657彩票网 北京pk10

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中醫藥大全 > 藥材 > 中藥材 > Y > 夜明砂

夜明砂

2018-07-09 16:02 作者:老中醫 閱讀:

《全國中草藥匯編》:夜明砂

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】YEMINGSHA

【PINYIN】Yè Mínɡ Shā

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】BIANFUSHI、TIANSHUSHI、YANLAOSHUSHI

【來源】本品為蝙蝠科動物蝙蝠Vespertilio superans Thomas、大耳蝠Plecotus auritus L.或菊頭蝠科動物菊頭蝠Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum Schreber 的干燥糞便657彩票网 北京pk10。全年均可采收,以夏季為宜,去泥土雜質曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PAOZHI】BEIGANYONG。

【XINGWEI】XIN,HAN。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GUIJING】RUGANJING。

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREMINGMU,HUOXUEXIAOJI。YONGYUYEMANGZHENG,BAINEIZHANG,JIAOMOYUNYI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YONGFAYONGLIANG】1~3QIAN。

【備注】(1)夜明砂為肝經血分藥,具有清肝熱、散瘀血的功效,在臨床上主要用于目疾,尤以治肝熱目赤、白睛溢血(即眼球膜下出血)的效果較好,能使瘀血消散;眼目清明。可用本品單味炒微焦,研細,每天一錢,分二次用開水調服;也可配合桑白皮、黃芩、赤芍、丹皮、鮮生地、白茅根等藥煎汁服用。

657彩票网 北京pk10 (2)JUWENXIANJIZAI,QIANRENYONGBENPINZHIQUEMUJINEIWAIZHANGYI,CHANGJIANGBENPINYANMO,NARUZHUGANNEI,ZHUSHIYINZHI。CIWAI,BENPINHUANKEYONGYUGANJIJIDIEPUSUNSHANG、YUXUEZUOTONGDENGZHENG,YIQUTASANXUE、XIAOJIDEGONGXIAO。

【ZHAILU】《QUANGUOZHONGCAOYAOHUIBIAN》

夜明砂
上圖為夜明砂圖片

《中藥大辭典》:夜明砂

【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】YEMINGSHA

【PINYIN】Yè Mínɡ Shā

【BIEMING】TIANSHUSHI、SHUFA、SHIGAN(《BENJING》),HEISHAXING(《GANGMU》),YANLAOSHUSHI(《JIANGXIZHONGYAO》)。

【CHUCHU】《RIHUAZIBENCAO》

【來源】為蝙蝠科動物蝙蝠等多種蝙蝠的干燥糞便。全年可采,以夏季為宜。到山洞中鏟取,除去泥土,揀凈雜質,曬干。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YUANXINGTAI】DONGWUXINGTAIXIANG"BIANFU"TIAO。

【SHENGJINGFENBU】QUANGUODABUFENSHANQUJUNCHAN。ZHUCHANZHEJIANG、JIANGXI、JIANGSU、GUANGXI、HENAN、GANSU、LIAONINGDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGZHUANG】WEICHANGTUOYUANXINGKELI,LIANGTOUWEIJIAN,CHANG5~7HAOMI,ZHIJINGYUE2HAOMI。BIAOMIANCUCAO,ZONGHESEHUOHUIZONGSE,POSUIZHE,CHENGXIAOKELIHUOFENMOZHUANG,ZAIFANGDAJINGXIAGUANCHA,KEJIANZONGSEHUOHUANGZONGSEYOUGUANGZEDEKUNCHONGTOU、YANJIXIAOCHI。QIWU,WEIWEIKUERXIN。YISHENGANWUSHATU、SEZONGHE、ZHIQING、JIAOZHIWUSHAGAN、BINGYOUXIAOKEDIANZHEWEIJIA。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【HUAXUECHENGFEN】HANNIAOSU、NIAOSUAN、DANZAICHUNJISHAOLIANGWEISHENGSUADENG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【PAOZHI】JIANJINGZAZHI,BOQUNISHA,HUOPIAOXIHOUSHAIGAN。

《GANGMU》:FANCAIDEYISHUITAOQUHUITUEQI,QUXISHASHAIGANBEIYONG。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 【XINGWEI】XIN,HAN。

①《BENJING》:"WEIXIN,HAN。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BIELU》:"WUDU。"

【GUIJING】RUGANJING。

①《GANGMU》:"JUEYINGANJINGXUEFEN。"

②《BENCAOZAIXIN》:"RUGAN、PIERJING。"

【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGREMINGRI,SANXUEXIAOJI。ZHIQINGMANGQUEMU,NEIWAIZHANGYI,LUOLI,GANJI,NVEJI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ①《BENJING》:"ZHUMIANYONGZHONG,PIFUXIXISHITONG,FUZHONGQIXUE,POHANREJIJU。CHUJINGJI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ②《BIELU》:"QUMIANHEIGAN。"

③《TANGBENCAO》:"JIUFUFANGCUNBI,ZHUZISIFUZHONG。"

④《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:"CHAOFUZHILUOLI。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑤《BENCAOYANYI》:"HEGANYAO。"

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥《GANGMU》:"ZHIMUMANG,ZHANGYI,MINGMU,CHUNVE。"

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:RUWAN,SAN,1~3QIAN。WAIYONG:YANMOCHEHUODIAOFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】①《BENCAOJINGJIZHU》:"EBAILIAN、BAIWEI。"

②《DEPEIBENCAO》:"CHANFUJINYONG。"

【FUFANG】①ZHIQINGMANG:BOXIEYILIANG(WEIZHI),YEMINGSHAYILIANG(YINUOMICHAOLINGHUANG)。SHANGYAO,DAOLUOWEIMO,YONGNIUDANZHIBANHE,WANRUWUTONGZIDA。MEIYELINWOSHI,YIZHUXIETANGXIAERSHIWAN,ZHIWUGENGCHU,YIZHOUYINXIAERSHIWAN。(《SHENGHUIFANG》MINGMUBOXIEWAN)

②ZHIXIAOERQUEMU:YEMINGSHACHAOYAN,ZHUDANZHIHEWANLVDOUDA,HAIMIYINXIAWUWAN。(《GANGMU》)

③ZHINEIWAIZHANGYI:YEMINGSHAMO,HUARUZHUDANNEI,ZHUSHIYINZHI。(《RENZHAIZHIZHIFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ④ZHIBANYANCHENGNEIZHANG:YEMINGSHA(XIJING)、DANGGUI、CHANTUI、MUZEI(QUJIE)GEYILIANG。WEIMO,HEIYANGGANSILIANG,SHUIJIANLAN,HEWANWUZIDA。SHIHOUSHUSHUIXIAWUSHIWAN。(《GANGMU》)

⑤ZHILUOLIYANCHAN:YEMINGSHASANQIAN,BAIHAKEWUQIAN(HUODUAN)。GONGYANXIMO,MIFANWEIWAN,RULVDOUDA。MEIWANFUERQIAN,BAITANGXIA。(《FANGMOZHENGZONG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑥KUIZHONGPAINONG:YEMINGSHAYILIANG,GUIBANLIANG,RUXIANGYIFEN。WEIMO,RUGANSHATANGBANLIANG,JINGSHUIDIAOFU。(《RENZHAIZHIZHIFANG》)

⑦ZHIYIQIEGANDU:YEMINGSHAWUQIAN,RUWAPINGNEI,YIJINGZHUROUSANLIANG,BOQIE,RUPINGNEI,SHUIZHUSHU,YIROUYUERSHI,YINQIZHI,QUXIAFUZHONGTAIDU;CIYONGSHENGJIANGSILIANG,HEPIQIECHAO,TONGHUANGLIANMOYILIANG,HUWANSHUMIDA,MIYINFU,RISANCI。(《QUANYOUXINJIAN》)

⑧ZHIFUZHONGJIJU,HANRE:YEMINGSHASANQIAN,AWEISIQIAN,HUAJIAOWUQIAN,HONGQULIUQIAN。JUYANXIMO,MEIFUERQIAN,QINGCHENBAITANGDIAOXIA。(《FANGMOZHENGZONG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑨ZHINVEFAZUOWUSHI,JINGJIUBUCHAI:BIANFUFENWUSHILI,ZHUSHABANLIANG,SHEXIANGYIFEN。SHANGYAO,DOUXIYAN,YIRUANNUOMIFANHEWAN,RULVDOUDA。MOFASHI,YINUANSHUIXIASHIWAN,(《SHENGHUIFANG》)

657彩票网 北京pk10 ⑩ZHIYEXIAHUCHOU:YEMINGSHAMO,CHIZHIDIAO。(《GANGMU》)

【GEJIALUNSHU】①《GANGMU》:"YEMINGSHAJIBIANFUJIEJUEYINGANJINGXUEFENYAOYE,NENGHUOXUEXIAOJI,GUSUOZHIMUYIMANGZHANG,NVEJIGANJING,LINDAI,LUOLI,YONGZHONG,JIEJUEYINZHIBINGYE。"

②《BENCAOJINGSHU》:"YEMINGSHA,JINRENZHUMINGMU,ZHIMUMANGZHANGYI。QIWEIXINHAN,NAIRUZUJUEYINJINGYAO,《BENJING》SUOZHUZHUZHENG,ZONGSHUSHIJINGSUOFA,QUQIXINNENGSANNEIWAIJIEZHI,HANNENGCHUXUEREQIYONGGUYE,RANZHULIAOSUIDUO,XINGYOUZHUANSHU,MINGMUZHIWAI,YUJIEKELVE。"

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGYAODACIDIAN》


《中華本草》:夜明砂

657彩票网 北京pk10 【YAOCAIMINGCHENG】YEMINGSHA

【PINYIN】Yè Mínɡ Shā

【YINGWENMING】Bat Dung

657彩票网 北京pk10 【BIEMING】TIANSHUSHI、SHUFA、SHIGAN、HEISHAXING、YANLAOSHUSHI

【CHUCHU】CHUZI《RIHUAZIBENCAO》

657彩票网 北京pk10 【LAIYUAN】YAOCAIJIYUAN:WEIBIANFUKEDONGWUBIANFU、DAGUANBIFU、PUTONGFUYI、DAERFU、HUANANDAZONGFU、TIFUKEDONGWUDAMATIFUJIJUTOUFUKEDONGWUMATIEJUTOUFUDENGDEFENBIAN。

LADINGZHIWUDONGWUKUANGWUMING:1.Vespertilio superans Thomas2.Murina leucogaster Milne-Edwards3.Pipistrellus abramus Temminck4.Plecotus auritus Linnaeus5.Eptesicus andersoni(Dobson)6.Hipposideros armiger Hodgson7.Phinolophus ferrumequinum Schreber

657彩票网 北京pk10 CAISHOUHECHUZANG:QUANNIANJUNKECAI,YIXIAJIWEIYI。CONGSHANDONGZHONGCHANQU,CHUQUNITU,JIANQUZAZHI,SHAIGAN。

【YUANXINGTAI】1.BIANFU,SHIYIZHONGYINGFEIXIANGSHENGHUODEXIAOXINGSHOULEI。JIAOXIAO,TICHANG4.5-8.0cm。YANXIAO,BIBUWUBIXIEHUOQITAYANSHENGWU。ERDUANERKUAN。YOUZHIGUMODUANXIANGSHANGZHISHANGBOGU,XIANGHOUZHIQUTILIANGCEHOUZHIJIWEIJIAN,YOUYICENGBODEYIMO,QISHANGWUMAO。WEIFADA。QUANSHENCHENGHEIHESE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 2.DAGUANBIFU,TIXINGXIAO。BIKONGCHENGCHANGGUANZHUANG。ERJIANDUNYUAN,ERPINGJIANCHANGCHENGZHIXING。YIMOKUANCONGZHIJIQI。DI5ZHANGGUJIAODI4ZHANGGUSHAOCHANG。QUANSHENMAOXICHANGERROURUAN,MAOJISHENHESE。TIBEIMAOHUIZONGSE,BINGYOUHUIBAISEXIRUANCHANGMAO。YIMOWEIQIANHUIHESE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.PUTONGFUYI,TIXINGXIAO。TOUGUXIAOERKUAN。ERXIAOLVECHENGSANJIAOXING,XIANGQIANZHEZHUANKEDAYANYUBIKONGZHIJIAN。ERPINGXIAOERYUANDUN,NEIYUANAO,WAIYUANTUCHU。ZUXIANXIAO。YIMOCONGZHIJIQI,JUYUANMOFADAQIECHENGYUANHUXING。WEIZUIMODUANSHENCHUGUJIANMO。BEIMIANANZONGSE,TOUBUSEJIAOSHEN。FUMIANJIAOQIAN,MAOJISHENZONGSEERMAODUANHUIZONGSE。

4.DAERFU,TICHANG5-8cm。ERJIDA,WEIQIZUIZHUZHITEZHENG。ERKEJINHULUANYUANXING,QIANHOUYUANJUNJITUCHU。ERPINGSHENCHANG,JIWEIERCHANGZHIBAN。BIKONGCHAOQIANSHANGFANG。HOUZHIJIZUJUNXIANXI。WEIYUTIDENGCHANG。QUANSHENBEIMIANQIANHUIHESE,FUMIANHUIBAISE,QIMAOJIANHUIBAISE,MAOJIHEIHESE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5.HUANANZONGFU,TIXINGJIAODA。QIANBEICHANG5.4-5.7cm。ERJIAOKUAN,JINYUSANJIAOXING。WEIDUANYOU3JIEZHUIGUERTUCHUYUGUJIANMOWAI。BEI、FUMAOJICHUHOUHEXIAFUSHAOQIANERYUMAODUANTONGSEWAI,YUJUNANHEIHESE。TIQIANBIAOMIANJUEWUHUIHUANGSESHUANGBAN。XIATIYUBUDANHUANGHUISE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 6.DAMATIFU,TIXINGJIAODA,ZHONG41-66g,TICHANG9.2-10.5cm。QIANBEICHANG8.9-9.7cm。YOUFUZADEBIXIE,YOU4BUFENZUCHENG;ZUIXIAFANGWEIDAERKUANDEMATIXINGXIE(QIANXIE),QIANXIELIANGWAICEGEYOU4GEFUXIAOXIE;QIANXIEZHIHOUWEIHENGGUNXINGDEANZHUANGXIE;QIHOUDINGXIE,DINGXIEXIANZHUZHAIYUQIANXIEQIEFENLIECHENG4GEXIAOKUAI。ERDA,SANJIAOXING,ERJIANJIANXUE,WUERPING。DANYOUYIBUTAITUCHUDEQIANWAIXIE。EBUYOUYIHENDADEXIANNANG。DI2ZHIJINYOU1JIEZHANGGU,DI3、DI4、DI5ZHIYOUZHANGGUJI2JIEZHIGU。DI3、DI4ZHANGGUDENGCHANG,DI5ZHANGGUDUAN。YOUJU,JUYUEWEIJINGGUCHANGDUZHIBAN。WEISHENCHANG,QICHANGDUCHAOGUOTICHANGZHIBAN,GUJIANMOHOUYUANCHENGDUNJIAOXIANGHOUTUCHU。MAOBEIXIERCHOUMI。SHANGTISHENZONGSE、ZONGHESEHUOHEHEISE,MAOJIHEHUISEHUOHUIBAISE。 XIATISHENZONGSEHUOHEZONGSE,YIMOHEGUJIANMOHEIHESE。

7.MATIEJUTOUFU,QIANBEICHANG5.5-6.0cm,LU2.3-2.5cm。WENBUYOUFUZADEXIEZHUANGTUQIJIBIXIE。BIXIELIANGCEJIXIAFANGYOUYIJIAOKUANDEMATIXINGROUXIE;QIZHONGYANGYOUYIXIANGQIANTUQIDEANZHUANGXIE,ZHENGMIANCHENGTIQINZHUANG;QICEMIANZHONGYANGLVEAO,HOUMIANYOUYILIANJIEXIECHENCHAZHU,CHENGKUANYUANXING,YUYIDINGXIEXIANGLIAN。ERDALVEKUANKUO,ERJIANBUSHAOJIAN,BUJUERPING。QUANSHENBEIXIMIERROURUANDEMAO。BEIMAODANZONGHESE,MAOJISEDAN,CHENGQIANZONGHUISE,MAOJIANCHENGZONGSE;FUMAOWEIHUIZONGSE。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【SHENGJINGFENBU】SHENGTAIHUANJING:1.QIXIYUWUYAN、FANGLIANG、SHIFENG、YANDONGHUOSHUDONGZHONG。BAITIANXIUXI,HUANGHUNHUOQINGCHENHUODONGMISHI,YISHUANGCHIMUZICHONGWEISHI。

3.QIXIYUWUYANHUOGULAOFANGWUZHONG。

4.QIXIYUSHANDONG、SHUDONGHUOFANGWUDINGLOUNEI,DUJU。SHIKUNCHONG。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5.QIXIYUSHANDONG、YANDONG、SHUDONGZHONG。DUOWEIXIAOQUNQIJU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 6.QUNQIYUDONGXUEHUOFEIJIUDEKENGDAONEI。MEIQUNSHANGBAIZHISHENZHISHUBAIZHI。DUOZAIDONGDINGYIHOUZUZHUAGOUZHUFENGXIHUOTUCHUWUERZUODAOCHIZISHITINGXI。BURUQIMUTIFUBUCHANGCHULIANGTIAOPIMODAI(YUERDAI)JINJINKUNZHUYOUZIYINMOUGUIJIZHIHUATUO,CIWEIBENZHONGDONGWUZUITESHUDEBAOCHISHIYINGXINGTEZHENG。

7.QUNQIYUSHANDONGZHIZHONG,YIKUNCHONGWEISHI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 ZIYUANFENBU:1.FENBUYUDONGBEI、HUABEIJIGANSU、FUJIAN、HUBEI、HUNAN、SICHUANDENGDI。

2.FENBUYUJILIN、NEIMENGGU、FUJIAN、SICHUANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 3.QUANGUOGEDIJUNYOUFENBU。4.FENBUYUJILIN、HEILONGJIANG、HEBEI、GANSU、QINGHAI、SICHUANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5.FENBUYUHEBEI、SHANDONG、ZHEJIANG、FUJIAN、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、YUNNANDENGDI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 6.FENBUYUCHANGJIANGLIUYUJIYINANGEDI。

7.FENBUYUJILIN、SHANXI、SHANXI、SHANXI、SHANXI、SHANDONG、SICHUAN、YUNNANDENGDI。

【XINGZHUANG】XINGZHUANGJIANBIE,BENPINWEICHANGTUOYUANXINGKELI,LIANGDUANWEIJIAN,CHANG5-7mm,ZHIJINGYUE2mm。BIAOMIANLVECUCAO,ZONGHESEHUOHUIZONGSE;POSUIZHECHENGXIAOKELIZHUANGHUOFENMOZHUANG。FANGDAJINGXIAGUANCHA,KEJIANZONGSEHUOHUANGZONGSEYOUGUANGZEDEKUNCHONGTOU、YANJIPOSUIDECHIMO。QIWEIHUOWU,WEIWEIKUERWEIXIN。

【HUAXUECHENGFEN】YEMINGSHAHANNIAOSU(urea),NIAOSUAN(uric acid),DANZAICHUN(cholesterol)JISHAOLIANGWEISHENGSU(vitamin)ADENG。

【PAOZHI】JIANJINGZAZHI,BOQUNISHA,HUOPIAOXIHOUSHAIGAN。《GANGMU》:FANCAIDEYISHUITAOQUHUISHANGEQI,QUXISHASHAIGANBEIYONG。

【XINGWEI】WEIXIN;XINGHAN

【GUIJING】GANJING

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GONGNENGZHUZHI】QINGGANMINGMU;SANYUXIAOJI。ZHUQINGMANG;QUEMU;MUCHIZHONGTONG;BAIQINGYIXUE;NEIWAIYIZHANG;XIAOERGANJI;LUOLI;NVEJI

【YONGFAYONGLIANG】NEIFU:JIANTANG,BUBAO,3-10g;HUOYANMO,MEICI1-3g。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,YANMODIAOTU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【ZHUYI】MUJIWUYUZHIZHEJIYUNFUSHENFU。

657彩票网 北京pk10 【GEJIALUNSHU】1.《GANGMU》:YEMINGSHAJIBIANFUJIEJUEYINGANJINGXUEFENYAOYE,NENGHUOXUEXIAOJI,GUSUOZHIMUYIMANGZHANG,NVEJIGANJING,LINDAI,LUOLI,YONGZHONG,JIEJUEYINZHIBINGYE。

2.《BENCAOJINGSHU》:YEMINGSHA,JINRENZHUMINGMU,ZHIMUMANGZHANGYI。QIWEIXINHAN,NAIRUZUJUEYINJINGYAO,《BENJING》SUOZHUZHUZHENG,ZONGSHUSHIJINGSUOFA,QUQIXINNENGSANNEIWAIJIEZHI,HANNENGCHUXUEREQIYONGGUYE。RANZHULIAOSUIDUO,XINGYOUZHUANSHU,MINGMUZHIWAI,YUJIEKELVE。

3.《BENJING》:ZHUMIANYONGZHONG,PIFUXIXISHITONG,FUZHONGQIXUE,POHANREJIJU,CHUJINGJI。

4.《BIELU》:QUMIANHEI。

657彩票网 北京pk10 5.《TANGBENCAO》:JIUFUFANGCUNBI,ZHUZISIFUZHONG。

6.《RIHUAZIBENCAO》:CHAOGUZHILUOLI。

7.《BENCAOYANYI》:HEGANYAO。

8.《GANGMU》:ZHIMUMANG,ZHANGYI,MINGMU,CHUNVE。

【ZHAILU】《ZHONGHUABENCAO》

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