wils.Var.Purpurascens(Maxim.) Rehd. Et Wils.;M.Denudata Rehd.et wils.var.Elongata Rehd.et Wils.]

CAISHOUHECHUZANG:1~3YUE,QIHUAGENGCHUJIANXIAWEIKAIFANGDEHUALEI,BAITIANZHIYANGGUANGXIAPUSHAI,WANSHANGDUICHENGDUOFAHAN,SHILIWAIGANSHIYIZHI。SHAIZHIWUCHENGGANSHI,DUIFANG1~2d,ZAISHAIZHIQUANGAN。RUYUYUTIAN,KEHONGGAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YUANXINGTAI】1.LUOXIEQIAOMU,GAO6-12m。XIAOZHIHUANGLVSEHUODANZONGHUANGSE,GUANGHUAHUOJINSHAOCHUYOUMAO;DONGYALUANXING,BAOPIANMISHENGDANHUANGSERONGMAO。DANXIEHUSHENG;XIEBINGCHANG1-2cm,JIBUYOUTUOXIEHEN;XIEPIANCHANGYUANZHUANGPIZHENXINGHUOLUANZHUANGPIZHENXING,CHANG10-18cm,KUAN3.5-6.5cm,XIANDUANJIANJIAN,JIBUYUANXINGHUOXIEXING,QUANYUAN,BIAOMIANSHENLVSE,GUANGHUA,BEIMIANDANLVSE,YANMOYOUSHUMAO。HUAXIANXIEKAIFANG,DANSHENGZHIDING,XIYESHENG,CHENGZHONGZHUANG,ZHIJING6-8cm,BAISE,WAIMIANJIBUDAIZIHONGSE,FANGXIANG;WAILUNHUABEI3,EPIANZHUANGJINXIANXING,CHANGYUEWEIHUABANDESIFENZHIYI;ZHONG、NEILUNHUABEIGE3,CHIXING,CHANG4-8cm,KUANYUE2.5cm;XIONGRUIDUOSHU,ZAISHENCHANGDEHUATUOXIABULUOXUANZHUANGPAILIE;CIRUIDUOSHU,PAILIEZAIHUATUOSHANGBU。JUHEGUOYUANTONGXING,SHAONIUQU,CHANG8-13cm;(CAOGU)(CAOTU)MUZHI。ZHONGZIDAOLUANXING。HUAQI2-3YUE,GUOQI9YUE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.BENZHONGYUWANGCHUNYULANDEQUBIEZAIYU:XIAOZHICUZHUANG,BEIROUMAO;XIEPIANTONGCHANGDAOLUANXING、KUANDAOLUANXING,XIANDUANKUANYUAN、PINGJIEHUOSHAOAOQUE,CHANGJUJIDUANJIAN,JIBUXIEXING,XIEBINGJIXIEXIAMIANYOUBAISEXIROUMAO。HUABEI9PIAN,BAISE,YOUSHIWAIMIANJIBUHONGSE,DAOLUANZHUANGCHANGYUANXING。HUAQI2-3YUE,GUOQI8-9YUE。

3.YUSHANGLIANGZHONGQUBIEZAIYU:XIEXIANDUANJIJIAN、JIJIANJIANHUOJUTUQIDEXIAOJIANTOU。HUABEIPIAN12-14,WAIMIANMEIGUIHONGSE,LIMIANJIAODAN,YOUSHENZISEZONGWEN。HUAQI3YUE,GUOQI6-7YUE。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:1.SHENGYUHAIBA400-2400mDESHANPOLINZHONG。

2.SHENGYUHAIBA1200mYIXIADECHANGLVKUOXIESHUHELUOXIEKUOXIESHUHUNJIAOLINZHONG,XIANTINGYUANPUBIANZAIPEI。

3.SHENGYUHAIBA1300-2000mDECHANGLV、LUOXIEKUOXIEHUNJIAOLINZHONG。

ZIYUANFENBU:1.FENBUYUSHANXINANBU、GANSU、HENANXIBU、HUBEIXIBUJISICHUANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.FENBUYUANHUI、ZHEJIANG、JIANGXI、HUNAN、GUANGDONGDENGDI。

3.FENBUYUSHANXI、GANSU、HENAN、HUBEI、SICHUANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZAIPEI】SHENGWUXUETEXING XIWENNUANSHIRUNQIHOU,JIAONAIHAN、NAIHAN,JIJISHUI。YOUMIAOPAQIANGGUANGHEGANHAN。YIXUANYANGGUANGCHONGZU、FEIWO、WEISUANXINGDESHARANGTUZAIPEIWEIYI。

ZAIPEIJISHU YONGZHONGZI、JIAJIE、QIANCHAFANZHI,YIKEYONGYATIAOFANZHI。ZHONGZIFANZHI:YINGXUAN15NIANSHENGYISHANGJIANZHUANGMUZHUCAIZHONG,YONGCENGJIFAZHUZANGZHONGZI,3YUEZHONG、XIAXUN,ZAIMIAOCHUANGSHANGANXINGJU33cmKAISHENYUE3~4cmDEGOU,JIANGZHONGZIANZHUJU3cmBORUGOUNEI,FUTUYUGOUMIANPING,QINGQINGYASHI。YOUMIAOQIYAOZHEYIN,JINGCHANGPENSHUI,JISHIZHONGGENGCHUCAO,JIEHEJIAOSHUISHISHIXIBORENCHUFENSHUIHUONIAOSUDENG。PEIYU2NIAN,JIKEDINGZHI。JIAJIEFANZHI:YAJIE、ZHIJIE(QIEJIE、PIJIE)JUNKE,DANYINXINYIZHENMUSUIXINDA,SUOYIYAJIEBIZHIJIECHENGHUOLVGAO。ZAICHUCHUNYOUYAMENGFAQIANHEQIUJIXINSHAOCHENGSHUHOUJINXINGYAJIEWEIYI。ZHENMUYI2~3NIANSHENG,JINGCU1~1.5cmMULANSHISHENGMIAOWEIYOU,JIESUIYINGXUANYINIANSHENGCUZHUANGZHITIAOSHANGDEBAOMANYATI,CAIYONGXUEYAFUJIEFA。QIANCHAFANZHI:ZAI5YUECHU~6YUEZHONGXUN,XUANZEYOUNIANSHUDEDANGNIANSHENGJIANZHUANGZHITIAOCHANG10-12cm,LIUXIE2PIAN,XIADUANQIEKOULIUYADAIZHONG,ZAI10(-3)YINDUODINGSUANRONGYEZHONGKUAISUZHANYIXIA,SUIJIQIANCHA。MIAOCHUANGYONGGANJINGSHISHAZUOCHENG,ANXINGZHUJU15cmx4cmCHARU,SHIXIEPIANDAOXIANGYIBIAN,QIEWUZHONGDIEHUOTIEDI。CHAHOUJIAOTOUSHUI,YONGSULIAOBOMOFUGAI,QISHANGZAIGAICAOLIANZHEYIN。CHATIAOCHENGHUOHOU,YAOQINCHUCAO、ZHUIFEI。PEIYU1NIANJIKEDINGZHI。YIBANZAIQIUJILUOXIEHEZAOCHUNMENGYAQIANDINGZHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 TIANJIANGUANLI DINGZHIHOUZHICHENGLINQIAN,MEINIANZAIXIA、QIULIANGJIGEZHONGGENGCHUCAO1CI,BINGJIANGZACAOFUGAIGENJI。DINGZHISHIYINGSHIZUJIFEI,ZAIDONGJISHISHIDUIFEI,HUOZAICHUNJISHIRENCHUFENSHUI,CUJINMIAOMUXUNSUCHENGLIN。SHIHUAHOU,MEINIANYINGZAIDONGJIZENGSHIGUOLINSUANGAI,SHILEIZHUANGHUADUO。WEILEKONGZHISHUXINGGAODA,AIHUASHUGAN,ZHUGANCHANGZHI1mGAOSHIDAQUDINGYA,CUSHIFENZHI。ZAIZHIZHUJIBUXUANLIU3GEZHUZHI,XIANGSIFANGFAZHAN,GEJICESHENGDUAN、ZHONGZHITIAOYIBANBUJIAN,CHANGZHIBAOLIU20~25cm。MEINIANXIUJIANDEYUANZESHI,YIQINGJIANCHANGZHIWEIZHU,ZHONGJIANWEIFU,YIJIEZHIWEIZHU,SHUZHIWEIFU,ZAI8YUEZHONGXUNHUANYAOZHUYIZHAIXIN,KONGZHIDINGDUANYOUSHI,CUQIYINIANDUOCHOUXINSHENGGUOZHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI BINGHAIYOUJIFUBING,KEYONG50%JIAJITUOBUJIN1000~1500BEIYEJIAOZHUGENBU。CHONGHAIYOUDASUOE,KEBUSHA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE(1)WANGCHUNYULAN HUALEICHANGLUANXING,SIMAOBITOU,CHANG1.2-2.5cm,ZHIJING0.8-1.5cm,JIBUCHANGJUMUZHIDUANGENG,CHANGYUE5mm,GENGSHANGYOULEIBAISEDIANZHUANGPIKONG。BAOPIAN2-3CENG,MEICENG2PIAN,LIANGCENGBAOPIANJIANYOUXIAOLINYA,BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIHUIBAISEHUOHUILVSECHANGRONGMAO,NEIBIAOMIANZONGHESE,WUMAO。HUABEIPIAN9,3LUN,ZONGHESE,WAILUNHUABEIPIANTIAOXING,YUEWEINEILIANGLUNCHANGDE1/4,CHENGEPIANZHUANG;XIONGRUIDUOSHU,LUOXUANZHUANGZHUSHENGYUHUATUOXIABU,HUASIBIANPING,HUAYAOXIANXING;CIRUIDUOSHU,LUOXUANZHUANGZHUSHENGYUHUATUOSHANGBU。TIQING,ZHICUI。QIFANGXIANG,WEIXINLIANGERSHAOKU。

(2)YULAN HUALEICHANG1.5-3cm,ZHIJING1-1.5cm,JIBUZHIGENGJIAOCUZHUANG,PIKONGQIANZONGSE。BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIHUIBAISEHUOHUILVSERONGMAO。HUABEIPIAN9,NEIWAILUNWUXIANZHUCHAYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (3)WUDANGYULAN HUALEICHANG3-4cm,ZHIJING1-2cm,ZHIGENGCUZHUANG,PIKONGHONGZONGSE。BAOPIANWAIBIAOMIANMIBEIDANHUANGSEHUODANHUANGLVSERONGMAO,YOUDEWAICENGBAOPIANRONGMAOYITUOLUO,CHENGHEIHESE。HUABEIPIAN10-15,NEIWAILUNWUXIANZHUCHAYI。SANZHONGYAOCAIJUNYIHUALEIDA、WEIKAIFANG、SEHUANGLV、WUZHIGENGZHEWEIJIA。

XIANWEIJIANBIE HUAGENG(BAOPIANXIA)HENGQIEMIAN:(1)WANGCHUNYULAN BIAOPIXIBAO1LIE,CHENGSHIXIBAOZHUANG;FEIXIANMAO1-3XIBAO。PICENGYOUSHAOSHUYOUXIBAOJISHIXIBAOQUN,SHIXIBAOLEIYUANXING、SUOXINGHUOBUGUIZEXING,CHANG30-80μm,ZHIJING30-40μm,DUOSHUKEJIANCENGWEN。WEIGUANSHUHUANLIE。SUIBUYOUSHAOSHUYOUXIBAOHESHIXIBAOQUN。

(2)YULAN BIAOPIXIBAOCHANGFANGXINGBUCHENGSHIXIBAOZHUANG,NEIHANHONGZONGSESESU,WUFEIXIANMAO。PICENGSHIXIBAOJIAODUO。ZHONGZHUQIAOBUWEISHIXIBAOQUNHUANLIE。SUIBUWUYOUXIBAO。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (3)WUDANGYULAN BIAOPIXIBAOLVECHENGSHIXIBAOZHUANG,WUFEIXIANMAO。PICENGYOUSHAOSHUWAIRENXINGHUOZHOURENXINGWEIGUANSHU。SUIBUSHIXIBAOJIAOSHAO,YOUXIBAOJIAODUO。PINZHIBIAOZHI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOYAODIAN》1995NIANBANGUIDING:BENPINHANHUIFAYOUBUDESHAOYU1.0%(ml/g)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】1.WANGCHUNYULAN HUALEIHANHUIFAYOU3.4%,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENWEIβ-PAIXI(β-pinene),1,8-ANXIESU(1,8-cineole)JIZHANGNAO(cam-phor),HUANHAN:α-PAIXI(α-pinene),α-JIβ-SHUIQINXIphellandrene),XIANGGUIXI(sabinene),α-JIγ-SONGYOUXI(terpinene),SHUDINGJIBEN(tert-butyl-benzene),SHUIHUAXIANGGUIXI(sabinene hydrate),CHENXIANGCHUN(agarol),α-JIβ-SONGYOUCHUN(terpineol),4-SONGYOUCHUN(4-terpineol),β-LANXIANGXI(β-elemene),XUSHIJIFANSHIDEDINGXIANGXI(caryophylene),β-QINZIXI(β-selinen),β-,γ-JIδ-BICHENGQIEXI(cadinene),XIANGFEICHUN(torreyol)[1]。LINGJUBAODAO,HUALEIDEGANPINHANHUIFAYOU2%~2.5%,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENWEI:α-JIβ-PAIXI,1,8-ANXIESU,XIANGGUIXI,α-SONGYOUXI,YUEGUIXI(myrcene),α-NINGMENGXI(α-limonene),4-SONGYOUCHUN,HUANHAN:ZHANGXI(camphene),KAIXI(carene),α-JIγ-SONGYOUCHUN(terpineol),SHUIHUAXIANGGUIXI,JUSANHUASU(cymene),α-SONGYOUXI,JIAJIGENGXITONG(methyl heptenone),ZHANGNAO,YISUANLONGNAOZHI(bornyl ac-etate),DINGXIANGXI,α-(NIANLV)CAOXI(α-humulene),SHUANGHUANLANXIANGXI(bicycloelemene),NINGMENGQUAN(citral)a、b,XIANGMAOCHUN(citronellol),MANGNIUERCHUN(geraniol),JIAJIDINGXIANGYOUFEN(methyleugenol),LANXIANGCHUN(elemol),XIANGFEICHUN,CHENGHUASHUCHUN(nerolidol),BICHENGQIEYOUXI(cubebene),JINHEHUANCHUN(far-nesol),FAN,FAN-JINHEHUANQUAN(farnesal),FANGZHANGCHUN(linalool),FANSHISHUIHUAXIANGGUIXI(trans-sabinene hydrate),8-BICHENGQIEXI,LINBENERJIASUANERYIZHI(diethyl phthalate)[2]DENG。HUALEIHUANHANMUZHITICHENGFEN:SONGZHIFENERJIAMI(pinoresinol dimethyl ether),WANGCHUNHUASU(magnolin),EZHANGQIUSHUZHICHUNBERJIAMI(lirioresinol B dimethyl ether),FASHIYULANSU(fargesin),GANGGUOBICHENGQIEZHISU(aschantin),QUJIAYANGJIGANGGUOBICHENGQIEZHISU(demethoxyaschantin)[3],WANGCHUNYULANZHISU(biondinin)A[4],YULANZHISU(denuda- tin)B,FASHIYULANZHITONG(fargespone)A、B、C[14]。

2.YULAN HUALEIHEHUAFENBIEHANHUIFAYOU0.29%~0.67%HE0.08%~0.09%,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENSHI1,8-ANXIESU,HUANHANα-JIβ-PAIXI,ZHANGXI,XIANGGUIXI,β-YUEGUIXI,NINGMENGXI,DUIJUSANHUASU(p-cymene),SHUNSHIDE3-JIXI-1-CHUN(3-hexen-1-ol),XUSHIJIFANSHIDEDEFANGZHANGCHUNYANGHUAWU(linalool oxide),ZHENGSHIWUWAN(n-pentadecane),α-(WANGGU)(WANGBA)XI(α-copaene),β-PANGBOXI(β-bourbonene),YOUXUANDE4-SONGYOUCHUN,ZUOXUANDEYISUANLONGNAOZHI,β-DINGXIANGMIAN、α-SONGYOUCHUN,α-(CAOLV)CAOXI,α-JIγ-YILANYOUXI(muurolene),DAMANGNIUERXI(germacrene)D,a-YISUANXIANGMAOCHUNZHI(α-cit-ronellyl acetate),β-QINZIXI,YISUANMANGNIUERCHUNZHI(geranyl acetate),α-,γ-JIδ-BICHENGQIEXI,MANGNIUERCHUN,DUIJUSANHUASU-8-CHUN(p-cymen-8-ol),CHANGPUXI(calamenene),ZHENGSHIJIUWAN(n-nonadecane),DINGXIANGXIYANGHUAWU(caryophyllene oxide),YOUXUANFANSHICHENGHUASHUCHUN(trans-neroidol),LANXIANGCHUN,β-ANXIECHUN(β-eudesmol)[5]DENG。HUAHUANHANHUANGTONGLEICHENGFEN:YUNXIANGDAI(rutin),HUPISU-7-PUTAOTANGDAI(quercetin-7-glucoside)[6]。XIEHANHUIFAYOU0.04%~0.15%,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENSHIβ-DINGXIANGXIHECHENGHUASHUCHUN,QIYUCHENGFENYUHUAZHONGSUOHANLEISI,DANSHAOHANLEZHENGSHIWUWAN,ZHENGSHIJIUWAN、DUIJUSANHUASU-8-CHUN,BINGDUOHANLEα-SONGYOUCHUN,γ-SONGYOUXI,β-LANXIANGXI[4]。XIEZHONGHUANHANXINMUZHITICHENGFEN:YULANZHISU(denudatin)AJIB,YULANZHITONG(denuda-tone),BUERQILING(burchellin),XIXIEQINGWEITENGXITONG(futoenone),YURUIKUNSEN(veraguensin)[7]。SHUPIHANHUIFAYOU,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENSHI1,8-ANXIESU,YOUXUANDE4-SONGYOUCHUNHEZUOXUANDEα-SONGYOUCHUN[5]。HUANHANSHENGWUJIAN:LIUXIEMULANJIAN(salicifoline),MULANJIANDUJIAN(magnocurarine)[8]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.WUDANGYULAN HUALEIHANHUIFAYOU,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENSHIYISUANLONGNAOZHI,FANSHIDINGXIANGXI,DINGXIANGXIYANGHUAWU,β-ANXIECHUN,HUANHANα-JIβ-PAIXI,ZHANGXI,YUEGUIXI,NINGMENGXI,ANXIESU,γ-SONGYOUXI,DUIJUSANHUASU,ZHANGNAO,FANGZHANGCHUN,LVCAOXI,XIANGCHENGXI(aromadendrene),FOSHUXIeremophilene),SHUNSHIJIFANSHI-β-JINHEHUANXI(β-farnesene),FANG-JIANGHUANGXI(ar-curcumene),γ-BICHENGQIEXI,α-JIγ-YILANYOUXI,XIANGMAOCHUN,CHANGPUXI,JIAJIDINGXIANGYOUFEN,LANXIANGCHUN,γ-ANXIESU,XIANGFEICHUNDENG[9]。HUAHANHUIFAYOU1.0%,QIZHONGZHUCHENGFENSHIYUEGUIXI,DUIJUSANHUASU,α-JIβ-PAIXI,HUANHANCEBOXI(thujene),ZHANGXI,γ-SONGYOUXI,4-CEBOCHUN(4-thujanol),XIANGGUIXI,2-DUI(CAOMENG)XI-4-CHUN(p-2-men-then-4-ol),1,4ANXIESU(1,4-cineole),δ-BICHENGQIECHUN(δ-cadinol),FANGZHANGCHUN,ZHANGNAO,3-GUIXI-2-TONG(3-decen-2-one),4-SONGYOUCHUN,α-SONGYOUCHUN,XIANGGUICHUN(sabinol),1-DUI(CAOMENG)XI-3-CHUN(p-1-menthen-3-ol),DUIYIBINGJIBENJIAQUAN(p-isopropylbenzaldehyde),MANGNIUERCHUN,YILONGNAO(isoborneol),1,4-KADAERXI(1,4-cadaladiene),α-BICHENGQIEYOUXI,BAILIXIANGFEN(thymol),α- (WANGGU)(WANGBA)XI,α-,β-,γ-JIδ-BICHENGQIEXI,α-JINHEHUANXI,LVCAOXI,β-DINGXIANGXI,JIANGHUANGXI(curcumene),α-YILANYOUXI,ERQING-α-(WANGGU)(WANGBA)-8-CHUN(dihydro-α-copaene-8-ol)[10]DENG。SHUPIHANHUIFAYOU,QIZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIβ-ANXIECHUN[11]。SHUPIHUANHANSHENGWUJIAN:LIUXIEMULANJIAN,MULANJIANDUJIAN[11,13],WUDANGMULANJIAN(magnospren gerine)[12,13]。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOLIZUOYONG】1.JUBUSHOULIAN、CIJIHEMAZUIZUOYONG:XINYIHUIFAYOUZHICHENGDEFANGXIANGSHUIJIHUORUJI,DIRUTUJIEMONANGZHONG,LIJICHANSHENGJIEMOXUEGUANKUOZHANG、CHONGXUE、TONGKONGWEIYOUKUODA;DIYUMAZUITUDEPIXIAZUZHIJICHANGZHANMOMIANSHANG,KECHANSHENGYICENGRUBAISEDANBAININGGUBOMO,JINGMOYIKUOZHANG,WEIXUEGUANKUOZHANGYOUWEIXIANZHU。XINYI1:1JINJIHUO1:4JIANJITUNSHUPIXIAGEIYAO,JUNYOUJINRUNMAZUIZUOYONG;XINYIBAOHERONGYEZHUSHEYUWAZUOGUSHENJINGCHU,KECHANSHENGZUDUANMAZUIZUOYONG。XINYICHUNJINGAO(3.75gSHENGYAO/kg),YONGYUDASHUSHIERZHICHANGGEIYAO。GUANCHAGEIYAOQIANHOUDASHUBIZHANMOXUELIULIANG,JIEGUOGEIYAOHOU30FENZHONGYUGEIYAOQIANBIJIAOYOUMINGXIANCHAYIP<0.05,60FENZHONGSHIBIZHANMOXUELIULIANGRENGYOUZENGGAOQUSHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.YIJUN、XIAOYANZUOYONG:CAIYONGTIWAISHIGUANFACEDINGXINYIDEMIC(mg/ml),JIEGUOJINPUJUNWEI3.13-6.25(SHUIJINGAO),6.25-12.5(CHUNJINBEI),FEIYANSHUANGQIUJUNWEI39.5(SHUIJINGAO)、4.69(CHUNJINGAO)、LVNONGGANJUNWEI18.75-75(SHUIJINGAO)、75-300YISHANG(CHUNJINGAO),FUSHIZHIHESHIJUNWEI150(SHUIJINGAO)、300(CHUNJINGAO),DACHANGGANJUNWEI37.5-75(SHUIJINGAO)、150-300(CHUNJINGAO)。DUIHUNHEZHIYANYESUOZHIXIAOSHUERKEYANZHENGYOUMINGXIANDEKANGYANZUOYONG,XINYISHUIJINGAODEJILIANGWEI1g/ml,CHUNJINGAOWEI0.75g/ml,YUDUIZHAOZUBIJIAOP<0.01。

3.ZHENTONGZUOYONG:XINYICHUNJINGAO6.5g/kgHESHUIJINGAO15g/kgJILIANG,GUANCHADUIXIAOSHUREBANFAZHENTONGDEZUOYONG。JIEGUOCHUNJINGAOYONGYAOHOU60-240FENZHONGTONGYUZHIMINGXIANZENGJIA,P<0.01,ERSHUIJINGAOJINZAI240FENZHONGSHICAIYOUMINGXIANCHAYI,P<0.01。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.JIANGYAZUOYONG:XINYIDESHUIHUOCHUNTIWU,JIROUZHUSHEHUOFUQIANGZHUSHE,DUIMAZUIQUAN、MAO、TUJIBUMAZUIDASHUJUNYOUJIANGYAZUOYONG。JIROUZHUSHEDUIBUMAZUIQUANYECHUXIANJIANGYA,lg(SHENGYAO)/kgSHIXUEYAJIANGDI40%YISHANG,JINGMOZHUSHEKEJIANYIGUOXINGHUXIXINGFENXIANXIANG。XINYIDUISHIYANXINGSHENXINGGAOXUEYADASHUYIYOUJIANGYAZUOYONG,DUISHENXINGGAOXUEYAQUANZEXIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN,DANDUIYUANFAXINGGAOXUEYADAYOUMINGXIANDEJIANGYAXIAOGUO。JIANGYACHENGFENZAIQUYOUSHUIRONGYEZHONGZHUANRONGYUYIMIZHIBUFEN。ZAIJIANGYAYUANLIFANGMIAN,YUZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGSIWUSHENGUANXI,ERSHIZHIJIEYIZHIXINZANG,TEBIESHIKUOZHANGXUEGUANYIJISHENJINGJIEZUDUANERLAI。KOUFUSHIJIANGYAZUOYONGBUMINGXIAN,KENENGYINYOUXIAOCHENGFENBUYIBEIXISHOUDEYUANGU。GENHANMULANHUAJIAN,GUYOUJIANGYAZUOYONG。

5.DUIHENGWENJIDEZUOYONG:CONGWANGCHUNHUAHUALEIZHONGDEDAODEFENXINGSHENGWUJIAN,ZAIWADEFUZHIJIJIZUOGUSHENJINGFENGJIANGJIBIAOBENSHANGCHENGXIANJIANDUYANGZUOYONG。YIWAFUZHIJIBIAOBENZUOSHIYAN,SHUIJIANJIZEYOUYIXIANDANJIANYANGZUOYONG。YONGBUTONGTIQUFANGFAZAISHANGSHUBIAOBENSHANGZUOBIJIAOSHIYAN,ZHENGMINGWANGCHUNHUAHUALEIYURIBENCHANMagnolia salici-folia Maxim.DEHUALEIXINGZHIXIANGTONG,ERQIANZHEZUOYONGJIAOQIANG。

6.DUIZIGONGJICHANGDAOPINGHUAJIDEZUOYONG:ZAIRENSHUJITULITIZIGONG,QUANJITUZAIWEIYUGONGHETUYUGONGLOUGUANDENGSHIYANZHONG,ZHENGMINGXINYIJIANJIHELIUJINGAONENGXINGFENZIGONG。ZAIWEIMINGXIANYINGXIANGXUEYAHEHUXIDEJILIANGSHI,JINGMOZHUSHEHUOGUANWEIGEIYAO,JUNCHENGXIANZHEZHONGZUOYONG。GUANWEILIANGZAI1-2.4g/kgSHI,20-60FENZHONGHOUCHUXIANZUOYONG,KECHIXU8-24XIAOSHI。YIYUNZIGONGJIAOWEIYUNZHEGENGWEIMINGAN。XINGFENZIGONGCHENGFENWEIRONGYUSHUIJIYICHUNDEFEIHUIFAXINGWUZHI。

7.DUILITICHANGDEYINGXIANG:QUXIONGXINGCHENGCHUNZHICHANG2-3cm,ZHUANGRUHANYOU20mlHANYANGTAISHIYEHENGWENYUGUANZHONG,GUANCHAMIAOJIXINYIDUIZUAN1×l0(-3)SUOZHILITIZHICHANGJINGLUANXINGSHOUSUODEYIZHIZUOYONG,JIEGUOXINYICHUNJINGAO5×l0(-3)HESHUIJINGAO2.5×10(-3)SHENGYAOg/ml,JUNYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEKANGZUANZUOYONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 8.KANGGUOMINZUOYONG:。

8.1.KANGMANFANYINGWUZHI(SRS-A)DEZUOYONG:XINYIYOU20、30、40μg/mlNONGDU,DUISRS-ASUOZHITUNSHULITIHUICHANGSHOUSUODEID50WEI30μg/ml。XINYIYOU40g/mlJILIANGHUANNENGJIEKANGSRS-ADUITUNSHUFEITIAODESHOUSUOZUOYONG。

8.2.XINYIYOU10、20、30、40μg/mlDUIZUAN、YIXIANDANJIANJIEKANGZUOYONGDEID50JUNWEI18μg/ml。

657彩票网 北京pk10 8.3.XINYIYOU60μg/mlJILIANGJUYOUKANGZHIMINTUNSHUHUICHANGGUOMINXINGSHOUSUOZUOYONG(P<0.01)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 8.4.ANYAOLISHIYANFANGFAXUE(1985)YONGXINYIYOU200mg/kg,ZUIHOUYIDAFUQIANGZHUSHE90FENZHONGHOUGUANCHADUITUNSHUGUOMINXINGXIAOCHUANDEZUOYONG。JIEGUOJUYOUMINGXIANDEBAOHUZUOYONG(P<0.01)。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【DUXING】1.DUXING:XINYIDUXINGJIAODI,QUANJINGMOZHUSHEJIANJI1g/kg,TUJINGMOZHUSHE4.75g/kgJUNWEIJIANSIWANG。XINYIDINGJI(QUCHUN)FUQIANGZHUSHEDASHUDELD50WEI22.5g(SHENGYAO)/kg,XIAOSHUWEI19.9g(SHENGYAO)/kg。FUQIANGZHUSHEHOU,DONGWUZUICHU5-10FENZHONGZOUDONGBUAN,YIHOUZHUANQUANJING,HUXISHENQIEMAN,CHUXIANERKEJIJIAOZHANGXUEGUANKUOZHANG,FAGAN,ZUIHOUJINGJUEERSI,RU1-2hNEIBUSIZHEKEZHUJIANHUIFU。HENANCHANXINTI(M.Biondii)CHUNJINGAODUIXIAOSHUGUANWEIDELD50WEI38.21±5.2g(SHENGYAO)/kg,SICHUANCHANXINYI(M.Sprengeri)CHUNJINGAOWEI93.55g(SHENGYAO)/kg。SHUIJINGAOGEIZHIZUIDANONGDUHETIJIWEIJIANDUXING。LIUXIEMULANJIANDEJIXINGLD50:XIAOSHUFUQIANGZHUSHEWEI171mg/kg,JINGMOZHUSHEWEI46mg/kg。TUJINGMOZHUSHEDEMLDYUEWEI50mg/kg。DONGWUSIWANGYUANYINZHUYAOSHIHUXIMABI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.YAJIXINGDUXING:XINTICHUNJINGAOYI18g(SHENGYAO)/kg,SHUIJINGAOYI30g、15g(SHENGYAO)/kg,GEIYUDASHU、KOUFU,lmoHOUYUGEDUIZHAOZUBIJIAO,GEXIANGSHENGHUAJIANCHAJIBINGLIQIEPIANJUNWEIJIANYICHANGBIANHUA。

【PAOZHI】JIANJINGZHIGENGZAZHI,DAOSUIYONG;RUYAOWEIZHI,YIKAIZHELIE,XIEZHEBUJIA。

【XINGWEI】XIN;XINGWEN

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】FEI;WEIJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】SANFENGHAN;TONGBIQIAO。ZHUBIYUAN;FENGHANGANMAOZHITOUTONG;BISAI;LIUTI

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG ,3-10g,YIBAOJIAN;HUORUWAN、SAN。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,YANMOCHUBI;HUOYIQIZHENGLIUSHUIDIBI。

【ZHUYI】1.

2.《BENCAOJINGSHU》:FANQIXURENJI,TOUNAOTONGSHUXUEXUHUOCHIZHEJI,CHITONGSHUWEIHUOZHEJI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.《BENCAOHUIYAN》:QIXUZHIREN,SUIOUGANFENGHAN,ZHIZHUQIAOBUTONGZHE,BUYIYONG。

【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《BENCAOGANGMU》:FEIKAIQIAOYUBI,ERYANGMINGWEIMOHUANBIERSHANGXING,NAOWEIYUANSHENZHIFU,BIWEIMINGMENZHIQIAO;RENZHIZHONGQIBUZU,QINGYANGBUSHENG,ZETOUWEIZHIQING,JIUQIAOWEIZHIBULI。XINYIZHIXINWENZOUQIERRUFEI,NENGZHUWEIZHONGQINGYANGSHANGXINGTONGYUTIAN,SUOYINENGWENZHONGZHITOUMIANMUBIZHIBING。

2.《BENCAOJINGSHU》:XINYI,ZHUWUZANGSHENTIHANRE,FENGTOUNAOTONG,MIANYE,JIEJI,TONGBISAITICHU。MIANZHONGYINCHITONGZHE,JIEERJINGSHOUFENGXIESUOZHI,ZUYANGMINGZHUJIROU,SHOUTAIYINZHUPIMAO,FENGXIEZHIZHONGREN,BIZIPIMAOJIROU,YIDAYUWUZANG,ERBIANWEIHANRE;YOUBIWEIFEIZHIQIAO,TOUWEIZHUYANGZHISHOU,SANYANGZHIMOHUIYUTOUMIAN,FENGKEYANGFENZEWEITOUTONG、MIANWAI、BISAI、TICHU、MIANZHONGYINCHITONG,XINWENNENGJIEJISANBIAO,FANGXIANGNENGSHANGCUANTOUMU,ZHUYANGFENZHIFENGXIE,ZEZHUZHENGZIYUYI。XUANMAOJISHENJIJIRUZAICHECHUANZHISHANGZHE,FENGZHUDONGYAOZHIXIANGGUYE,FENGXIESAN,ZHONGQIWEN,ZEJIUQIAOTONGYI。DAFENGZHIZHONGREN,ZEMAOFATUOLUO,FENGSHIZHIJINYIN,ZECHANGWEISHENGCHONG,SANFENGXINGSHI,ZEXUFASHENGERCHONGZIQUYI。

3.《BENCAOXINBIAN》:XINYI,TONGQIAOERSHANGZOUYUNAOSHE,(ZHI)BISAIBIYUANZHIZHENG,WUTAYONG,CUNZHIYIBEIYONGKEER。QIEXINSANZHIWUDUOYONG,ZEZHENQIYOUSHANG,KEZANYONGERBUKEJIUYONGYE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 4.《BENJINGXUSHU》:WUWUZANGSHENTIHANRE,ERFENGTOUNAOTONGZHE,SHIYANGYINJISHANGBUDEYINJIAOERHUAFENG,FEIXINYISUOKEZHIYE。WUZANGSHENTIHANRE,ERBUFENGTOUNAOTONGZHE,SHIXIELIANZHONGWAI,BUSUIYANGQIERTOUDA,YIFEIXINYISUOKEZHIYE。WEIFENGTOUNAOTONGZHISHUWUZANGSHENTIHANREZHE,NAIKEYIXINYIZHI。

5.《SHENNONGBENCAOJING》:ZHUWUZANGSHENTIHANREFENG,TOUNAOTONG。

6.《MINGYIBIELU》:WENZHONGJIEJI,LIJIUQIAO,TONGBISAI、TICHU,ZHIMIANZHONGYINCHITONG,XUANMAO、SHENJIJIRUZAICHECHUANZHISHANGZHE。SHENGXUFA,QUBAICHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 7.《YAOXINGLUN》:NENGZHIMIANSHENGPAO。MIANZHIYONG,ZHUGUANGHUA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 8.《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:TONGGUANMO,MINGMU。ZHITOUTONG、ZENGHAN、TIJIN、SAOYANG。

9.《DIANNANBENCAO》:ZHINAOLOUBIYUAN,QUFENG,XINWABEIWEIMO。ZHIMIANHANTONG,WEIQITONG,REJIUFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 10.《BENCAOGANGMU》:BIYUAN、BIZHI、BICHUANGJIDOUHOUBICHUANG,BINGYONGYANMO,RUSHEXIANGSHAOXU,CONGBAIZHANRUSHUCI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 11.《YUQIUYAOJIE》:XIEFEIJIANGNI,LIQIPOYONG。

12.《JIANGXIZHONGYAO》:WAIYONGNENGCUJINZIGONGSHOUSUO,JUCUISHENGZUOYONG。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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